Lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings spoken in the first person. The term derives from a form of Ancient Greek literature, the lyric, defined by its musical accompaniment on a stringed instrument known as a lyre; the term owes its importance in literary theory to the division developed by Aristotle between three broad categories of poetry: lyrical and epic. Much lyric poetry depends on regular meter based either on stress; the most common meters are as follows: Iambic – two syllables, with the short or unstressed syllable followed by the long or stressed syllable. Trochaic – two syllables, with the long or stressed syllable followed by the short or unstressed syllable. In English, this metre is found entirely in lyric poetry. Pyrrhic – Two unstressed syllables Anapestic – three syllables, with the first two short or unstressed and the last long or stressed. Dactylic – three syllables, with the first one long or stressed and the other two short or unstressed.
Spondaic – two syllables, with two successive long or stressed syllables. Some forms have a combination of meters using a different meter for the refrain. For the ancient Greeks, lyric poetry had a precise technical meaning: verse, accompanied by a lyre, cithara, or barbitos; because such works were sung, it was known as melic poetry. The lyric or melic poet was distinguished from the writer of plays, the writer of trochaic and iambic verses, the writer of elegies and the writer of epic; the scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria created a canon of nine lyric poets deemed worthy of critical study. These archaic and classical musician-poets included Sappho, Alcaeus and Pindar. Archaic lyric was characterized by live musical performance; some poets, like Pindar extended the metrical forms in odes to a triad, including strophe and epode. Among the major surviving Roman poets of the classical period, only Catullus and Horace wrote lyric poetry, which in the disputed view of some commentators was no longer meant to be sung but instead read or recited.
What remained were the forms, the lyric meters of the Greeks adapted to Latin. Catullus was influenced by both archaic and Hellenistic Greek verse and belonged to a group of Roman poets called the Neoteroi who spurned epic poetry following the lead of Callimachus. Instead, they composed brief polished poems in various thematic and metrical genres; the Roman love elegies of Tibullus and Ovid, with their personal phrasing and feeling, may be the thematic ancestor of much medieval, Renaissance and modern lyric poetry, but these works were composed in elegiac couplets and so were not lyric poetry in the ancient sense. During China's Warring States period, the Songs of Chu collected by Qu Yuan and Song Yu defined a new form of poetry that came from the exotic Yangtze Valley, far from the Wei and Yellow River homeland of the traditional four-character verses collected in the Book of Songs; the varying forms of the new Chu ci provided greater latitude of expression. Originating in 10th-century Persian, a ghazal is a poetic form consisting of couplets that share a rhyme and a refrain.
Formally, it consists of a short lyric composed in a single meter with a single rhyme throughout. The central subject is love. Notable authors include Hafiz, Amir Khusro, Auhadi of Maragheh, Alisher Navoi, Obeid e zakani, Khaqani Shirvani, Farid al-Din Attar, Omar Khayyam, Rudaki; the ghazal was introduced to European poetry in the early 19th century by the Germans Schlegel, Von Hammer-Purgstall, Goethe, who called Hafiz his "twin". Lyric in European literature of the medieval or Renaissance period means a poem written so that it could be set to music—whether or not it was. A poem's particular structure, function, or theme might all vary; the lyric poetry of Europe in this period was created by the pioneers of courtly poetry and courtly love without reference to the classical past. The troubadors, travelling composers and performers of songs, began to flourish towards the end of the 11th century and were imitated in successive centuries. Trouvères were poet-composers who were contemporary with and influenced by the troubadours but who composed their works in the northern dialects of France.
The first known trouvère was Chrétien de Troyes. The dominant form of German lyric poetry in the period was the minnesang, "a love lyric based on a fictitious relationship between a knight and his high-born lady". Imitating the lyrics of the French troubadours and trouvères, minnesang soon established a distinctive tradition. There was a large body of medieval Galician-Portuguese lyric. Hebrew singer-poets of the Middle Ages included Yehuda Halevi, Solomon ibn Gabirol, Abraham ibn Ezra. In Italy, Petrarch developed the sonnet form pioneered by Dante's Vita Nuova. In 1327, according to the poet, the sight of a woman called Laura in the church of Sainte-Claire d'Avignon awoke in him a lasting passion, celebrated in the Rime sparse. Renaissance poets who copied Petrarch's style named this collection of 366 poems Il Canzoniere. Laura is in many ways both the culmination of medieval courtly love poetry and the beginning of Renaissance love lyric. A bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song. Bhajans are simple songs in lyrical language
Emerson Electric Co. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Ferguson, United States. This Fortune 500 company manufactures products and provides engineering services for a wide range of industrial and consumer markets. Emerson has 76,500 employees and 205 manufacturing locations worldwide. Emerson was established in 1890 in St. Louis, Missouri as Emerson Electric Manufacturing Co. by Civil War Union veteran John Wesley Emerson to manufacture electric motors using a patent owned by the Scottish-born brothers Charles and Alexander Meston. In 1892, it became the first to sell electric fans in the United States, it expanded its product line to include electric sewing machines, electric dental drills, power tools. During World War II, under the leadership of Stuart Symington, Emerson became the world's largest manufacturer of airplane armament. Emerson ranked 52nd among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts. Symington went on to become the first United States Secretary of the Air Force from 1947-1950, a Democratic U.
S. Senator from Missouri from 1953-1976, a candidate for the Presidency of the United States in 1960. In 1954, W. R. "Buck" Persons was named company president. Under his leadership, Emerson diversified its business portfolio by acquiring 36 companies; when he retired in 1973, the company had 31,000 employees and $800 million in sales. In 1962, acquired United States Electrical Manufacturing Company as the U. S. Electrical Motors Division, including the brand U. S. MOTORS®. In 1968, acquired InSinkErator company. Charles F. Knight served as CEO from 1973 to 2000, was chairman from 1974 to 2004, his tenure was marked by development of a rigorous planning process, new product and technology development and joint ventures, international growth. David Farr has served as CEO since 2000 and as chairman since 2004. On December 15, 1999, Emerson Electric Co, moving to boost its growth prospects, agreed to acquire Jordan Industries Inc's telecommunications equipment business for $440 million. In 2010, U. S. MOTORS® brand sold to Nidec Motor Corporation.
On July 26, 2011, Emerson announced it would locate its Latin America headquarters in Sunrise, Florida. On December 1, 2016, Platinum Equity acquired Emerson Network Power business unit and rebranded it Vertiv; the acquisition included the brands: Asco, Liebert and Trellis. In July 2018, Emerson completed the purchase of Test Businesses for $810 million; the company's leaders since the mid-20th century have been W. R. Persons, Charles Knight, David Farr; the company's chairmen of the board have been Charles Knight and David Farr. Emerson is structured into 2 business platforms: Automation Solutions Commercial & Residential Solutions Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have identified Emerson as the 97th largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, down from its previous rank of 56th. Major pollutants indicated by the study include nickel compounds, manganese and lead. On December 22, 2014 Emerson announced the acquisition of Scotland-based Cascade Technologies Ltd. expanding their gas-analysis portfolio with laser-based measurement analyzers and systems for enhanced industrial emissions monitoring, production efficiencies and regulatory compliance.
Other main Emerson acquisitions and brands include: On October 2, 2006, Emerson filed suit in federal court against NBC regarding a scene that appeared in the pilot episode of the network's TV series Heroes. The scene depicted Claire Bennet reaching into an active garbage disposal injuring her hand. Emerson's suit claims the scene "casts the disposer in an unsavory light, irreparably tarnishing the product" by suggesting that serious injuries will result "in the event consumers were to accidentally insert their hand into one." Emerson asked for a ruling barring future broadcasts of the pilot and to block NBC from using any Emerson trademarks in the future. On February 23, 2007, the case was dropped. NBC Universal and Emerson Electric settled the lawsuit outside of court. Emerson Electric Company website Liebert Corporation - Divisional website Asco Power Technologies - Divisional website Emerson Climate Technologies - Divisional Website Digital Scroll Compressors Business data for Emerson Electric
Costing the Earth is a factual programme on BBC Radio 4 about the environment. The show has been broadcast since 2007 and is available to download as a podcast; the programme is produced by the Radio 4 team based in Bristol. The show is presented by Tom Heap, with some episodes narrated and hosted by other presenters depending on topic and location; the founding presenter of the programme was future BBC Environment Analyst Roger Harrabin. Other presenters include former BBC Environment Correspondent Alex Kirby, Professor Alice Roberts and Miranda Krestovnikoff; the programme takes a look at the impact of humans effect on the environment and how the environment reacts, questioning accepted truths, challenging those in charge and reporting on progress towards improving the world. A variety of topics gets discussed on the programme, some of which may be on little discussed issues - for example, the programme broadcast on 5 February 2013 discussed the use of robots in farming. More discussed topics, such as the Common Fisheries Policy are tackled.
The majority of episodes are presented in the format of introducing the topic interviewing experts and interested parties in locations around the United Kingdom and rest of the world, relating to the premise of the episode. However, some topics are presented as a panel discussion in which multiple experts put their views across with the host posing questions of each guest. Notably the series worked with BBC2's Newsnight programme and the BBC World Channel's Our World to produce a special report on Africa's Energy Revolution. Episodes are aired on BBC Radio 4 each Tuesday at 15:30 and Wednesday at 21:00, they are broadcast in series blocks twice a year during Spring and Autumn. Special episodes are occasionally produced and broadcast. Costing the Earth website. Www.bbc.co.uk
Boris Yuriyevich Sharkov is a Russian physicist. Boris Sharkov studied physics from 1967 to 1973 at Moscow Engineering Physics Institute at the Faculty of Theoretical and Experimental Physics. In 1979 he received his doctorate in plasma physics, he organized a group for heavy-ion research in laser-produced plasma at ITEP, which deals with the development of source of charged ions for the ITEP accelerator. In 1991 he earned his second doctorate in "Physics of the ion beam of charged particle beams and accelerator physics." In 1999 he was awarded the title of Professor by the Supreme certifying commission of Russia and since 2005 he holds a chair at National Research Nuclear University MEPhI. Since 1996 Boris Sharkov is a co-author and the head of the project of reconstruction of the ITEP accelerator: ITEP proton accelerator was upgraded into a heavy ion accelerator. In 1997 he was Vice Director and from 2005 to 2008 Director of the State Research Center ITEP in Moscow. Since 2009 he is a Chairman and a Scientific Managing Director of “Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe”.
Boris Sharkov is a specialist in the field of physics of matter under extreme conditions, as well as in the field of accelerator physics. The main scientific results of Boris Sharkov are devoted to the problems of heavy ion fusion and the related studies of extreme states of matter under the impact of concentrated energy fluxes of heavy ions on the dense ionized matter, he is author and co-author of more than 200 publications, including four books and has three patents. Boris Sharkov is a member of the Nuclear Society of Russia, member of the editorial boards of three scientific journals, member of the Scientific Councils of the State Corporation "Rosatom" and Russian Academy of Sciences. From 2006 to 2012, he was a member of the board of Plasma Physics of European Physical Society. In 2006 he was elected to a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Boris Sharkov has won numerous awards: he is laureate of the "State Prize of the Government of Russian Federation in the field of science and technology" and the winner of the Veksler price of Russian Academy of Sciences.
In 2016 he was elected to be full member of Russian Academy of Sciences. From January 2017 he has a position of vice-director of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russian Federation. In this position he is representing JINR in numerous European research organizations. Profile of Boris Sharkov at the official website of RAN Interview in the magazine "Expert"
Piz Scerscen is a mountain in the Bernina Range in Switzerland and Italy, joining the neighbouring Piz Bernina by its north-east ridge via a 3,895 m pass. Its name means'the circular mountain'; the mountain has a prominent secondary summit called the Schneehaube. The first ascent of Piz Scerscen was by Paul Güssfeldt, Hans Grass and Caspar Capat on 13 September 1877 via the north-west spur, descending the same way; this is the well-known Eisnase route, involving a 100-metre ice pitch of between 60–70°, although its precise length and steepness are debated.. This was the route followed by Walter Risch on the first solo ascent of the mountain in 1924; the first ascent of the north-west face was by Christian Klucker and L. Norman-Neruda on 9 July 1890. Piz Scerscen on SummitPost PiZ Scerscen on Hikr
Living Lutheran is the primary publication of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The editorial offices are at the Lutheran Center at 8765 West Higgins Road in suburban Chicago, Illinois with the denominational offices. While circulation fulfillment is done by Augsburg Fortress Publishers, the ELCA publishing house located on South Fifth Street in Minneapolis, all editorial, advertising and online functions are done in the Chicago offices. Titled The Lutheran with antecedents going back to the 1831, the magazine changed names in the 2010s; the Lutheran was established in 1831 and the present publication carries the heritage of a half-dozen earlier denominational publications of the several merged churches over the previous two centuries, most The Lutheran Standard of the former Joint Synod of Ohio, two subsequent American Lutheran Churches of 1930, 1960, before being reestablished using the name of the LCA and previous ULCA magazines with the most recent merger of 1988 forming the ELCA.
The current 52-page monthly magazine carries news of the ELCA, its institutions, 65 synods, 10,470 congregations and 3.8 million members. S. denominations and faith groups. Published 12 times a year, The Lutheran has a circulation of 280,000 and sells for $19.95 per individual subscription. The Lutheran became renamed the Living Lutheran in April 2016, is the largest Lutheran publication in the world and the largest denominational periodical in North America, it is distributed in more than 50 countries. It is a member of the Associated Church Press. Official website