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Lysefjord or Lysefjorden is a fjord located in the Ryfylke area in southwestern Norway. The 42-kilometre long fjord lies in Forsand municipality in Rogaland county, about 25 kilometres east of the city of Stavanger; the name means light fjord, is said to be derived from the coloured granite rocks along its sides. It is well known for the huge Preikestolen cliff overlooking the fjord, a major tourist destination for the region; the isolated village of Lysebotn lies at the eastern end of the fjord and the villages of Forsand and Oanes both lie at the western end of the fjord near the Lysefjord Bridge, the only crossing of the fjord. The fjord was carved by the action of glaciers in the ice ages and was flooded by the sea when the glaciers retreated; the geology of Lysefjorden was investigated and described by Professor Bjørn G. Andersen in his Master's thesis "Om isens tilbaketrekking i området mellom Lysefjorden og Jøsenfjorden i Ryfylke". End to end, it measures 42 kilometres with rocky walls falling nearly vertically over 1,000 metres into the water.

Not only is the fjord long and narrow, it is in places as deep. Starting at a depth of only 13 metres deep where it meets the sea near Forsand village, the Lysefjord heads inland and drops to a depth of over 400 metres below the Preikestolen; because of the inhospitable, mountainous terrain, the fjord is only populated and only has two villages on its length - Forsand and Lysebotn, located at opposite ends of the fjord. There is a small farming area on the north shore of about halfway between the two ends; that farm area is accessible by road from the village of Årdal over the mountains to the north. There are a few other small, scattered settlements along the fjord, but those are only accessible by boat along the fjord. There are no roads along the fjord. Lysebotn, at the far eastern end of the fjord, is populated by workers at the nearby hydroelectric plants at Lyse and Tjodan, both built inside the mountains. At the Lyse plant, the water falls 620 metres to the turbines, producing up to 210,000 kilowatts of electricity.

At Tjodan, the water falls 896 metres to yield an output of 110,000 kilowatts. The two power plants provide electricity for more than 100,000 people. A spectacular road which rises 900 metres through a series of 27 hairpin bends including a long hairpin tunnel inside the mountain is the only road access to Lysebotn from the outside world. Lysefjorden is an popular tourist attraction and day trip from the nearby city of Stavanger, from where cruise ships travel the full distance of the fjord; as well as the extraordinary scenery of the fjord itself, two points along its length are popular side trips. The towering cliff of Preikestolen, located above the fjord with a vertical drop of 604 metres, can be seen from the fjord, but is more impressive from above. At the end of the fjord lies the 1,110-metre tall Kjerag mountain, a popular hiking destination with more spectacular drops; the Kjeragbolten is a famous boulder located at the Kjerag mountain. BASE jumping is allowed along the cliffs of the fjord.

French writer Victor Hugo wrote the novel, Toilers of the Sea, in which he admires the scenery of the fjord after a visit here in 1866. Nowhere do these terrific forces appear more formidably conjoined than in the surprising strait known as the Lyse-Fiord; the Lyse-Fiord is the most terrible of all the gut rocks of the ocean. Their terrors are there complete, it is in the northern sea, near the inhospitable Gulf of Stavanger, in the 59th degree of latitude. The water is black and heavy, subject to intermitting storms. In this sea, in the midst of this solitude, rises a great sombre street--a street for no human footsteps. None pass through there, it is a corridor ten leagues in length, between two rocky walls of three thousand feet in height. Such is the passage; the defile has its elbows and angles like all these streets of the sea--never straight, having been formed by the irregular action of the water. Lysebotn Hydroelectric Power Station Flørli Hydroelectric Power Station List of Norwegian fjords Lysefjord Lysefjord and Lysebotn Lysefjorden Turist information Webcam from Lysefjorden Lysefjord Map Handy Map with comprehensive Trip explanation

Malik Ahmad Yar Hunjra

Malik Ahmad Yar Hunjra is a Pakistani politician, a Member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, from 2002 to May 2018. He was born on 6 March 1978 in Muzaffargarh District, he graduated from Government College University where he was enrolled between 1997 and 2000. He obtained the degree of Master of Business Administration in Finance from Quaid-i-Azam University in 2003 and graduated in Law from Bahauddin Zakariya University, he has the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab as a candidate of Pakistan Muslim League from Constituency PP-251 in 2002 Pakistani general election, he defeated Mufti Abdul Jalil, a candidate of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal. In the same election, he ran for the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan as an independent candidate from Constituency NA-176 but was unsuccessful, he received 2,823 votes and lost the seat to Khalida Mohsin Ali Qureshi, a candidate of Pakistan Peoples Party. He was re-elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab as a candidate of PML-Q from Constituency PP-251 in 2008 Pakistani general election.

He received 19,913 votes and defeated Malik Muhammad Yousaf Hinjra, a candidate of PPP. He was re-elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab as a candidate of Pakistan Muslim League from Constituency PP-251 in 2013 Pakistani general election, he received 33,502 votes and defeated Muhammad Ashraf Khan Rind, a candidate of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. In November 2016, he was inducted into the provincial Punjab cabinet of Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif and was made Provincial Minister of Punjab for Prisons

Royalty payment

A royalty is a payment made by one party to another that owns a particular asset, for the right to ongoing use of that asset. Royalties are agreed upon as a percentage of gross or net revenues derived from the use of an asset or a fixed price per unit sold of an item of such, but there are other modes and metrics of compensation. A royalty interest is the right to collect a stream of future royalty payments. A license agreement defines the terms under which a resource or property are licensed by one party to another, either without restriction or subject to a limitation on term, business or geographic territory, type of product, etc. License agreements can be regulated where a government is the resource owner, or they can be private contracts that follow a general structure. However, certain types of franchise agreements have comparable provisions. A landowner with petroleum or mineral rights to their property may license those rights to another party. In exchange for allowing the other party to extract the resources, the landowner receives either a resource rent, or a "royalty payment" based on the value of the resources sold.

When a government owns the resource, the transaction has to follow legal and regulatory requirements. In the United States, fee simple ownership of mineral rights is possible and payments of royalties to private citizens occurs quite often. Local taxing authorities may impose a severance tax on the unrenewable natural resources extracted from within their authority; the Federal Government receives royalties on production on federal lands, managed by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and Enforcement the Minerals Management Service. An example from Canada's northern territories is the federal Frontier Lands Petroleum Royalty Regulations; the royalty rate starts at 1% of gross revenues of the first 18 months of commercial production and increases by 1% every 18 months to a maximum of 5% until initial costs have been recovered, at which point the royalty rate is set at 5% of gross revenues or 30% of net revenues. In this manner risks and profits are shared between the government of Canada and the petroleum developer.

This attractive royalty rate is intended to encourage oil and gas exploration in the remote Canadian frontier lands where costs and risks are higher than other locations. In many jurisdictions in North America and gas royalty interests are considered real property under the NAICS classification code and qualify for a 1031 like-kind exchange. Oil and gas royalties are paid as a set percentage on all revenue, less any deductions that may be taken by the well operator as noted in the lease agreement; the revenue decimal, or royalty interest that a mineral owner receives, is calculated as a function of the percentage of the total drilling unit to which a specific owner holds the mineral interest, the royalty rate defined in that owner's mineral lease, any tract participation factors applied to the specific tracts owned. As a standard example, for every $100 bbl of oil sold on a U. S. federal well with a 25% royalty, the U. S. government receives $25. The U. S. government will only collect revenues.

All risk and liability lie upon the operator of the well. Royalties in the lumber industry are called "stumpage". An intangible asset such as a patent right gives the owner an exclusive right to prevent others from practicing the patented technology in the country issuing the patent for the term of the patent; the right may be enforced in a lawsuit for monetary damages and/or imprisonment for violation on the patent. In accordance with a patent license, royalties are paid to the patent owner in exchange for the right to practice one or more of the basic patent rights: to manufacture, to use, to sell, to offer for sale, or to import a patented product, or to perform a patented method. Patent rights may be divided and licensed out in various ways, on an exclusive or non-exclusive basis; the license may be subject to limitations as to territory. A license may encompass an entire technology or it may involve a mere component or improvement on a technology. In the United States, "reasonable" royalties may be imposed, both after-the-fact and prospectively, by a court as a remedy for patent infringement.

In patent infringement lawsuits where the court determines an injunction to be inappropriate in light of the case's circumstances, the court may award "ongoing" royalties, or royalties based on the infringer's prospective use of the patented technology, as an alternative remedy. At least one study analyzing a sample of 35 cases in which a court awarded an ongoing royalty has found that ongoing royalty awards "exceed by a statistically significant amount the jury-determined reasonably royalty."In 2007, patent rates within the United States were: a pending patent on a strong business plan, royalties of the order of 1% issued patent, 1%+ to 2% the pharmaceutical with pre-clinical testing, 2–3%In 2002, the Licensing Economics Review found in a review of 458 licence agreements over a 16-year period an average royalty rate of 7% with a range from 0% to 50%. All of these agreements may not have been at "arms length". In license negotiation, firms might derive royalties for the use of a patented technology from the retail price of the downstream licensed product.

In Arab countries, a royalty as a percentage of sales may be difficult to transact. Trade marks are words, slogans, sounds, or other distinctive expressions that distinguish the source, origin, or sponsorship of a good or service. Trade marks offer the public a means of identifying and ass

Huddersfield Literature Festival

Huddersfield Literature Festival is an award-winning annual literary festival that takes place in March in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England. The festival runs author talks, creative writing classes and competitions, multi-arts performances, LGBT events, poetry nights and open mic events, plus a Literary Afternoon Tea. Events take place at a number of venues around Huddersfield, including The University of Huddersfield, Lawrence Batley Theatre, Huddersfield Town Hall, The Media Centre and local bars/cafes; the Festival is committed to showcasing LGBT performers as well as those with disabilities. It includes several subtitled events every year. Many events are low cost. Festival patrons are Lemn Sissay MBE and Sir Patrick Stewart OBE. In 2016 and 2017, the Festival was chosen as a finalist in Welcome to Yorkshire's White Rose Awards and in May 2017 it won a Huddersfield Examiner Community Award; the next Huddersfield Literature Festival is scheduled to run in March 2019. Conceived in 2006 the festival is run as a not-for-profit organisation, with funding from the University of Huddersfield and the Arts Council, with business sponsorship from local firms.

From 2009-2011 the festival was headed up by author Michael Stewart. In 2012 it took a break, but was relaunched in 2013 with a new Festival Director Michelle Hodgson of Key Words. In April 2013, Michelle featured in The Independent on Sunday's Happy List for her work with the festival. Over the years, the festival has welcomed a diverse range of authors and performers. Abdellatif Akbib, Francesca Beard, Martyn Bedford, John Boyne, Donna Daley-Clarke, David Stuart Davies, Gideon Defoe, Jeremy Dyson, Paul Farley, Mark Gatiss, George Green, Sarah Hall, Stephen Hall, Geoff Hattersley, Peter Hobbs, Gaia Holmes, Simon Ings, Helen Ivory, Chris Kerr, Shamshad Khan, Frances Leviston, Mil Millington, Julie Myerson, Patrick Neate, Jacob Polley, Geoff Ryman, Adam Strickson, George Szirtes, Dr Harriet Tarlo, Sophie Wainwright, Louise Welsh Andrew Motion, Joanne Harris, Adam Foulds, Joolz Denby, Simon Trewin], Simon Scarrow, Robert Low, Dorothea Smartt, Gaia Holmes, Shamshad Khan. Lee Hughes, David Wheatley, Rommi Smith, George Green, Michael Stewart, Sol B River.

Ann Cleeves, Duncan Lawrie, Joanne Harris, Doreen Lawrence, Kester Aspden CWO Gold Dagger Winner 2008, Sefi Atta, Janet Fisher, Louise Page, Jim Greenhalf, Nick Toczek and Yunis Alan. Joanne Harris, Lemn Sissay, Ian McMillan, John Cooper Clarke, Mark E. Smith, Simon Armitage. Alexei Sayle, A. L. Kennedy, Sara Maitland, Moniza Alvi. David Peace. Melvin Burgess, David Nobbs, Anne Fine. Break year, no festival. Jodi Picoult, Kate Atkinson, Joanne Harris, Jeremy Dyson, Annabel Pitcher, Michael Stewart, Monkey Poet, Andrew Mitchell, Gaia Holmes. Kate Adie, Annapurna Indian Dance, David Barnett, Paul Burston, Jim Crace, Mari Hannah, Joanne Harris, Gwyneth Hughes, Keith Jarrett, Marina Lewycka, VG Lee, Adam Lowe, Ken MacLeod, Sunny Ormonde, Lemn Sissay and Jah Wobble. David Barnett, Paul Burston, M. R. Carey, Bettina Carpi, Jamie DeWolf, Rosie Garland, Matt Haig, Joanne Harris, Amanda Huxtable, Christian Jarrett, Helen Lederer, V. G. Lee, Gary Lloyd, Wilf Lunn, Kei Miller, David Nobbs, Diriye Osman, Gerry Potter, Justina Robson, Kadija Sesay, Michael Stewart, Bryan Talbot & Mary M. Talbot.

Asfa-Wossen Asserate, Michael Billington, James Bran, Paul Burston, Rosie Garland, Christopher Fowler, Prof Joanne Fletcher, Kate Fox, Claire Harman, Joanne Harris, Alan Johnson MP Ben Miller, Michael Stewart, Rupert Thomson, Irvine Welsh, Levison Wood Jake Arnott, James Bran, Paul Burston, Kit De Waal, Kate Fox, Joanne Harris, Alan Johnson MP, Murray Lachlan Young, Owen Lowery, Adrian Lukis, Jenni Murray, Henry Normal, Ian Rankin, Lemn Sissay, Attila the Stockbroker, Julie Summers, Michael Stewart Diane Allen, Annapurna Indian Dance, Simon Armitage, Paul Burston, Emily Drabble, Joanne Harris, Marty Jopson, Vaseem Khan, Lucy Mangan, David McAlmont, Owen O'Neill, Helen Pankhurst, Annabel Pitcher, Michael Stewart, Sir Patrick Stewart, Jeremy Vine. Johnny Ball, Paul Burston, Ann Cleeves, Jon Copley, Kit de Waal, Professor Angela Gallop, Joanne Harris, Darren Henley, Alan Johnson, Kate Fox, Lisa Luxx, Owen O'Neill, Nikesh Shukla, Cath Staincliffe, Michael Stewart. Official website

Sun Xiang

Sun Xiang is a former Chinese footballer who played as a left back. Sun Xiang started his football career playing for Shanghai Cable 02 before the club was taken over by Shanghai Shenhua, he was promoted to the club's first team in the 2002 season along with his twin brother Sun Ji where they both established themselves within the team. In the 2003 season, he became the club's first-choice left back and won the top tier title with the club. In 2013 the Chinese Football Association would revoke the league title after it was discovered the Shenhua General manager Lou Shifang had bribed officials to be bias to Shenhua in games that season. Sun, along with Sun Ji, attracted the interests of multiple clubs abroad and had trials with Eredivisie side PSV Eindhoven in 2006, but PSV decided to not sign the pair; the club decided to sign Sun on loan for the 2006–07 season with an option to sign him on a three-year contract at the end of the season. He made his debut for the club on 17 February 2007 in a 2–0 win against Heracles Almelo, becoming the first Chinese footballer to play in the Eredivisie.

He made his European continental debut on 20 February 2007 in a 1–0 win against Arsenal, becoming the first Chinese player to play in the UEFA Champions League. Manager Ronald Koeman remarked that Sun had an impressive debut and contributed to the game through his good vision and precise passing. After the end of his loan period, he was not offered a long-term contract with the club despite appeals from Sun to stay with the club. On 1 July 2008, Sun was loaned to Austrian Bundesliga side Austria Wien on a one-year deal with the possibility of a one-year extension, becoming the first Chinese footballer to play in the Austrian Bundesliga, he made his debut on 9 July 2008 in a 1-1 draw against SK Austria Kärnten. This was followed by his first league goal for the club on 7 March 2009 in a 4–0 victory against LASK Linz; when his loan period expired, he returned to Shanghai where he played for the remainder of the 2009 season. On 28 April 2010, Sun announced that he gave up joining A-League side Sydney FC and transferred to second tier side Guangzhou Evergrande instead.

He made his debut for the club alongside Zheng Zhi on 21 July 2010 in a 10–0 win against Nanjing Yoyo. He scored his first goal for the club on 18 September 2010 in a 2–1 win against Yanbian FC. In the 2010 season, he made fourteen appearances as Guangzhou finished first place in the second tier and won promotion back to the top flight at the first attempt; the following season Sun continued to be a major part of the club that invested in improving the squad. On 5 January 2015, Sun transferred to fellow Chinese Super League side Shanghai SIPG, he made his debut for the club on 7 March 2015 in a 2–1 win against Jiangsu Sainty. On 17 July 2016, Sun accidentally collided with Demba Ba and broke Ba's left leg in a 2–1 loss against Shanghai Shenhua. In December 2016, it was revealed that Sun was diagnosed as aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Sun did not confirm the report. On 6 February 2017, Shanghai SIPG announced Sun had left the club due to "physical problems"; as of 30 October 20161Other tournaments include A3 Champions Cup.2Other tournaments include Chinese FA Super Cup and FIFA Club World Cup.

As of 6 October 2011 Results list China's goal tally first. Shanghai Shenhua Chinese FA Super Cup: 2002PSV Eindhoven Eredivisie: 2006–07Austria Wien Austrian Cup: 2008–09Guangzhou Evergrande Chinese Super League: 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Chinese League One: 2010 Chinese FA Cup: 2012 Chinese Super Cup: 2012 AFC Champions League: 2013 China PR national football team East Asian Football Championship: 2005, 2010 Chinese Super League Team of the Year: 2005, 2012 AFC Champions League Dream Team: 2013 Sun Xiang profile with detailed statistics and biography timeline Player profile – Sun Xiang at

Like I Used To (Tinashe song)

"Like I Used To" is a song recorded by American singer Tinashe. It was released for digital download and streaming by RCA Records on July 13, 2018; the song was written by Tinashe alongside the producers of Smash David and Hitmaka. The song was the lead single off Tinashe's now-scrapped third studio album Nashe. "Liked I Used to" is a pop-R&B song described as "brisk and wistful", with a "mixture of sensuality and electronic music". It runs for 8 seconds; the production being trap-influenced with a "sleek, shimmery beat", Tinashe talks about the breakup of her previous relationship with NBA Ben Simmons. Billboard's Alessandra Rincón calls "Like I Used To" Tinashe "asserting" her "newfound independence". Michael Love Michael of Paper Magazine describes the song as a "breakup jam". Alex Zidel from HotNewHipHop writes "Too busy in her bag to still care about the past, the only thing in Tinashe's future is money and she's making that clear on'Like I Used To' and gives us the first taste at the direction Tinashe is headed in, speaking her mind and divulging how she feels about her relationship with Simmons."

The cover shows a Polaroid picture Tinashe popping a champagne bottle, while a red up-side down smile covers Tinashe's face along with the words "XO Nashe"