Maeda Toshinaga

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Maeda Toshinaga
前田利長
Maeda Toshinaga.jpg
Portrait of Maeda Toshinaga
Lord of Kaga
In office
1599–1605
Preceded by Maeda Toshiie
Succeeded by Maeda Toshitsune
Personal details
Born (1562-02-15)February 15, 1562
Owari Province, Japan
Died June 27, 1614(1614-06-27) (aged 52)
Takaoka, Toyama, Japan
Resting place Takaoka, Toyama, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Spouse(s) daughter of Oda Nobunaga
Mother Maeda Matsu
Father Maeda Toshiie
Statue of Maeda Toshinaga

Maeda Toshinaga (前田 利長, February 15, 1562 – June 27, 1614) was a Sengoku period Japanese samurai and the second early-Edo period daimyō of Kaga Domain in the Hokuriku region of Japan, and the 3rd hereditary chieftain of the Maeda clan. He was the eldest son of Maeda Toshiie. His childhood name was "Inuchiyo" (犬千代).

Toshinaga was born in what is now part of the city of Nagoya in Owari Province, where his father was in the service of Oda Nobunaga In 1581, he married one of Oda Nobunaga's daughters, Ei-hime, who was only six years old at the time. Nobunaga was assassinated the following year at the Honnō-ji Incident. In 1583, he assisted his father at the Battle of Shizugatake and after the death of Shibata Katsuie, he swore fealty to Toyotomi Hideyoshi and was awarded a 40,000 koku fief in Kaga Province. In 1585, he played a key role in Hideyoshi's campaign against Sassa Narimasa, and his holdings were greatly expanded to 320,000 koku across Kaga and Etchū Provinces. He accompanied Hideyoshi during the Kyūshū Campaign and the Siege of Odawara and in 1598 received the 267,000 koku Kanazawa holdings of his father, Maeda Toshiie.

Toshiie died the following year, and Hosokawa Tadaoki convinced Toshinaga to support Tokugawa Ieyasu over Ishida Mitsunari and Toyotomi Hideyori. At the time of the Battle of Sekigahara, his role was primarily to contain the forces of Uesugi Kagekatsu and Niwa Nagashige, and at the same time, to keep the forces of his younger brother, Maeda Toshimasa, ruler of Noto Province, from joining the western army. On the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Toshinaga was confirmed in his holdings, which had also been expanded by the addition of 225,000 koku formerly held by his brother Toshimasa, and 120,000 koku from Komatsu Castle and 63,000 koku from Daisho-ji Castle to a total of 1,250,000 koku, which covered the provinces of Kaga, Noto and Etchū. The kokudaka of Kaga Domain was exceeded only by the Shogunal house itself. Toshinaga built and resided in Kanazawa Castle.

With the establishment of the sankin-kōtai system of alternative attendance in Edo, Toshinaga was the first daimyō to establish a residence in the new capital.

Toshinaga had no son and adopted his younger brother Maeda Toshitsune as his heir. He retired in 1605, and relocated from Kanazawa to Toyama Castle, setting aside 220,000 koku for his retirement expenses. When Toyama Castle burned down in 1609, he moved to Uozu, and later to Takaoka. During this period, he increasing withdrew from public life due to complications from syphilis, and committed suicide by poison at Takaoka Castle in 1614. His mortuary temple is the temple of Zuiryū-ji in Takaoka.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Maeda Toshiie
  • Mother: Maeda Matsu
  • Wife: Ei-hime (1574-1623)
  • Concubine: Otsubo Sukezaemon’s daughter
  • Daughter: Manhime (1605-1611) by Otsubo Sukezaemon’s daughter

References[edit]

  • Papinot, Edmond. (1948). Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan. New York: Overbeck Co.

External links[edit]

Media related to Maeda Toshinaga at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Maeda Toshiie
Japanese crest Kaga Umebachi.svg 1st (Maeda) daimyō of Kaga
1599–1605
Succeeded by
Maeda Toshitsune