Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud, it used to be spelled as "Madame Tussaud's". Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying the waxworks of famous and historical figures, as well as popular film and television characters from famous actors. Marie Tussaud was born as Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in France, her mother worked for Philippe Curtius in Bern, a physician skilled in wax modeling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling beginning, he moved to Paris and took his young apprentice only 6 years old, with him. Grosholtz created her first wax sculpture in 1777 of Voltaire. At the age of 17, she became the art tutor to Madame Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI of France, at the Palace of Versailles. During the French Revolution, she was imprisoned for three months and awaiting execution, but was released after the intervention of an influential friend. Other famous people whom she modelled included Benjamin Franklin.
During the Revolution, she made models of many prominent victims. Grosholtz inherited Curtius's vast collection of wax models following his death in 1794. For the next 33 years she travelled around Europe with a touring show from the collection, she took his surname. She renamed her show as Madame Tussaud's. In 1802, she accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre, London, she did not fare well financially, with Philidor taking half of her profits. She was unable to return to France because of the Napoleonic Wars, so she traveled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. From 1831, she took a series of short leases on the upper floor of "Baker Street Bazaar"; this site was featured in the Druce-Portland case sequence of trials of 1898–1907. This became Tussaud's first permanent home in 1836. By 1835, Marie Tussaud had settled down in Baker Street and opened a museum. One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of Horrors.
The name is credited to a contributor to Punch in 1845, but Tussaud appears to have originated it herself, using it in advertising as early as 1843. This part of the exhibition included victims of the French Revolution and newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. Other famous people were added, including Sir Walter Scott; some sculptures still exist. The gallery contained some 400 different figures, but fire damage in 1925, coupled with German bombs in 1941 damaged most of such older models; the casts themselves have survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade, these can be seen in the museum's history exhibit. The oldest figure on display is that of Madame du Barry, the work of Curtius from 1765 and part of the waxworks left to Grosholtz at his death. Other faces from the time of Tussaud include Robespierre and George III. In 1842, she made a self-portrait, now on display at the entrance of her museum, she died in her sleep on 16 April 1850. By 1883, the restricted space and rising cost of the Baker Street site prompted her grandson Joseph Randall to commission construction of a building at the museum's current location on Marylebone Road.
The new exhibition galleries were a great success. But Randall had bought out his cousin Louisa's half share in the business in 1881, that plus the building costs resulted in his having too little capital, he formed a limited company in 1888 to attract fresh capital but it had to be dissolved after disagreements between the family shareholders. In February 1889 Tussaud's was sold to a group of businessmen, led by Edwin Josiah Poyser; the first wax sculpture of a young Winston Churchill was made in 1908. The first overseas branch of Madame Tussauds was opened in Amsterdam in 1970. In 2005, Madame Tussauds was sold to a company in Dubai International Capital, for £ 800m. In May 2007 The Blackstone Group purchased The Tussauds Group from then-owner Dubai International Capital for US$1.9 billion. After the Tussauds acquisition, Dubai International Capital gained 20% of Merlin Entertainment; the Tussauds Group as a separate entity ceased to exist. On 17 July 2007, as part of the financing for the Tussauds deal, Merlin sold the freehold of Madame Tussauds to private investor Nick Leslau and his investment firm Prestbury under a sale and leaseback agreement.
Although the attraction sites are owned by Prestbury, they are operated by Merlin based on a renewable 35-year lease. Madame Tussaud's wax museum became a major tourist attraction in London; until 2010 it incorporated the London Planetarium in its west wing. A large animated dark ride, The Spirit of London, opened in 1993. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars, famous murderers, it has been known since 2007 as "Madame Tussauds" museums. In July 2008, Madame Tussauds' Berlin branch became embroiled in controversy when a 41-year-old German man brushed past two guards and decapitated a wax figure depicting Adolf Hitler; this was believed to be an act of protest against showing the ruthless dictator alongside sports heroes, movie stars, other historical figures. The statue has since been repaired, the perpetrator has admitted that he atta
The Boca Raton Bowl is an annual National Collegiate Athletic Association sanctioned post-season Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football bowl game played in Boca Raton, since December 2014 at FAU Stadium on the campus of Florida Atlantic University. Since 2017, the game has been sponsored by the New York-based beverage company Cheribundi and for sponsorship reasons was the Cheribundi Tart Cherry Boca Raton Bowl that year; the bowl's previous sponsor was the sporting goods company Marmot. The bowl was founded on October 10, 2013, was first played in December 2014 as one of the 2014–15 bowl games; the bowl is owned and operated by ESPN Events, is televised by ESPN as part of its annual "Bowl Week". On October 6, 2015, Marmot, an outdoor clothing and sporting goods company, was announced as the title sponsor of the game. On December 1, 2017, Cheribundi, a New York based beverage company, was announced as the new title sponsor. In 2016, Kenneth Langone was named "Lifetime Commissioner" of the Boca Raton Bowl.
Langone is known to walk around the stands selling LEOs during the game. The bowl had a tie-in with the Mid-American Conference for 2014 and 2015, to face opponents from Conference USA in the first year and the American Athletic Conference in the second. In 2014, Northern Illinois, winner of the 2014 MAC Championship Game, was sent as the conference's representative, while C-USA sent its champion, Marshall; the MAC and C-USA did not have automatic bowl bids for their champions entering 2014. In 2015, the MAC sent The American sent Temple. In 2016 and 2017, C-USA and The American had primary tie-ins with the bowl. In 2016, C-USA sent The American sent Memphis. In 2017, C-USA sent Florida Atlantic while their opponent, came from the MAC. A C-USA vs. MAC matchup was again featured in 2018; the "affiliated conferences" for the 2019 game are The American, C-USA and MAC. The bowl selects offensive and defensive MVPs. In the inaugural playing, only a single MVP was designated. In the 2019 playing, there was a special teams MVP.
Updated through the December 2019 edition. Teams with multiple appearancesTeams with a single appearanceWon: Marshall, Toledo, UAB, Western Kentucky Lost: Akron, Memphis, SMU, Temple Updated through the December 2019 edition. TV and radio coverage includes play-by-play announcers, color commentators, sideline reporters; each December, the bowl recognizes one person associated with football in the state of Florida with the Palm Beach County Football Legends Award. Official website
The Fountain of São João is a fountain located in the civil parish of, municipality of Melgaço, in the northern Portugal. The fountain dates to 1780, with the payment for the construction funded by Dr. João Pedro de Sá, the juiz de fora for the town of Melgaço, who lived in the locality of Assadura, he was supported with donations from the nobility of the town of Melgaço. In 1903, the fountain was transferred to the Praça da República in the municipality. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Praça da Repúblic was punctuated with trees. In May 1970, a ministerial dispatch approved the study into moving the fountain from eastern part of the Praça da República to the northeast corner of the square. From a document to the director of the Fine Arts School, the DGEMN referred to the move of the fountain to the new location, be referred to the uncompleted treatment of joints and connection to the public water system; the project presupposed a garden and landscaping of the space, limited to the corners and public access pavement.
Finding that the location of the staircase would create difficulties, the DGEMN decided to solicit the municipal government technicians in order to conclude the project. The fountain in located in an urban environment, situated on the northeast corner of the Praça da República, with a small landscaped area, with pavement running parallel; the zone is delimited by a masonry wall with stone bunks, which constitutes a small lookout over the residences of the town, the Minho valley. The fountain consists of a tall vertical rectangular backrest and stone body, marked by a wider base and triangular pediment. Above the base are two Tuscan pilasters, that extend into the body, crowned by slender cone-type pinnacles; the triangular/gabled pediment is traced by the lines of the frieze and cornices surmounted by a pinnacle. The lower part of the backrest includes a spout, that extends from an anthropomorphic figure, with undulating hair, while the figure is flanked by two serpents, with heads of dragons.
Surmounting these figures is a concave niche sheltering an Agnus Dei, with the inscription ECCE AGNUS DEI, surrounded by phytomorphic elements extending vertically. The niche is flanked by inscription stones, with the left panel showing Latin text, while the side opposite in Portuguese, both without rounded corners and 1780 date. Above this is another niche with flanking pilasters, forming a Roman arch, that shelter a sculpture of John the Baptist baptizing Christ; this niche is surmounted by the Portuguese coat-of-arms in relief and shell. No alinhamento da bica, surge no embasamento bacia rectangular de perfil curvo; the inscription stones on either side of the Agnus Dei are inscriptions. To the left, in Latin: MARIA I LUSITANORUM RE.. NAE.. GRATIA JOANNE PETRO SA.. PUBIEIDO IN HOC MELGA.. NSI OPPIDO FORMSI IU DICE SE NATUS PRESIDE CONDE FORA... QUE TAN.. UAM IN CA.. TREITORII CONSTITUTE.. COND.. UN HOC FUET EDICTO.. DUSTIMAQUE HUIUS MAGISTRATUR ANA MDCCLXXX. CAMENTO DE CA.... DE COMARCA NESTA NOTAVEL VILA DE MELGAÇO À SUA CUSTA E DA NOBREZA....
Aboves these inscriptions are carved: NOM MUNDATUR AQUIS SED AQUA... HIC MUNDAT..... CRIMINIBUS NOS... QUE.. ZAVA.. RA PARAT. Notes SourcesEsteves, Augusto César, Obras Completas, 1, Tome 1, Melgaço, Portugal