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Lydia Canaan

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Lydia Canaan
ليديا كنعان
Lydia Canaan in Concert.jpg
Lydia Canaan, first rock star of the Middle East
Background information
Native name ليديا كنعان
Birth name Lydia Canaan
Also known as Angel
Born Brummana, Lebanon
Genres
Occupation(s)
Instruments Vocals (mezzo-soprano)
Years active 1984–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website lydiacanaan.com

Lydia Canaan (Arabic: ليديا كنعان‎) is a Lebanese singer-songwriter and humanitarian activist widely regarded as the first “rock star” of the Middle East.[1][2]

Credited as the first internationally successful Lebanese recording artist,[3][4][5][6][7] Canaan rose to fame performing rock music in English amid enemy military attacks during the Lebanese Civil War,[8] holding concerts in vicinities of Lebanon that were simultaneously being bombed.[8] Hala Habib of Society wrote, “in a small country that was ripped by war, there was this young girl making a difference”.[9]

Canaan was the first Middle Eastern artist to sing solely in English,[3] and the first to have music videos played on MTV Europe, MTV Southeast Asia, MTV Russia, and MTV Middle East.[10][11][12] Her musical debut was described as having defied tradition,[13] challenged convention,[10] and transcended millennia-old gender barriers.[14] According to Arabian Woman, “as a girl who grew up in the midst of a bloody civil war, Canaan was breaking down seemingly insurmountable barriers ... She rocked the establishment”.[14] In 2015, Canaan was cataloged in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum's Library and Archives.[15]

Life and career[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

Lydia Canaan, age 8, Brummana, Mount Lebanon, Lebanon

Born and raised in Brummana, Lebanon during the Lebanese Civil War to a prominent Greek Orthodox Christian family, Canaan studied at Brummana High School (BHS)[8] and later at Lebanese American University (LAU).[8]

From a young age singing, lyrical composition, and dancing served as an outlet and catharsis for Canaan.[1] At the age of eight, she was awarded the first place prize (in a contest in which all grades competed against each other) by her French elementary school, College des Saints-Coeurs, Bikfaya, for a poem she composed about a child who wept for being scolded for trivial matters such as staining her fingers with ink when she writes.[16][17]

Raised in a conservative family,[1][16] Canaan's parents discouraged her from singing rock music and forbid her to have a musical education or formal training.[16] Nevertheless, Canaan cultivated the ability to compose and store melodies and English lyrics by memory alone.[13][17]

As reported by the newspaper Campus, “For Lydia Canaan's first gig, she had to throw her trademark short rockish black leather skirt and studs out of her bedroom window in Brummana, put on a long skirt, lie to her conservative father about where she was going, and, after changing into her leather gear, singing her teenage heart out as Angel with the band Equation”.[16]

Early career[edit]

Lydia Canaan performing as Angel at Mont La Salle Theater, Beirut, Lebanon, 1984

In 1984, the teenaged Canaan—under the stage name Angel—joined the heavy metal band Equation,[8] who until then had been intent on finding a male lead singer. Canaan's talent, personality, and stage presence gained her national popularity among Lebanese youth.[4][10] The same year, she donned what would become her trademark, trend-setting look: revealing, studded leather outfits with dramatic capes and hip-length blonde-streaked hair.[10][16] Off stage, Canaan's Alma Mater, Brummana High School (BHS), voted her “Best Dressed”. On stage, her provocative costumes contributed to the perception of her as a sex symbol.[10][16] The Daily Star wrote: “On stage, with her daring looks and style, Canaan became a role model”.[10] At the height of their success the band drew a crowd of over 15,000.[8] Canaan's first original composition, “Why All The Hurt”, a tribute to a deceased friend that she wrote as a teenager, was a No. 1 hit on the radio charts in Lebanon.[10]

Following Canaan's first concert with Equation, a The Gulf Today writer noted, “the first show produced a phenomenal reaction . . . It is incredible that amidst the state of civil war that existed in Lebanon at that time, when most people had no idea if they would see another day, she managed to keep her ambitions alive”.[8] Society magazine stated, “tickets were sold out but more teenagers stormed in to see the young Angel perform ... To accommodate the crowd, the concert organizers had to stamp on each fan's hand as they ran out of tickets. It was ... Her first success”.[9]

Canaan was hailed by the media as the first “rock star” of the Middle East.[1][2][16][18][19] Since her first public appearance, Canaan held over 25 sell-out concerts in the country from 1984–1988, and despite the risks and dangers of warring militias and armies, recorded her songs for radio, and topped the charts in Lebanon.[10] Her last concert with Equation was held in 1986.[4]

Solo career[edit]

Lydia Canaan, MTV Europe concert, 2000

In 1987, Canaan embarked on a solo career,[4] performing her original compositions, such as “To Oblivion and Back”, “Does it Need Some Action”, “A Hard Situation”, “Hey Richie”, and “The Christmas Wish”, all which were radio hits.[8]

As Canaan's music evolved, her fame grew.[4][9] With Lebanon under Syrian occupation, Canaan's concerts were held in East Beirut, Mount Lebanon, and the north of Lebanon. In Tripoli, the second largest city in Lebanon, Canaan performed in front of a sold-out crowd under tight security despite having received numerous death threats.[10][1]

In 1987, Canaan performed to a crowd of 20,000 at the Beirut Rock Festival.[20] In 1988, she held sell-out concerts for three consecutive nights at Casino du Liban,[7][21] the last performer to grace its stage until it resumed activity following the end of the Liberation War in 1990.[7]

International success[edit]

Canaan's international breakthrough was widely reported on by the Arab media,[6][7][22][23][24][25] Al-Hayat writing that she had “ ... invaded the European market with her ballads”.[6] In 1989, she left Lebanon and settled in Zurich, Switzerland,[16] where she became a naturalized Swiss citizen.[14] There she took vocal lessons with soprano Anita Monti.[16] In 1990, she was interviewed by Radio Z in Zurich, where her songs received airplay.[14]

In 1991, Canaan began working with record producer David Richards[9] (producer of Queen and David Bowie).[26] The same year, she gave a live interview for NBC Europe.[6] Also in 1991, Canaan signed a two-year contract with London-based production company Spinny Music (led by Queen manager Jim Beach) to write and record her original songs “Shine”,[27] “Never Set You Free”,[28] “So Much to Give”,[29] “Desire”,[30] “Love”,[31] and a cover of Shirley Bassey’s English version of “Never Never Never”,[32] produced by David Richards at Mountain Studios in Montreux, Switzerland.[9] The same year, she recorded the duet “Love and Lust” with Queen drummer Roger Taylor.[33][34]

In 1993, Canaan recorded songs “Libnan”,[35] “Fallin'”,[36] and her cover of John Lennon’s “Gimme Some Truth”.[37]

Transition to pop[edit]

Beautiful Life[edit]

In February 1995, Canaan, who had up until that time performed rock under the stage name Angel, dropped the moniker, and under her birth name Lydia Canaan presented the pop ballad “Beautiful Life[38] (produced by Barry Blue and The Rapino Brothers)[39] at the Midem in Cannes, France.[40] That Spring, Canaan's international release of the single “Beautiful Life”[38] by London-based Pulse-8 Records[38] gained her international critical acclaim,[4][41][42] the buzz culminating in a promo tour in England and radio airplay in the UK, Europe, South Africa, and the Middle East.[42]

Canaan performed “Beautiful Life” at the launch of MTV Europe held in Beirut on May 12, 1995.[43][44][45] In promoting the event, MTV Europe billed her as “the diva from the Middle East”.[44] During the press conference, President of MTV Europe Peter Einstein stated, “MTV is proud and privileged to play Lydia's videos on Music-Non-Stop Show ... All at MTV have fallen in love with Lydia, her songs, and her performance.”[45]

Guardian Angel[edit]

In early 2000, “Guardian Angel”, Canaan’s duet with Robin Scott,[46] appeared on M's album Famous Last Words, released by BMG Music.[47]

The Sound of Love[edit]

Canaan's second single, “The Sound of Love”,[48] produced by Barry Blue and The Rapino Brothers[39] and recorded at the Maison Rouge Studios in London,[48] was released in 1997. In 1998, Canaan's recordings, made in New York City at Jay Ward's Dogbrain Music, were exhibited on billboardtalentnet.com, a web site promoting unsigned talent, and appeared on its RadioBTN top 10 chart.[49]

Canaan's debut studio album, The Sound of Love,[50] was released in the summer of 2000. Recorded in London and New York City and including the track “Right on the Verge”, featuring Tommy Mandel.[50][51] The album was distributed by SIDI/XEMA in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon.[50] In support of the album release, Canaan performed various venues in Beirut, Jumeira Beach Hotel in Dubai, and Savage Garden Club[52] and Rifaa Golf Club in Manama, Bahrain.[53]

Libnan[edit]

In 2004, “Libnan” was chosen as the title song of the advertisement “Rediscover Lebanon”, produced and broadcast by CNN and commissioned by the Lebanese Ministry of Economy & Trade to promote Lebanon as a tourist destination.[54][55]

Never Set You Free[edit]

In 2014, Canaan was named a semi-finalist by the UK Songwriting Contest for her song “Never Set You Free”.[56]

Activism and humanitarian work[edit]

Activism[edit]

Lydia Canaan delivering a speech at the 26th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014

In 2014, Canaan was compelled toward activism as a United Nations delegate[57][58] for Khiam Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Torture (KRC) to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).[59]

  • On March 17, 2014, Canaan delivered her speech, “Islamophobia and Art”, about the need to combat anti-Muslim prejudice artistically, at the 25th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, gaining a round of applause and kudos.[58]
  • On June 17, 2014, Canaan delivered her speech, “Hostage to Injustice”, a call for an end to unjust political imprisonment, at the 26th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, receiving a standing ovation and drawing media attention.[60]
  • On March 13, 2015, Canaan delivered her speech, “Humane Evolution”, in which she spoke out against sanctioned torture, at the 28th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, winning her extended applause.[61]
  • On November 3, 2015, Canaan delivered a speech condemning governments worldwide for failure to implement UN human rights recommendations at the UNHRC's 23rd Session of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), attended by over twenty-five delegations and representatives from Great Britain, Germany, Norway, France, the European Union, Denmark, Australia, Ireland, and Lebanon, among others at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. She also sang an a cappella verse of her activist anthem “Humanity Wake Up and Fight”.[62][63][64]
  • On March 18, 2016, Canaan delivered “Fighting Terrorism Without Violating Human Rights”,[57] her impassioned speech in defense of innocent civilian victims of counter-terrorism, at the 31st Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. It was streamed live on YouTube by the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).[65]
  • On March 14, 2017, Canaan delivered her speech titled “Global Effects of the Persecution of Religious Minorities in the Middle East”,[66] which primarily focused on the persecution of Christians (who, according to her speech, are the most persecuted religious minority in the Middle East and the world), at the 34th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland; her emotional delivery ended with Canaan in tears.[67]

Humanitarian work[edit]

Lydia Canaan speaking to a Palestinian man at the Social Support Society Active Ageing House refugee camp, Burj Al-Barajneh, Beirut, Lebanon, 2011
  • In 2001, Canaan performed at the United Nations International Volunteers Day in Beirut[68] and was awarded for her humanitarianism by Yves de San, Head of UNDP Lebanon.[68][25]
  • In 2014, Canaan participated in the Arab International Forum in Solidarity With Palestinian Prisoners, held in Beirut, Lebanon, with over three hundred fifty public figures and other international attendees, headed by former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark.[2]
  • In 2015, Canaan took part in the International Forum for Justice in Palestine, held in Beirut, Lebanon, with over five hundred attendees from the U.S., Europe, and the Middle East, headed by former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark.[1]

Canaan supports Solitary Watch, John Legend's Free America campaign,[69] Human Rights Watch, War Child Holland-Lebanon, SAWA for DEV & AID, and the International Campaign to Prosecute War Crimes in Iraq chaired by former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark.[1]

Charity work[edit]

Lydia Canaan singing with a Palestinian woman at the Social Support Society Active Ageing House refugee camp, Burj Al-Barajneh, Beirut, Lebanon, 2011

Throughout her life, Canaan has donated her money, music, and time to many charities,[10] particularly those concerned with children, animals, and the elderly.[1][2][70][71] She reportedly made generous donations to the Children's Care Unit of Salmaniyah Hospital,[53] Child Fund International (CFI), and St. Jude's Hospital, and has performed at charity and fundraiser events including American Women's Club,[71] Salmaniyah Hospital (Children's Care Unit),[53] Beirut Rotary Club, American Community School,[72] Association pour la Promotion Feminine,[73][74] Caritas Internationalis (Liban),[75] Centre Renee Wehbe Le Vieillard Malade, Beirut for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (BETA),[76] Lion's Beirut Code Club,[77] Unite Lebanon Youth Project (ULYP),[10] Arab Resource Center for Popular Arts, Al-Jana (ARCPA),[10] Social Support Society Active Ageing House,[25] NASMA Foundation,[10] and Association Amour et Partage.[25]

Her song, “Beautiful Life”, was selected by South African President Nelson Mandela as the theme song for a charity event in South Africa.[10][78][79][80]

Advocacy[edit]

Lydia Canaan at the United Nations MY World partners awards ceremony, UN Headquarters, New York City, 2014

Support for animal welfare[edit]

Canaan, an outspoken animal welfare supporter[70][76][81] and animal rights activist,[70][76][81] supports the Asian Conservation Awareness Programme (ACAP/WildAid), the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Le Roselet Foundation, and Beirut for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (BETA).[70]

Public speaking[edit]

Lydia Canaan delivering a speech at Casino du Liban, Beirut, Lebanon, 2014
  • In 2001, Canaan was invited as Speaker of the Month by American Community School (ACS) in Beirut, Lebanon.[79]
  • Canaan delivered the speech “It's About Time, My Country” in support of the Lebanese Armed Forces on Independence Day 2014 at Casino du Liban in Beirut, Lebanon.[2]

Film and literature[edit]

Film[edit]

Lydia Canaan being interviewed for America-based Global Sorority Foundation's documentary film series, 2014

In 2014, Canaan was interviewed by America-based Global Sorority Foundation for their documentary film series as a prime example for young girls worldwide to overcome adversity and raise awareness for gender equality.[82]

Literature[edit]

American author Robert W. McGee mentioned Canaan's songs “So Much To Give” and “Never Set You Free” in his two novels Justifiable Homicide (2014)[83] and Annie and the Senator (2015);[84] Canaan and her songs “Shine”, “Fallin'”, and “Libnan” were referenced in all three volumes of McGee's The Iraqi Girl Trilogy (2015).[85][86] McGee's characters often risk their lives to listen to Lydia Canaan's music.[83][85][86]

In 2017, Canaan was featured in British journalist for Newsweek Orlando Crowcroft’s book Rock in a Hard Place: Music and Mayhem in the Middle East, about the dangers she faced and obstacles she overcame as a rock music pioneer in Lebanon.[87]

Honors and awards[edit]

Honors[edit]

Lydia Canaan with Lebanese President Emile Lahoud at the Presidential Palace, Baabda, Lebanon, 2002
  • On January 16, 2002, Canaan was received by Lebanese President Emile Lahoud at the Presidential Palace in Baabda, Lebanon. President Lahoud thanked Canaan for her devotion to, affection for, and altruistic services rendered to her country.[10][88][89][90][91]
  • On January 28, 2002, Canaan was received by First Lady Andree Lahoud at the Presidential Palace, who expressed her gratitude and admiration for Canaan for putting a positive cultural and artistic face on Lebanon.[92][93]
  • On February 15, 2002, Canaan was received by the First Lady Andree Lahoud at the Presidential Palace, who requested that Canaan hold a concert at the Presidential Palace in honor of the wives of the fallen Republican Guard Officers.[94][95][96][97]
  • On Mother's Day, March 21, 2002, Canaan was received at the Presidential Palace when, upon the request of First Lady Andree Lahoud, she performed for a presidential ceremony in honor of the wives of the fallen Republican Guard Officers.[80][98]

Awards[edit]

United Nations Building(ESCWA), Beirut/Lebanon
Lydia Canaan receiving the International Year of Volunteers Award by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2001
Year Award By Ref.
1988 Scoop d'Or Award Scoop magazine [99]
1997 Lebanese International Success Award Lebanese Ministry of Tourism [3]
2001 International Year of Volunteers Award United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) [68]
2003 Association pour la Promotion Feminine Award Association pour la Promotion Feminine [73]
2005 Caritas Award Caritas [75]
2014 Lebanese Army Award Lebanese Armed Forces [2]
UK Songwriting Contest Semi-finalist Award UK Songwriting Contest [56]
2016 Silver Medal for Outstanding Achievement Global Music Awards [100]

Videography[edit]

Music videos[edit]

Video Year Details
Hey Richie[101]

1988

Broadcast by LBCI and NBC Europe.[6]
Beautiful Life[102]

1995

Filmed at Canalot Studios and Syon House, the castle of the Duke of Northumberland, in London, England.[102]
The Sound of Love[103]

1997

Filmed at the palace of Sir Francis Dashwood in West Wycombe, England.[103]

Concerts[edit]

Video Year Details
Live in Concert at Casino du Liban[21] 1988 Lydia Canaan performing as Angel live in concert at Casino du Liban.[7]

Oration[edit]

Video Year Details
Hostage to Injustice[104]

2014

Footage of the speech Canaan delivered at the 26th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.[60] It has been widely circulated on the Internet.[104]
Fighting Terrorism Without Violating Human Rights[105]

2016

Footage of the speech Canaan delivered at the 31st Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.[57] It was streamed live on YouTube by the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).[105]
Global Effects of the Persecution of Religious Minorities in the Middle East[66]

2017

Footage of the speech Canaan delivered at the 34th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland capturing Canaan's notably emotional delivery.[67]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Album title Album details
The Sound of Love
  • Released: 2000
  • Label: SIDI/XEMA
  • Format: CD

Track listing

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Beautiful Life"Barry Blue & Marco Sabiu4:17
2."Right On The Verge (Tommy Mandel Mix)"Noel Cohen & Daryl Hair4:37
3."The Sound of Love"Barry Blue & Marco Sabiu4:10
4."A Love That Shines"Noel Cohen & Keith Plex Barnhart4:42
5."The Hurt Won't Hurt (No More)"Barry Blue3:51
6."Every Goodbye Ain't Gone"Geena Breedlove, Noel Cohen, & Daryl Hair4:07
7."Without You"Sandy Wilbur & Keith Barnhart4:32
8."Somewhere in the Night"Barry Blue4:24
9."Right On the Verge (Original Mix)"Noel Cohen & Daryl Hair4:28
10."Fade Away"Noel Cohen & Keith Barnhart4:30
Total length:44:01

Singles[edit]

Year Single title Writer(s) Release
1985 “The Sound of Equation” Lydia Canaan Radio
1986 “Why All the Hurt?” Lydia Canaan Radio
“To Oblivion and Back” Lydia Canaan Radio
1987 “The Hope Song” Lydia Canaan Radio
“Does It Need Some Action?” Lydia Canaan Radio
“A Hard Situation” Lydia Canaan Radio
1988 “And You Call Me” Lydia Canaan Radio
“Hey Richie” Lydia Canaan Radio
1989 “The Christmas Wish” Lydia Canaan Radio
“Me and Little Andy” Dolly Parton Radio
1995 Beautiful Life Barry Blue Pulse-8 Records
1997 “The Sound of Love” Barry Blue Pulse-8 Records
2000 “Guardian Angel” Robin Scott BMG/Metro
2004 Libnan Lydia Canaan CNN
2014 “Shine” Lydia Canaan Internet
“Fallin'” (Remix) Lydia Canaan Internet
“Love” Lydia Canaan Internet
“So Much to Give” Lydia Canaan Internet
Gimme Some Truth John Lennon Internet
“Never Set You Free” Lydia Canaan Internet
2017 “Desire” Lydia Canaan Internet
Never Never Never Alberto Testa & Tony Renis Internet
“Fallin'” Lydia Canaan Internet
“Love is Blind” Lydia Canaan Internet
“Everybody’s Running After a Dream” Lydia Canaan Internet
“Wish I Could Fly” Lydia Canaan Internet
2018 “Bless Me, Bless You” Lydia Canaan Internet

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h O'Connor, Tom. "Lydia Canaan One Step Closer to Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame", The Daily Star, Beirut, April 27, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Salhani, Justin. "Lydia Canaan: The Mideast’s First Rock Star", The Daily Star, Beirut, November 17, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Sinclair, David. "Global Music Pulse", Billboard, New York, December 27, 1997.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Sinclair, David. "Global Music Pulse", Billboard, New York, May 10, 1997.
  5. ^ D'Mello, Edward. "A Singing Sensation: Unprecedented Success For Lebanese Singer Lydia Canaan", Gulf News, Dubai, November 29, 2000.
  6. ^ a b c d e Hayek, George. "The Lebanese Singer Lydia Canaan Has Invaded the European Market With Her Ballads", Al-Hayat, No. 12,513, Beirut, June 3, 1997.
  7. ^ a b c d e Khalife, Mireille. "Lydia Canaan Tells Her Story...and Launches Her English Songs Internationally from Lebanon", Al-Hayat, No. 13,732, Beirut, October 16, 2000.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Chandran, Sudha. "An Angel's Song", The Gulf Today, Sharjah, November 24, 2000.
  9. ^ a b c d e Habib, Hala. "Lydia Canaan: A Star is Born to The Sound of Love", Society, No. 3, Beirut, February 1997.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Jubayli, Jinan. "'Angel' Canaan Brings it All Back Home", The Daily Star, No. 10,735, Beirut, March 18, 2002.
  11. ^ Khonji, Tariq. "Lebanese Singer to Entertain Golf Fans", Gulf Daily News, No. 217, Bahrain, October 23, 2001.
  12. ^ "The MTV Spirit in the Air of Beirut", Magazine, Beirut, May 19, 1995.
  13. ^ a b Pulse-8 Records Press Release, January 1995
  14. ^ a b c d High, Claire. "With Her Debut Album, The Sound of Love, Recorded in English, Lebanese Singer Lydia Canaan is Tipped to Be the First Middle-Eastern Female Singer to Break into the International Market", Arabian Woman, No. 21, Saudi Arabia, September 2000.
  15. ^ "Library and Archives Subject File (Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum Records—Curatorial Affairs Division Records): Canaan, Lydia, 2015". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library and Archives. January 28, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Livingstone, David. "A Beautiful Life; Or, How a Local Girl Ended Up With a Recording Contract in the UK and Who Has Ambitions in the U.S.", Campus, No. 8, Beirut, February 1997.
  17. ^ a b "Lydia Canaan, A Lebanese Spreading the Sweet Scent of Her Song in Europe", Asharq, No. 13,855, Beirut, July 7, 1995.
  18. ^ Ajouz, Wafik. "From Broumana to the Top Ten: Lydia Canaan, Lebanon's 'Angel' on the Road to Stardom", Cedar Wings, No. 28, p. 2, Beirut, July–August 1995.
  19. ^ Aschkar, Youmna. "New Hit For Lydia Canaan", Eco News, No. 77, p. 2, Beirut, January 20, 1997.
  20. ^ "Angel (Lydia Canaan): Beirut Rock Festival 1987-1988". 2U2C. January 26, 20I7. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  21. ^ a b Lydia Canaan Live in Concert at Casino du Liban (1988). YouTube. December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  22. ^ Hayek, George. "Lydia Canaan: 'President Mandela is a Fan of My Music'", An-Nahar, No. 211, Beirut, February 20, 1997.
  23. ^ Al-Diri, Hanadi. "Meeting With President and CEO of MTV Networks and the Singer Lydia Canaan", An-Nahar, Beirut, May 19, 1995.
  24. ^ Hayek, George. "Lydia Canaan: 'I Will Launch My International Career From the United States'", An-Nahar, No. 391, Beirut, July 28, 2000.
  25. ^ a b c d Haddad, Viviane. "Lydia Canaan Shows Readiness to Hold Charity Concerts—The Only Lebanese Singer Who Performs in English and Has Toured the Major European Capitals", Asharq Al-Awsat, Vol. 24, No. 8,477, London, February 12, 2002.
  26. ^ Perrone, Pierre (20 March 2014). "David Richards: Producer, engineer and musician at Montreux's Mountain Studios who worked with Bowie, Queen and Duran Duran". The Independent. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  27. ^ “Shine” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  28. ^ “Never Set You Free” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  29. ^ “So Much to Give” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  30. ^ “Desire” Official Audio. YouTube. January 21, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  31. ^ “Love” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  32. ^ “Never Never Never” Official Audio. YouTube. January 25, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  33. ^ "Roger Taylor Collaborations". Ultimate Queen. May 8, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  34. ^ "Roger Plus". Queen Vault. June 10, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  35. ^ “Libnan” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  36. ^ “Fallin'” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  37. ^ “Gimme Some Truth” Official Audio. YouTube. September 11, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  38. ^ a b c "Lydia Canaan – Beautiful Life". Discogs. January 25, 20I7. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  39. ^ a b Lydia Canaan - Russ Kane interview (1995). YouTube. February 26, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  40. ^ "Cannes Bye Bye Day", Midem Daily News, No. 5, Cannes, February 3, 1995.
  41. ^ Robinson, Nick. "Lydia Canaan: Beautiful Life", Music Week, London, May 13, 1995.
  42. ^ a b Sexton, Paul. "New Artist File", Music Monitor, London, April 21, 1995.
  43. ^ Homan, Tim. "MTV's Arabic Show Breaks Into Beirut", The Daily Star, https://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2000/Aug-01/31887-mtvs-arabic-show-breaks-into-beirut.ashx, Beirut, August 1, 2000.
  44. ^ a b Daniel, Judith. MTV Europe press release, Beirut, May 12, 1995.
  45. ^ a b “Blitz Press Release”, Beirut, May 12, 1995.
  46. ^ "M Tracklist: An alphabetical list of all 'M' & Robin Scott songs & versions.". Discog.Info. January 28, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  47. ^ Lydia Canaan “Guardian Angel” track credit All Music. November 2, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  48. ^ a b Harris, Tony. "Maison Rouge Studios". Classic UK Studios. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  49. ^ Billboard TalentNet RadioBTN Top 50, p. 30, New York, December 25, 1998.
  50. ^ a b c "Lydia Canaan discography – The Sound of Love release". Discogs. December 21, 20I2. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  51. ^ "New Tom". Tommy Mandel. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  52. ^ Lebanese Pop Star Set to Rock Savage Garden", Gulf Daily News, Vol. XXIV, No. 198, Bahrain, October 4, 2001.
  53. ^ a b c "Charity Golf Drive Opens", Gulf Daily News, Vol. XXIV, No. 220, Bahrain, October 26, 2001.
  54. ^ "Lebanese Economy and Trade Ministry launches landmark campaign on CNN". AME Info. Archived from the original on February 15, 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  55. ^ El Zein, Tarek. "Year-Long Advertising Campaign Promotes Lebanon as a Global Tourist Destination", The Daily Star, Beirut, April 16, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  56. ^ a b "UK Songwriting Contest 2014 Results". UK Songwriting Contest. September 9, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  57. ^ a b c Canaan, Lydia. "Fighting Terrorism Without Violating Human Rights". HuffPost. March 21, 2016. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
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