The Lumad are a group of Austronesian indigenous people in the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous"; the term is short for Katawhang Lumad, the autonym adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanao Peoples Federation founding assembly on 26 June 1986 at the Guadalupe Formation Center, Kidapawan, Philippines. It is the collective identity of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao; the name Lumad grew out of the political awakening among tribes during the martial law regime of President Ferdinand Marcos. It was advocated and propagated by the members and affiliates of Lumad-Mindanao, a coalition of all-Lumad local and regional organizations which formalized themselves as such in June 1986 but started in 1983 as a multi-sectoral organization. Lumad-Mindanao’s main objective was to achieve self-determination for their member-tribes or, put more concretely, self-governance within their ancestral domain in accordance with their culture and customary laws. No other Lumad organization had the express goal in the past.
Representatives from 15 tribes agreed in June 1986 to adopt the name. The choice of a Cebuano word was a bit ironic but they deemed it appropriate as the Lumad tribes do not have any other common language except Cebuano; this marked the first time that these tribes had agreed to a common name for themselves, distinct from that of the Moros and different from the migrant majority and their descendants. The Lumad are the un-Christianized Austronesian peoples of Mindanao, they include groups like the Erumanen ne Menuvu', Matidsalug Manobo, Agusanon Manobo, Dulangan Manobo, Dabaw Manobo, Ata Manobo, B'laan, Banwaon, Teduray, Higaunon, Mangguwangan, Mandaya, K'lagan, Tasaday, Mamanuwa, Talaandig, Ubu', Kuwemanen, K'lata and Diyangan. Considered as "vulnerable groups", they live in hinterlands, forests and coastal areas; the term lumad excludes the Butuanons and Surigaonons though these two groups are native to Mindanao. This is due to their Visayan lack of close affinity with the Lumad; the Moros like the Maranao, Sama-Bajau, etc. are excluded, despite being native to Mindanao and despite some groups being related ethnolinguistically to the Lumad.
This is. This can be confusing, since the word lumad means "native" in the Visayan languages; the Bagobo are one of the largest subgroups of the Manobo peoples. They comprise three subgroups: the Tagabawa, the Klata, the Ovu peoples; the Bagobo were nomadic and farmed through kaingin methods. Their territory extends from the Davao Gulf to Mt. Apo, they are traditionally ruled by chieftains, a council of elders, female shamans. The supreme spirit in their indigenous anito religions is Manama; the Blaan is an indigenous group, concentrated in Davao del Sur and South Cotabato. They practice indigenous rituals; the Bukidnon are one of the seven tribes in the Bukidnon plateau of Mindanao. Bukidnon means'that of the mountains or highlands', despite the fact that most Bukidnon tribes settle in the lowlands; the name Bukidnon itself used to describe the entire province in a different context or could be the collective name of the permanent residents in the province regardless of ethnicity. The Bukidnon people believe in one god, though there are several minor gods and goddesses that they worship as well.
Religious rites may come from any sex. The Bukidnons have rich musical and oral traditions which are celebrated annually in Malaybalay city's Kaamulan Festival, with other tribes in Bukidnon; the Bukidnon Lumad is distinct from and should not be confused with the Visayan Suludnon people of Panay and a few indigenous peoples scattered in the Visayas area who are alternatively referred to as "Bukidnon". The Higaonon is located on the provinces of Bukidnon, Agusan del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Rogongon in Iligan City, Lanao del Norte; the Higaonons have a rather traditional way of living. Farming is the most important economic activity; the word Higaonon is derived from the word "Higad" in the Higaonon dialect which means coastal plains and "Gaon" meaning ascend to the mountains. Taken together, means the people of the coastal plains that ascended to the mountains. Higaonons were coastal people of the provinces as mentioned who resisted the Spanish occupation. Driven to the hills and mountains these people continued to exist and fought for the preservation of the people and culture.
Spelled "K'lagan" or "Caragan", is a subroup of the Mandaya-Mansaka people who speak the Kalagan language. They comprise three subgroups which are treated as different tribes: the Tagakaulo, the Kagan, the Lao people, they are native to areas within Davao del Sur, Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, North Cotabato. The Caraga region is named after them, their name means "spirited people" or "brave people", from kal
The Gaujot brothers, Antoine August Michel Gaujot and Julien E. Gaujot, are one of the five sets of brothers who have received the Medal of Honor and the only pair to have been so honored for actions in different actions. Both brothers attended Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, but neither were graduates of the university. Antoine August Michel Gaujot was born on December 12, 1878 in Eagle Harbor Township, United States, his father, Ernest R. Gaujot, a French-born mining engineer, emigrated to Tamaqua, where he met and married Susan Ellen McGuigan; the family subsequently relocated to Michigan lived for a while in Ontario, before moving to Lynchburg, Virginia. Ernest Gaujot had traveled to Japan in 1877 to serve as general superintendent of mines, he solved some significant problems while in Japan, for which the Mikado conferred on him the honorary title of "general". In 1894, the family moved to what the following year would become Mingo County, West Virginia, at a time of rapid expansion of coal mining operations in the region.
Ernest Gaujot was resident engineer for the Koontz Brothers of New York City, whose mineral holdings in Mingo County were consolidated under the name United Thacker Coal Company. Antoine A. M. Gaujot called "Tony", attended Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 1896 and 1897 but did not graduate. A civil engineer by profession, he obtained the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Infantry Reserve. Antoine Gaujot received the Medal of Honor for actions on December 19, 1899 as a United States Army corporal at the Battle of Paye near Mateo during the Philippine-American War, he made persistent effort under heavy enemy rifle fire to retrieve a canoe from the opposite shore in order to help his unit cross the swollen river to attack the enemy. Antoine's medal was sent to him by registered mail, he was commissioned in the National Guard and saw service during the Mexican Border Crisis and in France during World War I. Tony was mustered out along with his brother and the rest of 2d West Virginia Volunteers on April 10, 1899.
He died on April 14, 1936 in Williamson, West Virginia, is buried at Fairview Cemetery in Williamson. Records at Virginia Tech indicate. Although ruled an accidental death Tony was tried by court martial for killing a soldier of the regiment at Camp Wetherhill. An undated manuscript handwritten statement written by the regimental adjutant charged Tony with a violation of the 62d Article of War. "Murder, to the prejudice of good order and Military discipline." The document alleged that, around 6 p.m. on November 29, 1898, Tony, "in attempting to arrest Private Frank Scurlock... secure from the tent of his Captain without the Captain's Knowledge, a revolver, going to the tent wherein the said Private Frank Scurlock was, shoot him with the said revolver, in the neck," thereby causing his death. A typed document changed the charge to "Murder, in violation of the 58th Article of War," and charged that Tony "feloniously and with malice aforethought" shot and murdered Scurlock "by firing... a bullet from a revolver," inflicting "a mortal wound" from which "Scurlock languished and on the 5th day of December 1898, died."
Tony was acquitted of the charge. He was released from confinement and returned to duty on February 2, 1899, he was repromoted to first sergeant, having been reduced in grade to duty sergeant on January 1. Within a week, Tony requested a 15-day furlough "for the purpose of visiting my parents at Williamson..." First Lt. Charles W. Cramer, acting commander of Company K, forwarded the request to the divisional adjutant, "approved." Cramer noted that Tony had "just been released from a confinement of 60 days duration for the killing of Private Scurlock of which he was acquitted by a General Court Martial...." Approval was warranted because, "The killing of Private Scurlock has worried the mother of Sergeant Gaujot, in delicate health and she has written me a number of times asking me to procure him a furlough as soon as he was released." LTC Gaujot's awards include the Medal of Honor Medal of Honor World War I Victory Medal Mexican Border Service Medal General Orders: Date of Issue: February 15, 1899 "The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to CORPORAL ANTOINE AUGUST GAUJOTUNITED STATES ARMY for service as set forth in the following CITATION: For most distinguished gallantry on 19 December 1899, while serving with Company M, 27th Infantry, U.
S. Volunteers, in action at Philippine Islands. Corporal Gaujot attempted under a heavy fire of the enemy to swim a river for the purpose of obtaining and returning with a canoe. /S/ WILLIAM MCKINLEY" List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Philippine–American War Medal of Honor recipients "Antoine August Michel Gaujot, Medal of Honor recipient". Philippine Insurrection. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2007. Virginia Tech Guidon, 2003 "Virginia Tech records". Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2010. "West Virginia Historical and Cultural Society description, Part I". Archived from the original on December 5, 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2010. "West Virginia Historical and Cultural Society description, Part II". Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2010
Warren H. Doane Diamond at Memorial Field is a stadium located in Concord, New Hampshire; the field is named after amateur baseball coach, Warren Doane. It has a capacity of about 2,000 fans; the field was built in 1936, was used as a high school and amateur baseball field. It remained that way until 1996, when the Cleveland Indians were searching for a new home for their Short Season-A New York–Penn League affiliate, the Watertown Indians; the Indians organization considered the state of New Hampshire as a potential site. The Indians hoped to duplicate the success that the Montreal Expos had when they moved their New York–Penn League franchise to Burlington, Vermont in 1994. Although New Hampshire was home to two former minor league stadiums in Manchester and Nashua, the Indians felt that a renovated or brand new park in Concord would be the best fit; the Indians and the City of Concord made an agreement for the field to host three Watertown Indians games during the 1996 season. Because of heavy rains, 2 makeup games were added to the schedule as well.
Between 1997 and 1999 Warren Doane led renovation efforts of the park, in the hopes that the Indians or another team might consider moving a minor league franchise there. Although the games had a good turnout, the Indians decided to move to Niles, Ohio instead into newly constructed Eastwood Field, which held about 6,000 people. Doane continued his quest to bring a team to Concord. Although a New York–Penn League team would at one time have fit nicely in the park, the league was now starting to move toward $8–12 million facilities holding about 5,000 fans. Doane shifted his focus to bringing a New England Collegiate Baseball League team to Concord; the stadium's updates were finished in 2001 and Doane was granted a NECBL team for the 2001 season. However, now the General Manager of the newly formed Concord Quarry Dogs died of cancer just days before opening day of the team; the ballpark was named after him and his number was retired at the field. The Quarry Dogs led the league in attendance in their inaugural year, were near the top of the NECBL in attendance until 2004.
In that season, attendance numbers dropped with the arrival of the New Hampshire Fisher Cats, the Double A affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays, in nearby Manchester, New Hampshire. By the 2007 season the Diamond averaged only about 500 fans per game, less than half of what it averaged in the Quarry Dogs' first seasons; the team was moved to Holyoke, Massachusetts to become the Holyoke Blue Sox. Today, the Concord American Legion baseball team use the field. In 2008, renovations began on Doane Diamond to convert the field into a softball venue. Construction was completed in 2009, the field became the host of the Babe Ruth Softball World Series. In 2009, the venue hosted the New Hampshire 13U Babe Ruth state tournament won by Portsmouth Babe Ruth. Photos of the field