USC Thornton School of Music
The University of Southern California Thornton School of Music, was founded in 1884 and dedicated in 1999. Founded only four years after the University of Southern California itself, the Thornton School is the oldest continually operating arts institution in Southern California; the School is located in the heart of the USC University Park Campus, south of downtown Los Angeles. The school gets its name in honor of a $25 million gift by Flora L. Thornton in 1999. At the time, this was the largest donation to a school of music in the United States. In 2006, she donated an additional $5 million to support the facility needs of the school; the USC Thornton School is noted for quality programs such as orchestral studies, jazz, early music, Film Scoring and Music Industry. Rolling Stone magazine named the music school as one of the top-five in the country. A diverse school of music, Thornton is one of the few regarded music schools in the United States to offer a degree program in early music. Students of baroque and medieval music may enroll in a specialized degree program in early music.
Thornton was one of the first universities to offer an undergraduate program in Music Industry, a program still regarded as among the best in the country. Thornton offers the only comprehensive program in Scoring for Film, it has a unique program in studio guitar performance. In 2009, the Thornton School was again a trailblazer in collegiate music when it became the first university to offer a major in popular music performance and songwriting alongside its prestigious classical and jazz programs. At the 2007 Grammy Awards, four alumni and four faculty members received awards, in addition to one faculty member receiving a special honor. At the 2009 Grammy Awards and alumni won six awards
USC Sol Price School of Public Policy
The USC Sol Price School of Public Policy known as School of Policy and Development, at the University of Southern California is a leading urban planning, public policy, public administration, real estate development and health policy and management school in the United States. USC Price offers undergraduate and graduate programs, including a doctoral program and several professional and executive master's degree programs. USC Price offers the Master of Public Administration program at a campus in Sacramento. Urban planning classes were first delivered at USC in Fall of 1921 by Gordon Whitnall, instrumental in founding the Planning Commission of the City of Los Angeles. In 1929, the USC School of Citizenship and Public Administration opened its doors, becoming one of only two programs of its kind in the nation; the school did not resemble much the larger complex school it is today, but it contained the seeds of what is the modern USC Price. In addition to offering a degree in public administration, the School of Citizenship and Public Administration included classes in urban and regional planning from the outset, which led to the urban and regional planning degree and school at USC.
Over time, the School of Public Administration formed the health administration program and the public policy program. In 1955, the School of Public Administration and the School of Architecture and Fine Arts instituted a graduate program in city and regional planning; the graduate planning program grew into an independent academic unit in the 1960s. In 1971, the Irvine Foundation gave its first USC grant to establish an endowed chair in urban and regional planning. In 1974, the USC Board of Trustees merged the Graduate Program in Urban and Regional Planning with the Center for Urban Studies to create the School of Planning and Urban Studies, subsequently the School of Urban and Regional Planning, the first planning program in the nation to achieve status as an independent school; the Irvine foundation provided the new school with an additional endowment for the support of graduate students. The school's undergraduate program was offered jointly with the School of Public Administration; the School of Urban and Regional Planning formed a graduate program in real estate development in 1985, founded the Lusk Center for Real Estate Development in 1988 with a generous gift from John Lusk and his family.
The school launched a new undergraduate program to compliment its existing program with the School of Public Administration. A gift from Ralph Lewis and his wife Goldy, the co-founders of Lewis Homes, enabled the School to break ground for a new building on May 24, 1995, USC's Ralph and Goldy Lewis Hall; the School was renamed the School of Urban Planning and Development in 1996. The Lusk Center for Real Estate Development was reorganized into Lusk Center for Real Estate, a university-level research unit jointly administered by USC Price and the USC Marshall School of Business. In November 2011, the Price Family Charitable Fund gave a $50 million naming gift to honor the life and legacy of USC alumnus Sol Price, founder of Price Club; the school was renamed the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy with the shortened name of USC Price. As of 2015, USC Price was ranked #1 in the United States among "The 10 Best Graduate Programs" for Urban Planning, according to TheBestColleges.org. USC Price is ranked #2 in the United States among "America's Best Graduate Schools" for Public Affairs, according to U.
S. News & World Report. USC Price is ranked #9 for its graduate Urban Planning program by Planetizen's "The Top Schools For Urban Planners" in 2012. U. S. News & World Report ranks USC Price as: #3 in city management and urban policy #3 in health policy and management #4 in public management administration #6 in nonprofit management #9 in social policy USC Price offers: Three doctorate programs: Doctor of Philosophy in Public Policy and Management Doctor of Philosophy in Urban Planning and Development Doctor of Philosophy in Policy and Development Doctor of Policy and Development Five master's degree programs: Master of Public Policy Master of Public Administration Master of Planning Master of Real Estate Development Master of Health Administration Four executive master's degrees: Master of International Public Policy and Management Executive Master of Health Administration Executive Master of Leadership Online Executive Master of Urban Planning One undergraduate degree: Bachelor of Science in Policy and DevelopmentPublic Policy and Law Sustainable Planning Real Estate Development Nonprofit and Social Innovations Health Policy and Management The Price School’s online Executive Master of Urban Planning program is an accelerated program of 24 units.
Students must take 2 four-day in-person intensive sessions. The program focuses on four main areas: land economics. Judith and John Bedrosian Center on Governance and the Public Enterprise Center for Economic Development Center for Health Financing and Management Center for Sustainable Cities Center on Philanthropy and Public Policy Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration Civic Engagement Initiative Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events Keston
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, one of the seven American uniformed services. Formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U. S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947, it is the youngest branch of the U. S. Armed Forces, the fourth in order of precedence; the USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control; the U. S. Air Force is a military service branch organized within the Department of the Air Force, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the Air Force, through the Department of the Air Force, is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force, who reports to the Secretary of Defense, is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation.
The highest-ranking military officer in the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units and serves as one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force components are assigned, as directed by the Secretary of Defense, to the combatant commands, neither the Secretary of the Air Force nor the Chief of Staff of the Air Force have operational command authority over them. Along with conducting independent air and space operations, the U. S. Air Force provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field; as of 2017, the service operates more than 5,369 military aircraft, 406 ICBMs and 170 military satellites. It has a $161 billion budget and is the second largest service branch, with 318,415 active duty airmen, 140,169 civilian personnel, 69,200 reserve airmen, 105,700 Air National Guard airmen. According to the National Security Act of 1947, which created the USAF: In general, the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned.
It shall be organized and equipped for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. The Air Force shall be responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war. §8062 of Title 10 US Code defines the purpose of the USAF as: to preserve the peace and security, provide for the defense, of the United States, the Territories and possessions, any areas occupied by the United States. The stated mission of the USAF today is to "fly and win...in air and cyberspace". "The United States Air Force will be a trusted and reliable joint partner with our sister services known for integrity in all of our activities, including supporting the joint mission first and foremost. We will provide compelling air and cyber capabilities for use by the combatant commanders. We will excel as stewards of all Air Force resources in service to the American people, while providing precise and reliable Global Vigilance and Power for the nation".
The five core missions of the Air Force have not changed since the Air Force became independent in 1947, but they have evolved, are now articulated as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control. The purpose of all of these core missions is to provide, what the Air Force states as, global vigilance, global reach, global power. Air superiority is "that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another which permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea and special operations forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force". Offensive Counterair is defined as "offensive operations to destroy, disrupt, or neutralize enemy aircraft, launch platforms, their supporting structures and systems both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible". OCA is the preferred method of countering air and missile threats since it attempts to defeat the enemy closer to its source and enjoys the initiative.
OCA comprises attack operations, sweep and suppression/destruction of enemy air defense. Defensive Counter air is defined as "all the defensive measures designed to detect, identify and destroy or negate enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace". A major goal of DCA operations, in concert with OCA operations, is to provide an area from which forces can operate, secure from air and missile threats; the DCA mission comprises both passive defense measures. Active defense is "the employment of limited offensive action and counterattacks to deny a contested area or position to the enemy", it includes both ballistic missile defense and air-breathing threat defense, encompasses point defense, area defense, high-value airborne asset defense. Passive defense is "measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative", it includes warning.
USC School of Cinematic Arts
The USC School of Cinematic Arts —formerly the USC School of Cinema-Television, otherwise known as CNTV—is a private media school within the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, California. The school offers multiple undergraduate and graduate programs covering film production, screenwriting and media studies and digital arts, media arts + practice, interactive media & games. Additional programs include the Business of Entertainment, it is the oldest and arguably most reputable such school in the United States, established in 1929 as a joint venture with the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Having been ranked as one of the best film schools in the world on several occasions, SCA has most notably topped THR's ranking for seven consecutive years; as such, admissions into the school are competitive, with an estimated 2–3% acceptance rate. The school's founding faculty include Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, William C. DeMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, Darryl Zanuck.
Notable professors include the Alma and Alfred Hitchcock Professor of American Film. In April 2006, the USC Board of Trustees voted to change the school's name to the USC School of Cinematic Arts. On September 19, 2006, USC announced that alumnus George Lucas had donated US$175 million to expand the film school with a new 137,000-square-foot facility; this represented the largest single donation to the largest to any film school in the world. His previous donations resulted in the naming of two existing buildings after him and his then-wife, though Lucas was not fond of the architecture used in those buildings. An architectural hobbyist, Lucas laid out the original designs for the project, inspired by the Mediterranean Revival Style, used in older campus buildings as well as the Los Angeles area; the project received another $50 million in contributions from Warner Bros. 20th Century Fox and The Walt Disney Company. In fall 2006, the school, together with the Royal Film Commission of Jordan, created the Red Sea Institute of Cinematic Arts in Aqaba, Jordan.
The first classes were held in 2008, the first graduating class for the university was in 2010. Donations from film and game industry companies and alumni have enabled the school to build the following facilities: School of Cinematic Arts Complex, completed in 2010, which includes: 20th Century Fox soundstage George Lucas and Steven Spielberg Buildings, featuring the Ray Stark Family Theatre, equipped for 3D presentation, as well as two digital theatres, the Albert and Dana Broccoli Theatre and Fanny Brice Theatre Marcia Lucas Post-Production Center Marilyn & Jeffrey Katzenberg Center for Animation Sumner Redstone Production Building Interactive building, home the USC Interactive Media & Games Division, the USC Division of Media Arts and Practice, several research labs Robert Zemeckis Center for Digital Arts, home of Trojan Vision, USC's student television station Eileen Norris Cinema Theatre Complex, featuring a 365-seat theatre that serves as a classroom with USC faculty member and Academy Award winner Tomlinson Holman's THX audiovisual reproduction standard used in film venues worldwide.
The Frank Sinatra Hall, dedicated in 2002, houses a public exhibit and collection of extensive memorabilia commemorating Sinatra's life and contributions to American popular culture. David L. Wolper Center at Doheny Memorial Library Louis B. Mayer Film and Television Study Center at Doheny Memorial Library Hugh M. Hefner Moving Image ArchiveAt the center of the new television complex is a statue of founder Douglas Fairbanks, he is seen holding a fencing weapon in one hand to reflect his strong ties with the USC Fencing Club. Since 1973, at least one alumnus of SCA has been nominated for an Academy Award annually, totaling 256 nominations and 78 wins. Since 1973, at least one SCA alumnus or alumna has been nominated for the Emmy Award annually, totalling 473 nominations and 119 wins; the top 17 grossing films of all time have had an SCA graduate in a key creative position. The Princeton Review has ranked the Interactive Media and Games Division's video game design program best in North America multiple years in a row.
Both The Hollywood Reporter and USA Today have ranked SCA the number one film program in the world, with its unmatched facilities, proximity to Hollywood, numerous industry connections being the primary rationale. Awards for USC Cinema short filmsIn 1956, producer Wilber T. Blume, a USC Cinema instructor at the time, received an Academy Award for best live action short film for a film he created entitled The Face of Lincoln. Blume received an Academy Award nomination that year for documentary short. In 1968, George Lucas won first prize in the category of Dramatic films at the third National Student Film Festival held at Lincoln Center, New York for his futuristic Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB. In 1970, producer John Longenecker received an Academy Award for best live action short film for a film he produced while attending USC Cinema 480 classes as an undergraduate—The Resurrection of Broncho Billy; the film's crew and cast included cinematographer. In 1973, Robert Zemeckis wo
Uytengsu Aquatics Center
The Uytengsu Aquatics Center is a 2,500-seat outdoor aquatics venue located on the campus of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, USA. The facility features two pools: a long course pool, a diving well with towers; the facility is the home pool for diving teams. The facility was constructed for the 1984 Summer Olympics, opened in July 1983. Financial assistance for the construction of the facility came from McDonald's, for the first 29 years of its existence, the stadium bore the name McDonald's Olympic Swim Stadium. At the time of the'84 Games, it was called the "Olympic Swim Stadium", was the main aquatics venue at the Games, hosting competitions in swimming and synchronized swimming. For the Games, the facility featured temporary bleacher seating around the two pools, removed after the Games. In 1989, the Lyon Center was built on a portion of the land; the pool has hosted several high-level national meets since 1984, including the 1989 U. S. Swimming Nationals, the Swimming competitions at the 1991 U.
S. Olympic Festival, the 1993 U. S. Diving Nationals, it hosted the NCAA Women's Water Polo Championship in 2002 and is slated to host again in 2014. It hosted the NCAA Men's Water Polo Championship in 2012; the pool was closed in 2013, was rebuilt, reopened in 2014 with its current name, a homage to USC alumnus Fred Uytengsu, who donated $8 million for the renovations. The pool is named for former USC swim coach Peter Daland, while the diving tower was dedicated to Olympian diver Sammy Lee
USC Trojans women's volleyball
The USC Trojans women's volleyball team is coached by Brent Crouch, who began in 2018. Under the last coach, Mick Haley, USC became the first repeat NCAA Volleyball National Champion to go undefeated, as they finished off 2003 with a record of 35–0 while becoming the first school in NCAA history to stay at number one in the coaches poll every week; the program began in 1976. The first coach, Chuck Erbe, led the team to four national championships, 1 NCAA and three AIAW. Women's volleyball has 10 final four appearances, finishing as the National runner-up in 1982. More USC sent three female volleyball athletes to the 2008 Olympics – 2004 graduate Nicole Davis represented the indoor United States team, earning a silver medal. 2008 graduate Asia Kaczor represented her native Poland for indoor play, while 2006 alum Bibiana Candelas teamed up with Mayra García in beach volleyball, representing her native country, Mexico. 1981 was the first year. USC, with a 26–10 record, defeated favored UCLA at Pauley Pavilion to win the first NCAA volleyball championship in NCAA history.
USC won the program's second NCAA championship by defeating No. 2 and defending national champion Stanford 3–1. Keao Burdine was named the Most Outstanding Player. In 2003, USC repeated as national champions. With a 35–0 record, the Women of Troy became the first repeat champion to go undefeated. USC defeated Florida 3–1 in the final. In 2004, USC made its third consecutive final four, by upsetting No. 1 Nebraska in the regional final. In the national semifinals, the Women of Troy lost to No. 4 seeded Minnesota, the eventual national runners-up. USC is the only school in the history of the AVCA Showcase tournament to win back-to-back AVCA Showcase titles, as the Women of Troy won in 2003 by defeating Hawaiʻi and 2004 by defeating Minnesota. USC made its first final four since 2004. In the national semifinal, the Women of Troy nearly defeated top-seeded and eventual national runner-up Stanford having match point, but ended up losing the fifth set in extra points, 16–14. During the regular season, USC had beaten the Cardinal once.
Starting the season ranked 10th nationally, the Women of Troy compiled a 25–4 regular-season record, the 8th 25-win season in coach Haley's 10-year tenure. Notably, in the regular season USC recorded a sweep of crosstown rival UCLA in conference play, including a 3–2 margin in the last match before postseason play, avenging losses in both 2009 matches; the Women of Troy dropped just one set through the first three rounds of the NCAA tournament before facing Stanford in the quarterfinal. Though the Cardinal had defeated USC in both regular-season matches, the Women of Troy edged Stanford in a five-setter, led by Falyn Fonoimoana's season-high 25 kills, it was USC's first win against Stanford in seven tries dating to 2007. Despite having won both regular season matches against Cal, the Women of Troy hit a season low.107 as a team—including a negative hitting percentage in the first set—and were swept, 3–0, in the semifinal. USC finished 29–5 on the season; the North Gym, located in the USC Physical Education Building, was the team's home court from 1976 until 1988.
From 1989 to 2006, the North Gym and the Lyon Center split time as the team's home court. In 2007, the team moved to the Galen Center as its home court, but uses the old venues if the Galen Center is reserved for other events. Paula Weishoff – 1984, 1992, 1996 indoor volleyball Olympian Susan Woodstra – 1984 indoor volleyball Olympian, assistant coach for the 2008 Olympics. Debbie Green-Vargas, – 1984 indoor volleyball Olympian regarded as the greatest women's volleyball setter in USA volleyball history. Nicole Davis – 2008 and 2012 indoor volleyball Olympian Bibiana Candelas – 2008 beach volleyball Olympian Joanna Kaczor – 2008 indoor volleyball Olympian Jennifer Kessy – 2012 Olympic silver medalist in beach volleyball April Ross – 2012 Olympic silver medalist in beach volleyball, 2016 Olympic bronze medalist in beach volleyball List of NCAA Division I women's volleyball programs Official website
United States Army Air Corps
For the current active service branch, see United States Air Force The United States Army Air Corps was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America between 1926 and 1941. After World War I, as early aviation became an important part of modern warfare, a philosophical rift developed between more traditional ground-based army personnel and those who felt that aircraft were being underutilized and that air operations were being stifled for political reasons unrelated to their effectiveness; the USAAC was renamed from the earlier United States Army Air Service on 2 July 1926, was part of the larger United States Army. The Air Corps became the United States Army Air Forces on 20 June 1941, giving it greater autonomy from the Army's middle-level command structure. During World War II, although not an administrative echelon, the Air Corps remained as one of the combat arms of the Army until 1947, when it was abolished by legislation establishing the Department of the Air Force; the Air Corps was renamed by the United States Congress as a compromise between the advocates of a separate air arm and those of the traditionalist Army high command who viewed the aviation arm as an auxiliary branch to support the ground forces.
Although its members worked to promote the concept of air power and an autonomous air force in the years between the world wars, its primary purpose by Army policy remained support of ground forces rather than independent operations. On 1 March 1935, still struggling with the issue of a separate air arm, the Army activated the General Headquarters Air Force for centralized control of aviation combat units within the continental United States, separate from but coordinate with the Air Corps; the separation of the Air Corps from control of its combat units caused problems of unity of command that became more acute as the Air Corps enlarged in preparation for World War II. This was resolved by the creation of the Army Air Forces, making both organizations subordinate to the new higher echelon. On June 20, 1941, the Army Air Corps' existence as the primary air arm of the U. S. Army changed to that of being the training and logistics elements of the then-new United States Army Air Forces, which embraced the formerly-named General Headquarters Air Force under the new Air Force Combat Command organization for front-line combat operations.
The Air Corps ceased to have an administrative structure after 9 March 1942, but as "the permanent statutory organization of the air arm, the principal component of the Army Air Forces," the overwhelming majority of personnel assigned to the AAF were members of the Air Corps. The U. S. Army Air Service had a turbulent history. Created during World War I by executive order of 28th President Woodrow Wilson after American entrance in April 1917 as the increasing use of airplanes and the military uses of aviation were apparent as the war continued to its climax, the U. S. Army Air Service gained permanent legislative authority in 1920 as a combatant arm of the line of the United States Army. There followed a six-year struggle between adherents of airpower and the supporters of the traditional military services about the value of an independent Air Force, intensified by struggles for funds caused by skimpy budgets, as much an impetus for independence as any other factor; the Lassiter Board, a group of General Staff officers, recommended in 1923 that the Air Service be augmented by an offensive force of bombardment and pursuit units under the command of Army general headquarters in time of war, many of its recommendations became Army regulations.
The War Department desired to implement the Lassiter Board's recommendations, but the administration of President Calvin Coolidge chose instead to economize by radically cutting military budgets the Army's. The Lampert Committee of the House of Representatives in December 1925 proposed a unified air force independent of the Army and Navy, plus a department of defense to coordinate the three armed services; however another board, headed by Dwight Morrow, was appointed in September 1925 by Coolidge ostensibly to study the "best means of developing and applying aircraft in national defense" but in actuality to minimize the political impact of the pending court-martial of Billy Mitchell. It declared that no threat of air attack was to exist to the United States, rejected the idea of a department of defense and a separate department of air, recommended minor reforms that included renaming the Air Service to allow it "more prestige."In early 1926 the Military Affairs Committee of the Congress rejected all bills set forth before it on both sides of the issue.
They fashioned a compromise in which the findings of the Morrow Board were enacted as law, while providing the air arm a "five-year plan" for expansion and development. Maj. Gen. Mason Patrick, the Chief of Air Service, had proposed that it be made a semi-independent service within the War Department along the lines of the Marine Corps within the Navy Department, but this was rejected; the legislation changed the name of the Air Service to the Air Corps, "thereby strengthening the conception of military aviation as an offensive, striking arm rather than an auxiliary service." The Air Corps Act became law on 2 July 1926. In accordance with the Morrow Board's recommendations, the act created an additional Assistant Secretary of War to "help foster military aeronautics", established an air section in each division of the General Staff for a period of three years. Two additional brigadier generals would serve as assistant chiefs of the A