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Madison County, Montana

Madison County is a county in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7,691, its county seat is Virginia City. The county was founded in 1865. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 3,603 square miles, of which 3,587 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Beaverhead National Forest Deerlodge National Forest Gallatin National Forest As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 6,851 people, 2,956 households, 1,921 families in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 4,671 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.02% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.76% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. 1.90 % of the population were Latino of any race. 21.6 % were of 16.4 % English, 11.0 % Irish, 7.8 % American and 7.3 % Norwegian ancestry. There were 2,956 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.00% were non-families.

29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85. The county population contained 22.90% under the age of 18, 4.90% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,233, the median income for a family was $35,536. Males had a median income of $26,606 versus $17,917 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,944. About 10.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,691 people, 3,560 households, 2,192 families residing in the county; the population density was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 6,940 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.8% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.0% were German, 19.7% were English, 18.9% were Irish, 7.3% were Norwegian, 5.9% were Swedish, 5.0% were Scottish, 2.9% were American. Of the 3,560 households, 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age was 49.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,998 and the median income for a family was $52,636. Males had a median income of $38,495 versus $28,125 for females; the per capita income for the county was $32,205.

About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over. Union City Sam V. Stewart, former Montana Governor and Supreme Court justice List of cemeteries in Madison County, Montana List of lakes in Madison County, Montana List of mountains in Madison County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Montana Montana Association of Counties - Madison County website

Raymond Nimmer

Raymond Nimmer was an attorney and former Dean of the University of Houston Law Center in Houston, United States. Raymond Theodore Nimmer was born in Illinois May 2, 1944, he died January 2018 in Houston, Texas. Nimmer received a B. A. in Mathematics in 1966 from Valparaiso University in the state of Indiana. He received a J. D. degree, awarded with distinction in 1968 from Valparaiso University Law School Nimmer’s field of expertise was in intellectual property law. After graduating from law school in 1968, he worked as a Research Attorney at the American Bar Foundation from 1968 to 1975, he practiced law in the private section from 1985 to 1991 as Counsel at Sheinfeld and Kay, a Houston law firm and as Counsel at Weil, Gotshal & Manges, a Houston law firm from 1992 to 1999. Nimmer was the author of many law articles. Professor Nimmer was a frequent speaker in the United States and overseas in the areas of intellectual property and technology law. On September 28, 2006, he was the keynote speaker to the Singapore Management University School of Law, held in conjunction with Singapore Academy of Law held at the Supreme Court auditorium in Singapore.

He was admitted to the Texas Bar in March, 1984. Nimmer was a member of the Illinois Bar. Ray Nimmer was not related to Melville Nimmer of Nimmer on Copyright. Recipient, Faculty Services Award, University of Houston 2004 Recipient, Best New Book in Law, Association of American Publishers 1985 Third National Prize, Nathan Burkham Copyright competition, 1968

Mardasson Memorial

The Mardasson Memorial is a monument honoring the memory of American soldiers wounded or killed during World War II's Battle of the Bulge. Designed in the shape of a five-pointed American star, it is located near Bastogne in the Luxembourg province of Belgium; the first step toward the memorial was undertaken on July 4, 1946, with the presentation of some earth from the site to U. S. President Harry Truman; the dedication was on July 16, 1950. Architect Georges Dedoyard designed a 12 metres tall monument in the shape of a five-pointed American star with 31 metres sides surrounding a 20 metres wide atrium; the inner walls are covered with ten passages carved in stone commemorating the battle, the parapet bears the names of the 50 U. S. States. Insignia of most participating battalions are shown on the walls, representing the 76,890 killed and wounded during the thwarted December 1944–January 1945 German Watch on the Rhine offensive, known in English by the colloquial "Battle of the Bulge". Below the structure a crypt with three altars – one each for Protestant and Jewish services – was carved, decorated with mosaics by French artist Fernand Léger.

The Latin inscription on the memorial stone: LIBERATORIBVS AMERICANIS POPVLVS BELGICVS MEMOR IV. VII. MCMXLVI. Translates to "The Belgian people remember their American liberators – 4th July 1946." The ten carved panels ringing. Their text reads: 1. THIS MEMORIAL AND THE EARTH SURROUNDING ARE DEDICATED TO THE ENDURING FRIENDSHIP OF THE PEOPLES OF BELGIUM AND THE UNITED STATES WHO FORGED A BOND FROM THEIR COMMON STRUGGLE TO DEFEAT THE ENEMY OF ALL FREE PEOPLES. FOR THE ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES IN NUMBERS OF MEN ENGAGED, IN THE COURAGE SHOWN BY ALL FORCES, IN THE INTREPID DECISION OF THEIR LEADERS, AND IN FINAL ACCOMPLISHMENT, IT WAS ONE OF THE GREAT BATTLES OF THEIR HISTORY. FOR THE PEOPLE OF BELGIUM, IT WAS THE FINAL STAND AGAINST AN ENEMY WHO FOR NEARLY FIVE YEARS HAD VIOLATED THEIR SOIL AND VAINLY TRIED TO CRUSH THEIR 2.... NATIONAL SPIRIT. IT WAS THE LAST ACT OF THE GREAT LIBERATION. THE UNIFORMED RANKS OF THE UNITED STATES FOUGHT FOR THIS SOIL AS IF IT HAD BEEN THEIR HOMELAND. THE BELGIAN CIVILIANS, UNARMED, REFUSED TO ABANDON IT IN FACE OF THE ONCOMING ENEMY.

THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE OPENED ON DECEMBER 16, 1944 WITH AN ATTACK BY THE GERMAN ENEMY WHICH BROKE THE AMERICAN FRONT, ENVELOPED THE ARDENNES COUNTRY AND AT ITS EXTREMITIES, REACHED ALMOST TO THE RIVER MEUSE, IT CLOSED IN THE FINAL WEEK OF JANUARY 1945. THE FAR OBJECT OF THE GERMAN ENEMY WAS TO BE THE PORT OF ANTWERP. 3. THE BATTLE BEGAN WITH FOG AND DARKNESS. THE THIN DEFENDING LINE WAS OVERWHELMED AND BROKEN UNDER WEIGHT OF FIRE AND METAL. THE ARDENNES DOOR LAY OPEN. THROUGH THESE GREAT GAPS IN THE LINE THE SPEARHEADS WERE ADVANCING TOWARDS ST. VITH FROM BOTH FLANKS AROUND THE SCHNEE EIFEL TOWARDS BASTOGNE, AFTER LEAPING THE RIVER OUR. OF RESERVES, THE THEATER HAD BUT TWO DIVISIONS, UNDERMANNED AND UNDEREQUIPPED. IN THE NORTH NEAR MANSCHAU THERE IS A RIDGE CALLED ELSENBORN WHICH IS NATURE’S BASTION... 4.... GUARDING THE ROAD TO LIEGE AND THE FAR-OFF PORT. IN THE VERY HOUR WHEN THE ENEMY LOOSENED HIS LIGHTNING, AN AMERICAN CORPS WAS ATTACKING THIS GROUND. AS THE SHOCK OF THE ENEMY GUNS AND ARMOR FELL ON THESE DIVISIONS THEIR RIGHT FLANK FOLDED BACK AND STOOD FAST ON THE HEIGHTS OF ELSENBORN.

ON THE HILLS NEAR MONSCHAU, THE LINE OF AMERICAN GUNS BEAT TIME WITH THIS MOVEMENT, AND THEIR FIRE WITHERED THE ENEMY CORPS ON THE RIGHT. TOGETHER THE WORKING OF THESE FORCES AT THE BEGINNING DENIED THE ENEMY HIS CHANCE TO EXPAND HIS SALIENT TOWARDS THE GREAT 5.... CITIES AND THE SEA. FROM OUT OF THE NORTH AMERICAS ARMOR RODE TO ST. VITH AT FIRST A COMBAT TEAM AND THEN A DIVISION. FROM OUT OF THE SOUTH A GARRISON RODE FOR BASTOGNE. IT COUNTED ONE AIRBORNE DIVISION AND A TEAM OF ARMOR ON THE GROUND. IT WOULD LINK WITH A BATTALION OF TANK DESTROYERS SENT FROM THE NORTH. RIGHT UNDER THE GUNS THE ODDMENTS JOINED THE FIGHTING, REPAIRMEN, CLERKS, POLICE, AND DRIVERS OF TRUCKS. THEY PICKED UP ARMS AND MOVED TO A THREATENED CROSSROADS OR BLEW A BRIDGE OR GUARDED THE PRECIOUS STORES. IN BRITAIN THE NEWLY ARRIVED FORMATIONS... 6.... WERE ALERTED TO GO BY AIR TO DEFEND THE LINE OF THE MEUSE. THE BASE OF SUPPLY IN FRANCE REORGANIZED TO FEED THE BATTLE. ITS CONVOYS GOING ELSEWHERE WERE HALTED AND FACED ABOUT. AT ST.

VITH THE ENEMY ALREADY SWARMED OVER THE COUNTRY BUT THE RESCUING ARMOR ARRIVED IN TIME TO BLOCK THE ROAD, BLUNT THE BLOW, AND CRIPPLE THE ENEMY POWER DURING THE CRISIS HOURS. THE SPEARHEAD OF THE PANZER ARMY IN THE NORTH ROLLED OFF THE FLANK OF THIS DEFENSE AND ON PAST STAVELOT. THEN, IN THE DEFILES BEYOND THE RIVER AMBLEVE, IT WAS TRAPPED AND HELD BY THE... 7.... NEW FORCES OF THE COUNTER ATTACK. THE FIGHTING WAS WITHIN TWENTY MILES OF LIEGE. THE RACE TO BASTOGNE WAS WON BY THE AMERICAN COLUMN. IT CLOSED IN JUST IN TIME. THE FIGHTING BEGAN BEFORE DEFENDERS COULD TAKE POSITION. THEY ORGANIZED UNDER FIRE FROM ENEMY GUNS. IN THIS WAY BEGAN THE SIEGE NOW FAMED IN HISTORY. THE LINES OF BASTOGNE HELD FIRM, THOUGH THE STORM BEAT ALL AROUND. BY DIRECT ASSAULT THE ENEMY ARMORED CORPS TRIED TO GAIN THE CITY. ITS MEN AND METAL WERE DRIVEN BACK AT EVERY POINT. AND SO THE DEFEATED ARMOR FLOWED ON AROUND BASTOGNE... 8.... STILL SEEKING TO GAIN THE LINE OF THE RIVER MEUSE. ITS SPEARPOINT REACHED ALMOST TO THE DOOR OF DINANT BEFORE IT WAS STOPPED BY THE FIRE OF THE NEW AMERICAN LINE.

THE DEFEAT OF THIS SOUTHERN PANZER ARMY WAS MADE SURE BY THE STAND OF BASTOGNE. TO THE SOUTH OF THE BULGE, AN AMERICAN ARMY HAD BEEN ATTACKING EASTWARD. IT WAS CALLED NOW TO HALT AND WHEEL TO THE NORTH. ITS NEAREST CORPS MOVED OUT UPON THIS MISSION. FROM OUT OF THE CORPS, ONE DIVISION STRUCK TOWARDS BASTOGNE. THE WEATHER AT LAST TURNED COLD. THE LOSS