Torvald Klaveness Group
The Torvald Klaveness Group is a Norwegian shipping company founded in 1946. Klaveness Marine was demerged from it in 2011; the company was founded by Torvald Faye Klaveness in 1946, who served as the company's president and chief executive officer until 1989. He was succeeded by his son Tom Erik Klaveness, succeeded by another of Torvald's sons Trond Harald Klaveness in 2006. By the early 2000s the company owned a fleet of 150 bulk cargo vessels. In 2011 the two Klaveness brothers decided to demerge the holding and real estate division, forming Klaveness Marine with Tom Erik Klaveness as majority owner. Trond Harald Klaveness continued in the Torvald Klaveness Group which remained a shipping company, but now as president whereas Lasse Kristoffersen became the new chief executive. External linksOfficial site Official site, Klaveness Marine
Lysakerelven is a river in Norway that forms the boundary between the municipalities of the capital city of Oslo and Bærum. The river by this name has its source in Bogstadvannet, though the source is further up, at Langlivann, Søndre and Nordre Heggelivann in Oslomarka, the forests surrounding Oslo, it is considered part of Oslomarkvassdragene, the river system flowing through these forests, more Sørkedalsvassdraget, the valley above Bogstadvannet. It flows out into Lysakerfjorden, part of Oslofjorden near Lysaker. There is evidence that the river has been used for mills since the 12th century, earlier; the old name of the river was Få, which means "fence" or "boundary". In the 18th century, Bogstadvannet was known as Faavandet. By 1660, twelve farms had claims to the hydromechanical power generated by the river; these farms, several of which have since given names to neighborhoods in Aker and Bærum, were: In Aker, Nordre Rød, Søndre Rød, Ullern, Øraker, Sollerud In Bærum, Grini, Øvre Vold, Nedre Vold and LysakerFrom Bogstadvannet going south, there are several sites of historical significance.
Osdammen was a dam with a resident mill for the sawmill at Bogstad. There is evidence. Sources suggested it delivered lumber for reconstruction in London after the Great Fire in 1666; the mill was in operation until 1915, when the owners at Bogstad agreed with the mill owner at Grini, Løvenskiold, to shut down the mill in return for enough electricity to set up a sawmill at Zinoerbrua. A mill with a finery forge and trip hammer were established here around 1780 by Conrad Clausen, the owner of Bærum Jernverk; the forge was measured 30 by 19 Norwegian ells. It had an annual capacity of about 250 tons of wrought iron; the pig iron originated in Southern Norway, whence it was transported by ship and unloaded at the dock at Vækerø before being pulled by horse and cart to the mill. The river is 7.4 kilometres long, with a total fall of 145 metres. It includes several smaller rapids and waterfalls, the most prominent of these being Granfossen known as Fåbrofossen. In years, the area around the river has been developed as a recreational area, a footpath follows the entire length of the river on both the Oslo and Bærum sides, so that it is possible to hike around the entire river, from the Oslofjord to Bogstadvannet on one side, back on the other.
Further, the footpath connects to the network of paths throughout the forests outside Oslo, those around the Oslofjord. The path on the Oslo side is suitable for cycling; the terrain and scenery is quite varied along the footpaths, ranging from significant hills to flat and undulating stretches. Some of the rapids are strong enough. Lysakerelven runs through a varied landscape; the basin consists of spruce forest, but in the area around Bogstadvannet there is deciduous forest. From this source, the river at first meanders to about Grinidammen, carves an deep valley into the landscape, at the stretch around and south of Jar, it forms a canyon with a few natural pools occurring along the way. A number of mills and manufacturing facilities were based around the river south of Bogstad, but these have given way to large residential areas that are part of the Oslo and Bærum conurbation; the banks of the river include a wide variety of plant life. Though environmental conditions in the river have improved in the last few decades, efforts are underway to improve it further.
A study in 2006 recommended that the area be designed a "very important" natural resource, with most areas set aside as a natural reservation. The findings showed that the area around the river contained a rich diversity of plant and animal species, including 27 that are on the national IUCN Red List. A good variety of fish thrive in the river, limited recreational fishing is permitted for trout. 68 different species of birds have been identified, among them the Dendrocopos minor, redlisted in Norway. The area serves as a wildlife thoroughfare for mammals from the forests to the coastal regions, including moose and deer, who graze there. Squirrels, red fox and other smaller rodents make their homes in the area; the redlisted species found in the area include 2 species of vascular plants, 8 mosses, 13 fungi, 2 insects, 1 species of bird. Fishing is allowed in Lysakerelven with the necessary permits only. Two species of fish dominate the river: common minnow. Salmon and sea trout will make their way from the ocean up to Fåbrofossen, whereas perch, common roach, northern pike, common bleak will swim down from Bogstadvannet Øivind Rødevand: Turbok for Ullern.
Bydel Ullern og Ullern Historielag 1999
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, licenses and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, related services, its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers; as of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, one of the world's most valuable companies. The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software". Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, it rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
The company's 1986 initial public offering, subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011. As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC-compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android; the company produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search, the digital services market, mixed reality, cloud computing and software development. Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, envisioned a "devices and services" strategy; this began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers.
Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999. In 2018, Microsoft surpassed Apple as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after being dethroned by the tech giant in 2010. Childhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen sought to make a business utilizing their shared skills in computer programming. In 1972 they founded their first company, named Traf-O-Data, which sold a rudimentary computer to track and analyze automobile traffic data. While Gates enrolled at Harvard, Allen pursued a degree in computer science at Washington State University, though he dropped out of school to work at Honeywell; the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics featured Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems's Altair 8800 microcomputer, which inspired Allen to suggest that they could program a BASIC interpreter for the device. After a call from Gates claiming to have a working interpreter, MITS requested a demonstration.
Since they didn't yet have one, Allen worked on a simulator for the Altair while Gates developed the interpreter. Although they developed the interpreter on a simulator and not the actual device, it worked flawlessly when they demonstrated the interpreter to MITS in Albuquerque, New Mexico. MITS agreed to distribute it, marketing it as Altair BASIC. Gates and Allen established Microsoft on April 4, 1975, with Gates as the CEO; the original name of "Micro-Soft" was suggested by Allen. In August 1977 the company formed an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, resulting in its first international office, "ASCII Microsoft". Microsoft moved to a new home in Bellevue, Washington in January 1979. Microsoft entered the operating system business in 1980 with its own version of Unix, called Xenix. However, it was MS-DOS. After negotiations with Digital Research failed, IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft in November 1980 to provide a version of the CP/M OS, set to be used in the upcoming IBM Personal Computer.
For this deal, Microsoft purchased a CP/M clone called 86-DOS from Seattle Computer Products, which it branded as MS-DOS, though IBM rebranded it to PC DOS. Following the release of the IBM PC in August 1981, Microsoft retained ownership of MS-DOS. Since IBM had copyrighted the IBM PC BIOS, other companies had to reverse engineer it in order for non-IBM hardware to run as IBM PC compatibles, but no such restriction applied to the operating systems. Due to various factors, such as MS-DOS's available software selection, Microsoft became the leading PC operating systems vendor; the company expanded into new markets with the release of the Microsoft Mouse in 1983, as well as with a publishing division named Microsoft Press. Paul Allen resigned from Microsoft in 1983 after developing Hodgkin's disease. Allen claimed that Gates wanted to dilute his share in the company when he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease because he didn't think he was working hard enough. After leaving Microsoft, Allen lost billions of dollars on ill-conceived or mistimed technology investments.
He invested in low-tech sectors, sports teams, commercial real estate. Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in
Lilleaker is a neighbourhood and industrial site in Ullern, Norway. It is located east of the river Lysakerelva; the area is named after the Lilleaker farm. Lilleaker served by the Lilleaker station of the Oslo Tramway, the southern part by Lysaker Station on the Drammen Line; the local multi-sports clubs Lilleaker IF and Fagforeningenes IL Lilleaker were absorbed and are now both a part of Ullern IF. The shopping center CC Vest is located in Lilleaker
Polhøgda is the home of the Fridtjof Nansen Institute. It was built as the private home of Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen; the manor home’s architecture is Roman Revival, the former estate lies between Lysaker and Fornebu in Bærum, Norway. The property belonged to Fornebo farm, but was separated from the farm in 1897. Construction on the property took place in 1900 and 1901, it was the home of Fridtjof Nansen and Eva Nansen from 1901, was named Polhøiden in the day. Their son Odd Nansen grew up here; the building was designed in cooperation with Fridtjof Nansen. Welhaven was Eva Nansen's first cousin; the architectural style is Neo-Roman. The home was an important location of social life for a group of artists and intellectuals collectively known as Lysakerkretsen; the Nansen couple had lived at Godthaab near Lysaker since 1889, was joined by people such as painters Eilif Peterssen in 1894, Erik Werenskiold in 1895 and Gerhard Munthe in 1899. Erik Werenskiold designed the interior of the dining room at Polhøgda.
In addition, many people who lived elsewhere frequented the area near Lysaker. Eva Nansen held concerts here. After the death of Fridtjof Nansen in 1930, he was buried at the property, it was sold for a nominal fee from his heirs to a group of donators, who in turn gave the property to the University of Oslo. Their conditions included that the building should be preserved, not be used as a museum, it was owned by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, from 1947 the Norwegian Geographical Society. In 1948 the Geographical Society created a foundation to administer the property, it hosts the research foundation Fridtjof Nansen Institute
Lysaker Station is a railway station on the Drammen Line and Asker Line situated at Lysaker in Bærum, Norway. Located 7.00 kilometers from Oslo Central Station, Lysaker is served a mix of the Norwegian State Railways' express and Oslo Commuter Rail trains, as well as the Airport Express Train. The station features two island platforms with four tracks. Lysaker was one of two original Drammen Line station in Bærum, opening on 7 October 1872; the original station building, designed by Georg Andreas Bull, burned down in 1914 and was replaced by a new station Adalbert Kielland. In the following years the elevated and double-track layout was introduced; this station arrangement was demolished in 1987 to make way for a station designed by Arne Henriksen. Traditionally only served by commuter trains, the station was branded as Lysaker/Fornebu from 1990 to 2000 because of its vicinity to Oslo Airport, Fornebu; the station was rebuilt again from 2006 to 2009. It became connected to the Asker Line in 2011.
Proposals for a railway between Oslo and Drammen were launched in 1864 and planning commenced two years later. This involved deciding upon the location of the stations. Although the idea of placing one at the municipal centre of Sandvika was not met with protest, there was not consensus regarding the other and both Østre Stabekk and Lysaker were proposed; the latter was selected by the municipal council because of its vicinity to the Oslofjord and being located next to a waterfall. The original station building at Lysaker was designed by Georg Andreas Bull. Lysaker Station and the Drammen Line opened on 7 October 1872, it had an immediate impact on the surrounding area, stimulating both commerce and construction of private dwellings. Bull's station building burned down in 1914 and was replaced two year by a new. By it was decided that the line past Lysaker would be upgraded and Lysaker became the first of many stations on the line to be designed as an elevated station; the tracks were thereby placed elevated with an island platform with the station on the side, as the first station in Norway designed for double-track operation.
The new station was designed in Baroque Revival by Adalbert Kielland at NSB Arkitektkontor. One year the wooden bridge over Lysakerelven was replaced by a stone bridge; the line from Sandvika to Oslo was upgraded between 1917 and 1922. From 27 February 1917 a passing loop was built at Lysaker and standard gauge traffic was carried out on the northern track. A southern track was built, used by narrow gauge trains. However, both were dual gauge. All–standard gauge operations commenced on 9 February 1920, although the dual gauge was not removed until 1922. Electric traction started operation on 30 August 1922. An interlocking system was installed on 29 July 1924. From 1922 a half-hour headway was introduced on the local trains between Sandvika and Oslo West Station. During the Second World War Lysaker Station was hit by five sabotage missions by the Norwegian resistance movement, in which tanks of gasoline, attached or not attached to railroad cars, were blown up; the sabotages took place on 16 December 1944 and 9, 10, 12 and 13 January 1945.
On 13 January a tanker truck was attacked as well. There were three additional attacks on Lysaker in 1944 and 1945, two of them against factories and workshops; the Lysaker Bridge sabotage took place in the immediate vicinity of the station. A full upgrade of the station was carried out in 1987. A main incentive was that the Norwegian Public Roads Administration wanted the station building removed to make room for a new interchange towards Jar. Therefore, Kielland's station building was demolished in 1987; the new station building, designed by NSB Arkitektkontor and Arne Henriksen, was built in glass and concrete with a dominant portal presenting the staircases. On the island platform a new ticket booth was built in glass; the platform was covered by a roof of laminated wood and plywood held up by galvanized steel columns. The roof featured a gable. Lysaker Station was the closest railway station to Fornebu. From 27 May 1990, Scandinavian Airlines System and the Norwegian State Railways started a cooperation to better the connection between rail and airline services.
The project included the station being branded as Lysaker/Fornebu and dedicated shuttle buses running from the station to the airport terminal. NSB changed their scheduled so all InterCity Express and long distance trains on the Drammen Line started stopping at Lysaker. Lysaker Station received centralized traffic control on 3 December 1992 and after that it has only been manned for ticket sales; the Airport Express Train stated calling at Lysaker Station on 8 October 1998, the same day that Oslo Airport, Fornebu was closed. The Lysaker/Fornebu name was in use until 9 January 2000. By the amount of traffic to Lysaker was so substantial without the airport, that NSB continues to stop its express trains at Lysaker. Proposals for an upgrade of the Drammen Line to accommodate more trains started in 1991; this resulted in the Asker Line, built in two steps between 2005 and 2011. Ahead of the section stage, consisting of the Bærum Tunnel which would allow trains to run directly from Lysaker to Sandvika, Lysaker Station received a full modernization.
The upgrades consisted of demolishing the existing station and building a new station with two island platforms. Snøhetta won the architecture competition for the station; the upgrades allowed several advantages: seven minutes shorter travel time west of Oslo combined with better regularity, trains turning at Skøyen Station could instead turn at Lysaker and a near doubling o
Stabekk is a suburban centre in the municipality of Bærum, west of Oslo. It is predominantly a residential area, with many residents commuting to Oslo; as of 2005 the population was 6,261. Bærum has the highest income per capita and the highest proportion of university-educated individuals in Norway, it is one of Norway's priciest and most fashionable residential areas, leading residents to be stereotyped as snobs in Norwegian popular culture. The area has some of the most conservative populace in Norway Stabekk has a commercial district divided into Øvre Stabekk and Nedre Stabekk, separated by a hill. There are a number of retail shops in both these sections as well as a commuter railroad station served by Drammenbanen. Stabekk has a bandy field, a primary school, an upper-secondary school, a cinema, a tennis club; the campus of the Norwegian Teachers College for Home Economics is on the architectural registry. The football team Stabæk I. F. originates from Stabekk, the name Stabæk being an archaic spelling, but the team has since relocated to Bekkestua.
The bandy team of Stabæk I. F. is among the best in Norway. Stabekk Håndball is playing in the top-division in Norwegian Handball - Grundigligaen. Notable people that were born or lived in Stabekk include: Jo Benkow, former president of the Norwegian parliament and Høyre leader Christian C. A. Lange, historian