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Lulworth Cove

Lulworth Cove is a cove near the village of West Lulworth, on the Jurassic Coast in Dorset, southern England. The cove is one of the world's finest examples of such a landform, is a World Heritage Site and tourist location with 500,000 visitors every year, of whom about 30 percent visit in July and August, it is close to the rock arch of other Jurassic Coast sites. The cove has formed as a result of bands of rock of alternating geological resistance running parallel to the coastline. On the seaward side the clays and sands have been eroded away. A narrow band of Portland limestone rocks forms the shoreline. Behind this is a narrow band of less-resistant Purbeck limestone. Behind this are 300 to 500 metres of much less-resistant clays and greensands. Forming the back of the cove is a 250-metre-wide band of chalk, more resistant than the clays and sands, but less resistant than the limestones; the entrance to the cove is a narrow gap in the limestone bands, formed by wave action and weathering. The wide part of the cove is where greensands have been eroded.

Stair Hole, less than half a mile to the west, is an infant cove which suggests what Lulworth Cove would have looked like a few hundred thousand years ago. The sea has made a gap in the Purbeck limestone here, as well as a small arch; the sea has begun eroding them. The shape of the cove is a result of wave diffraction; the narrow entrance to the cove causes waves to bend into an arced shape, as is visible in the photograph below. As well as the cove, across Hambury Tout is a natural arch. To the east there is a fossilised forest. Lulworth is close to Kimmeridge, famous for its rocky shore and fossils. Oil-bearing sands beneath the sea bed form the largest British oil field outside the North Sea area, contain the highest quality oil in Europe. Geologists and geographers have been interested in the area since the beginning of the 19th century, in the 1830s the first serious study of the area took place. Since the area has drawn students from all over the world; the area suffers from trampling from its many visitors.

Wooden steps and steps have been put in place to limit this surface damage. In 2001 the coast was granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO. Experts at UNESCO have been working on preserving the shape of Lulworth Cove. Lulworth was one of a number of gateway villages on the coast with a Heritage Centre—part visitor centre, tourist information and natural history museum. Most of the area is owned by the Lulworth Estate, an estate held by the Welds, a wealthy landowning family. Land to the east is used for tank training; the coast and land to the north and around the village is managed by the Lulworth Estate. Each year, over 250,000 people walk across the hill linking the cove to Durdle Door. Nuts in May The Boys in Blue The Curse of Fenric Seven Natural Wonders Walking Through History World War Z Geology of Dorset List of Dorset beaches Geology of Lulworth Cove Geology of Stair Hole and the Lulworth Crumple The Lulworth Estate

Deric Holland-Martin

Admiral Sir Douglas Eric Holland-Martin, was a Royal Navy officer who served as Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel from 1957 to 1959. Educated at West Downs School, Holland-Martin entered the Royal Naval College, Osborne, in 1920, he played cricket for the Royal Navy between 1928 and 1933, including one first-class match against the Royal Air Force at The Oval. He played a first-class match for the Combined Services cricket team against the touring New Zealanders at Portsmouth in 1937. On the outbreak of the Second World War, Holland-Martin was executive officer of the destroyer HMS Tartar when his captain was taken ill and he was given the command. In the war he commanded the destroyers Holderness and Faulknor. After the war, Holland-Martin became Naval attaché to Argentina and Uruguay, he was appointed captain of the destroyer Agincourt in 1949 and Director of Plans at the Admiralty in 1952. He took command of the aircraft carrier Eagle in 1954 and became Flag Officer, Mediterranean in 1955.

Holland-Martin was made Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel in 1957 and Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet and NATO Commander Allied Forces Mediterranean in 1961. His final post was as Commandant of the Imperial Defence College in 1964, he retired in 1966. In retirement, Holland-Martin was appointed to the honorary post of Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom for a term and served as a Deputy Lieutenant in Hereford and Worcester. In 1951 Holland-Martin married Rosamund Mary Hornby, daughter of St John Hornby. Rosamund became chairman of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children and was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1983; the couple had a daughter. Portraits of Sir Douglas Eric Holland-Martin at the National Portrait Gallery, London

Arroyo Seco Municipality

Arroyo Seco Municipality is a municipality in Querétaro in central Mexico. As municipal seat, the town of Arroyo Seco, Querétaro is the local government for forty five communities, which together make up an area of 731.1665km2. The municipality is located in the north of Querétaro, the farthest from the state capital 238 km away; the municipality borders the municipalities of Jalpan de Serra and Pinal de Amoles with the San Luis Potosí to the north and west and the state of Guanajuato to the south and west. The municipality consists of forty five communities divided into the municipal seat, five delegations and forty sub delegations, it has a government consisting of a municipal president and nine officials called "regidors". In 2009, the municipality sponsored the first Guadalupana Race, with prizes for competitors in five different categories; the event attracts runners from various parts of neighboring states. As of 2005, there were just over three thousand housing units in the municipality.

Most are owned and built with materials found in the region such as adobe, bamboo and tiles for roofs. Floors packed earth. Only 72% of the population has running water, most of, in individual storage systems operated by gravity. Thirty communities have electrical service. There is cellular phone service and post offices in several locations. There are thirty nine preschool programs and forty four primary schools. There are seven middle schools, four of which are distance education and three are technical. In Concá, there is a distance learning vocational high school, which belongs to the Sistema Colegio de Bachilleres del Estado de Querétaro. A new similar facility has been built in Purísima de Arista. Over 75% of the municipality's population only completes primary school, with just over 18% finishing middle school. In 2010, the Instituto Tecnológico de Querétaro opened a small unit in the municipality to provide higher education classes both face-to-face and via distance education. Classes include those in computer and industrial systems as well as certain types of high school level classes.

The classes are giving at the Casa de Cultura in rooms. The main highway in the municipality is Federal Highway 69. A state highway connecting Jalpan with San Luis Potosí was built through here in 2000. In 2004, a highway to Guanajuato was added; these are supplemented by a number of rural roads connecting the various communities. Many of these roads have public bus service, including service to neighboring states. Aside from the municipal seat there are a number of other important communities. Purísima de Arista is the second largest community in the municipality, which has all utilities along with schools, health center and sporting facilities, its economy is based on agriculture growing corn, chili peppers, tomatoes and squash. It is located 36 km from the municipal seat; the town has a parish church was built in 1909. The Virgin of the Immaculate Conception is honored in Purísima de Arista on 8 December. Río de Carrizal is a small community located at an altitude of 600 masl, so it has a warm, subtropical climate.

To arrive, one must cross as 205 meter bridge, seven meters above the ground over the Santa María River. The community is wedged between two large mountains and consists of houses, small shops, gardens and a few fields. San Juan Buenaventura is located 48 km at an altitude of 1600 masl; the town is divided into the communities of El Bosque, San José de las Flores, El Quirino, La Mohonera and Laguna de la Cruz. Most of its economy is based on livestock; the Concá delegation has the largest number of communities and is located 15 km from the municipal seat in the most agriculturally productive area of the municipality. Its agriculture along with tourism from the mission church has made it one of the most important communities in the region; the town of Concá is noted for its commemoration of Day of the Dead. The community of El Refugio was known as El Sótano until the early 20th century, its origins date back to the beginning of the 18th century. Today, it is one of the main livestock in the municipality, growing.

It has one of the municipality's parish churches called Nuestra Señora del Refugio. It has its own schools from pre school to middle school via distance education; the municipality is part of the traditional territory of the Pame people, which extends over northern Querétaro and southern San Luis Potosí. In Querétaro, they are found in Jalpan de Serra and Arroyo Seco San José de las Flores, El Rincón and El Rincón. Among themselves, they organize into groups called “desisorias” which are knit communities which interact with other similar units for public services such as education and health; as of 2005, the census counted only sixty six people who spoke an indigenous language and Otomi. However, only a third of all Pames speak the language with over half being monolingual in Spanish. Disease in the colonial period and displacement, sometimes forced expulsion of Pame peoples nearly extinguished the ethnicity in Arroyo Seco, but since the early 20th century, there has been some migration of Pame back into the area.

Pames live in homes made of palm and wood which can measure from 300 to 1000m2, rectangular with pitched roofs. The inside is a single room which includes a kitchen and places to sleep. Most Pame raise small livestock such as domestic fowl for sale or self consumption. Land is held by communities in common with certain authorities to regulate its use in places such as San José de las Flores, El Rincón. Common handcrafts include items made fr