Lyrics are words that make up a song consisting of verses and choruses. The writer of lyrics is a lyricist; the words to an extended musical composition such as an opera are, however known as a "libretto" and their writer, as a "librettist". The meaning of lyrics can either be implicit; some lyrics are abstract unintelligible, and, in such cases, their explication emphasizes form, articulation and symmetry of expression. Rappers can create lyrics that are meant to be spoken rhythmically rather than sung. "Lyric" derives via Latin lyricus from the adjectival form of lyre. It first appeared in English in the mid-16th century in reference, to the Earl of Surrey's translations of Petrarch and to his own sonnets. Greek lyric poetry had been defined by the manner in which it was sung accompanied by the lyre or cithara, as opposed to the chanted formal epics or the more passionate elegies accompanied by the flute; the personal nature of many of the verses of the Nine Lyric Poets led to the present sense of "lyric poetry" but the original Greek sense—words set to music—eventually led to its use as "lyrics", first attested in Stainer and Barrett's 1876 Dictionary of Musical Terms.
Stainer and Barrett used the word as a singular substantive: "Lyric, poetry or blank verse intended to be set to music and sung". By the 1930s, the present use of the plurale tantum "lyrics" had begun; the singular form "lyric" is still used to mean the complete words to a song by authorities such as Alec Wilder, Robert Gottlieb, Stephen Sondheim. However, the singular form is commonly used to refer to a specific line within a song's lyrics; the differences between poem and song may become less meaningful where verse is set to music, to the point that any distinction becomes untenable. This is recognised in the way popular songs have lyrics. However, the verse may pre-date its tune, or the tune may be lost over time but the words survive, matched by a number of different tunes. Possible classifications proliferate. Nursery rhymes may be songs, or doggerel: the term doesn't imply a distinction; the ghazal is a sung form, considered poetic. See rapping, roots of hip hop music. Analogously, verse drama might be judged as poetry, but not consisting of poems.
In Baroque music and their lyrics were prose. Rather than paired lines they consist of rhetorical sentences or paragraphs consisting of an opening gesture, an amplification, a close. For example: When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. - 1 Corinthians 13:11 In the lyrics of popular music a "shifter" is a word a pronoun, "where reference varies according to, speaking and where", such as "I", "you", "my", "our". For example, the "my" of "My Generation"? See RoyaltiesCurrently, there are many websites featuring song lyrics; this offering, however, is controversial, since some sites include copyrighted lyrics offered without the holder's permission. The U. S. Music Publishers' Association, which represents sheet music companies, launched a legal campaign against such websites in December 2005; the MPA's president, Lauren Keiser, said the free lyrics web sites are "completely illegal" and wanted some website operators jailed. Lyrics licenses could be obtained worldwide through one of the two aggregators: LyricFind and Musixmatch.
The first company to provide licensed lyrics was Yahoo! followed by MetroLyrics. More and more lyric websites are beginning to provide licensed lyrics, such as SongMeanings and LyricWiki. Many competing lyrics web sites are still offering unlicensed content, causing challenges around the legality and accuracy of lyrics. In the latest attempt to crack down unlicensed lyrics web sites a federal court has ordered LiveUniverse, a network of websites run by MySpace co-founder Brad Greenspan, to cease operating four sites offering unlicensed song lyrics. Lyrics can be studied from an academic perspective. For example, some lyrics can be considered a form of social commentary. Lyrics contain political and economic themes—as well as aesthetic elements—and so can communicate culturally significant messages; these messages implied through metaphor or symbolism. Lyrics can be analyzed with respect to the sense of unity it has with its supporting music. Analysis based on tonality and contrast are particular examples.
Former Oxford Professor of Poetry Christopher Ricks famously published Dylan's Visions of Sin, an in-depth and characteristically Ricksian analysis of the lyrics of Bob Dylan. A 2009 report published by McAfee found that, in terms of potential exposure to malware, lyrics-related searches and searches containing the word "free" are the most to have risky results from search engines, both in terms of average risk of all results, maximum risk of any result. B
Splendeuptychia is a genus of butterflies in the family Nymphalidae. Splendeuptychia ackeryi Huertas, 2009 – Magdalena Valley ringlet Splendeuptychia ambra Splendeuptychia ashna Splendeuptychia aurigera Splendeuptychia boliviensis Forster, 1964 Splendeuptychia clementia Splendeuptychia clorimena Splendeuptychia cosmophila Splendeuptychia doxes Splendeuptychia furina Splendeuptychia hygina Splendeuptychia itonis Splendeuptychia junonia Splendeuptychia kendalli Miller, 1978 Splendeuptychia latia Splendeuptychia libitina Splendeuptychia mercedes Huertas, 2011 Splendeuptychia pagyris Splendeuptychia purusana Splendeuptychia quadrina Splendeuptychia salvini Splendeuptychia telesphora Splendeuptychia toynei Willmott & Hall, 1995 Splendeuptychia triangula Splendeuptychia zischkai Forster, 1964
Lamoille Lake is a glacial tarn in the Ruby Mountains of Elko County, United States. It is within the Ruby Mountains Ranger District of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest; the lake is located at the head of Lamoille Canyon, at 40°34.6′N 115°23.7′W, at an elevation of 9,747 feet. It has an area of 13.6 acres. It is a popular destination for day hikers and fishing, as the Ruby Crest National Recreation Trail passes its eastern shore before beginning a steep climb to Liberty Pass. Lamoille Lake and the Dollar Lakes are the principal sources of Lamoille Creek, which after exiting the mountains passes through the town of Lamoille, meanders down Lamoille Valley, merges with the main branch of the Humboldt River