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MCA Records

MCA Records was an American record label owned by MCA Inc. which gave way to the larger MCA Music Entertainment Group, which the label was part of until its dissolution in 2003. The label's country division MCA Nashville is a still an active imprint of Universal Music Group Nashville. MCA Inc. a powerful talent agency and a television production company, entered the recorded music business in 1962 with the purchase of the New York-based US Decca Records, including Coral Records and Brunswick Records. MCA was forced to exit the talent agency business; as American Decca owned Universal Pictures, MCA assumed full ownership of Universal and made it into a top film studio, producing several hits. In 1966, MCA formed Uni Records and in 1967 purchased Kapp Records, placed under Uni Records management. In 1937, the owner of Decca, E. R. Lewis, chose to split off the UK Decca company from the US company, fearing the financial damage that would arise for UK Companies if the emerging hostilities of Nazi Germany should lead to war – foreseeing World War II.

Lewis sold the remainder of his US Decca holdings. US-based Decca Records kept the rights to the Decca name in North and South America and parts of Asia including Japan. UK Decca owned the rights to the Decca name in the rest of the world. After the war, British Decca formed London Records. During this time American Decca issued records outside North America on the Brunswick and Coral labels. In 1962, MCA became a wholly owned subsidiary. In 1967, Brunswick and Coral were replaced by the MCA label, used to release US Decca and Kapp label material outside North America. Initial activity as MCA Records was based in London and MCA Records UK was formally launched on February 16, 1968. Among the early artists on the MCA label, around 1971, were groups Wishbone Ash, Osibisa and Budgie, solo artists Tony Christie, Mick Greenwood and Roy Young. Early MCA releases were distributed by UK Decca but it moved to EMI in 1974. In 1979, distribution moved to CBS, while the last releases in the 1980s were self-distributed through WEA, though BMG was used during the 1990s.

As the US division of MCA Records was not established until 1972, the earliest UK MCA Records material was released in the US on either Kapp or Decca. MCA UK issued American Brunswick material on the MCA label until 1972, two years after MCA lost control of Brunswick, after which American Brunswick material was issued in the UK on the revived Brunswick label. Uni label material was issued on the Uni label worldwide. In 1970, MCA reorganized its Canadian record company Compo Company Ltd. into MCA Records. In April 1970, former Warner Bros. Records president Mike Maitland joined MCA and served as Decca's general manager. Maitland was unsuccessful in his attempt to consolidate Warner Bros. Records with co-owned Atlantic Records which led to his departure from Warner. In April 1971, Maitland supervised the consolidation of the New York-based Decca and Kapp labels plus the California-based Uni label into MCA Records based in Universal City, with Maitland serving as president; the three labels maintained their identities for a short time but were retired in favor of the MCA label in 1973.

"Drift Away" by Dobie Gray became the final Decca pop label release in the U. S in 1973. Beginning the same year the catalogs of Decca and Kapp were reissued in the US on the MCA label under the supervision of veteran Decca producer Milt Gabler; the first MCA Records release in the US was former Uni artist Elton John's "Crocodile Rock" single in 1972, which appeared on a plain black and white label. Following this the US MCA label used a black with curved rainbow design until the late 1970s; this design was directly inspired by the US Decca label of the 1960s. In December 1972, Neil Diamond, another Uni artist, reached superstar status with his first MCA release, the live multi-platinum Hot August Night. Elton John's double album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road was released in October 1973 and was number one on the US Billboard 200 albums chart for eight straight weeks; the management of former Decca artists the Who had formed their own label Track Records in the UK but were still under contract with MCA for US distribution.

The Who's double album Quadrophenia was released by Track/MCA in October 1973. Quadrophenia peaked at number 2 as it was held back from the number 1 slot by Goodbye Yellow Brick Road. Other successful artists on MCA after the consolidation included former Kapp artist Cher, Uni artist Olivia Newton-John. MCA released the successful soundtrack album to the 1973 film The Sting; the soundtrack music was arranged and conducted by Marvin Hamlisch and won an Academy Award for Best Original Score. One of the most successful new MCA artists in this era was the rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd. Originating from Jacksonville, the group would go on to become one of the most popular in the Southern rock genre; the group was discovered and produced by Al Kooper and the records were released on Kooper's yellow "Sounds of the South" label imprint of MCA. The song "Free Bird" peaked at #19 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in edited form, but the full-length version became one of the most popular songs of all time on album-oriented rock radio stations.

On the second album, Second Helping, the group recorded a song about their relationship with the label called, "Workin' for MCA". Three Lynyrd Skynyrd albums reached the double platinum sales level and at least two others reached platinum or gold

New Jersey Route 34

Route 34 is a state highway in the central part of the U. S. state of New Jersey. The route runs 26.79 mi from an intersection with Route 35 and Route 70 in Wall Township, Monmouth County north to an intersection with U. S. Route 9 in Old Bridge Township, Middlesex County; the route is a four-lane divided highway between its southern terminus and the north end of the Route 33 concurrency in Howell Township. North of Route 33, Route 34 is an undivided two- to four-lane road that intersects Route 18 in Colts Neck Township and Route 79 in Matawan. Route 34 passes through suburban areas along its route; the route was legislated in 1927 to run from Route 35 in Laurelton north to Route 4 in Matawan. The current alignment of Route 34 north of Matawan was a part of Route 4 until it became a part of Route 4A following a realignment of US 9 and Route 4. In 1953, Route 34 was extended north along Route 4A to end at US 9 in Old Bridge Township. Meanwhile, the southern terminus was cut back to its current location with the route south of that point becoming a part of Route 70.

Since 1953, the southern portion of the route was widened into a divided highway and the Brielle Circle was replaced. Route 34 begins at an intersection with Route 35 and Route 70 in Wall Township, Monmouth County at the former Brielle Circle, heading to the northwest on a six-lane undivided road. A short distance past this intersection, the route becomes a four-lane divided highway that passes through suburban development with some woods, it passes over the Capital to Coast Trail and interchanges with County Route 524 Spur before reaching the Allenwood Circle, where Route 34 intersects CR 524. Past the Allenwood Circle, the road continues northwest to a partial interchange with the Garden State Parkway; this interchange has access to the northbound Garden State Parkway from northbound Route 34, to the southbound Garden State Parkway from southbound Route 34, to both directions of Route 34 from the southbound Garden State Parkway. Past this interchange, the road intersects CR 30 before coming to a cloverleaf interchange with I-195 and Route 138.

Route 34 provides the missing movements between the southbound Garden State Parkway and I-195/Route 138. From here, the road passes through woodland before heading into commercial and industrial areas, where it passes by the Wall Stadium racetrack and the Monmouth Executive Airport; the route enters wooded residential and business areas where it intersects Belmar Boulevard and Megill Road, which are both distinct segments of CR 18. Route 34 continues north before it intersects CR 547 at the Collingwood Circle. At the traffic circle, Route 34 turns northwest to form a concurrency with Route 33 on a four-lane divided highway that passes businesses, crossing into Howell Township and passing over Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Southern Secondary railroad line; the two routes split, with Route 34 heading north on a two-lane undivided road. It enters Colts Neck Township. Upon leaving the grounds of Naval Weapons Station Earle, the route widens into a four-lane divided highway again and comes to a cloverleaf interchange with the Route 18 freeway.

Past this interchange, Route 34 becomes a two-lane undivided road that passes development and Delicious Orchards before crossing CR 537. From here, the road heads past suburban neighborhoods and farmland, intersecting CR 54 before meeting CR 4. Route 34 forms a brief concurrency with CR 4; the route continues into wooded areas of homes, crossing into Holmdel Township, where it has a junction with CR 520. After this intersection, the road continues past homes and farms before turning northwest and entering Marlboro Township. Here, the road heads through wooded residential and commercial areas becoming a four-lane road, before it crosses into Aberdeen Township. In Aberdeen, Route 34 heads into business areas as it crosses CR 3; the road becomes a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane, forming the border of Matawan to the west and Aberdeen Township to the east. At the crossing of an abandoned railroad line, now the Henry Hudson Trail, the route enters Matawan, continuing northwest as four-lane Middlesex Street.

Here, Route 34 intersects Route 79 and CR 516 Spur. Following these intersection, the road heads into residential and business areas, crossing over Lake Lefferts. Route 34 crosses into Old Bridge Township, Middlesex County, where it becomes a two-lane road, continuing through commercial areas; the route intersects CR 689, where it turns to the west and passes through areas of residences and businesses and reaches the CR 687 intersection. At the intersection with CR 699, Route 34 turns to the north and intersects another segment of CR 699 known as Spring Hill Road; the road continues north and ends at a partial interchange with US 9, with access to northbound US 9 and access from southbound US 9. Missing movements between northbound Route 34 and southbound US 9 and northbound US 9 and southbound Route 34 are provided by Perrine Road to the south; the Holmdel and Middletown Point Turnpike was a turnpike chartered February 28, 1862 and ran between Holmdel Township and Middletown Point. The road's trajectory is now followed by Route 34.

In the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route 34 was legislated to run from an intersection with Route 35 (now Route 88 in Laurelton, Ocean County north to Route 4 in Matawan, with the portion of current Route 34 no

San Diego Chargers stadium proposals

There were several proposals to build a new stadium for the San Diego Chargers of the National Football League, replacing SDCCU Stadium as the franchise's home venue. The team and city both attempted to bring business partners in on a proposed $800 million project, supposed to be located in the parking lot of the current stadium and include upgrades to the area and infrastructure, but all efforts failed. In August 2016, it was announced that the Citizens’ Initiative for the Chargers' stadium was named Ballot Measure C. In the wake of a decisive defeat at the ballot for stadium public funding 57%-43% during the 2016 United States elections, the Chargers announced in January 2017 their intention to relocate to Los Angeles, joining the Rams, who had relocated from St. Louis the previous year. Both teams will share SoFi Stadium after its construction finishes in 2020, marking the first time since 1960 that the two teams will play again together in the same city and stadium. During the 2003 NFL season and beforehand, there was much talk of the Chargers replacing the obsolete SDCCU Stadium with a more modern, Super Bowl-caliber football stadium due to obsolete features of the stadium as well as severe maintenance issues with the facility.

The San Diego Stadium Coalition, a grassroots community organization formed in January 2009 with the singular objective of facilitating the development of a new stadium in San Diego County. Citing the economic benefits of constructing a new stadium and a desire to keep the San Diego Chargers in the region, they worked with taxpayers groups, developers and the Chargers to move the stadium effort forward. By leveraging social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter along with traditional media outlets and interactive public forums, they amassed a sizeable following in a brief amount of time, their website served as the hub for their effort. The cost of stadium construction would have been financed by the Chargers, who would have paid for construction with the profits of an adjoining development; the team would require a large tract of land either for free or at nominal cost to make the project economically feasible. Based on the site, selected, the adjoining development would be a combination of commercial and retail uses.

Based on the site chosen, the Chargers would have relied on mass transit to take fans to and from the stadium on game days since it is unlikely that any of the proposed sites would have provided enough land for a stadium, real estate development and surface-level parking lots. A proposed golf course site in Oceanside, for example, is 71 acres, less than half the size of the Qualcomm site, proposed by the Chargers. Plus the necessary widening of I-5 will not begin until at least 2020 according to Caltrans; the proposed National City site was west of Interstate 5 and south of Bay Marina Drive, located east of the 24th Street Marine Terminal. The Port of San Diego studied the dimensions of the site and come to the conclusion that a stadium could be built on the 52-acre site without disturbing the Port's mission to promote maritime jobs and commerce. Any potential development proposal would have required the Port's approval. Planning discussions were discussed among the Port, National City and waterfront businesses to reconfigure the layout of the site to make it more efficient with or without a stadium.

National City officials believed the benefit of a new stadium would spur new developments around it, generating tax dollars while boosting the city's profile. On May 12, 2007, National City dropped its new stadium proposal, citing problems with land ownership. There were three notable proposals for Downtown San Diego; the first and most notable was the plan by Doug Manchester to replace the 10th Avenue Marine Terminal with a stadium complex. An alternative to the 10th Avenue site was to place the stadium on the waterfront behind the San Diego Convention Center; the East Village was proposed by the Chargers due to less legal concerns from local Environmental Activists. This proposal was by far the most ambitious. Local philanthropist and real estate developer Doug Manchester proposed building the new stadium on the site of the 10th Avenue Marine Terminal; this was opposed by Port Commissioners at the Port of San Diego and the idea never publicly passed the preliminary design phase. One proposed plan, known as the Phase 4 Expansion, would have put the stadium on the waterfront behind the San Diego Convention Center.

This would have allowed for the Phase 3 expansion of the Convention Center to continue. The facility could have to be used during major events, such as Comic Con, the San Diego Auto Show or other major events; the new stadium would have allowed for San Diego to host the Super Bowl again and it would have given the city the option of applying to host the 2028 or 2032 Summer Olympics. The Chargers' current Convadium design would fit in this proposed location if the East Village site is not selected; the Chargers had talks with the City of San Diego regarding a site south of Petco Park in the East Village Area of Downtown San Diego. Although this site had been seen as the most viable option, few if any steps had taken place. Coupled with the NFL labor situation, lack of funds through the NFL G3 Program and California Gov. Jerry Brown's proposals for the review of redevelopment funds in the state the Downtown Proposal was left in limbo. Former mayor Jerry Sanders explored numerous options to build the stadium in the East Village.

Making the project a part of the convention center's expansion had been one option. On February 23, 2016, the Chargers announced that they were focusing efforts on Downtown San Diego for