Maastricht University is a public university in Maastricht, Netherlands. Founded in 1976, it is the second youngest of the thirteen Dutch universities. In 2018, 18,000 students studied at Maastricht University, 53% of whom were foreign students, with over 4,000 employees. About half of the bachelor's programmes are offered in English, while the other half is taught wholly or in Dutch. Most of the master's and doctoral programmes are in English. Besides traditional programmes, Maastricht University has an honours liberal arts college: University College Maastricht and a Maastricht Science Programme in the same liberal arts tradition; the satellite University College Venlo opened in 2015. Maastricht University ranks as one of Europe's leading universities; the University has been placed in the top 300 universities in the world by five major ranking tables. Amongst others, Maastricht University's master's programme in International Business is ranked 25, being in the top 25 of the best business programmes in the world according to the Financial Times.
The Times Higher Education World Ranking quotes Maastricht University as one of the best young universities in the world. In 2013, Maastricht University was the second Dutch university to be rewarded the ‘Distinctive Quality Feature for Internationalisation’ by the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders. Maastricht University was established in 1976. Faced with a shortage of medical professionals, the Dutch government decided in the late 1960s that a new public institution of higher education was needed in order to expand the country's medical training facilities. Political leaders in the province of Limburg, most notably Sjeng Tans, the chairman of the Labour Party and former member of the Limburg provincial council and Maastricht city council lobbied for the new medical school to be established in Maastricht; this academic institution would be vital to sustain the intellectual life of the city, indeed the whole province. Moreover, it was argued that the establishment of a university in Maastricht could contribute to the government's restructuring efforts in this part of the Netherlands, experiencing economic challenges following the collapse of the Limburg coal mining industry.
The newly established school chose not to await official recognition but to start its educational programme in September 1974, adopting an innovative approach to academic education in the form of problem-based learning. About 50 students enrolled in the first academic year. By the end of 1975, the Dutch Parliament passed the statute needed for the institution to acquire national educational funds and to be able to award academic degrees; the new university, named Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, was established on the 9th of January 1976, when Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed the university's founding charter at a ceremony in the Basilica of Saint Servatius. Sjeng Tans became the university's first president. Soon after its establishment, the university gained political support to increase its funding and to expand into other academic fields; the Faculty of Law was created in 1981, followed by the Faculty of Economics in 1984. In 1994, the Faculty of Arts and Culture and one year the Faculty of Psychology were established.
The Faculty of Humanities and Sciences started in 2005, containing a variety of organisational units, such as the Department of Knowledge Engineering and the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance. Together with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences Maastricht University has six faculties; the university was renamed Universiteit Maastricht in 1996 and added its English-language name in 2008. As of 2010, Maastricht University consists of six faculties offering 17 bachelor programmes, 56 master programmes and several Ph. D. programmes. On December 23rd, Maastricht University suffered a major cyber-attack, more a ransomware attack; the ransomware encrypted all major software used by Maastricht University, making it impossible for students and staff members to access any university online services during the Christmas break. A ransom was set from the offenders, which, if paid on time, would allow a decryption of the University systems; the lessons resumed with no delays on the 6th of January, with most online services again available to both students and staff members.
Maastricht University is located in buildings in two separate locations in Maastricht. The arts and social science departments are housed in a number of historic buildings in the city center, while psychology, the medical and life sciences are based in the modern Randwyck campus on the outskirts of the city; the university's arts and social sciences faculties are located in Maastricht's city centre, west of the river Meuse. Most of the university's inner city properties have official monumental status; as many of these buildings were facing abandonment at the time of their acquirement, the development of an urban university campus has contributed to the preservation and liveliness of Maastricht's historic city centre. The first building, obtained by the university was the former Jesuit monastery and seminary at Tongersestraat dating from the 1930s. Here, in 1974 the newly established medical school started. After the Faculty of Medicine moved to premises closer to the newly constructed university hospital, the Jesuit monastery became home to the Faculty of Economy, now the university's largest academic unit in terms of student numbers.
The building was expanded in the 1990s to inclu
UGM Campus Mosque is a mosque owned by Gajah Mada University and located within its campus in Yogyakarta, one of the largest mosques in Southeast Asia in terms of capacity. The mosque's construction began on May 1998 on the grounds of a former Chinese cemetery; the construction was done by the students of UGM Architecture Engineering department in order to complete the construction cost within 9.5 billion rupiah. It was inaugurated on December 4, 1999. From the architectural perspective, UGM Campus Mosque is a blend of architectural style of Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, Chinese and Javanese. In the courtyard there is a pool inspired by the one in Taj Mahal. UGM Campus Mosque can be reached by public transportation i.e. city bus lines 4, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15 getting off at the gate of the mosque. Gajah Mada University Official website Wikimapia Photo gallery on Foursquare
Raaj Kumar, born as Kulbhushan Pandit, was an Indian film actor. He worked as sub-inspector of Mumbai Police in the late 1940s before he turned to acting with the 1952 Hindi film Rangeeli, he appeared in the Oscar-nominated 1957 film Mother India and went on to star in over 70 Hindi films in a career that spanned over four decades. Raaj Kumar was born in Loralai, British India in a Kashmiri Pandit family. In the late 1940s he moved to India where he became Sub-inspector of the Mumbai Police, he married an Anglo-Indian, whom he met on a flight where she was an air hostess. She changed her name to Gayatri as per Hindu customs, they had three children, sons Puru Raaj Kumar, Panini Raajkumar and daughter Vastavikta Pandit, who made her screen debut in 2006 film Eight: The Power of Shani. Raaj Kumar made his acting debut in the 1952 film Rangili and appeared in films like Aabshar and Lakhon Mein Ek, but it was as Prince Naushazad in Sohrab Modi’s Nausherwan-E-Adil that he became famous. In 1957, he achieved prominence with his brief role as the husband of Nargis in Mother India.
He worked alongside Shammi kapoor in Ujala. He followed this with the unglamorous role of a mill worker in Paigham alongside Dilip Kumar. In Sridhar’s Dil Ek Mandir, Raaj Kumar played the role of a cancer patient for which he won the Filmfare Award in the Best supporting actor category, he was cast with Sunil Dutt, Shashi Kapoor and Balraj Sahni in Yash Chopra’s family drama Waqt in 1965. He became known for his distinct style of dialogue delivery, his other notable films included Hamraaz, Heer Raanjha, Lal Patthar and Pakeezah. After a period of flops in the late 1970s and early 1980s, he had notable successes as a supporting actor in Kudrat, Ek Nai Paheli, Marte Dam Tak, Muqaddar Ka Faisla and Jung Baaz. In 1991, he reunited with fellow veteran actor Dilip Kumar after 32 years in Subhash Ghai's Saudagar, his last hit film was the 1992 film his final film was 1995's God & Gun. From his screen debut in Rangili in 1952 to his last film God & Gun in 1995, he played memorable characters in 60-odd films.
Raaj Kumar died at the age of 69 due to throat cancer According to Puru Raaj Kumar in his interview to Farhana Farook, his father suffered from Hodgkins for which he had chemotherapy. The last two years were bad with the nodes recurring in the ribs. Raaj Kumar on IMDb