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Lux Radio Theatre

Lux Radio Theatre, sometimes spelled Lux Radio Theater, a classic radio anthology series, was broadcast on the NBC Blue Network. The series adapted Broadway plays during its first two seasons before it began adapting films; these hour-long radio programs were performed live before studio audiences. The series became the most popular dramatic anthology series on radio, broadcast for more than 20 years and continued on television as the Lux Video Theatre through most of the 1950s; the primary sponsor of the show was Unilever through its Lux Soap brand. Broadcasting from New York, the series premiered at 2:30 p.m. October 14, 1934, on the NBC Blue Network with a production of Seventh Heaven starring Miriam Hopkins and John Boles in a full-hour adaptation of the 1922–24 Broadway production by Austin Strong; the host was Douglass Garrick. Doris Dagmar played Peggy Winthrop, who delivered the Lux commercials; each show featured a scripted session with Garrick talking to the lead actors. Anthony appeared as Garrick from the premiere 1934 episode until June 30, 1935.

Garrick was portrayed by Albert Hayes from July 29, 1935, to May 25, 1936, when the show moved to the West Coast. Famed studio executive and film producer / director Cecil B. DeMille, took over as the host on June 1, 1936, continuing until January 22, 1945; that initial episode with DeMille featured stars Marlene Dietrich and Clark Gable in The Legionnaire and the Lady. On several occasions when he was out of town, he was temporarily replaced by various celebrities, including Leslie Howard and Edward Arnold. Lux Radio Theatre strove to feature as many of the original stars of the original stage and film productions as possible paying them $5,000 an appearance. In 1936, when sponsor manufacturer Lever Brothers moved the show from New York City to Hollywood, the program began to emphasize adaptations of films rather than plays; the first Lux film adaptation was The Legionnaire and the Lady, with Marlene Dietrich and Clark Gable, based on the film Morocco. That was followed by a Lux adaptation of The Thin Man, featuring the movie's actual stars, Myrna Loy and William Powell.

Though the show focused on film and its performers, several classic radio regulars appeared in Lux Radio Theatre productions. Jim and Marian Jordan, better known as Fibber McGee and Molly, appeared on the show twice and built an episode of their own radio comedy series around one of those appearances, their longtime costar, Arthur Q. Bryan, made a few Lux appearances as well. Bandleader Phil Harris, a longtime regular on Jack Benny's radio program and his wife Alice Faye, who became radio stars with their own comedy show in 1948, appeared in a Lux presentation. Fred Allen, Jack Benny, George Burns and Gracie Allen were among the other radio stars who were invited to do Lux presentations as well. Lux Radio Theatre once presented an adaptation of the film version of a radio series, The Life of Riley, featuring William Bendix as the Brooklyn-born, California-transplanted, stumbling but bighearted aircraft worker he made famous in the long-running radio series of the same name. At least once Lux Radio Theatre offered a presentation without any known performers.

A famous urban legend claimed that actor Sonny Tufts was slated to appear as a guest alongside Joan Fontaine for a production of The Major and the Minor on Lux Radio Theatre. When Joseph Cotten read the names of the next week's cast, he said, with a mixture of shock and astonishment, that listeners would hear "that new, talented personality... Sonny Tufts?!" However, this never happened. The legend began as a fake segment on one of Kermit Schafer's popular "Bloopers" albums, which have been criticized for their re-creations and lack of accuracy. In actuality, Tufts was introduced by Cotten on the radio series Suspense, but Cotten's introduction was normal. A clash over closed shop union rulings favored by the American Federation of Radio Artists ended DeMille's term as host of Lux Radio Theatre. AFRA assessed members a dollar each to help back a campaign to enact closed-shop rulings in California. DeMille, an AFRA member but a stern opponent of closed shops, refused to pay because he believed it would nullify his opposition vote.

When AFRA ruled those not paying faced suspension from the union, thus a ban from appearing on the air, DeMille was finished in radio. In his 1959 autobiography, DeMille alleged that a former member of the American Communist Party confided to him that the party had consciously orchestrated these circumstances of his exclusion from radio, as they considered him to be one of their two foremost enemies in radio. Lux Radio Theatre employed several hosts over the following year choosing William Keighley as the new permanent host, a post he held from late 1945 through 1952. After that, producer-director Irving Cummings hosted the program until it ended in 1955. For its airings on the U. S. Armed Forces Radio Service, the program was hosted by Don Wilson in the early 1950s. During its years on CBS in Hollywood, Lux Radio Theatre was broadcast from the CBS Radio Playhouse at 1615 North Vine Street in Hollywood, one blo

1758 in science

The year 1758 in science and technology involved some significant events. Comet Halley reappears as predicted by Edmond Halley in 1705. John Champion patents a process for calcining zinc sulphide into an oxide usable in the retort process. Angélique du Coudray demonstrates the first obstetric mannequin. Scottish physician Francis Home makes the first attempt to deliver a measles vaccine. Ruđer Bošković publishes his atomic theory in Philosophiæ naturalis theoria redacta ad unicam legem virium in natura existentium. John Dolland presents his "Account of some experiments concerning the different refrangibility of light" describing the discovery of a means of constructing doublet achromatic lenses by the combination of crown and flint glasses, reducing chromatic aberration. Carl Linnaeus applies his binomial system to animal classification in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Copley Medal: John Dollond January 20 – Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, French chemist March 9 – Franz Joseph Gall, German-born neuroanatomist March 14 – Franz Bauer, Moravian-born botanical illustrator June 29 – Clotilde Tambroni, Italian philologist and linguist July 31 – Rosalie de Constant, Swiss naturalist October 11 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer January 18 – François Nicole, French mathematician April 22 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist August 15 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician September 5 – Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov, Russian chemist October – Elizabeth Blackwell, British botanical illustrator

Francesco Filelfo

Francesco Filelfo was an Italian Renaissance humanist. Filelfo was born in the March of Ancona, he is believed to be a third cousin of Leonardo da Vinci. At the time of his birth and the students of Florence had begun to exalt the recovery of classic texts and culture, they had created an eager appetite for the antique, had rediscovered many important Roman authors, had freed Latin scholarship to some extent from the restrictions of earlier periods. Filelfo was destined to carry on their work in the field of Latin literature and as an agent in the still unaccomplished recovery of Greek culture, his earliest studies in grammar and the Latin language were conducted at Padua, where he acquired so great a reputation for learning that in 1417, when he was eighteen, he was invited to teach eloquence and moral philosophy at Venice. According to the custom of that age in Italy, it became his duty to explain the language, to illustrate the beauties of the principal Latin authors, with Cicero and Virgil considered the chief masters of moral science and of elegant diction.

He was admitted to the most eminent nobles. In 1419 he received an appointment from the state, which enabled him to reside as notary and chancellor to the Baile of the Venetians in Constantinople; this appointment was an honour for Filelfo as a man of trust and general ability, gave him the opportunity of acquiring the most coveted of all possessions at that moment — a scholar's knowledge of the Greek language. After his arrival in Constantinople at the end of 1420, Filelfo placed himself under the tuition of John Chrysoloras, whose name was well known in Italy as that of his uncle Manuel Chrysoloras, the first Greek to profess the literature of his ancestors in Florence, he assumed his charge of chancellor with diplomatic missions. In late 1421, he accompanied Emo during an embassy to the Ottoman Sultan Murad II, the candidate supported by Venice for the succession of the late Sultan Mehmed I. In contrast, the Byzantines supported the candidacy of the pretender Mustafa; this would have been difficult for the pupil of John Chrysoloras.

The final victory of Murad II resulted in the siege of Constantinople in spring 1422. It was during the great assault of 22 August 1422 that his professor, mortally ill, dictated to him his will. Nominated executor of this will with the widow of the dead, Manfredina Doria, he was designated tutor of Chrysoloras' girls. After the completion of his term as chancellor in July 1423, he entered the service of the emperor John VIII Palaeologus who sent him to Sigismond, King of Hungary. Before his departure, his marriage with Theodora, the daughter of John Chrysoloras, was decided, was concluded when he returned from Hungary after sixteenth months of absence. With a new teacher, Chrysococes, he acquired a thorough knowledge of Greek and formed a large collection of Greek manuscripts. In 1427, he accepted an invitation from the Venetian Republic, set sail for Italy, intending to resume his professorial career. From this time forward until the date of his death, Filelfo's biography consists of a record of the various towns in which he lectured, the masters whom he served, the books he wrote, the authors he illustrated, the friendships he contracted, the wars he waged with rival scholars.

He was a man of vast physical energy, of inexhaustible mental activity, of quick passions and violent appetites. When Filelfo arrived at Venice with his family in 1427, he found the city had been emptied by the plague, he therefore moved to Bologna. During the week he lectured to large audiences of young and old on the principal Greek and Latin authors, on Sundays he explained Dante to the people in the Duomo. In addition to these labours of the chair, he found time to translate portions of Aristotle, Plutarch and Lysias from the Greek. Nor was he dead to the claims of society. At first he seems to have lived with the Florentine scholars on tolerably good terms. Filelfo hereupon broke out into violent animosity. On the return of Cosimo to Florence, Filelfo's position in that city was no longer tenable, his life, he asserted, had been once attempted by a cut-throat in the pay of the Medici. In Siena, however, he was not destined to remain more than four years, his fame as a professor had grown great in Italy, he daily received tempting offers from princes and republics.

The most alluring of these, made him by the Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, he decided to accept. Filelfo's life at Milan curiously illustrates the multifarious importance of the scholars of that age in Italy, it was his duty to celebrate his princely patrons in panegyrics and epics, to abuse their enemies in libels and invectives, to salute them with encomiastic odes on their birthdays, to compose poems on their favorite themes. For their courtiers he wrote funeral orations.

White House travel office controversy

The White House travel office controversy, sometimes referred to as Travelgate, was the first major ethics controversy of the Clinton administration. It began in May 1993; this action was unusual because although staff employees serve at the pleasure of the President and could be dismissed without cause, in practice, such employees remain in their posts for many years. The White House stated the firings were done because financial improprieties in the Travel Office operation during previous administrations had been revealed by an FBI investigation. Critics contended the firings were done to allow friends of President Bill Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton to take over the travel business and that the involvement of the FBI was unwarranted. Heavy media attention forced the White House to reinstate most of the employees in other jobs and remove the Clinton associates from the travel role. Further investigations by the FBI and the Department of Justice, the White House itself, the General Accounting Office, the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, the Whitewater Independent Counsel all took place over the subsequent years.

Travel Office Director Billy Dale was charged with embezzlement but found not guilty in 1995. In 1998, Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr exonerated Bill Clinton of any involvement in the matter. Hillary Clinton came under scrutiny for having played a central role in the firings and making false statements about her involvement therein. In 2000, Independent Counsel Robert Ray issued his final report on Travelgate, he sought no charges against her, saying that while some of Clinton's statements were factually false, there was insufficient evidence that these statements were either knowingly false or that she understood that her statements led to the firings. The White House Travel Office, known as either the White House Travel and Telegraph Office or the White House Telegraph and Travel Office, dates back to the Andrew Jackson administration and serves to handle travel arrangements for the White House press corps, with costs billed to the participating news organizations. By the time of the start of the Clinton administration, it was quartered in the Old Executive Office Building, had seven employees with a yearly budget of $7 million.

Staffers serve at the pleasure of the president. Travel Office Director Billy Ray Dale had held that position since 1982, serving through most of the Reagan and George H. W. Bush administrations, had started in the Travel Office in 1961. To handle the frequent last-minute arrangements of presidential travel and the specialized requirements of the press, Dale did not conduct competitive bidding for travel services, but relied upon a charter company called Airline of the Americas. According to the White House, the incoming Clinton administration had heard reports of irregularities in the Travel Office and possible kickbacks to an office employee from a charter air company, they looked at a review by KPMG Peat Marwick which discovered that Dale kept an off-book ledger, had $18,000 of unaccounted-for checks, kept chaotic office records. White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty and the White House counsels thus decided to fire the Travel Office staff and reorganize it; the actual terminations were done on May 19, 1993, by White House director of administration David Watkins.

There was a feeling among the White House and its supporters that the Travel Office had never been investigated by the media due to its close relationship with press corps members and the plush accommodations it afforded them and favors it did for them. Republicans and other critics saw the events differently, they alleged that friends of President Bill Clinton, including his third cousin Catherine Cornelius, had sought the firings in order to get the business for themselves. Dale and his staff had been replaced with Little Rock, Arkansas-based World Wide Travel, a company with a substantial reputation in the industry but with several ties to the Clintons. In addition, Hollywood producer and Inauguration chairman Harry Thomason, a friend of both Clintons, his business partner, Darnell Martens, were looking to get their air charter company, TRM, the White House business in place of Airline of the Americas; the Clinton campaign had been TRM's sole client during 1992, collecting commissions from booking charter flights for the campaign.

Martens wanted the White House to award TRM a $500,000 contract for an aircraft audit, while seeking Travel Office charter business as an intermediary which did not own any planes. Attention focused on the role of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, since on May 12, 1993, a week before the firings, associate White House counsel William Kennedy had requested that the FBI look into possible improprieties in the Travel Office operation. FBI agents went there and, although reluctant, authorized a preliminary investigation. Deputy White House Counsel Vince Foster became worried about the firings about to take place and ordered the KPMG Peat Marwick review, asking the FBI to hold off in the meantime; the accounting review started on May 14 and the report was given to the White House on May 17. KPMG was unable to do an actual audit, because there were so few records in the Travel Office that could be audited and because the office did not use the double-entry bookkeeping


Floor-barre is a technique in ballet training that "takes the basic ballet barre training from the standing position to the floor, "taking the effort of standing out of the equation." Zena Rommett originated Floor Barre in the 1960s in New York City one day in class, when she found herself telling the students at the ballet barre to "just lie down on the floor and start all over again." Zena Rommett spent her lifetime further refining and passing on her technique until her death at 89 in New York City. Floor-Barre, a registered trademark for the exclusive use of Zena Rommett and her certified Zena Rommett Floor-Barre teachers, strengthens the body, lengthens the muscles, enhance the working of ballet dancers; the name of the technique as first used in English by Zena Rommett states its essence, which takes the basic ballet barre training from the standing position to the floor, "taking the effort of standing out of the equation". Since 1998 Zena Rommett Floor-Barre Foundation holds August Certification/Renewal conferences at City Center of New York City, where teachers of Zena Rommett Floor-Barre are certified and re-certified so that the technique will continue to progress instead of fossilizing.

Summer conferences in Italy According to Rommett, the technique allows the trainees to enhance their precision and posture, making fixes that remain in their muscle memory and become evident as they go back to train in standing position. Rommett claims that by training in this technique certain typical dancer injuries can be prevented; the primary benefit of floor barre is. When a dancer is standing at the barre, their turnout is forced beyond the individual’s range of motion; this means that the dancers are using gravity and their weight to forcibly turn their legs out in an attempt to reach that ‘ideal’ 180 degree turnout. This can be quite dangerous for the joints. Floor barre emphasizes the importance in utilizing natural turnout by allowing movement, both gravity resisted and assisted. Floor barre is recommended for dancers recovering from injury because it enforces neutral spine, which corrects improper posture, is not too strenuous for the recovering body; as a dance specific rehabilitation, it rebuilds natural mobility.

Exercises in floor barre can target certain parts of the body such as the psoas muscles, hamstrings, or pelvis while still allowing the dancer to focus on increasing center awareness. Dancers who over-rotate while utilizing their turnout can experience an overuse based syndrome known as Plantar Fasciitis, it is geared towards dancers and runners because of the constant heel rise to toe in their activities and exercises. For dancers, it is most developed from a repetitive grandplié or relevé. If a dancer has this condition, it is unnecessary to stop dancing. Modifications in the movement and overall correcting the issue is enough, it can resolve within several months and it can be repelled with the proper practice. Official website

Ya-ha Hadjo

Ya-ha Hadjo was a member of the Creek Nation who avoided forced relocation to Indian Territory with his band by moving south to the Florida Territory where he joined with the Seminole and retained his position as chief. In 1826 while still in Georgia, Mad Wolf visited Washington, D. C. as part of a Creek delegation. Ya-ha Hadjo was one of the seven Seminole chiefs to travel overland to the Indian Territory to inspect the land that the United States was proposing they move to from Florida after the Treaty of Paynes Landing, he was killed during an attack upon his encampment on the banks of the Ocklawaha River by U. S. Army troops. There was another individual named Ya-ha Hadjo, married to one of Osceola'a sisters. It's possible the reported death in 1836 may have been a case of mistaken identity