Springfield Township, Richland County, Ohio
Springfield Township is one of the eighteen townships of Richland County, United States. It is a part of the Mansfield Metropolitan Statistical Area; the 2000 census found 9,674 people in the township, 4,371 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. Located in the western part of the county, it borders the following townships: Jackson Township - north Franklin Township - northeast corner Madison Township - east Washington Township - southeast corner Troy Township - south Sandusky Township - west Sharon Township - northwestTwo cities are located in Springfield Township: part of Mansfield — the county seat of Richland County — in the northeast, Ontario in the center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.6 square miles. All of the township is none of it is covered with water, it is one of eleven Springfield Townships statewide. The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1.
Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. Most of Springfield Township shares the same school district with Ontario. Students attend Ontario Local School District, the high school is Ontario High School. Township website County website More extensive township information
A water tower is an elevated structure supporting a water tank constructed at a height sufficient to pressurize a water supply system for the distribution of potable water, to provide emergency storage for fire protection. In some places, the term standpipe is used interchangeably to refer to a water tower. Water towers operate in conjunction with underground or surface service reservoirs, which store treated water close to where it will be used. Other types of water towers may only store raw water for fire protection or industrial purposes, may not be connected to a public water supply. Water towers are able to supply water during power outages, because they rely on hydrostatic pressure produced by elevation of water to push the water into domestic and industrial water distribution systems. A water tower serves as a reservoir to help with water needs during peak usage times; the water level in the tower falls during the peak usage hours of the day, a pump fills it back up during the night. This process keeps the water from freezing in cold weather, since the tower is being drained and refilled.
Although the use of elevated water storage tanks has existed since ancient times in various forms, the modern use of water towers for pressurized public water systems developed during the mid-19th century, as steam-pumping became more common, better pipes that could handle higher pressures were developed. In the United Kingdom, standpipes consisted of tall, exposed, n-shaped pipes, used for pressure relief and to provide a fixed elevation for steam-driven pumping engines which tended to produce a pulsing flow, while the pressurized water distribution system required constant pressure. Standpipes provided a convenient fixed location to measure flow rates. Designers enclosed the riser pipes in decorative masonry or wooden structures. By the late 19th-Century, standpipes grew to include storage tanks to meet the ever-increasing demands of growing cities. Many early water towers are now considered significant and have been included in various heritage listings around the world; some are converted to exclusive penthouses.
In certain areas, such as New York City in the United States, smaller water towers are constructed for individual buildings. In California and some other states, domestic water towers enclosed by siding were once built to supply individual homes. Water towers were used to supply water stops for steam locomotives on railroad lines. Early steam locomotives required water stops every 7 to 10 miles. A variety of materials can be used to construct a typical water tower; the reservoir in the tower may be spherical, cylindrical, or an ellipsoid, with a minimum height of 6 metres and a minimum of 4 m in diameter. A standard water tower has a height of 40 m. Pressurization occurs through the hydrostatic pressure of the elevation of water. 30 m of elevation produces 300 kPa, enough pressure to operate and provide for most domestic water pressure and distribution system requirements. The height of the tower provides the pressure for the water supply system, it may be supplemented with a pump; the volume of the reservoir and diameter of the piping sustain flow rate.
However, relying on a pump to provide pressure is expensive. During periods of low demand, jockey pumps are used to meet these lower water flow requirements; the water tower reduces the need for electrical consumption of cycling pumps and thus the need for an expensive pump control system, as this system would have to be sized sufficiently to give the same pressure at high flow rates. High volumes and flow rates are needed when fighting fires. With a water tower present, pumps can be sized for average demand, not peak demand. Using wireless sensor networks to monitor water levels inside the tower allows municipalities to automatically monitor and control pumps without installing and maintaining expensive data cables. Water towers can be surrounded by ornate coverings including fancy brickwork, a large ivy-covered trellis or they can be painted; some city water towers have the name of the city painted in large letters on the roof, as a navigational aid to aviators and motorists. Sometimes the decoration can be humorous.
An example of this are water towers built side by side, labeled HOT and COLD. Cities in the United States possessing side-by-side water towers labeled HOT and COLD include Granger, Iowa; when a third water tower was built next to the Okemah, Oklahoma set of Hot and Cold towers, the town considered naming it "Running", but decided to use "Home of Woody Guthrie". The House in the Clouds in Thorpeness, located in the English county of Suffolk, was built to resemble a house in order to disguise the eyesore, whilst the lower floors were used for accommodation
Weller Township, Richland County, Ohio
Weller Township is one of the eighteen townships of Richland County, United States. It is a part of the Mansfield Metropolitan Statistical Area; the 2000 census found 1,736 people in the township. Located in the northeastern part of the county, it borders the following townships: Butler Township - north Clear Creek Township, Ashland County - northeast corner Milton Township, Ashland County - east Mifflin Township - southeast Madison Township - southwest Franklin Township - west Blooming Grove Township - northwest cornerNo municipalities are located in Weller Township, although the unincorporated community of Olivesburg lies in the northeastern part of the township, it is the only Weller Township statewide. Township Website The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website Township Website
Galion is a city in Crawford and Richland counties in the U. S. state of Ohio. The population was 10,512 at the 2010 census. Galion is the second-largest city in Crawford County after Bucyrus; the Crawford County portion of Galion is part of the Bucyrus Micropolitan Statistical Area. The small portion of the city, located in Richland County is part of the Mansfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the portion extending into Morrow County is considered part of the Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area. Galion was laid out in 1831; the etymology of the name Galion is uncertain. A post office called Galion has been in operation since 1825. Galion was the scene of a spectacle lynching. On Friday, April 28, 1882, Barbara Rettig accused Frank Fisher of raping her. On Sunday, April 30, 1882 a mob hanged him, they left Fisher's body on display for several days after the lynching. A newspaper correspondent at the scene reported a crowd of "at least two thousand people, men and children." He concluded his article on the lynching with this summation: "The lynching of Frank Fisher, In broad daylight, upon Sunday, by unmasked men, was one of the boldest affairs that has transpired in this county.
While the affair is to be regretted the crime was such that he has not a particle of sympathy from anyone who has heard the particulars of the crime for which he has so dearly paid with his life." Galion is located in the southeastern corner of Crawford County at 40°43′59″N 82°47′19″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.63 square miles, of which 7.61 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. The Olentangy River begins near and runs through Galion, winds southward toward Columbus and empties into the Scioto River; as of the census of 2010, there were 10,512 people, 4,484 households, 2,797 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,381.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,192 housing units at an average density of 682.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 4,484 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.6% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size as 2.89. The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 24.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,341 people, 4,791 households, 3,090 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,286.5 people per square mile. There were 5,150 housing units at an average density of 1,038.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.28% White, 0.22% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population. There were 4,791 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90. In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,513, the median income for a family was $38,554. Males had a median income of $32,517 versus $19,792 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,113. About 11.9% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Galion has a Mayor-Council government: it is governed by an elected city council and mayor. Thomas O’Leary has served as mayor since 2013; the Galion City School District encompasses the entire city of Galion, graduating about 150 students annually. There are a handful of neighborhoods outside of Galion that are included in the school district, including Blooming Grove, birthplace of Warren G. Harding. Galion and neighboring communities are served by the Galion Inquirer; the Erie Railroad ran through Galion and established large rail yards here, making the city an important rail center. In April, 1851 the Cleveland Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad known as the "Big Four" and the New York Central, began operating regular service between Columbus and Cleveland, stopping at Galion along the way. Prior to the end of the 19th century, Galion became a division headquarters for the line. Galion once boasted two large railroad depots, the Big Four Depot on Washington Street, the Erie Depot on South Market Street, torn down in 1986 due to its poor condition, after having served as a main
Richland County, Ohio
Richland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 124,475, its county seat is Mansfield. The county was created in 1808 and organized in 1813, it is named for the fertile soil found there. Richland County is included in the Mansfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Mansfield-Ashland-Bucyrus, OH Combined Statistical Area; the county is one of the six Metropolitan Statistical Areas that make up Northeast Ohio and is included in the Cleveland-Akron, OH Combined Statistical Area. At its formation in 1806 Richland County encompassed a larger area; the land was forest. Settlers cleared the land for the population increased. In 1846, some eastern portions of the county were separated to contribute to formation of Ashland County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 500 square miles, of which 495 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. Huron County Ashland County Knox County Morrow County Crawford County As of the census of 2000, there were 128,852 people, 49,534 households, 34,277 families residing in the county.
The population density was 259 people per square mile. There were 53,062 housing units at an average density of 107 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.16% White, 9.43% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, 1.28% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.0% spoke English, 1.2% German and 1.2% Spanish as their first language. There were 49,534 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,397, the median income for a family was $45,036. Males had a median income of $35,425 versus $22,859 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,582. About 8.20% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 124,475 people, 48,921 households, 32,510 families residing in the county; the population density was 251.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 54,599 housing units at an average density of 110.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.5% white, 9.4% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 13.3% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 8.0% were American. Of the 48,921 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,664 and the median income for a family was $54,637. Males had a median income of $42,919 versus $31,228 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,459. About 8.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Commissioners: Marilyn John, Darrell Banks, Tony Vero Prosecutor: Gary Bishop Sheriff: J. Steve Sheldon Auditor: Patrick W. Dropsey Treasurer: Bart Hamilton Recorder: Sarah Davis Clerk of Courts: Linda H. Frary Engineer: Adam Gove Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: James DeWeese and Brent Robinson Judges of the Domestic Relations Court: Heather Cockley, William S. McKinley, Kirsten Pscholka-Gartner Judges of the Juvenile Court: Ron Spon Judges of the Probate Court: Philip Mayer Galion Mansfield Ontario Shelby Bellville Butler Crestline Lexington Lucas Plymouth Shiloh https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites Newville Winchester National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, Ohio A.
J. Baughman, A Centennial Biographical History of Richland County, Ohio. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co. 1901. Abraham J. Baughman, History of Richland County, Ohio from 1808 to 1908: Also Biographical Sketches of Prominent Citizens of the County. In Two Volumes. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. 1908. | Volume 2 A. A. Graham, History of Richland County, Its Past and Present: Containing a Condensed Comprehensive History of Ohio, Including an Outline History of the Northwest. Mansfield, Ohio: A. A. Graham Publishing Co. 1880. Biographical History of Richland County, Ohio, 1983. Lexington, OH: Richland Co
Franklin Township, Richland County, Ohio
Franklin Township is one of the eighteen townships of Richland County, United States. It is a part of the Mansfield Metropolitan Statistical Area; the 2000 census found 1,772 people in the township. Located in the northern part of the county, it borders the following townships: Blooming Grove Township - north Butler Township - northeast corner Weller Township - east Madison Township - south Springfield Township - southwest corner Jackson Township - west Cass Township - northwest cornerPart of the city of Mansfield, the county seat of Richland County, is located in southern Franklin Township, it is one of twenty-one Franklin Townships statewide. The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c