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Lviv Oblast

Lviv Oblast is an oblast in western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Lviv. Population: 2,534,174 ; the oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939 following the Soviet invasion of Poland. The territory of the former Drohobych Oblast was incorporated into the Lviv Oblast in 1959; the oblast's strategic position at the heart of central Europe and as the gateway to the Carpathians has caused it to change hands many times over the centuries. It was ruled variously by Great Moravia, Kievan Rus', was independent as the state of Galicia-Volhynia, ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, West Ukrainian People's Republic and Poland, when it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship of the Second Republic of Poland; the region's dominant Ukrainian population declared the area to be a part of an independent West Ukrainian National Republic in November 1918 — June 1919, but this endured only briefly. Local autonomy was provided in international treaties but on those were not honoured by the Polish government and the area experienced much ethnic tension between the Polish and Ukrainian population.

The region and its capital city take their name from the time of Galicia-Volhynia, when Daniel of Galicia, the King of Rus', founded Lviv. During this time, the general region around Lviv was known as Red Ruthenia; the region only became part of the Soviet Union under the terms of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in 1939, when it was annexed to the Ukrainian SSR. It was occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1944, when all local Jews were killed, remained in Soviet hands after World War II as was arranged during the Teheran and Yalta conferences. Local Poles were expelled and Ukrainians expelled from Poland arrived. Given its historical development, Lviv Oblast is one of the least Russified and Sovietized parts of Ukraine, with much of its Polish and Habsburg heritage still visible today. In Ukraine today, there are three provinces that formed the eastern part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. Two of these, Lviv Oblast and Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast were contained in the kingdom; the counties of the Kingdom of Galicia remained unchanged when they were incorpoated into successor states.

The region is notable for having declared independence from the central government during the 2014 Euromaidan protests. The terrain of Lviv Oblast is varied; the southern part is occupied by the low Beskyd mountain chains running parallel to each other from northwest to southeast and covered with secondary coniferous forests as part of the Eastern Carpathians. North from there are the wide upper Dniester river valley and much smaller upper San River valley; these rivers have flat bottoms covered with alluvial deposits, are susceptible to floods. Between these valleys and Beskyd lies the Precarpathian upland covered with deciduous forests, with well-known mineral spa resorts. It's the area of one of the earliest industrial petroleum and gas extraction; these deposits are all but depleted by now. In the central part of the region lie Roztocze and part of the Podolia uplands. Rich sulphur deposits were mined here during the Soviet era. Roztocze is densely forested, while Opillia and Podolia are densely populated and covered by arable land.

In the central-north part of the region lies the Small Polesia lowland, geographically isolated from the rest of Polesia but with similar terrain and landscapes. The far North of the region lies on the Volhynia upland, covered with loess; the climate of Lviv Oblast is moderately humid. The average January temperatures range from −7 °C in the Carpathians to −3 °C in the Dniester and San River valleys while in July the average temperatures are from 14–15 °C in the Carpathians to 16–17 °C in Roztocze and 19 °C in the lower part of the Dniester valley; the average annual precipitation is 600–650 mm in the lowlands, 650–750 mm in the highlands and up to 1,000 mm in the Carpathians, with the majority of precipitation occurring in summer. Prolonged droughts are uncommon. Severe winds during storms can cause damage in the highlands; the climate is favourable for the cultivation of sugar beets, winter wheat, rye, cabbage and for dairy farming. It is still too cold to cultivate maize, grapes, watermelon or peaches in Lviv Oblast.

In the Carpathians conditions are favourable for Alpine skiing 3–4 months a year. Chairmen of the Executive CommitteeRepresentative of the PresidentHeads of the Administration Lviv Oblast is administratively subdivided into 20 raions, as well as 9 city which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Boryslav, Drohobych, Novyi Rozdil, Stryi and the administrative center of the oblast, Lviv. Male/female ratio: 48%/52% Nationalities: 94.8% of the region's populati

Jean-Sébastien Fecteau

Jean-Sébastien Fecteau is a Canadian former pair skater. He is a two-time World Junior silver medallist with Caroline Haddad, the 2001 Nebelhorn Trophy silver medallist with Valerie Saurette, the 2006 Four Continents silver medallist with Utako Wakamatsu. From 1990 to 1994, Fecteau competed internationally with Caroline Haddad, they won silver medals at the 1994 World Junior Championships. In 1995, Fecteau began competing with Valerie Saurette, they competed on the Grand Prix series for three seasons, twice at the Four Continents, once at the World Championships, placing 13th. They won the silver medal at the 2001 Nebelhorn Trophy and three bronze medals at the Canadian Championships, their partnership ended in early 2002. In April 2002, Fecteau teamed up with Japanese skater Utako Wakamatsu to compete for Canada. In 2003, they won gold medals at the Finlandia Trophy and Nebelhorn Trophy and made their Grand Prix debut. In the 2004–05 season, Wakamatsu/Fecteau won silver at the 2005 Canadian Championships and were sent to the 2005 World Championships where they placed eighth.

In the 2005 -- 06 season, the pair won bronze at the 2005 NHK Trophy. They took bronze at the 2006 Canadian Championships and were sent to the 2006 Four Continents Championships where they won the silver medal. Fecteau announced his competitive retirement on April 24, 2007. In 2007, Fecteau said, he is now working as a Transportation Engineer. Utako Wakamatsu / Jean-Sebastien Fecteau at the International Skating Union Official site

Dolní Paseky

Dolní Paseky is a village in Karlovy Vary Region, Czech Republic. It is one of the nine town districts of Aš. In 2001 the village had a population of 39. For most part, the village serves as a recreation area for whole Aš-region. A pavillon with a mineral spring, built in 1930, is located in the village. Dolní Paseky lies 3 kilometres east from Aš, about 545 meters above sea level, is surrounded by forests. Through village flows Bílý Halštrov river, close is Bílý Halštrov reservoir. Dolní Paseky is first time mentioned in 1315, but was founded earlier. First recorded. In the 15th century the village was bought by the Reitzenstein, by the Zedtwitz. Dolní mean Lower, Paseky is plural for Paseka, which means Glade or Clearing; the German name, has the same meaning as the Czech one. Wood-frame houses, World War I Memorial from 1931, school building from 1839, pavilion with a mineral spring