Neuenrade is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, located in the hills of the Sauerland in the Märkischer Kreis. The highest elevation in the area is the Kohlberg with an altitude of 514 m above sea level. The lowest elevation is at Hölmecke with 190 m, the town covers an area of 54.12 km², most of which is forests and farm land. The municipal territory includes the villages of Affeln, Blintrop and Küntrop, around 1220 the place was first mentioned in a document, named Rode. The village consisted of about 12 farms, in 1353 the city was fortified. In 1355 it received the cityrights from count Engelbert III, by 1890/91 the municipalities Werdohl and Ohle had grown so much that they left the Amt Neuenrade, the local administrative unit. The Amt thereafter was composed of only Neuenrade and Dahle, the Amt Neuenrade was dissolved, effective on January 1,1969. The municipality Dahle was incorporated into Altena, while the municipality Küntrop from the Amt Balve was incorporated into the city Neuenrade, in 1975 the city was further enlarged with the municipalities Affeln and Blintrop from the Amt Balve.
The coat of arms is based on the coat of arms of the counts of the Mark, showing a chequered red-white bar on a yellow shield. The oldest version of the coat of arms is known from a carving in the city church dated from the 16th century. Later the Mary picture was moved inside the shield and it was officially granted on November 25,1912. After the communal reform of 1975 the city changed their coat of arms, in the bottom of the shield the black cross of the bishops of Cologne was added, representing the municipalities of the former Amt Balve which historically belonged to Kurköln. The new coat of arms was granted on March 23,1979, the Amt Neuenrade had a coat of arms. It was granted on January 13,1938, and was designed by Waldemar Mallek based on an idea of Dr. Fritz Thomée and it resembled the coat of arms of the city Neuenrade, the bottom part showed a mill wheel. As a municipality Dahle had no traditional heraldic symbol, the mill wheel was chosen symbolizing the traditional industries at the Nette River.
The numbers from 1800,1900 and 1955 are estimates, from 1975 the data come from the Statistical Office in North Rhine-Westphalia. 1964-1999, Hans Schmerbeck 1999-2014, Klaus-Peter Sasse Since the election from 2014, since 1978 Neuenrade has a city friendship with the Dutch municipality Dinxperlo. In 1984 it was converted into a town twinning, the partnership was reaffirmed in 2005 by the municipality Aalten, of which Dinxperlo had become part that year
Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde is a municipality in the Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The municipality is split into two main settlements, the municipality was formed in 1907, when the Amt Altena was dissolved. The two municipalities Kelleramt and Wiblingwerde were merged into the new municipality Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde, which was no longer member in an Amt anymore, the coat of arms of the municipality shows in the top part the red and silver rose from the church seal of the Kirchspiel Wiblingwerde. In the bottom is a line representing the river Lenne. Both symbols are separated by the chequered bar of the Mark. The coat of arms was designed by Otto Hupp, and was granted on October 17,1935, media related to Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde at Wikimedia Commons Official site Tourist information
The Ruhr is a river in western Germany, a right tributary of the Rhine. The source of the Ruhr is near the town of Winterberg in the mountainous Sauerland region and it flows into the lower Rhine at an elevation of only 56 feet in the municipal area of Duisburg. Its total length is 218 km, its discharge is 79 m³/s at Mülheim near its mouth. Thus, its discharge is, for example, comparable to that of the River Ems in Northern Germany or the River Thames in the United Kingdom, the Ruhr first passes the towns of Meschede, Wickede, Fröndenberg, Holzwickede and Schwerte. Then the river marks the limit of the Ruhr area, passing Hagen, Herdecke, Witten, Hattingen, Essen, Mülheim. The Ruhr area was Germanys primary industrial area during the early- to mid-20th century, as a result, the German hyperinflation crisis grew even worse. The story was told in a 1951 book and the popular 1955 film made from it, there are five Ruhr reservoirs on the river, often used for leisure activities. Notes Sources This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Hugh.
Media related to Ruhr at Wikimedia Commons
Kierspe is a town in the district Märkischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the edge of the Sauerland on Volme River. The first mention of Kierspe was in 1003, when the castle Haus Rhade was first mentioned in a manuscript, on this basis Kierspe celebrated its 1000th anniversary in 2003. Around 1490 Kierspe became the seat of the Heilige Feme, an independent jury of commoners with the right to mete out the death penalty, such Feme juries were common in Westphalia at the time. In 1968, as part of the reorganization of the former district Altena, on 1 January 1969 Kierspe officially obtained city rights. The citys coat of arms was derived from the coat of arms of the Amt. It combines symbols for both of the member municipalities - Kierspe and Rönsahl - separated by the red-white checkered bar of the counts of the Mark. On the bottom of the coat of arms is a red lion with claws and tongue. On the top is a Rauk, a raven and it refers to the nickname given to young recruits, who imitated the sound of the raven when first wearing their blue uniform during mustering.
The coat of arms was granted to the Amt on 20 August 1936 and it was designed by Otto Hupp. The coat of arms of the municipality Kierspe was similar to the one of the Amt and it was granted on 17 October 1935. The coat of arms of the municipality Rönsahl had Saint Servatius in the top, Kierspe has been twinned with the French town Montigny-le-Bretonneux since 1988. The partnership developed from a student exchange of the Gesamtschule Kierspe with a high school in Montigny-le-Bretonneux. The town is twinned with Denton, Greater Manchester, which is twinned with Montigny-le-Bretonneux. A delegation from Denton arrived in April 2012 to discuss the twinning, there was a large town festival including the planting of a German Linden tree in the towns park. This came to an end in the last few years as St. Aidans changed its system for teaching modern languages, Year 12s from the school still go to Kierspe for two-week-long work experiences. Wilhelm Kattwinkel and paleontologist Roger Schmidt, football coach Official site Twinned with St.
Wrexham County Borough
Wrexham County Borough is a local government principal area centred on the town of Wrexham in north-east Wales. The county borough has a population of nearly 135,000 inhabitants, just under half of the population live either within the town of Wrexham or its surrounding conurbation of urban villages which has a population of around 63,000 people. The remainder live to the south and east of the town in rural areas. The area has links with coal-mining. The county borough was formed on 1 April 1996, Borough status was inherited from the town of Wrexham, granted over 150 years ago. Most of the area was part of the district of Wrexham Maelor – with several communities coming from Glyndŵr – in the county of Clwyd. The area includes a portion of the half of the historic county of Denbighshire. The region is governed as an authority by Wrexham County Borough Council. Most offices of the council are situated within Wrexham town centre, around Llwyn Isaf, the headquarters of the organisation is at the Guild Hall, Queens Square.
Wrexham County Borough forms part of the Wales constituency, which four members to the European Parliament using the dHondt method of party-list proportional representation. Top performing Secondary Schools in Wrexham County Borough, the first twinning was established on 17 March 1970 between the former Kreis Iserlohn and Wrexham Rural District. In 2001 Märkischer Kreis entered an arrangement with Racibórz, a county in Poland. In September 2002, a delegation from Racibórz visited Wrexham and began discussions about co-operation which led to the signing of Articles of Twinning between Wrexham and Racibórz in March 2004, the Wrexham area has strong historical links with Poland. Following World War II, many personnel from the Free Polish armed forces who had been injured received treatment at Penley Polish Hospital. Many of their descendants remain in the area. com Website North Wales Police Wrexham Ward Map NHS Review of substance misuse including Ward Deprivation Map and detailed population/age group figures
States of Germany
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen federal states. Since todays Germany was formed from a collection of several states, it has a federal constitution. The remaining 13 states are called Flächenländer, the creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states created in the aftermath of World War II. West Berlin, while not part of the Federal Republic, was largely integrated and considered as a de facto state. In 1952, following a referendum, Baden, Württemberg-Baden, in 1957, the Saar Protectorate rejoined the Federal Republic as the Saarland. Federalism is one of the constitutional principles of Germany. After 1945, new states were constituted in all four zones of occupation, in 1949, the states in the three western zones formed the Federal Republic of Germany. This is in contrast to the development in Austria, where the Bund was constituted first. The use of the term Länder dates back to the Weimar Constitution of 1919, before this time, the constituent states of the German Empire were called Staaten.
Today, it is common to use the term Bundesland. However, this term is not used officially, neither by the constitution of 1919 nor by the Basic Law of 1949, three Länder call themselves Freistaaten, Bavaria and Thuringia. He summarizes the arguments for boundary reform in Germany. The German system of dual federalism requires strong Länder that have the administrative and fiscal capacity to implement legislation, too many Länder make coordination among them and with the federation more complicated. But several proposals have failed so far, territorial reform remains a topic in German politics. Federalism has a tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states numbering more than 300 around 1796, the number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars. After the Congress of Vienna,39 states formed the German Confederation, the new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. The empire was dominated by Prussia, which controlled 65% of the territory, after the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation
Meinerzhagen is a town in the Märkischer Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Meinerzhagen is located in the hills of the Sauerland, the highest elevation is the Nordhelle with 663 m above sea level, the lowest elevation at the Lister dam with 319m. 56% of the area is covered by forests. In 1846 the Amt Meinerzhagen was formed, covering both Meinerzhagen and the municipality Valbert, on September 19,1964 Meinerzhagen received city rights again. In the communal reform of the district Altena in 1969 Meinerzhagen was merged with Valbert, the family name of the British World War I officer Richard Meinertzhagen recalls an ancestor who came from this town. The bottom part of the coat of arms shows the red-and-white chequered bordure as the symbol of the Mark, a yellow horn is placed on top of the bordure, taken from the coat of arms of the municipality Valbert. The coat of arms was granted on 14 June 1975, before the merging of Meinerzhagen and Valbert, as well as the Amt Meinerzhagen had coat of arms of their own.
The coat of arms of Meinerzhagen dates back to at least 1857, the coat of arms had a green bottom part, above to the left Saint Mary on a throne holding a scepter and Jesus as an infant. To the right was a building with three towers and red roofs, above the sun and two stars. To the top is a hunter, which as well as the coat of arms of Herscheid refers to the privilege granted by duke Johann III of Cleves. The coat of arms was designed by Otto Hupp, and was granted on 27 October 1935, the coat of arms of the Amt Meinerzhagen combined symbols of the three historic states of the area. To the bottom is the cross of Cologne, above the chequered bordure of the Mark. Meinerzhagen was the birthplace and home of professional soccer players. Nuri Şahin, Markus Obermeier and Lars Labonte all played for the team of Meinerzhagen before joining professional soccer team Borussia Dortmund. 1961-2001 Meinerzhagen had a partnership with the Dutch municipality IJsselmuiden, in 2001 IJsselmuiden was incorporated into the city Kampen, which also continued the partnership.
On 12 April 1987 the documents were signed for the partnership with the French city Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate, known as a number plate or a license plate, is metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the owner within the issuing regions database. The first two letters indicate the state to which the vehicle is registered, the next two digit numbers are the sequential number of a district. Due to heavy volume of vehicle registration, the numbers were given to the RTO offices of registration as well, the third part indicates the year of registration of the vehicle and is a 4 digit number unique to each plate. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates.
Alternately, the government will merely assign plate numbers, and it is the owners responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime. If the vehicle is destroyed or exported to a different country. Other jurisdictions follow a policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they already hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyers name, a person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them. Some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with personal plates, in some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement, often associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration. Plates are usually fixed directly to a vehicle or to a frame that is fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames, in some jurisdictions licence plate frames are illegal
Iserlohn is a city in the Märkischer Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest city by population and area within the district, Iserlohn is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr river. The Pancratius church was founded in around 985, but the first written document mentioning lon dates only from 1150, in 1237 the Count of the Mark gave Iserlohn municipal rights. In 1975 the city, which had been an urban district before, incorporated the surrounding ex-municipalities of Letmathe, Hennen, Sümmern and Kesbern, as a larger mid-sized city, however, still has a special status as compared to most other municipalities in the district. This means that the city takes on tasks more usually performed by the district so that in some ways it is comparable to an urban district, the Dechenhöhle was discovered in 1868 during the construction of the railway line Hagen-Iserlohn. 360m are accessible for visitors, and lots of stalactites make it a spectacular sight, the Danzturm, located atop the southern hill overlooking the old city, is a landmark and featured on the logo of the local brewery.
The tower features spectacular views of the valley and surrounding hills and is open to the public with an inn at the base. In the 18th Century, the became known for its Iserlohn boxes. The city is home of the Iserlohn Roosters, a DEL ice hockey team and they came into the DEL in 2000 and developed from a low-budget-team to a solid team, which battles every year for a Playoff-spot. The club plays its homegames at the Eissporthalle Iserlohn, which holds 4967 spectators, the original club EC Deilinghofen was founded in 1959 and went bankrupt in 1987, the second club ECD Sauerland existed from 1988 to 1994. 1994 the Iserlohner EC was founded whereof the Roosters came to the DEL, in Iserlohn are 15 elementary schools and 13 secondary schools. Also two universities of applied sciences are located in the city of Iserlohn, the Business and Information Technology School is a private state approved business school with a campus near the Seilersee. Every year a part of the Iserlohner culture is the Schützenfest at Alexanderhöhe with its Parkhalle, in the middle of the coat of arms is Saint Pancras, patron of the oldest church in Iserlohn.
He is depicted between two towers of the city wall. The checked fess below is derived from the arms of the Counts of the Mark, die Oberste Stadtkirche Iserlohn – Zeitbilder und Momentaufnahmen. Westfalenverlag Dortmund Peter Müller und Günter Stalp, Unsere gute alte Straßenbahn, hans-Herbert Mönnig Verlag Iserlohn, Iserlohn – unsere lebendige Stadt. Ein Bildband von Iserlohnern für Iserlohner, Heinz Stoob, Westfälischer Städteatlas, Band, I,9 Teilband. Im Auftrage der Historischen Kommission für Westfalen und mit Unterstützung des Landschaftsverbandes Westfalen-Lippe, edited by Heinz Stoob, Official site Official site Newspaper Iserlohner Kreisanzeiger und Zeitung