click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lyon County, Kentucky

Lyon County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,314, its county seat is Eddyville. The county was formed from Caldwell County, Kentucky in 1854 and named for former Congressman Chittenden Lyon. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 257 square miles, of which 214 square miles is land and 43 square miles is water. Crittenden County Caldwell County Trigg County Marshall County Livingston County Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area As of the census of 2000, there were 8,080 people, 2,898 households, 2,043 families living in the county; the population density was 38 per square mile. There were 4,189 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.86% White, 6.72% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.54% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Lyon County, Kentucky according to the census of 2000 are: English - 21% Irish - 15% German - 12% African - 7% French - 4% Scottish - 2% Scots-Irish - 20% Dutch - 2%There were 2,898 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.70. The age distribution was 15.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 133.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,694, the median income for a family was $39,940.

Males had a median income of $36,034 versus $21,806 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,016. About 10.20% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over. Eddyville Kuttawa Keen Johnson and Kentucky governor, born in Lyon County, 1896 Hylan Benton Lyon, Confederate general and Kentucky political figure Forrest Pogue, World War II Historian, born in Lyon County, 1912 National Register of Historic Places listings in Lyon County, Kentucky Local Information Lyon County School's student index Land Between the Lakes Homepage

Basava Jayanthi

Basava Jayanthi is traditionally observed by the Lingayats and is observed as a holiday in the Indian state of Karnataka. It marks the birthday of Basavanna, 12th-century poet-philosopher, the founding saint of the Lingayat sect, it is celebrated with much pomp and gaiety all over south India, majorly in Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. It’s about basava. Basavanna took birth on third day of Vaisakha month of the Anandanama.. Since a new era began with the birth of the great philosopher Basavanna, the people have adored that year as'Basava Era'. Today we can see all panchangas used the Basava Era count from Basava birth onwards in 2012 Basava Shake is 879. Government of Maharashtra and Karnataka declared Government Holiday on Basava jayanti. Bassava Jayanti, though is a Hindu festival to mark the birth of Lord Basaveshwara, is celebrated across all casts and creeds; the objective of the festival is to pass the message of ancient wisdom "vasudhaiva kutumbakam". Vishwaguru Basavanna was a great revolutionary who established spiritual democracy called "Anubhava Mantapa" in the 12th century in India, gave practical solutions to all kind of problems mankind was suffering at that time.

His teachings are time tested and proven. Basava-Tatva is never ending inspiration to achieve the welfare of mankind. Basava vachanas. Kalabeda, kola beda, husiya nudiyalu beda Muniya beda, anyarige asahya padabeda Thanna bannisabeda, idira haliyalu beda Ide antaranga shuddhi, ide bahiranga shuddhi Ide namma koodala sangamanolisuva pari. Translation in English: Don't rob, Don't kill, Never lie Don't get angry, Don't think negative about others Don't self describe, Don't tease others This is the way of self-respect, this is the way to get respected by the world; this is the way of impressing my lord Koodala sangama deva. Ullavaru shivalayava maaduvaru nanenu madali badavanayya enna kale kamba dehave degula shirave honna kalasavayya koodala sangamadeva kelayya sthavarkkalivuntu jangamakkalivilla Translation in English: The rich will make temples for Shiva. What shall I, a poor man, do? My legs are pillars, The body the shrine, The head a cupola of gold. Listen, O lord Koodala Sangama deva, things standing shall fall.

Famous slogan of Basavanna... "Kaayakave Kailaasa" Meaning "Work itself divine heaven"

Marsden Bay, New Zealand

Marsden Bay is a locality and bay at the south head of Whangarei Harbour in Northland, New Zealand. The western side of Marsden Bay is a coastal community called One Tree Point, the eastern side is the industrial development of Marsden Point. Ruakaka lies about 9 km to the south; the Māori name for the area is Te Poupouwhenua. One Tree Point was called "Single Tree Point" by Captain Lort Stokes of the Acheron in 1849; the town of Marsden, situated where Marsden Point is now, was intended to be the commercial centre for the district, due to the access to deep water, because it was closer to Auckland than the area, now Whangarei. The government purchased 200 acres on the point in the mid-1850s and laid it out in quarter-acre sections; the development of the kauri gum industry changed the focus of settlement to Whangarei. The Marsden Point oil refinery was expanded in the 1980s. One Tree Point School is a coeducational contributing primary school with a decile rating of 4 and a roll of 181; the school was established in 1972.

One Tree Point School website

Murder, Inc.

Murder, Inc. was an organized crime group in the 1930s and 40s that acted as the enforcement arm of the Italian-American Mafia, Jewish mob, connected organized crime groups in New York City and elsewhere. The groups were composed of Italian-American and Jewish-American gangsters from the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Brownsville, East New York, Ocean Hill. Headed by Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, by the most feared mob boss Albert "The Mad Hatter" Anastasia, Inc. was believed to be responsible for between 400 and 1,000 contract killings, until the group was exposed in the early 1940s by former group member Abe "Kid Twist" Reles. In the trials that followed, many members were convicted and executed, Abe Reles himself died after suspiciously falling from a window. Thomas E. Dewey first came to prominence as a prosecutor of Murder, Inc. and other organized crime cases. The Bugs and Meyer Mob was the predecessor to Incorporated; the gang was founded by New York Jewish American mobsters Meyer Lansky and Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel in the early 1920s.

After the Castellammarese War and the assassination of U. S. Mafia boss Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian mafioso Charles "Lucky" Luciano created the Commission. Soon after and Lansky disbanded the Bugs and Meyer gang and formed Murder, Incorporated. Most of the killers were Italian and Jewish gangsters from the gangs of the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Brownsville, East New York, Ocean Hill. In addition to carrying out crime in New York City and acting as enforcers for New York Jewish mobster Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, they accepted murder contracts from mob bosses all around the United States. In the book The Valachi Papers by Peter Maas, Mafia turncoat Joe Valachi is described as insisting that Murder, Inc. did not commit crimes for the Mafia. Based in part in Rosie "Midnight Rose" Gold's candy store at the corner of Saratoga and Livonia Ave in Brooklyn, Murder Inc. hit men used a wide variety of weapons, including ice picks, to murder their victims. Though the group had a number of members, Harry "Pittsburgh Phil" Strauss was the most prolific killer, committing over 100 murders.

The killers were paid a regular salary as retainer as well as an average fee of $1,000 to $5,000 per killing. Their families received monetary benefits. If the killers were caught, the mob would hire the best lawyers for their defense. Murder, Inc. was established after the formation of the commission of the National Crime Syndicate, to which it answered. It was headed by mob boss Louis "Lepke" Buchalter and Mangano Family underboss Albert Anastasia, but had members from Buchalter's labor-slugging gang as well as from another group of enforcers from Brownsville, New York led by Martin "Buggsy" Goldstein and Abe "Kid Twist" Reles. Buchalter, in particular, Joe Adonis gave the outfit its orders from the board of directors of the syndicate. Albert "The Mad Hatter" Anastasia was the troupe's operating head, or "Lord High Executioner", assisted by Lepke's longtime associate Jacob "Gurrah" Shapiro. In 1932, Abe Wagner informed on the crime syndicate to the police, he fled to Saint Paul and adopted a disguise to evade possible pursuit.

Two killers, George Young and Joseph Schafer and shot him but were apprehended. Bugsy Siegel failed to get them released. In the 1930s, Buchalter used Murder, Inc. to murder witnesses and suspected informants when he was being investigated by crusading prosecutor Thomas Dewey. In one case on May 11, 1937, four killers hacked loan shark George Rudnick to pieces on the mere suspicion he was an informant. On October 1, 1937, they shot and wounded Buchalter's ex-associate Max Rubin. Rubin had disobeyed Buchalter's orders to leave town and "disappear" in order to avoid being summoned as a witness against Buchalter. Three alleged victims of Murder, Inc. in 1935 were Morris Kessler and brothers Louis and Joseph Amberg. Their most well known victim was Dutch Schultz, who had defied the syndicate. In October 1935, Schultz insisted on putting a hit on Dewey, leading an all-out effort to put the mob out of business; the syndicate board overruled Schultz. They feared that Dewey's assassination would incite public outrage and result in an greater campaign to shut down the rackets.

Schultz vowed that he would kill Dewey himself. The board decided they needed to act to kill Schultz before he killed Dewey. Therefore, in a twist, Buchalter saved Dewey's life, which allowed Dewey to continue his efforts to bring down Buchalter; this led Shapiro to suggest years that Schultz should have been allowed to kill Dewey, although at the time he supported the syndicate's decision to overrule Schultz. Hitmen Mendy Weiss and Charles Workman were given the assignment to kill Schultz. On October 24, 1935, they tracked down Schultz and his associates Otto Berman, Abe Landau, Lulu Rosenkrantz and shot them at the Palace Chop House in Newark, New Jersey. Berman and Rosenkrantz died immediately, while Schultz clung to life until the following day; as the thorough Workman stayed behind to make sure they had completed their assignment and finished off Schultz in the men's room of the restaurant, Weiss escaped the scene with their Murder, Inc. getaway driver Seymour Schechter. Furious at being abandoned by his confederates, Workman had to make his way back to Brooklyn by foot.

A day or two Workman filed a'grievance' with the board against Weiss and Schechter. Although he had follo

Province of Ávila

Ávila is a province of central-western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is bordered on the south by the provinces of Toledo and Cáceres, on the west by Salamanca, on the north by Valladolid, on the east by Segovia and Madrid. Ávila is ranked 47th out of 50 of Spanish provinces in population. Its capital is Ávila. Ávila is divided into two sections, differing in soil and climate. The northern portion is level; the population of this part is agricultural. The southern division is one mass of rugged granitic sierras, however, with sheltered and well-watered valleys, abounding with rich vegetation; the winter here in the elevated region of the Paramera and the waste lands of Ávila, is long and severe, but the climate is not unhealthy. The principal mountain chains are the Guadarrama; the ridges which ramify from the Paramera are covered with valuable forests of beeches and firs, presenting a striking contrast to the bare peaks of the Sierra de Gredos. The principal rivers are the Alberche and Tiétar, belonging to the basin of the Tagus, the Tormes and Adaja, belonging to that of the Douro.

The first recorded inhabitants of Ávila were the Celts, who left behind a number of large stone statues of bulls called Verracos, with the largest number of surviving examples in Ávila. The area of the province was conquered by the Romans around 192 B. C. After the Roman Empire fell, the area became part of the Visigothic Kingdom, it is from this period we have many of the earliest records of the towns of Ávila; the province declined in wealth and population during the 18th and 19th centuries, a result due less to the want of activity on the part of the inhabitants than to the oppressive manorial and feudal rights and the strict laws of entail and mortmain, which acted as barriers to progress. List of municipalities in Ávila Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Ávila". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Media related to Province of Ávila at Wikimedia Commons

Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude

The Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude is an 18th-century Roman Catholic church and former convent in Salvador, Brazil. The church and convent are dedicated to Our Lady of Solitude; the convent has functioned as a school since 1927. The Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude is located within the Protected Historic District of Soledade by the State of Bahia. Gabriel Malagrida, an Italian Jesuit priest, arrived in Bahia in 1736. Malagrida was granted land by José Fialho, Archbishop of Bahia, Luís Peregrino de Ataíde, the 10th Count of Atouguia owned by a hermitage dedicated to Our Lady of Solitude. Little is known about the early hermitage, other than that it was located near the Queimado Fountain, a reliable source of water. Malagrida was associated with the Company of St. Ursula and south to establish a recolhimento, or center, for girls who sought to enter religious life. A convent was built with a rooms around a large cloister. A church was built at the same time; the convent was converted into a school in 1927.

The Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude is located in the Soledade district north of the Historic Center of Salvador. It sits on Ladeira da Soledade, a street which connected Soledade to the historic center of Salvador; the Ladeira da Soledade was "a suburb where there was little more than a convent, some plantations and a fine view over the bay" in the colonial period. It is now home to numerous colonial-period solares, or manor homes, notably Solar Bandeira, constructed below the church and convent in the late 18th century; the Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude consists of a church with a rectangular nave, small sacristy, library. The Convent of Solitude is one of three convents with a three-story belvedere in Salvador, the others being at the convents of Desterro and Lapa; the Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude is located within the Protected Historic District of Soledade by the State of Bahia. The protected district was established in 1983; the Church and Convent of Our Lady of Solitude functions as a school and may not be visited