Lyon-Part-Dieu Business District

La Part-Dieu is the Central Business District and beating heart of Lyon Metropolis, inside an urban area of more than 2.2 million inhabitants. It is the second largest tertiary district in France, after La Défense in Greater Paris, with over 1,150,000 m² of office and service space, along with 45,000 service sector jobs, 2,500 companies, affordable rents and a 97% occupancy rate. A major European nerve centre, La Part-Dieu high-speed train station is a leading interchange rail station on the continent, welcoming 120,000 travellers everyday, while its multimodal hub deals with 500,000 daily commuters, by means of public transport such as métro and bus lines and bike services, including the Rhônexpress shuttle connecting La Part-Dieu directly with Lyon-Saint-Exupéry International Airport. Located on the Left Bank of the Rhône river, this urban centre provides major entertainment and cultural facilities, including one of the largest urban shopping mall of all Europe, 800 shops, Paul Bocuse indoor food market, café terraces, the Auditorium concert hall, Bourse du Travail theatre, Municipal Library, Departmental Archives and Montluc Fort.

Moreover, it harbours Tour Incity, Tour Part-Dieu and Tour Oxygène, making Lyon one of the few European cities able to display high-rise architecture right next to its historical core. The CBD is undergoing major renovation and construction works, according to a revitalization projet totalling €2.5 billion between public and private investments. The current 3rd arrondissement Mayor, centrist Catherine Panassier, was elected in 2018 thanks to the support of the former Mayor of Lyon, Gérard Collomb, she works for Lyon Metropolis' permanent commission as an advisor on urban habitat, planning and politics. SPL Part-Dieu, or La Part-Dieu's publicly-owned local development corporation, is used by local authorities as an operational tool, it was created back in 2014 and is governed by a board of administrators, chaired by David Kimelfed, head of Lyon Metropolis. 20 people work on urban, economic and resources related problems. They manage, control and coordinate the La Part-Dieu project. Lyon Metropolis is headquartered in La Part-Dieu district, in a brutalist building from the 1970s, on Garibaldi street.

It concentrates hundreds of civil workers and local figures hold regular meetings there. Other authority figures include Police Headquarters inside Montluc Fort since 2007 and Sytral Headquarters. A district of 21,000 inhabitants, La Part-Dieu has developed on both sides of the railway and is made up of high-rise and low-rise architecture. According to La Part-Dieu SPL area, this 3rd arrondissement district is limited by Garibaldi street to the West, Juliette Récamier to the North, Maurice Flandin to the East and the former La Buire automotive plants to the South; the original project was based on La Défense urban planning model. La Rize river was buried in a sewage system. Nowadays, urban planners aim at preventing urban heat island effects thanks to green spaces. For example, Garibaldi street, once a main urban highway, has been revamped as a part of a green path going from Tête d’Or Park to Sergent Blandan and Gerland Park. La Part-Dieu offers several plazas, several gardens and a park, on top of the centenary plane trees from the former cavalry barracks.

4 sports facilities 9 private nurseries concierge services including dry-cleaning and postal services primary and business schools Manufacture des tabacs Lyon 3 Jean Moulin University campus Various theories try to explain the origins of the "Part-Dieu" name. It could either come from the tenacity with which several landlords managed to save pieces of land from Rhône waters or how Guillaume de Fuer named his parcel "Pardeu" by the end of the 12th century. A last theory states that Marc-Antoine Mazenod gave his 140 hectares land to Hôtel-Dieu Public Hospitals after his daughter was saved miraculously and named it "Gift from God". Before the 1850s, La Part-Dieu was composed of rural flood-zones, it was ceded by the Mazenod-Servient family to the Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon Public Hospitals in 1737. The embankment of the Rhône river and construction of bridges led to the management of flood risk and urbanization of the eastern Rhone bank from 1772 onwards. By the end of the 18th century, La Part-Dieu domain was a large estate bordered by the Brotteaux and Guillotière districts.

Lafayette bridge erected in 1872 accelerated the eastward urbanization process, while cleansed farmlands gave way to wheat production. From 1830 to 1848, the city erected walls to protect itself from foreign invasions. Montluc Fort saw life in 1831. La Part-Dieu, thus becoming a fort, acquired a military function; because of the administrative and geological complexity of Lyon, rail transport brought multiple train stations to existence. The Part-Dieu one was dedicated to freight transport. In 1844, Public Hospitals sold their land to the military administration, which built cavalry barracks from 1851 to 1863. However, the process of urbanization was limited by traverse axes and the fact that Lafayette street was the only road connecting La Part-Dieu with Central Lyon; the district was added to Lyon administrative area in 1852. In order to link the city with Geneva, Gare des Brotteaux was designed by the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée company, which led to the dismantling of wall fortifications to make way for railway lines.

Meanwhile, the military compound took on the orthogonal f

Co-Cathedral of St. Therese, Savannakhet

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Alfonso Bonafede

Alfonso Bonafede is an Italian lawyer and politician who has served as the Italian Minister of Justice since 1 June 2018. A lawyer by profession, Bonafede has served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies since 15 March 2013. Born in Mazara del Vallo, a town in Sicily, Bonafede studied law at the University of Florence and the University of Pisa. Bonafede was first introduced to politics by Beppe Grillo, standing as the Five Star Movement's candidate for Mayor of Florence in 2009, garnering 1.82% of the vote. In the Italian general election in 2013, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a member of the Five Star Movement, representing the XII district of Tuscany. During the formation of government following the 2018 election, his name was put forth as a possible prime minister. Instead, Bonafede was sworn in as Minister of Justice on 1 June 2018, as a member of the Conte Cabinet, again on 5 September 2019, as a member of the second Conte Cabinet. Conte Cabinet