1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Charles Mix County, South Dakota
Charles Mix County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,129, its county seat is Lake Andes. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1879, it was named for Charles Eli Mix, an official of the Bureau of Indian Affairs influential in signing a peace treaty with the local Lakota Indian tribes. The easternmost 60% of the county comprises the Yankton Indian Reservation. Charles Mix County lies on the south line of South Dakota, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Nebraska (across the Missouri River, which flows southeastward along the county's south line. A smaller drainage flows south-southwesterly to the river along the east county line, separating it from Bon Homme County; the county terrain consists of rolling hills dedicated to agriculture. The terrain drops off into the river basin along the county's southwest side, but otherwise slopes to the southeast; the county has a total area of 1,150 square miles, of which 1,097 square miles is land and 53 square miles is water.
West Platte State Game Production Area White Swan State Game Production Area White Swan State Lakeside Use Area Williamson state Game Production Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,350 people, 3,343 households, 2,326 families in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile. There were 3,853 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 69.65% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 28.28% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. 1.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.9 % were of 10.2 % Czech, 10.1 % Dutch and 5.5 % Norwegian ancestry. There were 3,343 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.40% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.37. The county population contained 32.00% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,060, the median income for a family was $30,688. Males had a median income of $24,747 versus $19,688 for females; the per capita income for the county was $11,502. About 20.80% of families and 26.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.50% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,129 people, 3,249 households, 2,222 families in the county; the population density was 8.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,849 housing units at an average density of 3.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.0% white, 31.7% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.2% were German, 12.0% were Dutch, 11.7% were Czech, 6.8% were Norwegian, 5.1% were Irish, 1.8% were American. Of the 3,249 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 38.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $35,808 and the median income for a family was $46,962. Males had a median income of $33,477 versus $25,740 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,403. About 17.4% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over. Dante Pickstown Ravinia Marty The unorganized territory of Castalia is located in the county.
Doug Eggers, American football player Jack Sully was elected sheriff in 1872. Charles Mix County, more akin to the Midwest than the Great Plains, for a long time favoured the Democratic Party, it was one of only 130 counties nationwide to be won in 1972 by favorite son George McGovern, it was only once carried by a Republican nominee between 1932 and 1976 – when Dwight D. Eisenhower swept every county in South Dakota in 1952. Both George W. Bush in 2000 and Donald Trump in 2016 exceeded the previous best Republican performance in the county. National Register of Historic Places listings in Charles Mix County, South Dakota "Charles Mix"; the American Cyclopædia. 1879
U.S. Route 83
U. S. Route 83 is a major north–south U. S. Highway that extends 1,885 miles in the central United States. Only four other north–south routes are longer: U. S. Routes 1, 41, 59, 87; the highway's northern terminus is north of Westhope, North Dakota, at the Canada–United States border, where it continues as Manitoba Highway 83. The southern terminus is in Brownsville, Texas, at the Veterans International Bridge on the Mexico–United States border, connecting with both Mexican Federal Highway 101 and Mexican Federal Highway 180. Despite its length it has comparatively few concurrencies with any Interstate highways, those segments are short. In no place has it been decommissioned as a route. US 83 is a north–south highway, 893 miles in length, in Texas except for a segment parallel to the Rio Grande River, where it takes an east–west course, much of which runs concurrently with the Interstate 2 freeway, it enters the United States and Texas near Brownsville concurrent with US 77 and splits from US 77 at Harlingen.
Passing Weslaco with I-2, it begins to veer northward and passes the current western terminus of I-2 at Penitas, follows the Rio Grande River to Laredo where it meets I-35 in a 28-mile concurrency before heading northwestward. It meets I-10 at Junction, where it has a five-mile concurrency with I-10, before heading due-north to Abilene, meeting I-20 on an expressway before heading north again on undivided surface roads, it again heads west of due north to meet US 287 in Childress and I-40 in Shamrock. About 5 1⁄2 miles north of Perryton it enters Oklahoma. Except for Abilene and some cities in the lower Rio Grande Valley it is rural in nature. US-83 traverses the Oklahoma panhandle along the western border of Beaver County, but in this brief 37-mile stretch it encounters no fewer than three other federal highways. Ten miles from the Texas line, US-83 intersects US-412 in the hamlet of Bryan's Corner. Continuing its journey northward, the highway crosses the Beaver River intersects US-64 in Turpin.
US-83 North and US-64 East are co-signed for three northbound miles. At this intersection, US-270 West joins the highway, together with US-83 proceeds northbound for the final six miles to the Kansas line. US 83 enters the Sunflower State in Seward County four miles south of Liberal, where it intersects US 54. North of Liberal, US 83 begins a multiplex with US 160, the highways remain joined until reaching Sublette, the seat of Haskell County. US 83 and US 160 split north of Sublette, with US 160 heading west toward Ulysses, US 83 continuing north toward Garden City. At Garden City, US 50 and US 400 join US 83 for a brief concurrency on a bypass around the east and north sides of the city while U. S. 83 Business follows the former routing through downtown. All three routes cross K-156 known as Kansas Avenue, in the northwest portion of the city. At the north end of the US 50-83 Business route, US 83 splits and heads north toward Scott City, while US 50 and US 400 remain joined through the rest of the state.
The highway passes through unpopulated areas of Finney County and Scott County before reaching a junction with K-96 in downtown Scott City. In northern Scott County, K-4 has its origins at US 83, heading east toward Healy, US 83 traverses through rolling farmlands until reaching Oakley, the seat of Logan County. US 83 reaches US 40 less than a mile west of Interstate 70, the two highways jog west for a brief multiplex before US 83 splits and crosses I-70. North of I-70, US 83 begins a concurrency with K-383 US 383. Passing to the east of Gem in Thomas County, US 83/K-383 takes a sharp northeasterly track through Rexford and Selden. After passing through Selden, K-383 splits from US 83 and continues northeast to US 36, while US 83 meets the beginning of K-23. US 83 returns to a northerly course at the Sheridan County–Decatur County line, passes through Oberlin at US 36. Oberlin is the last area of significant population. U. S. 83 enters Nebraska south of McCook, where it meets U. S. Route 6 and U.
S. Route 34, it continues northward to North Platte, where it intersects Interstate 80 and U. S. Route 30. After leaving North Platte in a northeasterly direction, it turns north near Thedford and goes north through the Sand Hills to Valentine. For 5 miles before Valentine, it runs concurrent with U. S. Route 20. After passing through Valentine, it continues north to enter South Dakota. U. S. 83 enters South Dakota south of Olsonville on a segment of highway which passes through the Rosebud Indian Reservation. After a brief overlap with U. S. Route 18 in Mission, the route meets Interstate 90 at Murdo; the two routes overlap as U. S. 83 goes east with I-90 until Vivian, where U. S. 83 turns north. At Fort Pierre, U. S. 83 meets U. S. Route 14 and South Dakota Highway 34; the three highways overlap as they enter Pierre. At Pierre, SD 34 separates and U. S. 83 turns northeast with U. S. 14. They separate near Blunt and U. S. 83 turns northward. U. S. 83 overlaps with U. S. Route 212 near Gettysburg and with U. S. Route 12 through the Selby area.
U. S. 83 leaves South Dakota north of Herreid. The South Dakota section of U. S. 83, with the exception of concurrencies with U. S. 18, Interstate 90, U. S. 14, U. S. 212, U. S. 12, is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-180. U. S. 83 enters North Dakota at the South Dakota state line, near the town of Hague, runs northward for 68 miles, serving the small cities of Strasburg and Linton before reaching Interstate 94. It follows I-94 west t
Gregory County, South Dakota
Gregory County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,271, its county seat is Burke. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1898, it was named for the politician J. Shaw Gregory. Gregory County lies on the south line of South Dakota, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of Nebraska. The Missouri River flows southeastward along its east boundary line; the county terrain consists of rolling hills. The eastern part of the county is etched with drainages, flowing to the river basin; the county's highest point is in the SW corner, at 2,247' ASL. Gregory County has a total area of 1,054 square miles, of which 1,015 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,792 people, 2,022 households, 1,290 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 2,405 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.18% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 5.59% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.10% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races.
0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.0 % were of 6.3 % Irish, 5.7 % American and 5.5 % English ancestry. There were 2,022 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.20% were non-families. 33.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98. The county population contained 24.30% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 24.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,732, the median income for a family was $30,833. Males had a median income of $21,063 versus $16,920 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,656. About 15.10% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.50% of those under age 18 and 20.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,271 people, 1,936 households, 1,172 families in the county; the population density was 4.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,503 housing units at an average density of 2.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 89.6% white, 7.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 54.5% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 10.9% were Czech, 7.1% were English, 6.0% were Norwegian, 2.4% were American. Of the 1,936 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.5% were non-families, 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 48.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,940 and the median income for a family was $44,333. Males had a median income of $30,401 versus $25,804 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,311. About 10.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over. Bonesteel Burke Gregory Dallas Fairfax Herrick St. Charles Carlock Dixon Lucas Farming and ranching are two main economic factors of the county. Like all of South Dakota outside Native American counties, Gregory County is powerfully Republican. No Democrat has carried Gregory County since Jimmy Carter in 1976. Like all of rural America, recent swings away from the liberal Democratic Party have been rapid: Donald Trump’s 76.5 percent of the county’s vote is the largest any candidate has obtained in the county since South Dakota statehood.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Gregory County, South Dakota Fort Randall
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
South Dakota is a U. S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States; as the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889 with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city. South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska and Montana; the state is bisected by the Missouri River, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and distinct halves, known to residents as "East River" and "West River". Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, the area's fertile soil is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending.
Most of the Native American reservations are in West River. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, are in the southwest part of the state. Mount Rushmore, a major tourist destination, is there. South Dakota has a temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west; the state's ecology features species typical of a North American grassland biome. Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century. In the late 19th century, European-American settlement intensified after a gold rush in the Black Hills and the construction of railroads from the east. Encroaching miners and settlers triggered a number of Indian wars, ending with the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890. Key events in the 20th century included the Dust Bowl and Great Depression, increased federal spending during the 1940s and 1950s for agriculture and defense, an industrialization of agriculture that has reduced family farming.
While several Democratic senators have represented South Dakota for multiple terms at the federal level, the state government is controlled by the Republican Party, whose nominees have carried South Dakota in each of the last 13 presidential elections. Dominated by an agricultural economy and a rural lifestyle, South Dakota has sought to diversify its economy in areas to attract and retain residents. South Dakota's history and rural character still influence the state's culture. South Dakota is in the north-central United States, is considered a part of the Midwest by the U. S. Census Bureau; the culture and geography of western South Dakota have more in common with the West than the Midwest. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles, making the state the 17th largest in the Union. Black Elk Peak named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft, is the state's highest point, while the shoreline of Big Stone Lake is the lowest, with an elevation of 966 ft. South Dakota is bordered to the north by North Dakota.
The geographical center of the U. S. is 17 miles west of Castle Rock in Butte County. The North American continental pole of inaccessibility is between Allen and Kyle, 1,024 mi from the nearest coastline; the Missouri River is the longest river in the state. Other major South Dakota rivers include the Cheyenne, Big Sioux, White Rivers. Eastern South Dakota has many natural lakes created by periods of glaciation. Additionally, dams on the Missouri River create four large reservoirs: Lake Oahe, Lake Sharpe, Lake Francis Case, Lewis and Clark Lake. South Dakota can be divided into three regions: eastern South Dakota, western South Dakota, the Black Hills; the Missouri River serves as a boundary in terms of geographic and political differences between eastern and western South Dakota. The geography of the Black Hills, long considered sacred by Native Americans, differs from its surroundings to such an extent it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota. At times the Black Hills are combined with the rest of western South Dakota, people refer to the resulting two regions divided by the Missouri River as West River and East River.
Eastern South Dakota features higher precipitation and lower topography than the western part of the state. Smaller geographic regions of this area include the Coteau des Prairies, the Dissected Till Plains, the James River Valley; the Coteau des Prairies is a plateau bordered on the east by the Minnesota River Valley and on the west by the James River Basin. Further west, the James River Basin is low, flat eroded land, following the flow of the James River through South Dakota from north to south; the Dissected Till Plains, an area of rolling hills and fertile soil that covers much of Iowa and Nebraska, extends into the southeastern corner of South Dakota. Layers deposited during the Pleistocene epoch, starting around two million years ago, cover most of eastern South Dakota; these are the youngest rock and sediment layers in the state, the product of several successive periods of glaciation which deposited a large amount of rocks and soil, known as till, over the area. The Great Plains cover most of the western two-thirds of South Dakota.
West of the Missouri Rive
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820