The Madras High Court is one of the oldest High Courts of India. It is located in Tamil Nadu; the court is one of the three High Courts in India established in the three Presidency Towns of Madras and Calcutta by letters patent granted by Queen Victoria, bearing date 26 June 1862. It exercises original jurisdiction over the city of Chennai and appellate jurisdiction over the entire state of Tamil Nadu and Union territory of Puducherry, as well as extraordinary original jurisdiction and criminal, under the letters patent and special original jurisdiction for the issue of writs under the Constitution of India. Covering 107 acres, the court complex is one of the largest in the world, next only to Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, London, it consists of 74 judges and a chief justice who are in charge of the general policy adopted in the administration of justice. In September 2016, the centre government forwarded names of 15 new judges to the President for his signature on their warrants of appointment.
Of the 15, nine are from among six from the subordinate judiciary. Justice Amreshwar Pratap Sahi is the current Chief Justice of Madras High Court, he assumed office on 11 November 2019. From 1817 to 1862, the Supreme Court of Madras was situated in a building opposite the Chennai Beach railway station. From 1862 to 1892, the High Court was housed in that building; the present buildings were inaugurated on 12 July 1892, when the Madras Governor, Baron Wenlock, handed over the key to the Chief Justice Sir Arthur Collins. British India's three presidency towns of Madras and Calcutta were each granted a High Court by letters patent dated 26 June 1862; the letters patent were issued by Queen Victoria under the authority of the British parliament's Indian High Courts Act 1861. The three courts remain unique in modern India. However, the Constitution of India recognises the status of the older courts; the Madras High Court was formed by merging the Supreme Court of Judicature at Madras, the Sudder Dewanny Adawlut.
The Court was required to decide cases in accordance with justice and good conscience. The earliest judges of the High Court included Judges Holloway and Morgan; the first Indian to sit as a judge of the High Court was Justice T. Muthuswamy Iyer. Other early Indian judges included P. R. Sundaram Iyer; the Madras High Court was a pioneer in Original Side jurisdiction reform in favour of Indian practitioners as early as the 1870s. The Madras High Court's history means that the decisions of the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council are still binding on it, provided that the ratio of a case has not been over-ruled by the Supreme Court of India. Although the name of the city was changed from Madras to Chennai in 1996, the Court as an institution did not follow suit, retained the name as the Madras High Court. However, a Bill to rename the Madras High Court as the Chennai High Court was approved by the cabinet on 5 July 2016, along with the change of name of the Calcutta High Court and Bombay High Court as Kolkata High Court and Mumbai High Court, respectively.
The Bill called High Courts Bill has been introduced in the Lok Sabha on 19 July 2016. The Bill is yet to be passed by both Houses of Parliament. However, the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly has passed a unanimous resolution appealing to the Central Government to rename the court as High Court of Tamil Nadu since the Court serves the whole state; the High Court building was constructed after shifting out a couple of temples that were in existence on the land in the 19th century. The present building now used by the Madras High Court was built to house, along with the High Court, the Courts of Small Causes and the City Civil Court, which were subsequently shifted out to other new buildings on the campus. Construction of the High Court building, an exquisite example of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture, began in October 1888 and was completed in 1892 with the design prepared by J. W. Brassington, the consulting architect to the government, under the guidance of the famed architect Henry Irwin, who completed it with the assistance of J. H. Stephens.
J. W. Brassington prepared a plan to construct a building with 11 court halls at an estimate of ₹945,000. Of these, six were meant for the High Court, four for the Small Causes court and one for the City Civil Court. An additional building to house the lawyers’ chambers was subsequently added to the plan, with a walkway on the first floor to connect it to the main building, increasing the total expenditure to ₹1,298,163. Complementing a 125-feet-tall standalone lighthouse, in existence on the court campus, a dioptric light was built on the 142-feet-high main tower of the building, raising the total height of the tower to 175 feet. Save for the heavy steel girders and some ornamental tiles all the materials for the construction were procured locally. Bricks and terracotta articles were brought from the government brick fields. Most of the construction work were executed by artisans trained at the School of Arts in the city; the High Court building was damaged in the shelling of Madras by SMS Emden on 22 September 1914, at the beginning of the First World War.
It remains one of the few Indian buildings to have been damaged by a German attack. There are several matters of architectural interest in the High Court; the painted ceilings and the stained glass doors are masterpieces in themselves. The old lighthouse of the city is housed within the High
Kosovo B Power Station is the largest power station in Obilić, Kosovo. It is a lignite-fired consisting of 2 units with 340 MW generation capacity, which share a 183 metres tall chimney with 6.8 metres diameter at the top. Kosovo B Power Station was opened in 1983, it was operated by EPS TPP Kosovo until the end of Kosovo War. After UNMIK administration was established in Kosovo on 1 July 1999, Elektroprivreda Srbije lost its access to the local coal mines and power plants, including Kosovo A and Kosovo B power plants. Since it is operated by Korporata Energjetike e Kosovës. Kosovo A Power Station Electrical energy in Kosovo http://issuu.com/lptap/docs/tpp-task-4-environmental-and-social-impact
Shirley Winters is a convicted Serial Killer and arsonist from upstate New York. In 1980, she smothered her five-month-old son, Ronald Winters III. In 2007, she drowned 23-month-old Ryan Rivers, she is suspected of killing three siblings in childhood, setting a fire which killed two of her older children in 1979, on the day prior to that killed a friend's three children. Per a plea bargain, she cannot be prosecuted for those. In 1966, Winters' 10-year-old brother and 4 and 11-year-old sisters died from an apparent carbon monoxide leak in the family home. In 1979, Winters' first two children, 3-year-old Colleen and 20-month-old John, died in a fire in the family's Hyde Lake cabin in Theresa, New York. Investigators blamed an electrical defect; when her children's bodies were exhumed in March 2007, autopsies showed Colleen and John received blunt force head injuries before the fire had started. The day before the fire started at Winters' cabin, another fire started at Winters' friend's house in Hermon, New York, while her friend's three children were still inside.
St. Lawrence County police re-investigated this fire in 2007. Winters was near at least seventeen fires since nine determined as arson, she pleaded guilty to criminal mischief in relation to two in 1981. A November 12, 1989 fire started in a Syracuse home where Winters was staying with her three children, she rescued her four-year-old daughter and two-year-old son, but lost her five-year-old daughter, who rescued herself. On November 28, 2006, Ryan Rivers was found to be drowned at his grandparents' Pierrepont home, while Winters visited, she was indicted by a St. Lawrence County grand jury in August 2007 of second-degree murder, first-degree assault and endangering the welfare of a child.. This prompted police to exhume Winters' son, Ronald Winters III, who died on November 21, 1980 in Otisco, New York, of supposed Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Based on their findings, police charged Winters with second-degree murder on March 28, 2007. On April 21, 2008, Winters pleaded guilty to manslaughter for drowning Rivers.
Under the terms of the plea agreement, she agreed to plead guilty in Onondaga County Court to first-degree manslaughter for smothering Winters. She was sentenced to 20 years for Rivers, 8 to 25 years for Winters, to be served concurrently, with parole eligibility after 17 years, she is imprisoned at Bedford Hills Correctional Facility By pleading guilty, she avoided possible second degree murder convictions and multiple life sentences, as well as prosecution for the 1979 murders of Colleen and John Winters. Winters and her many crimes were featured on episode 8: A Trail Of Ashes & Bodies in Otisco, New York of the podcast Small Town Murder. A book that resembles the case and investigation into Winters was published under the title Teflon Shelly, written by Ron Ryan, Fire Investigator of the Onondaga County Department of Emergency Management and Chief of the Volunteer Fire Department who worked on the case. List of serial killers in the United States