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MIT Media Lab

The MIT Media Lab is a research laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, growing out of MIT's Architecture Machine Group in the School of Architecture. Its research does not restrict to fixed academic disciplines, but draws from technology, science and design; as of 2014, Media Lab's research groups include neurobiology, biologically inspired fabrication engaging robots, emotive computing and hyperinstruments. The Media Lab was founded in 1985 by Nicholas Negroponte and former MIT President Jerome Wiesner, is housed in the Wiesner Building known as Building E15; the Lab has been written about in the popular press since 1988, when Stewart Brand published The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at M. I. T. and its work was a regular feature of technology journals in the 1990s. In 2009, it expanded into a second building; the Media Lab came under scrutiny in 2019 due to its acceptance of donations from convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. This led to the resignation of its director, Joi Ito, the President of MIT to launch of an "immediate and independent" investigation into the "extremely serious" and "deeply disturbing allegations about the engagement between individuals at the Media Lab and Jeffrey Epstein".

The founding director of the lab was Nicholas Negroponte, who directed it until 2000. Directors were Walter Bender, Frank Moss, Joi Ito who resigned in connection with the Jeffrey Epstein scandal; as of 2014, the Media Lab had 70 administrative and support staff members. Associate Directors of the Lab were Andrew Lippman. Pattie Maes and Mitchel Resnick were co-heads of the Program in Media Arts and Sciences, the Lab's Chief Knowledge Officer was Henry Holtzman; the Media Lab has at times had regional branches in other parts of the world, such as Media Lab Europe and Media Lab Asia, each with their own staff and governing bodies. The Lab's primary funding comes from corporate sponsorship. Rather than accepting funding on a per-project or per-group basis, the Lab asks sponsors to fund general themes. Specific projects and researchers are funded more traditionally through government institutions including the NIH, NSF, DARPA. Consortia with other schools or other departments at MIT are able to have money that does not enter into the common pool.

MIT Media Lab has an $75 million annual operating budget. Companies sponsoring the Lab can share in the Lab's intellectual property without paying license fees or royalties. Non-sponsors cannot make use of Media Lab developments for two years after technical disclosure is made to MIT and Media Lab sponsors; the Media Lab generates 20 new patents every year. Some recurring themes of work at the Media Lab include human adaptability, human computer interaction and communication, artistic creation and visualization, designing technology for the developing world. Other research focus includes machines with common sense, sociable robots, sensor networks, musical devices, city design, public health. Research programs all include iterative development of prototypes which are tested and displayed for visitors; each of these areas of research may incorporate others. Interaction design research includes designing intelligent environments. Educational research has included integrating more computation into learning activities - including software for learning, programmable toys, artistic or musical instruments.

Examples include Lego Mindstorms, the PicoCricket, One Laptop per Child. As of 2017, the MIT Media Lab has the following research groups: Affective Computing: "advancing wellbeing by using new ways to communicate and respond to emotion" Biomechatronics: "enhancing human physical capability." Camera Culture: "making the invisible visible – inside our bodies, around us, beyond – for health and connection" City Science: "looking beyond smart cities" Civic Media: "creating technology for social change" Collective Learning: "transforming data into knowledge" Conformable Decoders": "converting the patterns of nature and the human body into beneficial signals and energy" Fluid Interfaces: "designing wearable systems for cognitive enhancement" Human Dynamics: "exploring how social networks can influence our lives in business, health and technology adoption and diffusions" Lifelong Kindergarten: "engaging people in creative learning experiences" Mediated Matter: "designing for, by nature" Molecular Machines: "engineering at the limits of complexity with molecular-scale parts" Nano-Cybernetic Biotrek: "inventing disruptive technologies for nanoelectronic computation and creating new paradigms for life-machine symbiosis" Object-Based Media: "changing storytelling and everyday life through sensing and new interface technologies" Opera of the Future: "extending expression and health through innovations in musical composition and participation" Personal Robots: "building engaging robots and interactive technologies to help people live healthier lives, connect with others, learn better" Poetic Justice: "exploring new forms of social justice through art" Responsive Environments: "augmenting and mediating human experience and perception with sensor networks" Scalable Cooperation: "reimagining human cooperation in the age of social media and artificial intelligence" Sculpting Evolution: "exploring evolutionary and ecological engineering" Signal Kinetics: "extending human and computer abilities in sensing and actuation through signals and networks" Social Machines: "promoting deeper learning an

Reveille

"Reveille" is a bugle call, trumpet call, fife-and-drum or pipes call most associated with the military. The name comes from réveille, the French word for "wake up"; the tunes used in the Commonwealth of Nations are different from the one used in the United States, but they are used in analogous ways: to ceremonially start the day. British Army Cavalry and Royal Horse Artillery regiments sound a call different from the infantry versions, known as "The Rouse" but misnamed "Reveille", while most Scottish Regiments of the British Army sound a pipes call of the same name, to the tune of "Hey, Johnnie Cope, Are Ye Waking Yet?", a tune that commemorates the Battle of Prestonpans. For the Black Watch, since the Crimean War,'"Johnnie Cope has been part of a sequence of pipe tunes played at an extended reveille on the 15th of every month known as "Crimean Long Reveille". In modern times, the U. S. military plays "Reveille" in the morning near sunrise, though its exact time varies from base to base. On U.

S. Army posts and Air Force bases, "Reveille" is played by itself or followed by the bugle call "To the Colors" at which time the national flag is raised and all U. S. military personnel outdoors are required to come to attention and present a salute in uniform, either to the flag or in the direction of the music if the flag is not visible. While in formation, soldiers are brought to the position of parade rest while "Reveille" plays called to attention and present arms as the national flag is raised. On board U. S. Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard facilities, the flag is raised at 0800 while "The Star Spangled Banner" or the bugle call "To the Colors" is played. On some U. S. military bases, "Reveille" is accompanied by a cannon shot. In Commonwealth Remembrance Day and Remembrance Sunday services, "The Last Post" begins the period of silent reflection, "Reveille" ends it; the two tunes symbolize sunset and sunrise and therefore and resurrection. Winston Churchill had "Last Post" sounded at his funeral, followed by "Reveille."

"To Reveille" or "to sound Reveille" is used among military personnel as a term meaning "to notify personnel that it is time to wake up", whether the bugle call is sounded or not. Units lacking the personnel or equipment necessary to play the tune will assign the duty to "sound Reveille" to the last watch of the night, who must ensure that others are roused at the proper time, by any appropriate means; the reveille is still played in all the Australian Defence Forces. It was played by drums. Although there are no official lyrics to "Reveille", these unofficial lyrics for the Commonwealth "Reveille" have been popularized: The first lines of the British Cavalry "Reveille" were for many years rendered as: The infantry and general "Reveille" ran: In the Royal Navy, "Reveille" was verbalised as: Wakey wakey, lash up and stow! To the U. S. tune: Another set of lyrics to the U. S. tune above: Still another U. S. version goes: Most famous is Irving Berlin's comic adaption of the tune and the lyrics in his 1918 song Oh!

How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, inspired by his experience as a draftee in the First World War. Recast from the original military 2:4 time to a more swinging 6:8 rhythm, the words are set to the initial notes of the bugle call, followed by Reveille and Rouse are composed, like nearly all bugle music from the notes of the major triad notated in C as: C, the tonic. Both the Commonwealth and United States "Reveilles" can be played with any combination of valves, because they were first played on a bugle, which lacks valves and plays only notes from the harmonic series; the reveille was used throughout the Royal Danish Army, but is now only played at sunrise and sunset at the Guard Hussar Regiment barracks, by buglers from the mounted squadron's drum and bugle corps. It is played every morning at the Royal Life Guard barracks in Copenhagen while the flag is hoisted at the garrison. Reise Reise is the wake up call on ships of the Deutsche Marine, it comes from the Low German word for rise. Every day on a German Navy ship starts with a wake-up call, the purren, started by the Locken, a whistle from the boatswain's call given 5 minutes before the main wake-up call.

The wake-up call is given by a long whistle and the call: Reise, aufstehen, überall zurrt Hängematten. "Rise, wake up, get your hammock ready". In the Indian Army, "reveille" is sounded at 06:00, the regimental colours are hoisted; as this signals the start of the physical training parade, for practical reasons, servicemen must awake prior to the sounding of reveille. In the Irish Army, reveille is sounded at dawn and at military wreath-laying ceremonies, as on the National Day of Commemoration. In Sweden, revelj can be played on trumpet or drum. Today, it is played from a recording. There is a reveille for military band composed by Johann Heinrich Walch, used as the reveille of the Swedish Armed Forces. Within the Boy Scouts of America, it is common for reveille to be sounded as a "wake up" for a large encampment of scouts a camporee, jamboree or summer camp; the music may be bugled or trumpeted by the camp bugler. An individual scout unit may sound reveille to rouse the scouts and scouters on a weekend trip, though this is

Qiang folk religion

Qiang folk religion is the indigenous religion of the majority of the Qiang people, an ethnic group of Sichuan related to the Han Chinese and the Tibetans. It is pantheistic, involving the worship of a variety of gods of nature and of human affairs, including Qiang progenitors. White stones are worshipped as it is believed they can be invested with the power of some gods through rituals, they believe in an overarching God, called Mubyasei, connected to the Chinese concept of Tian and identified by the Qiang with the Taoist-originated Jade Deity. Religious ceremonies and rituals are directed by priests called duāngōng in Chinese, they are shamans. Duāngōng are the custodians of Qiang theology and mythology, they administer the coming of age ceremony for 18 year-old boys, called the "sitting on top of the mountain", which involves the boy's entire family going to mountain tops to sacrifice a sheep or cow, to plant three cypress trees. Two of the most important religious holidays are the Qiang New Year, falling on the 24th day of the sixth month of the lunar calendar, the Mountain Sacrifice Festival, held between the second and the sixth month of the lunar calendar.

The former festival is to give sacrifice to the God of Heaven, while the latter is dedicated to the god of mountains. Chinese folk religion Dongbaism Mongolian folk religion Tibetan folk religion

Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story

Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story is a 2007 American comedy film directed by Jake Kasdan, written by Kasdan and co-producer Judd Apatow. It stars John C. Reilly, Jenna Fischer, Tim Meadows and Kristen Wiig. A parody of the biopic genre, Walk Hard is the story of a fictional early rock and roll star played by Reilly. Walk Hard references the film Walk the Line about singer Johnny Cash and the Dewey Cox persona is based on Cash, but the character includes elements of the lives and careers of other notable musicians including Roy Orbison, Glen Campbell, Bob Dylan, Ray Charles, Jerry Lee Lewis, John Lennon, James Brown, Jim Morrison, Conway Twitty, Neil Diamond, Hank Williams, Brian Wilson. The film portrays fictional versions of artists Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper, Elvis Presley, the Beatles. In addition, the film parodies or pays tribute to the musical styles of Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Billy Joel, Van Dyke Parks with Brian Wilson, seventies punk rock; the film was released in North America on December 21, 2007.

It received positive reviews from critics but was a box office bomb – grossing only $20 million against a $35 million budget. The film has since developed a cult following. In Springberry, Alabama, 1946, young Dewey Cox accidentally cuts his brother Nate in half with a machete; the trauma causes Dewey to lose his sense of smell. Dewey meets a blues guitarist, who discovers Dewey is a natural musician. In 1951, Dewey performs at a school talent show and drives the crowd wild with his song "Take My Hand" and his father kicks him out of the house, calling it the Devil's music. A 14-year-old Dewey leaves Springberry with his 12-year-old girlfriend Edith. Working at an all-African American nightclub, Dewey replaces singer Bobby Shad onstage and impresses Hasidic Jewish record executive L'Chaim. While recording a rockabilly rendition of "That's Amore," Dewey is berated by an executive. A desperate Dewey performs "Walk Hard," a song inspired by a speech he gave Edith, which restores the executive's belief in Judaism and rockets Dewey to superstardom.

The song becomes a hit within 35 minutes of its recording and Dewey becomes caught up in the rock-and-roll lifestyle. Dewey is introduced to marijuana by his drummer Sam, becomes unfaithful to Edith. Dewey's father informs him that his mother has died while dancing to Dewey's song and blames Dewey's music for her death. Distraught, Dewey finds Sam using cocaine and partakes, resulting in a cocaine-fueled punk rock performance. Choir-girl Darlene Madison enters Dewey's life and he produces several hit records amid their courtship laden with sexual tension, he weds Darlene while still married to Edith, which leads to both women leaving him, after which Dewey purchases drugs from an undercover cop. After he serves time in prison and in rehab, Darlene returns, they move to California in 1966 at the beginning of the counterculture movement. Dewey's new singing style is compared to that of Bob Dylan. In the next scene, a music video shows that Dewey's new song mimics Dylan's style, including opaque lyrics.

On a band visit to India, Dewey takes LSD with the Beatles, leading to a "Yellow Submarine"-esque hallucination. Dewey becomes obsessed with every aspect of the recording process and is consumed with creating his masterpiece "Black Sheep"; the band resents his insane musical style and abusive behavior, breaks up. During another stint in rehab, Dewey is visited by the ghost of Nate, who ridicules his self-pity and tells him to start writing songs again. In the 1970s, Dewey now hosts a CBS variety television show, but is unable to compose a masterpiece for his brother. Nate urges Dewey to reconcile with their father. Dewey and his father wind up dueling with machetes and, despite having trained years for this moment, Dewey's father cuts himself in half. Realizing how easy it is to cut someone in half with a machete, he forgives Dewey for Nate's death and tells him to be a better father. Dewey breaks down and destroys everything in his home. Dewey is approached by one of his illegitimate children and decides to reconnect with his many offspring.

In 1992, a divorced Darlene returns to Dewey. Realizing what is most important to him, Dewey regains his sense of smell and remarries Darlene. In the present day, L'Chaim's son Dreidel informs Dewey of his popularity with young listeners through rapper Lil' Nutzzak's sampling of "Walk Hard." Dewey learns. However, with his family’s support, he reunites with his band and is able to create one great masterpiece, summing up his entire life with his final song, "Beautiful Ride." A title card reveals that Dewey died three minutes after this final performance, which also reads "Dewford Randolph Cox, 1936–2007" Following the credits is a short black-and-white clip of "The actual Dewey Cox, April 16, 2002". John C. Reilly as Dewey Cox, a parody of several 20th century musicians, including Ray Charles, Johnny Cash, Bob Dylan, Brian Wilson. Kristen Wiig as Edith, a parody of Vivian Liberto Raymond J. Barry as Pa Cox is similar to Johnny Cash's father Ray Cash, Elvis Presley's father Vernon Presley, or Brian Wilson's father Murry Wils

2015 NAIA Division II Men's Basketball Tournament

The 2015 NAIA Division II Men’s Basketball National Championship was held in March at Keeter Gymnasium in Point Lookout, Missouri. The 24th annual NAIA basketball tournament featured thirty-two teams playing in a single-elimination format; the championship game was won by Cornerstone University of Grand Rapids, Michigan over Dakota Wesleyan University of Mitchell, South Dakota by a score of 66 to 45. The 2015 tournament field was announced on March 14 in a live selection show; the field is made up of 23 automatic qualifiers and eight at-large bids and one automatic host bid presented to College of the Ozarks. This tournament field welcomed the return of four out of the last five champions, led by defending champion and top seed Indiana Wesleyan University along with Cardinal Stritch and Saint Francis. There were four newcomers to the bracket, Northwestern Ohio, Olivet Nazarene and St. Francis of Illinois; the complete field consists of Ashford, Bethel, Briar Cliff, Cal Maritime, Cardinal Stritch, Cornerstone, Dakota State, Embry-Riddle, Grace, College of Idaho, Indiana University East, Indiana Wesleyan, Milligan, Mount Mercy, Northwestern Ohio, Olivet Nazarene, College of the Ozarks, Saint Francis, Saint Thomas, Southern Oregon, Tabor and Warner Pacific.

The fifth ranked Dakota Wesleyan Tigers came back from a twelve point deficit to defeat the College of Idaho Yotes 88-80 and advance to the NAIA championship game. On the other side of the bracket, Davenport hit three free throws in the final six seconds to secure a 79-75 win over defending champion Indiana Wesleyan. Cornerstone won their third national championship, defeating Dakota Wesleyan 66-45 behind a twenty-four point performance by Ben Lanning. Dr. James Naismith/Emil Liston Team Sportsmanship Award: Southern Oregon Most Outstanding Player: Dominez Burnett, Davenport Championship Hustle Award: Luke Bamberg, Dakota Wesleyan NABC/NAIA Division II Coach of the Year: Kim Elders, Cornerstone Rawlings-NAIA Division II National Coach of the Year: Matt Wilber, Dakota Wesleyan 2015 NAIA Division II Men’s Basketball All-Championship Team When the NAIA Division II Men’s Basketball All-America Teams all the players were represented at the national tournament, with a few notable exceptions including Lawrence Jackson of Northwestern Ohio, Jordan Nelson of Waldorf, Andre Winston of Southeastern.

NAIA Division II Men’s Basketball All-America Teams 1st Team - denotes NAIA/NABC Player of the Year2nd Team 3rd Team Honorable Mention

Sussex Railroad

The Sussex Railroad was a short-line railroad in northwestern New Jersey. It replaced its predecessor, the Sussex Mine Railroad, in 1853 and operated under the Sussex Railroad Company until 1945 when it was merged into the Delaware and Western Railroad system; the Sussex Railroad was important in the economic development of Sussex County as it supplied a route for early local industries, such as dairy farms and ore mines, to export their products. It was the last independently operated New Jersey railroad; the last train travelled on the Sussex Railroad tracks on October 2, 1966. The tracks were removed soon after and the right-of-way was transformed into a rail trail known as the Sussex Branch trail; the Sussex Mine Railroad, chartered on March 9, 1848, was the predecessor of the Sussex Railroad, to be used for the sole purpose of hauling iron ore from the re-opened Andover Mine. The 3 ft narrow gauge railway was drawn by mules from the Andover Mine down to the Morris Canal at Waterloo Village and was taken on to the Thomas Iron Furnaces in Allentown, Pennsylvania.

The Act by the New Jersey Legislature that incorporated the railroad allowed for the provision of extending the rail into Newton, the county seat. The initial 11 mi of the Sussex Mine Railroad from the mine in Andover, named after the mine, was started in May 1849 and completed in August 1851. During construction of the railroad, the legislature approved a supplement to the charter on March 18, 1851, that allowed the railroad to extend the line to the Morris & Essex Railroad, extending its line to Hackettstown; the Sussex Mine Railroad struck a deal with the M&E that would work in their favor if they were to have the connection ready for operation by the time the M&E's extension reached Waterloo. In preparation for this extension and what became a rebuilding of the entire existing line, the New Jersey Legislature approved another supplement to the charter on January 26, 1853, that allowed the company to change its name to the Sussex Railroad, reflecting its new purpose beyond just serving the mines and authorized the company to extend the track to any point in Sussex County on the Delaware River.

The renamed Sussex Railroad Company gained support by issuing stock and bonds, which raised the necessary funds to lay the new track. Ground was broken on the 4 ft 10 in track gauge line from Newton to Waterloo on May 5, 1853; the company wanted to proceed to meet the deadline for the agreement that, if met, would mean a substantial source of revenue. Because of this fast pace, steeper grades and tighter curves were adopted than might have been preferred otherwise. Work progressed even though the M&E was trying to slow down progress any way they could, including compensating employees of the Sussex Railroad to delay the necessary cuts south of Newton. To speed work along, the Sussex Railroad Company used employees of the Andover Mine temporarily on the railroad right-of-way. All of this effort paid off; the new railroad was completed and the first train entered Newton on November 27, 1854, with traffic between Newton and Waterloo being opened on December 11, 1854. The M&E connected to the Sussex Railroad in January 1855, thus the financial agreement made earlier was upheld.

At this point, the only stations on the Sussex Railroad were at Newton and Waterloo, but they served many industries and moved products such as produce, meat, of course iron ore from the mines. Increased interest in the franklinite and iron and zinc ores from Franklin further northeast of Newton prompted the New Jersey Legislature to adopt another supplement on February 4, 1863, that authorized the railroad to continue its line up to the Franklin Furnace and to other points north if "deemed most for the public good."Expansion came swiftly with ground breaking on a ten-mile extension line north of Newton through Lafayette and Augusta to Branchville in 1866, around the same time that the track gauge was adjusted to 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge. To align with the M&E tracks; this branch would allow for an outlet for Sussex County's northern agricultural products and staged the potential future expansion of the line through Culver's Gap to the Delaware River. The first train to run on the Branchville extension went as far as Lafayette on January 1, 1869, as work continued further up the line.

At the same time as work was being done on the Branchville line, pressure was increasing to bring rail to the ever-increasing mining industries of Franklin, including the New Jersey Zinc Company. Work began on this nine-mile ) extension in 1868, after a heated debate and political power plays that could have routed traffic around Newton entirely, but residents of Newton rejected any plan to leave their town off the main line of traffic and insisted that the extension to Franklin be built north of Newton. The Franklin line opened to regular service in mid-September 1869. Additionally, an unconnected four-mile spur known as the South Vernon extension, which ran from Hamburg to McAfee, was completed in 1871 and allowed access to an iron ore mine at the base of the Pochuck mountain range via trackage rights on the New Jersey Midland Railway; this represented the height of track building on the Sussex Railroad. In the 1870s, depots at Franklin, McAfee, Lafayette were completed and a new depot at Newton was constructed.

Some other platforms used for local agricultural industries were completed at Sparta Junction and Monroe. The 1870s saw another supplem