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Mahaska County, Iowa

Mahaska County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,335; the county seat is Oskaloosa. Mahaska County comprises IA Micropolitan Statistical Area. Mahaska County was formed in February 1843; the county has been self-governing since February 5, 1844. It was named after Chief Mahaska of the Iowa tribe; the county was the first in Iowa to have a justice of peace. The first courthouse was completed in January 1846; when a larger structure was required, the second courthouse was constructed in 1885-86, first being used on February 27, 1886. The first school, a small log cabin one-half mile east of Oskaloosa, was opened on September 16, 1844 and the Cumberland Presbyterian Church opened as the first church in 1846. On July 2, 1850, the first edition of the Iowa Herald was issued; the first tracks of the Des Moines Valley Railroad were laid through the county in 1864. Coal mining was once a major industry in Mahaska County. During the 19th century, about 5 miles south of Oskaloosa, was the largest and most prosperous coal camp in Iowa.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles, of which 571 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 63 Iowa Highway 23 Iowa Highway 92 Iowa Highway 163 Iowa Highway 146 Iowa Highway 149 Jasper County Poweshiek County Keokuk County Wapello County Monroe County Marion County The 2010 census recorded a population of 22,381 in the county, with a population density of 39.2051/sq mi. There were 9,766 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 22,335 people, 8,880 households, 6,144 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile. There were 9,551 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.20% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. 0.85 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 8,880 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families.

26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,314, the median income for a family was $43,557. Males had a median income of $32,618 versus $23,192 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,232. About 7.50% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Mahaska County.† county seat Mahaska County is a Republican county.

Only six Republican Party presidential candidates from 1896 to the present day have failed to win the county, most Barry Goldwater in 1964 in his landslide loss statewide & nationally to Lyndon B. Johnson. Mahaska County Courthouse National Register of Historic Places listings in Mahaska County, Iowa Mahaska County website

1948 NFL season

The 1948 NFL season was the 29th regular season of the National Football League. During the season, Halfback Fred Gehrke painted horns on the Los Angeles Rams' helmets, making the first modern helmet emblem in pro football; the last regular season game played on Wednesday until the 2012 season happened on September 22, 1948, between Detroit and Los Angeles. The season ended when the Philadelphia Eagles defeated the Chicago Cardinals in the NFL Championship Game; the 1948 season featured the highest per-game, per-team scoring in NFL history, with the average team scoring 23.2 points per game. This record stood for 65 years until 2013. Plastic helmets are prohibited; this rule was enacted because critics argued that they were being used more as a weapon than protection. A flexible artificial tee is permitted at the kickoff; when the intended passer is tackled behind the line of scrimmage, the game clock will stop temporarily until any receivers who have gone down field have had a reasonable time to return.

When the offense is called for delay of game, the defense may decline the 5-yard distance penalty. If a foul occurs behind the line during a backwards pass or fumble, the penalty is enforced from the spot of the pass or fumble, it is illegal to punch the ball while it is in a player's possession. All officials are equipped with whistles, not horns. In the Eastern race, the Eagles beat Washington 45–0 in Week Five to take a 1/2 game lead; when the 6–1–1 Eagles met the 6–2 Skins again in Week Ten, Washington lost a must-win game, 42–21. The other race was all Chicago, as the Cardinals and Bears both had records of 10–1 going into the final week. A record crowd of 51,283 packed Wrigley Field on December 12 to watch; the Bears took a 21 -- 10 lead, on George Gulyanics's touchdown. Charley Trippi's touchdown cut the margin to 21–17, but the Bears had the ball and time on their side; the turning point came when the Cards' Vince Banonis picked off a pass from Johnny Lujack, ran the ball back to the Bears' 19, Elmer Angsman scored the winning touchdown three plays for the Western Division title and the trip to the championship.

W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, PCT= Winning Percentage, PF= Points For, PA = Points Against Note: The NFL did not count tie games in the standings until 1972 Philadelphia Eagles 7, Chicago Cardinals 0 in a blizzard at Shibe Park, Pennsylvania, December 19, 1948 UPI NFL Most Valuable PlayerPat Harder, Chicago Cardinals The 1948 NFL Draft was held on December 19, 1947 at Pittsburgh's Fort Pitt Hotel. With the first pick, the Washington Redskins selected halfback Harry Gilmer from the University of Alabama. Detroit Lions: Gus Dorais was replaced by Bo McMillin. Los Angeles Rams: Bob Snyder was replaced by Clark Shaughnessy. Pittsburgh Steelers: Jock Sutherland was replaced by John Michelosen. Zimmer, John. Official 2013 National Football League Record & Fact Book. New York: National Football League. ISBN 978-1-603-20980-9. Retrieved October 11, 2013. Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League

Pál Hoffman

Pál Hoffman is a Hungarian politician and former professional handball player, the mayor of Tököl since 1990. He was a member of the National Assembly for Szigetszentmiklós between 2010 and 2014, he finished secondary studies and took toolmaker professional exam at Fáy András Vocational School in 1967 and graduated as a teacher from Ho Si Minh Teacher Training College in 1982. He earned a business and marketing profession, a second degree in business economics in Szolnok in 1992. Hoffman was a professional handball player between 1967 and 1990, who played for Ferencvárosi TC, Újpesti TE and Nyíregyháza Spartacus FC, he made four appearances for the Hungary national handball team. He was elected Chairman of the Council Mayor of Tököl in the 1990 local election, he was an MP candidate for Szigetszentmiklós during the 1998, 2002 and 2006 parliamentary elections as a member of the Fidesz against Gábor Kuncze. He obtained a mandate in the 2010 parliamentary election and joined the parliamentary group of the Christian Democratic People's Party.

He was appointed a member of the Committee on Sport and Tourism on 14 May 2010 and Committee on Audit Office and Budget on 21 February 2011. He is married, his wife is Ildikó Hoffman. They have two children

EverQuest II: Rise of Kunark

EverQuest II: Rise of Kunark is the EverQuest II expansion pack from Sony Online Entertainment. The expansion pack introduces Kunark. Over the five hundred years transpired between the setting of the original EverQuest and EverQuest II, the continent of Kunark has changed in many important ways; the various cataclysms that occurred during this period in Norrath had a tangible impact on Kunark, with many areas of the geography being unrecognizable to those familiar with the continent from EverQuest. The Iksar Empire is being rebuilt, with the giants being pushed towards the north of the continent, the Sarnak, the new playable race, pushed towards the west, their home city, Chardok. Upon arriving in Kunark, players will be immersed in a war between the powerful Iksar Empire and the other inhabitants of Kunark; the Sarnak in EverQuest were an NPC race. In Rise of Kunark there are two distinct types of Sarnak: NPC characters who will be familiar to players of the original EverQuest; these Sarnak were hunted by Iksar, who saw them as a threat against their growing empire.

Thus, the remainder of these engineered Sarnak were hidden from the Iksar and have only just began to emerge. The playable Sarnak begin in the lush jungle islands of Timorous Deep, where new Sarnak players attempt to rejoin their race, learn about their history and find their way to the city of Chardok; the eventual quest for Sarnak players is to be able to help their race in the war against the Iksar, to be able to be of use, the players will have to level in Timorous Deep, the Shattered Lands of the base game, the Desert of Flames, Kingdom of Sky and Echoes of Faydwer content, before being able to be reunited with their race and fight in the war against the Iksar. Rise of Kunark brings several new features to EverQuest II; the expansion will feature larger zones than any previous content in the game, the expansion consisting of large areas which are multiple zones with seamless transition between them. Another planned feature of the expansion is that of epic weapons. Epic weapons were introduced in EverQuest with The Ruins of Kunark expansion pack, allowed each player to complete a series of quests for a powerful magical weapon, unique to their particular class.

Due to delays caused by the San Diego fires in late 2007, epic weapons weren't in Rise of Kunark at launch, but were added in a content update on February 6, 2008. According to the announcements, the difficulty in obtaining the epic weapons will be due to the difficulty of the events and encounters. However, the epic weapons are not designed to be regarded as an entitlement that every member of a class will obtain, that the series of quests, which will include solo and raid content will require effort and dedication; as of Live Update 42, epic weapons have been added for each class, along with epic cloaks and earrings for each of the crafting classes. Each weapon has its own quest line, requires both groups and raids to achieve the final item; the new starting area is Timorous Deep, has content available for new characters from levels one to twenty. All Sarnak will start in Timorous Deep, newly created characters from any of the neutral races will have the option to begin in Timorous Deep; the zone consists of lush, jungle islands in the ocean known as Timorous Deep, the city of Gorowyn.

The vast majority of the rest of the content is focused around the levels of 65 to 80, forming the new endgame content of the EverQuest II. Aside from Timorous Deep, new zones include: Kylong Plains - consisting of the zones of Dreadlands, Burning Woods and Firiona Vie from the original EverQuest expansion pack, The Ruins of KunarkFens of Nathsar - consisting of The Ruins of Kunark zones Field of Bone, the Lake of Ill Omen and Swamp of No Hope Jarsath Wastes - containing the Overthere and Skyfire Mountains from The Ruins of Kunark Kunzar Jungle - containing Outer Sebilis, Outer City of Mist, Emerald Jungle and Trakanon's Teeth from The Ruins of Kunark New indoor areas and dungeons include Sebilis, Karnor's Castle, Veeshan's Peak, Charasis and instanced persistent raid zones. Official EverQuest II website HonestGamers Review

Medina, Wisconsin

Medina is a town in Dane County, United States. The population was 1,235 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated community of Deansville is located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.8 square miles, of which, 33.5 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,235 people, 447 households, 362 families living in the town; the population density was 36.8 people per square mile. There were 452 housing units at an average density of 13.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.06% White, 0.57% African American, 0.32% Asian, 3.56% from other races, 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.61% of the population. There were 447 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.5% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.0% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.07. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $65,250, the median income for a family was $66,685. Males had a median income of $38,162 versus $28,375 for females; the per capita income for the town was $27,027. About 5.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over. Wisconsin Highway 19 Wisconsin Highway 19 runs east-west from Mazomanie to Watertown Wisconsin. Wisconsin Highway 73 Wisconsin Highway 73 runs north-south across central Wisconsin from Ingram to Edgerton. Mathaire Field, Wisconsin a 2800 ft grass landing strip Privately owned and operated for single engine and ultralight vehicles

Kurt Alder

Kurt Alder was a German chemist and Nobel laureate. Alder was born in the industrial area of Königshütte, where he received his early schooling. Alder left the area when Königshütte became part of Poland in 1922, he studied chemistry at the University of Berlin from 1922, at the University of Kiel where his PhD was awarded in 1926 for work supervised by Diels. In 1930 Alder was appointed reader for chemistry at Kiel, promoted to lecturer in 1934. In 1936 he left Kiel to join I G Farben Industrie at Leverkusen, where he worked on synthetic rubber. In 1940 he was appointed Professor of Experimental Chemistry and Chemical Technology at the University of Cologne and Director of the Institute of Chemistry there. Throughout this time and despite the many obstacles to original research in Europe at the time, he continued a systematic program of investigations of his particular interests in the synthesis of organic compounds. In all he published more than 151 papers in this field. In 1945 he worked with the inventor of EDTA, Ferdinand Münz.

In 1949 they published a paper together on diene synthesis and additions Alder received several honorary degrees and other awards, most famously the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry which he shared with his teacher Diels for their work on what is now known as the Diels–Alder reaction. The lunar crater Alder is named in his honour; the insecticide aldrin, created through a Diels–Alder reaction, is named after the scientist. Alder died in June 1958, aged 55; the cause of his death is unknown, however his body was found in his apartment in Cologne, Germany after two weeks. His niece, who found the body, stated that the odor of rotting flesh was so bad that she could smell it from the street outside. Gertrud Alder reported that her husband was distressed when she last saw him and muttered the phrase "Les Jardins du Souvenir" whilst writing out his research notes. Diels, O.. "Synthesen in der hydroaromatischen Reihe". Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie. 460: 98–122. Doi:10.1002/jlac.19284600106. Ihde, Aaron J..

"Kurt Alder". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Pp. 105–106. ISBN 0-684-10114-9. Nobel Prize biography English Translation of Diels and Alder's seminal 1928 German article that won them the Nobel prize. English title:'Syntheses of the hydroaromatic series'.