Novo Planalto

Novo Planalto is a municipality in north Goiás state, Brazil. Novo Planalto is located in the São Miguel do Araguaia Microregion, 47 kilometers east of São Miguel on highway GO-244, it is on the boundary dividing the state of Goiás with Tocantins. The same highway connects Novo Planalto with 50 kilometers to the east; the distance to the state capital, Goiânia, is 478 km. Highway connections from Goiânia and made by GO-080 / Nerópolis / São Francisco de Goiás / BR-153 / Jaraguá / GO-080 / Goianésia / Barro Alto / BR-080 / GO-342 / Uruaçu / Campinorte / GO-241 / Santa Tereza de Goiás / BR-414 / BR-153 / Porangatu / GO-244 /. Municipal boundaries are with: north: Tocantins south: Bonópolis east: São Miguel do Araguaia west: PorangatuIn January 2005 the Mayor was Odair Justino de Souza. There were 9 city-council members and 3,063 eligible voters in 2007. De Souza won the 2004 elections with 961 votes against his rival who had 910, he represented a coalition of the PL / PPS / PT / PFL parties. In 2007 the population density was 3.21 inhabitants/km2.

In 2007 there were 2,520 inhabitants in the urban 466 in the rural area. The population has decreased about 500 persons since the first census of 1991; the economy is based on agriculture, cattle raising, timber extraction and processing and public employment. In 2007 there were 25 commercial units. There were no financial institutions. In 2007 there were 194 motorcycles. In 2006 there were 95,000 head of cattle; the main agricultural products were rice, sugarcane, manioc and corn. Farms: 412 Total agricultural Area: 85,870 hectares Permanent Planted Area: 121 hectares Temporary Planted Area: 885 hectares Natural Pasture: 66,230 hectares Woodland and Forest: 18,337 hectares Workers related to the farm owner: 1,021 Workers not related to the farm owner: 231 Tractors: 86 Number of farms with tractors: 50In 2007 there were no hospitals and 1 walk-in health clinic. In 2000 the infant mortality rate was 27.36, below the national average of 33.0. In 2006 the school system had 3 schools, with 27 classrooms, 52 teachers, 1,181 students.

In 2000 the adult literacy rate was 82.5%, below the national average of 86.4%. Novo Planalto ranks 0.715 on the 2000 United Nations Human Development Index and is 185 out of 242 municipalities in the state and 2,719 out of 5,507 municipalities in the country. On the Seplan Economic Development Index the ranking was 85 out of 246 municipalities. See Seplan, while on the Seplan Social Development Index the ranking was 132 out of 246 municipalities See Seplan List of municipalities in Goiás Frigoletto


Kullaberg is a peninsula and nature reserve of land protruding into the Kattegat in Höganäs Municipality near the town of Mölle in southwest Sweden. The site in the province of Skåne is an area of considerable biodiversity supporting a number of rare species and has been designated as an Important Bird Area in Sweden as well as a Special Protection Area; the terrain is dominated by steep cliffs rising from the sea and rocky outcrops on the ridge above, the highest elevation being Mount Håkull at 188 meters. Ridgetop vegetation includes a mixed hardwood broadleaf forest consisting of birch, beech and pine trees with an understory of hawthorn, wild honeysuckle and blackthorn. Among the notable rare plants are spring vetchling, Lathyrus sphaericus. Inhabited as early as the Stone Age, there are extant stone circles, grave mounds, ancient village remains and other archeological features. Kullaberg is administered by the Gyllenstierna Krapperup Foundation. Kullen lighthouse, designed by architect Magnus Dahlander in 1898, is considered the brightest in Sweden, situated at the westernmost point of the reserve, guiding ships through this busy part of the Kattegat.

Within this 75 square kilometre reserve are extensive hiking paths that criss-cross the ridge and provide access to dozens of beach coves nestled at the bottom of the cliff formations. Stone Age inhabitants were in southern Sweden at least as early as 7000 BC, from archaeological evidence on the mainland as well as the large island of Öland. At Kullaberg clear evidence of habitation is found from tool findings and stone circles. Iron Age peoples are known to have inhabited the Kullaberg; the first written information about Kullaberg derives from about the year 1740 AD when Swedish naturalist Carl von Linne visited the area and recorded biological notes. In the early 18th century a private group acquired the Kullaberg with the intention of quarrying the rich stone resource. Foresighted early environmentalists intervened for a period of trustee years until a formal trust was created to own and manage the preserve. AB Kullabergs Natur was acquired a portion of the lands on the peninsula. In 1968, a portion of the site was owned by the Krapperup Estate, and, at that time, the tenant in tail, Gustaf Gyllenstierna, consigned the balance of Kullaberg to the Gyllenstierna Krapperup Foundation.

The principal habitats include broadleaf deciduous forest and coniferous forest, specialized cliff habitat and marine habitat including intertidal zone. In the clear sea waters can be found crustaceans, sea urchins, snails and a variety of ocean fishes; the rocky shoreline creates a natural environment for numerous tidepools that form at the cliff bases. In addition, freshwater marshes cover five percent of the peninsula. Principal broadleaf trees include elm, birch and oak; the habitats are varied since each direction of cliff face into the ocean generating a different microclimate exposure and hence a unique habitat. Not then there are a number of rare plants present including keeled garlic and wild marjoram, it is the rich avafauna that have been responsible for the designations of IBA and SPA. Part of this IBA is a recognized international IBA. A variety of pelagic birds as well as terrestrial birds find their homes at Kullaberg; the preserve is a significant wintering and passage area for a number of seabirds and seaduck, including common eider, common scoter, velvet scoter, common goldeneye, black guillemot.

The rare red kite finds good habitat for one or two breeding pairs in this specialized coastal habitat of Kullaberg and causes the site to meet IBA criteria B3 and C6. The common guillemot, is found here, with the 1996 census recording 50 to 500 pairs, but not as a breeding location. Further in the 1996 census 20 to 30 pairs of red-backed shrikes were noted at Kullaberg. A paved road exists between the town of Mölle and a car park near the western tip of Kullaberg in the vicinity of the lighthouse. Along this road there are several other car park opportunities and a variety of trailheads leading to the numerous cliff paths and beach coves. Alternatively one may access hiking trails from the town of Molle itself or take a small boat from the harbour in Molle. In the 1980s controversial wood sculptures called Nimis were constructed from driftwood, situated in one of the cove areas. While some people consider this an artistic addition to the nature reserve, others consider it unappealing and the sculptures were the subject of legal dispute over their removal.

This dispute resulted in the founding of the micronation Ladonia. The Swedish family of Kullenberg takes its name from Kullaberg, where the first known member of the family lived in the 16th century. Dolomite Rocky shore Andrew Kobos Photographic Kullaberg Diary Kullaberg overview