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Maghrebis or Maghrebians are the inhabitants of Maghreb region, the westernmost part of North Africa and the Arab world. Maghrebis were known in medieval times as Roman Africans or Moors; the term Moor is derived from Mauri, the Roman name for the Berbers of Mauretania, land of the Moors, the Roman name for the western part of the Maghreb. The vast majority of Maghrebis are Arab-Berbers, Arabized Berbers and Berbers, who are native to the region and synonymous with the term in older and historiographical literature. Historic records of religion in the Maghreb region show its gradual inclusion in the Classical World, with coastal colonies established first by Phoenicians, some Greeks, extensive conquest and colonization by the Romans. By the 2nd century common era, the area had become a center of Latin-speaking Christianity. Both Roman settlers and Romanized populations converted to Christianity; the region produced figures such as Christian Church writer Tertullian. The region was a birthplace of many Christians movements like donatism, now cast-off.

The domination of Christianity ended when Arab invasions brought Islam in 647. Carthage fell in the remainder of the region followed in subsequent decades. Gradual Islamization proceeded, although surviving letters showed correspondence from regional Christians to Rome up until the 9th century. Christianity was still a living faith. Christian bishoprics and dioceses continued to be active, with relations continuing with Rome; as late as Pope Benedict VII reign, a new Archbishop of Carthage was consecrated. Evidence of Christianity in the region faded through the 10th century. During the seventh century, the region's peoples began their nearly total conversion to Islam. There is a small but thriving Jewish community, as well as a small Christian community. Most Muslims follow the Maliki school of Sunni Islam. Small Ibadi communities remain in some areas. A strong tradition of venerating marabouts and saints' tombs is found throughout regions inhabited by Berbers. Any map of the region demonstrates the tradition by the proliferation of "sidi"s, showing places named after the marabouts.

Like some other religious traditions, this has decreased over the 20th century. A network of zawiyas traditionally helped proliferate basic literacy and knowledge of Islam in rural regions; the Christian community of Berber or Arab descent has experienced significant growth, conversions to Christianity to Evangelicalism, is common in Algeria in the Kabylie and Tunisia. A 2015 study estimates 380,000 Muslims converted to Christianity in Algeria. Maghrebis have settled in the industrial regions in France in the Île-de-France and Mediterranean regions. Many famous French people like Édith Piaf, Isabelle Adjani, Arnaud Montebourg, Alain Bashung, Dany Boon and many others have Maghrebi ancestry. According to Michel Tribalat, a researcher at INED, there were more than 4.6 million people of Maghrebi origin living in France in 2011. Below is a table of population of Maghrebi origin in France in 2011, numbers are in thousands: Note: for 2nd generation born in France only individuals under 60 are taken into account.

According to Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, 16% of newborns in France between 2006 and 2008 have at least one Maghrebi grandparent born in the Greater Maghreb. In 2005, the percentage of young people under 18 of Maghrebi origin were about 7% in Metropolitan France, 12% in Île-de-France, 13% in Lyon, 21% in Perpignan, 22% in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, 37% in 18th arrondissement of Paris and 40% in several arrondissements of Marseille. According to other sources between 5 and 8 million people of Maghrebin origin live in France, between 150,000 and 300,000 people of Maghrebin origin live in Canada. Various disciplines shed light on the origin of the Maghrebis. North-Africans are defined as Mediterraneans with Nordic elements. A significant proportion of the Rif Berbers and Chouias have blue or green eyes; the genetic proximity observed between the North-Africans and Southern Europeans is due to the fact that both these groups shared a common ancestor either in the Upper Paleolithic, in the Neolithic or alternatively during history with the invasion and the occupation during nearly seven centuries of the Iberian Peninsula by Moorish troops.

A genetic study published in January 2012 stated that the indigenous Northwest African ancestry appears most related to populations outside of Africa but "divergence between Maghrebi peoples and Near Eastern/Europeans precedes the Holocene." The Y-chromosome genetic structure of the Maghreb population seems to be modulated by geography. The Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b-M215 and J, which are common among Afroasiatic-speaking populations in Africa and the Middle East, are frequent in the Maghreb. In some parts of Tunisia, E1b1b-M215 can peak at 100% of the population. Followed by Haplogroup J Haplogroup J-M267, Middle Eastern, which can reach frequencies of 40% in the region, has its high

Prema (1989 film)

Prema is a 1989 Telugu-language musical romance film, produced by D. Ramanaidu under the Rajeswari Films banner and directed by Suresh Krissna in his Telugu film debut, it stars Revathi, with original soundtrack by Ilaiyaraaja. The film was a musical blockbuster of the time, it was dubbed into Tamil as Anbu Chinnam. Suresh remade the film in Hindi as Love. Pruthvi is an orphan. One day he comes across a beautiful, naughty young girl Maggi, they both fall in love; when he approaches Maggi's parents to ask her hand in marriage, his criminal background comes into the picture, they disagree. In the past, Pruthvi has killed his father. Pruthvi tries hard to get Maggi's parents' consent, at last, they agree; when Maggi kisses Pruthvi on the altar, she loses her consciousness. In the hospital, the doctors tell Pruthvi that she has taken too many medicines for small problems, now the medicines have poisoned her vital organs. Meanwhile, Pruthvi gets a chance to participate in a singing competition. Maggi, after regaining her consciousness, sends Pruthvi to sing.

Pruthvi ends up winning the competition. He comes back to Maggi with the trophy. By that time, Maggi's condition becomes critical, she dies in Pruthvi's hands, saying that she will always be alive in his heart. Music composed by Ilaiyaraaja. Lyrics written by Acharya Athreya. All songs are blockbusters. Music released on ECHO Music Company. Nandi Award for Best Actor - Venkatesh Nandi Award for Best Character Actor - S. P. BalaSubrahmanyam Nandi Award for Best Male Playback Singer - S. P. BalaSubrahmanyam Nandi Award for Best Director - Suresh Krissna Prema on IMDb


Fritelli Fritelle are Corsican doughnuts or fritters made from fried wheat or chestnut flour. A preparation of the fritters is referred to as Fritelli di Casgiu Frescu with fresh cheese or Fritelli di Salciccia with sausage. According to an 1880 Scribners monthly account, the chestnuts were collected from those that had fallen; the nuts were taken to huts and placed six-inches deep in trays where they were slow cooked with green wood fires until hard and dry. In this state they could be kept for years and were milled into flour "like corn or wheat", made into fritelli or other dishes such as "pulenta", pattoni and cialdi. List of fried dough List of doughnut varieties Bambalouni Food portal Schapira, Christiane. La bonne cuisine corse. Paris: Solar. ISBN 2263001778. Silvani, Paul. Cuisine corse d'antan - Cucina corsa di prima. Ajaccio: La marge. ISBN 2865230937

Sean Gilbert

Sean Gilbert is an American football coach and former player. He is the head football coach at Livingstone College in Salisbury, North Carolina, a position he has held since January 2020. Gilbert played professionally, he was selected by the Los Angeles Rams as the third overall pick of the 1992 NFL Draft. He played college football at University of Pittsburgh. Gilbert played football for the Aliquippa Quips; as a senior Gilbert was a Parade Magazine All-America and the USA Today Prep Defensive Player of the Year and the Associated Press named him to its First-team All-state after leading the "Quips" to a 14–1 record and a Western Pennsylvania AAA championship. He recovered two fumbles for touchdowns, he played guard on offense for Aliquippa. As a defensive tackle Gilbert was an All-America choice in 1991, he had 6 sacks in his final two seasons at Pitt. In 1991 against Penn State, Gilbert totaled 1 sack. One observer said Gilbert "played like a man possessed.". As a senior Gilbert had 17 tackles for a loss and 4 sacks.

Gilbert played in 6 games, missing half of the season with a knee injury. He did not play as a freshman due to the NCAA "Prop 48 rule." While playing at the University of Pittsburgh, he played with a stellar list of teammates and coaches. On the coaching staff while he was there were Jon Gruden, Mike McCarthy and Marvin Lewis, all of whom became NFL head coaches, his teammates included NFL standouts Curtis Martin, Billy Davis, Keith Hamilton, Anthony Dorsett and WWE wrestler Matt Bloom. Height: 6-4½ Weight:31540-yard time: 4.6Bench Press: 440 lbs. Gilbert entered the 1992 NFL Draft as a junior after only two collegiate seasons. On April 27, 1992, Gilbert signed a five-year $7.5 million contract, including a $3 million signing bonus. Gilbert started as a rookie, recorded 5 sacks, was named All-rookie by Pro Football Writers Association. In 1993 Gilbert was recorded 10.5 sacks. He was an All-NFC choice by UPI and Pro Football Weekly. In addition he was named All-Madden and was the NFC Defensive Player of the Week after a 4 sack performance against the Pittsburgh Steelers.

In 1995 Gilbert was a Pro Bowl alternate, recording 5.5 sacks. The signing of Pro Bowl RDE Leslie O'Neal made Gilbert expendable. "We've got Kevin Carter, D'Marco Farr, Jimmie Jones, Leslie O'Neal", Rams vice president and director of football operations Steve Ortmayer said. On April 8, 1996, he was traded to the Washington Redskins for a first-round pick in the 1996 NFL Draft. With the Redskins, Gilbert was again an alternate to the Pro Bowl, he was a force against the run. As Rams quarterback Steve Walsh said, "Sean Gilbert is playing like a monster." He helped the defense by drawing double-team blocking. He sprained his knee against the Dallas Cowboys on Thanksgiving Day; the Redskins made Gilbert their franchise player, but rather than sign the one-year $3.4 million tender offer, Gilbert sat out the 1997 season. After the 1997 season the Redskins again made Gilbert a franchise player, this time offering a one-year contract for $2.97 million. Gilbert objected and asked for arbitration saying the Redskins did not have the right to place their franchise player tag on him for a second straight year.

On March 17, 1998, the NFLPA and the NFL had an all-day hearing to resolve the case. The Redskins received compensation of two first round draft picks from the Carolina Panthers for not matching the Panthers offer of 46.5 million dollars. Gilbert returned to right defensive end in 1998 and recorded 81 tackles, 25 quarterback pressures, 6 sacks, starting all 16 games. In 1999 and 2000 Gilbert moved to his preferred right defensive tackle position and averaged 50 tackles and 3 sacks during those two seasons. In 2001 Gilbert switched to left defensive tackle and recorded 25 tackles and 2 sacks and starting in only nine games due to injury. Gilbert broke his right hip on October 27, 2002 during a game versus the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and missed the last eight games of the season. Gilbert totaled 5 tackles during the injury-shortened season. On March 10, 2003, the Panthers released Gilbert; the Raiders signed him on October 29, 2003. He ended. After the season. Gilbert became an unrestricted free agent and after not being picked up by a team, he decided to retire.

Gilbert was an assistant football coach at South Mecklenburg High School and West Charlotte High School in Charlotte, North Carolina. In January 2020, he was hired as the head football coach at Livingstone College in Salisbury, North Carolina. Gilbert and his wife, have four children: Deshaun, A'lexus, A'lea. Gilbert is the uncle of former NFL cornerback Darrelle Revis. Career statistics and player information from · Pro-Football-Reference

Summer Mummers

Summer Mummers is a yearly production presented at the historic Yucca Theater in downtown Midland, Texas. Running from the first weekend in June to Labor Day weekend, There are 30 performances each summer; the nightly show consists of a locally written melodrama, followed by the Olio. The profits from Summer Mummers directly benefit Midland Community Theatre though Summer Mummers is a separate entity from Midland Community Theatre, it is estimated that 25% of Midland Community Theatre's budget is provided by the success of Summer Mummers. In 1949, supporters of Midland Community Theatre were looking for a way to bring extra money into the newly formed organization. One supporter brought up the fact that melodramas were still popular in California, it was soon decided to present a production of "The Drunkard." Another supporter remembered that street performers in the 1800s were called "mummers." After deciding that the production would be presented in the summer, the name "Summer Mummers" was born.

The four individuals considered the'founders' were Art Cole. Cole directed and starred in the first production and Pennebaker and Pomeroy ran the front-of-house operations. In the early years of Summer Mummers, productions were presented in various locations, including VFW halls and Theatre Center, the former home of Midland Community Theatre. After the 1981 restoration of the theater was completed, the Yucca became the new home of Summer Mummers. Summer Mummers still performs at the Yucca to this day; the first half of the show features the melodrama. A new locally written melodrama script is written every year, with some scripts being repeated now and then; each script features a general "theme" for the story. The storyline follows the same linear structure, with a female heroine and her sidekick finding themselves in distress; the villain and his sidekick look to take advantage of the heroine's plight, with the ulterior motives of financial gain and the love of the heroine. The hero and hero's sidekick confront the villains, a struggle ensues, with the hero coming out victorious.

The villains are vanquished, the hero and heroine fall in love, the hero's sidekick gains the admiration of the heroine's sidekick. The title of each script is alliterative; each script title features a subtitle. Examples include: "Debauchery on the Drawbridge" "Scurrilous Among the Stars:" "Psychedelic Trip To The Summer of'69" The name of each character changes every year, the same basic character-types are featured in every script; these include: The Hero – Throughout the story, the hero is shown to be a moral, upstanding character who stays away from alcohol and sex. He is short in stature, with blond hair, no facial hair. Although he takes the leadership role, he is shown to be less intelligent than he believes. A point is always made to remind the audience; the Hero's Sidekick – the hero's trusty companion. Although he stands for what's right, the Hero's Sidekick's interests are sexual. Although he is presented as the dumbest person in the story, it can be argued that he is one of the smarter characters.

The Hero's Sidekick is taller than the Hero. He has ratty red hair, is missing a tooth, is seen wearing red long-johns as part of his attire; the Heroine – Like the Hero, she is portrayed as being a naive person. She stands for what's right, although some scripts hint at the idea that the Heroine is sexually frustrated, she is short with blond hair, to complement her true love, the Hero. The Heroine's Sidekick – is the Heroine's best friend, she looks out for the best interests of her naive friend, while acting sexually toward the Hero's Sidekick. The Heroine's Sidekick is portrayed as a woman, overweight and wears excessive amounts of makeup; the Villain – Driven by greed, the Villain is always looking for the next way to make money. Every script features the Villain kidnapping the Heroine's sidekick, his physical battles with the Hero always end up with the Villain and his sidekick being vanquished and subjected to some odd form of punishment. The Villain dresses in black clothing and sports black facial hair.

The Villain's Sidekick – The Villain's Sidekick is seen as being persuaded, deceitful. He helps; the moviola is a short, silent film shot by a three-person team, features the characters continuing the story in different areas of Midland. A new moviola is shot every year; the moviola features title cards. Title cards are used to notify the audience members that an intermission is beginning. During several parts of the melodrama, a movie screen drops down and shows what is known as the moviola; this is done for two reasons. One, to advance the storyline, two, to give the actors some time to take a break; the moviola relies on sight gags, as well as occasional cameos from local newscasters and business owners. In keeping with the Vaudeville style of Summer Mummers, the moviola is sped up and is shot in black and white. For many years, the moviola was shot on film. With the increasing availability of video cameras, the moviola transitioned to being shot on video and projected using a VCR. Digital video took over, l

Swift Response

Swift Response, LLC is an American company specializing in adhesive bonding products based in Weston, Florida. It was incorporated on February 2011, by Philip and Alan Swift; as of August 2019, the company employs 100 people led by chief executive officer Phil Swift. Swift Response's products include Flex Seal, Flex Shot, Flex Tape, Flex Glue, Flex Mini, Flex Paste. Swift Response makes a line of adhesive bonding products that are based around the concept of liquid rubber. Flex Shot was released as an alternative to a caulk gun. Flex Tape was released as a waterproof tape. Flex Glue was released as a fix-all adhesive. Swift Response has gained attention for its television advertising, which Inside Edition says has some exaggerated implied claims about the lifespan of the bond. Since 2013, Swift Response has sponsored NASCAR Xfinity Series team JD Motorsports, sponsoring drivers like Ross Chastain, Landon Cassill and Jeffrey Earnhardt among others. During one 2017 race, Flex Tape was used to repair crash damage on the car the company sponsored, driven by Garrett Smithley