The Mackenzie River is a river in the Canadian boreal forest. It is the longest river system in Canada, includes the second largest drainage basin of any North American river after the Mississippi; the Mackenzie River flows through a vast, thinly populated region of forest and tundra within the Northwest Territories in Canada, although its many tributaries reach into five other Canadian provinces and territories. The river's main stem is 1,738 kilometres long, flowing north-northwest from Great Slave Lake into the Arctic Ocean, where it forms a large delta at its mouth, its extensive watershed drains about 20 percent of Canada. It is the largest river flowing into the Arctic from North America, including its tributaries has a total length of 4,241 kilometres, making it the thirteenth longest river system in the world; the ultimate source of the Mackenzie River is Thutade Lake, in the Northern Interior of British Columbia. The Mackenzie valley is believed to have been the path taken by prehistoric peoples during the initial human migration from Asia to North America over 10,000 years ago, despite sparse evidence.
The Inuvialuit, Gwich'in and other indigenous peoples lived along the river for thousands of years. The river provided the major route into Canada's northern interior for early European explorers. Economical development remains limited along the river. During the 19th century, fur trading became a lucrative business, but this was affected by harsh weather conditions; the discovery of oil at Norman Wells in the 1920s began a period of industrialization in the Mackenzie valley. Metallic minerals have been found along the southern edges of the basin. Agriculture remains prevalent along the south in the Peace River area. Various tributaries and headwaters of the river have been developed for hydroelectricity production, flood control and irrigation. Through its many tributaries, the Mackenzie River basin covers portions of five Canadian provinces and territories – British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Northwest Territories. Thutade Lake, in the Northern Interior of BC, is the ultimate source of the Mackenzie River via the Finlay–Peace River system, which stretches 1,923 kilometres through BC and Alberta.
The 1,231-kilometre Athabasca River originates further south, in Jasper National Park in southwest Alberta. Together, the Peace and Athabasca rivers drain a significant portion of the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains and the central Alberta prairie; the Peace contributes the majority of the water, about 66 km3 per year, the Athabasca contributes 25 km3. The Peace and Athabasca meet at the Peace-Athabasca Delta, a vast inland delta at the western end of Lake Athabasca, which takes runoff from the northern third of Saskatchewan; the Slave River is formed by the confluence of the two rivers and flows 415 kilometres due north into Great Slave Lake, at Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories. The Slave is by far the largest river flowing into the lake, with an annual flow of 108 km3, it contributes about 77% of the overall inflow, forms a large delta where it enters the lake. Other rivers entering Great Slave Lake area the Taltson and Hay Rivers, the latter of which extends into Alberta and BC.
The Mackenzie River issues from the western end of Great Slave Lake about 150 km south-west of Yellowknife. The channel is several kilometres wide but narrows to about 800 m at Fort Providence, an important ferry crossing in the summer, used as an ice bridge in the winter for traffic along the Yellowknife Highway. In 2012 the Deh Cho Bridge was completed at a point about 10 km upstream, providing a safer permanent crossing, it is the only bridge across the main stem of the Mackenzie. West of Fort Providence the Mackenzie widens resembling a shallow, swampy lake more than a river. After heading west for about 100 km the Mackenzie narrows and turns northwest through a long stretch of fast water and rapids, past the village of Jean Marie River. At Fort Simpson it is joined by its biggest direct tributary, from the west; the Liard drains a large area in the southern Yukon and northern BC and carries a large amount of sediment during the summer melt – which does not mix with the clear water in the Mackenzie for 500 km downstream, with the resulting phenomenon of a clear current on the east bank and muddy water on the west bank.
The river continues west-northwest until its confluence with the North Nahanni River, where it turns north towards the Arctic. It flows through open taiga with its wide valley bounded, on the west, by the Mackenzie Mountains and to the east by low hills of the Canadian Shield; this uninhabited area is called the Mackenzie Lowlands. A number of major tributaries join from the west, including the Root River, Redstone River and Keele River. Below the Keele River, the Mackenzie River flows north along the western base of the Franklin Mountains before turning northwest, receives the Great Bear River, the outflow of Great Bear Lake at Tulita; the Mackenzie widens to about 6 to 7 km at Norman Wells, a major center of oil production. There is a narrows at the Mountain River confluence called the Sans Sault Rapids, where the Mackenzie falls about 6 metres. Below the Mountain River the
Bravo, My Life known as Mommy, Dearest, is a 2005 South Korean film directed by Park Heung-sik about an adolescent boy who starts to come of age in the late 70s and early 80s oblivious to the dramatic political events occurring around him. The film sold 406,526 tickets nationwide. Bravo, My Life! Opens in October 1979 with the news of President Park Chung-hee's assassination, but for 14-year-old Gwang-ho, it is more his first day at junior high, where the kids are interested in football and brawling. Gwang-ho's mother, Mal-soon, whose husband is working in Saudi Arabia, devotes everything to her children. Despite a nagging illness, Mal-soon wears heavy make-up. Meanwhile, as his sexual awareness increases, Gwang-ho turns his attention and affection to their pretty neighbor Eun-sook, an assistant nurse, the complete opposite of Gwang-ho's mother. One day, Gwang-ho receives a "good-luck letter." The letter states that unless he writes and sends the same letter to someone else, he will be faced with bad luck.
He starts sending it to people around him, but as those people start vanishing, Gwang-ho is racked with guilt, suspecting the letter of luck is the cause of their disappearance. Moon So-ri as Kim Mal-soon Lee Jae-eung as Gwang-ho Yoon Jin-seo as Eun-sook Kim Dong-young as Chul-ho Park Yoo-seon as Hye-sook Kim Bong-geun Lee Han-wi Kang Min-hwi as Jae-myung Park Myung-shin Jung Da-bin Lee Kan-hee as Sang-soo's mother Official website Bravo, My Life at the Korean Movie Database Bravo, My Life on IMDb Bravo, My Life at HanCinema
The Museo Nazional di Ravenna or National Museum of Ravenna displays a collection of archeologic and artisanal objects. It is located in the Benedictine monastery of San Vitale on via San Vitale, Italy; the collection assembled through the efforts of local erudite Camaldolese monks, was established as a museum in 1885, moved to this site by the early 20th century. It contains a large collection of Ancient Roman artifacts, including lapidary epitaphs and portions from sepulchral monuments; the artifacts date from early Roman through Byzantine in scope. It displays Renaissance bronzes, ivory collection, a large number of icons and ancient armor and weapons. On display is the detached 14th-century frescoes from the church of Santa Clara, completed by Pietro da Rimini