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M. R. James

Montague Rhodes James was an English author, medievalist scholar and provost of King's College, of Eton College. He was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. Though James's work as a medievalist and scholar is still regarded, he is best remembered for his ghost stories, which some regard as among the best in the genre. James redefined the ghost story for the new century by abandoning many of the formal Gothic clichés of his predecessors and using more realistic contemporary settings. However, James's protagonists and plots tend to reflect his own antiquarian interests. Accordingly, he is known as the originator of the "antiquarian ghost story". James was born in a clergy house in Goodnestone, Kent, although his parents had associations with Aldeburgh in Suffolk, his father was Herbert James, an Evangelical Anglican clergyman, his mother, Mary Emily, was the daughter of a naval officer. He had two older brothers and Herbert, an older sister, Grace. Sydney James became Archdeacon of Dudley.

From the age of three until 1909 James's home, if not always his residence, was at the Rectory in Great Livermere, Suffolk. This had been the childhood home of another eminent Suffolk antiquary, Thomas Martin of Palgrave. Several of James's ghost stories are set in Suffolk, including "'Oh, I'll Come to You, My Lad'", "A Warning to the Curious", "Rats" and "A Vignette". In September 1873 he arrived as a boarder at Temple Grove School, one of the leading boys' preparatory schools of the day. From September 1876 to August 1882 he studied at Eton College, where he claims to have translated the Book of Baruch from its original Ethiopic in 1879, he lived for many years, first as an undergraduate as a don and provost, at King's College, where he was a member of the Pitt Club. The university provides settings for several of his tales. Apart from medieval subjects, James toured Europe including a memorable 1884 tour of France in a Cheylesmore tricycle, studied the classics and appeared successfully in a staging of Aristophanes' play The Birds, with music by Hubert Parry.

His ability as an actor was apparent when he read his new ghost stories to friends at Christmas time. James is best known for his ghost stories, but his work as a medievalist scholar was prodigious and remains respected in scholarly circles. Indeed, the success of his stories was founded on his antiquarian talents and knowledge, his discovery of a manuscript fragment led to excavations in the ruins of the abbey at Bury St Edmunds, West Suffolk, in 1902, in which the graves of several twelfth-century abbots described by Jocelyn de Brakelond were rediscovered, having been lost since the Dissolution of the Monasteries. His 1917 edition of the Latin hagiography of Æthelberht II of East Anglia and martyr, remains authoritative, he catalogued many of the manuscript libraries of the colleges of the University of Cambridge. Among his other scholarly works, he wrote The Apocalypse in Art, which placed the English Apocalypse manuscripts into families, he translated the New Testament apocrypha and contributed to the Encyclopaedia Biblica.

His ability to wear his learning is apparent in his Suffolk and Norfolk, in which a great deal of knowledge is presented in a popular and accessible form, in Abbeys. James achieved a great deal during his directorship of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge, he managed to secure a large number of important paintings and manuscripts, including notable portraits by Titian. James was Provost of Eton College from 1918 to 1936, he was awarded the Order of Merit in 1930. He was buried in Eton town cemetery. James's ghost stories were published in a series of collections: Ghost Stories of an Antiquary, More Ghost Stories of an Antiquary, A Thin Ghost and Others, A Warning to the Curious and Other Ghost Stories; the first hardback collected edition appeared in 1931. Many of the tales were written as Christmas Eve read aloud to friends; this idea was used by the BBC in 2000 when they filmed Christopher Lee reading James's stories in a candle-lit room in King's College. James perfected a method of story-telling which has since become known as Jamesian.

The classic Jamesian tale includes the following elements: a characterful setting in an English village, seaside town or country estate. He perfected the technique of narrating supernatural events through implication and suggestion, letting his reader fill in the blanks, focusing on the mundane details of his settings and characters in order to throw the horrific and bizarre elements into greater relief, he summed up his approach in his foreword to the anthology Ghosts and Marvels: "Two ingredients most valuable in the concocting of a ghost story are, to me, the atmosphere and the nicely managed crescendo.... Let us be introduced to the actors in a placid way.

Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia

Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia was a Sicilian cardinal and bishop. Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia was born in Castelvetrano, a family fief near Mazara del Vallo, Kingdom of Sicily on 20 May 1550, the son of Carlo d'Aragona Tagliavia, Viceroy of Sicily, his wife Margherita Ventimiglia, he was the grand-nephew of Cardinal Pietro Tagliavia d'Aragonia. At age 17, he was sent to Spain, where he studied at the University of Alcalá. Pope Gregory XIII made him a cardinal deacon in the consistory of 12 December 1583, he did not participate in the papal conclave of 1585 that elected Pope Sixtus V. He received the red hat and the deaconry of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri on 20 May 1585; that month, he was appointed vice-protector of Spain. He participated in the first papal conclave of 1590 that elected Pope Urban VII. On 9 December 1592 he opted for the titular church of Sant'Anastasia, he became the protopriest. On 17 June 1602 he opted for the order of cardinal bishops, receiving the Suburbicarian Diocese of Albano and being consecrated as a bishop.

He opted for the Suburbican Diocese of Sabina on 19 February 1603. He died in Rome on 20 May 1604, he was buried in the Church of the Gesù

Denis Begbie

Denis Warburton Begbie was a South African cricketer who played in five Tests from 1948 to 1950. He was born in Transvaal. At the time of his death he was the third oldest Test cricketer still living after New Zealand's Eric Tindill and fellow South African Norman Gordon. Begbie made his Test debut against England in December 1948 at the age of 34, playing the first three Tests of the five-match series. In the first Test he scored 37 and 48, falling both times to Alec Bedser, as England won by 2 wickets. In the second Test he was out for 5. In the third Test, he was run out for 18. Begbie did not play the final two games of the series, won 2–0 by England, he next played for South Africa in the fourth Test of the 1949-50 series against Australia. He was out for 24 to Keith Miller. In the final Test of the series, he was out for 1 to Geff Noblet in the first innings and to Bill Johnston for 5 in the second and took his only Test wicket, bowling Neil Harvey for 116. Australia crushed South Africa by an innings and 259 runs to seal a 4–0 series victory.

This was Begbie's final Test match


Centronics Data Computer Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer printers, now remembered for the parallel interface that bears its name, the Centronics connector. Centronics began as a division of Wang Laboratories. Founded and operated by Robert Howard and Samuel Lang, the group produced remote terminals and systems for the casino industry. Printers were developed to print receipts and transaction reports. Wang spun off the business in 1971 and Centronics was formed as a corporation in Hudson, New Hampshire with Howard as president and chairman; the Centronics Model 101 was introduced at the 1970 National Computer Conference. The print head used an innovative seven-wire solenoid impact system. Based on this design, Centronics developed the first dot matrix impact printer. Howard developed a personal relationship with his neighbor, Max Hugel, the founder and president of Brother International, the United States arm of Brother Industries, Ltd. a manufacturer of sewing machines and typewriters.

A business relationship developed when Centronics needed reliable manufacturing of the printer mechanisms—a relationship that would help propel Brother into the printer industry. Hugel would become executive vice president of Centronics. Print heads and electronics were built in Centronics plants in New Hampshire and Ireland, mechanisms were built in Japan by Brother and the printers were assembled in New Hampshire. In the 1970s, Centronics formed a relationship with Canon to develop non-impact printers. No products were produced, but Canon continued to work on laser printers developing a successful series of engines. In 1977, Centronics sued competitor Mannesmann AG in a patent dispute regarding the return spring used in the print actuator. In 1975, Centronics formed an OEM agreement with Tandy and produced DMP and LP series printers for several years; the 6000 series band printers were introduced in 1978. By 1979 company revenues were over $100 million. In 1980, the Mini-Printer Model 770 was introduced -- a low-cost desktop serial matrix printer.

This was the first printer built in-house, there were problems. Flaws in the microprocessor led to a stoppage of manufacturing for a year. During this period, Epson and others began to gain market share and Centronics never recovered. 1980 saw the introduction of the E Series 900 and 1200 LPM band printers. In 1982, Control Data Corporation merged their current printer business unit, CPI, into Centronics and at the same time invested $25 million in the company taking control from Howard. During 1980-1985 the company lost $80 million. Control Data controlled the company until 1986 when CDC's interest was acquired by a group of investors affiliated with Drexel Burnham Lambert; the Drexel interest was acquired by Centronics in 1987. The LineWriter 400 band printer was introduced in 1983 followed by the faster LineWriter 800 band printer in 1984; the LineWriter series would continue through 1995. The GLP was a series of low-end serial matrix printers introduced in 1984; the relationship with Brother continued with several of the PrintStation models being produced from rebadged Brother products.

Exclusive rights to market Trilog color matrix printers was acquired in 1984, Trilog was purchased outright in 1985. Advanced Terminals and BDS Computer Australia Pty Ltd were purchased in 1986; the PrintStation 350 series serial matrix printer was successful in the OEM market, sold with the logos of Data General, ITT Courier, NCR, CDC, Decision Data and ISI. Most profitable was the agreement to build the IBM 4214 based on a modified PS350. In 1985, company revenues were $126 million with $65 million from IBM 4214 production. In 1986 the IBM 4214 production ended and revenue dropped. On June 23, 1986, Centronics announced the new corporate logo; the new logo never gained recognition before the sale to GENICOM, GENICOM used the old logo in continued sales of printers and supplies. The only Centronics laser product was released in July 1986: the PagePrinter 8; the PP8 used a Sharp engine identical to an existing Sharp copier, using a 6800 based controller jointly developed by Sharp and Centronics.

At $2,495, the PP8 was $500 less than the HP LaserJet. A faster version was announced, but never materialized. In 1987 the Centronics printer business was sold to GENICOM for $87 million. Centronics Data Computer Corporation continued as a New York Stock Exchange company and soon changed its name to Centronics Corporation in 1987. After using the proceeds of the sale to purchase Ekco Housewares in 1988 for $125 million, Centronics changed their name to EKCO Group; the Centronics 101 was innovative and affordable at its inception. Some selected specifications: Print speed: 165 characters per second Weight: 155 pounds Size: 27 ½ " W x 11 ¼ " H x 19 ¼ D Shipping: 200 pounds, wooden crate, unpacked by removal of 36 screws Characters: 62, 10 numeric, 26 upper case and 26 special characters Character size: 10 characters per inch Line spacing: 6 lines per inch Vertical control: punched tape reader for top of form and vertical tab Forms thickness: original plus four copies Interfaces: Centronics parallel, optional RS-232 serial The connectors developed for its parallel interface live on as the "Centronics connector", used in other computer hardware applications, notably as the printer end of the once ubiquitous parallel-printer cable.

Robert Howard, Connecting the Dots: My Life and Inventions, From X-ray

Crockett County, Texas

Crockett County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,719; the county seat is Ozona. The county was founded in 1875 and organized in 1891, it is named in honor of Davy Crockett, the legendary frontiersman who died at the Battle of the Alamo. Prehistoric people live in Gobbler Shelter, located on a small tributary canyon of Live Oak Creek. Earliest known Native American tribes are Lipan Apache and Comanche. 1590 Spanish explorer Gaspar Castaño de Sosa leads a mining expedition of 170 who pass through the western section of Crockett County to reach the Pecos River. 1684, May 22 - Juan Domínguez de Mendoza and his expedition cross the Pecos River and camp at San Pantaleón. 1849 John Coffee Hays expedition charting waterholes for transporting people and freight. 1852 U. S. Army Colonel Joseph K. Mansfield recommends establishing a new post on Live Oak Creek to protect travelers. 1855, August 20, Fort Lancaster is established in response to Mansfield’s recommendation.

1866 The Texas legislature provides three battalions of Texas Rangers to protect settlers in the area. 1868 Camp Melvin established. 1875, January 12 - Crockett County, named for Davy Crockett, is formed from Bexar County. 1880’s Sheep and cattle ranchers establish themselves in the county. Kirkpatrick Hotel built to serve stagecoach cowboys. 1885 W. P. Hoover becomes one of the first settlers, on the Pecos River. Crockett County becomes a subsidiary of Val Verde County. 1887 Crockett County is further reduced as Schleicher counties are formed from it. 1889 Emerald becomes first town in Crockett County. 1891 Crockett County is organized. Ozona becomes the county seat; the first water well is drilled at the First Baptist Church in Ozona. 1900 Stagecoach service begins in Crockett County. County reports seven manufacturing firms. 1902 Crockett County Courthouse built, Empire style, architect Oscar Ruffini. The building does multiple duty for courtroom and county offices, as well as a community center and dance hall.

1925 First producing oil well on L. P. Powell's ranch in north central Crockett County. 1938 Ozona erects a statue of Davy Crockett in the town square. 1939 Ozona opens the Crockett County Museum. In 1958, it was moved to its current location on the town square. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,807 square miles all of, land. Interstate 10 U. S. Highway 190 State Highway 137 State Highway 163 State Highway 349 Crockett County is among the few counties in the United States to border as many as nine counties; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,099 people, 1,524 households, 1,114 families residing in the county. The population density was 1.46 people per square mile. There were 2,049 housing units at an average density of 0.73 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.34% White, 0.68% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 19.71% from other races, 2.39% from two or more races. 54.70 % of the population were Latino of any race.

There were 1,524 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.90% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.19. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,355, the median income for a family was $34,653. Males had a median income of $29,925 versus $14,695 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,414. About 14.90% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.

Ozona EmeraldThere are no incorporated municipalities in Crockett County. List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Crockett County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Crockett County Crockett County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Inventory of county records, Crockett County courthouse, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History

Japan Air Commuter

Japan Air Commuter Co. Ltd. is a Japanese airline based in Kirishima, Kagoshima Prefecture. It operates feeder services in support of Japan Airlines, its main base is Kagoshima Airport, with hubs at Osaka International Airport, Amami Airport and Fukuoka Airport. The airline was established on 1 July 1983 and started operations in December 1983. A joint investment plan with public and private investors in fourteen Kagoshima Prefecture municipalities established Japan Air Commuter. At the time JAC was an affiliate of Toa Domestic Airlines known as Japan Air System. In the 1990s JAC had its headquarters in the Kagoshima Airport Building Annex in Mizobe, Aira District, Kagoshima Prefecture. Japan Air System merged into Japan Airlines. Japan Air Commuter has 455 employees and is owned by Japan Airlines and 12 local municipalities of the Amami Islands and Kagoshima. Japan Air Commuter operates to the following destinations: As of December 2019, the Japan Air Commuter fleet includes the following aircraft: Japan Air Commuter has operated the following aircraft: Media related to Japan Air Commuter at Wikimedia Commons Japan Air Commuter