Jasper County, Iowa
Jasper County is a county located in the US state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,842; the county seat is Newton. The county was organized in 1846 and is named after Sergeant William Jasper, a Revolutionary War hero. Jasper County comprises the Newton, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, part of the Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 733 square miles, of which 730 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. The North and South Skunk River flow through the county. Bodies of water include Rock Creek. Marshall County Poweshiek County Mahaska County Marion County Polk County Story County The 2010 census recorded a population of 36,842 in the county, with a population density of 50.4692/sq mi. There were 16,181 housing units, of which 14,806 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 37,213 people, 14,689 households, 10,267 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile.
There were 15,659 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.58% White, 0.83% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 0.62% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 14,689 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.10% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,683, the median income for a family was $50,071. Males had a median income of $36,001 versus $24,770 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,622. About 4.80% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over. The Iowa Department of Corrections Newton Correctional Facility is in an unincorporated area in Jasper County, near Newton. Ira Killduff Rushville The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jasper County.† county seat John M. Haines, tenth Governor of Idaho. Lyle Goodhue and inventor, born in Jasper County. Sara Haines, American television host and journalist. National Register of Historic Places listings in Jasper County, Iowa Jasper County government's website
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Henry C. Koch
Henry C. Koch was a German-American architect based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Born in Hanover in the Kingdom of Hanover, Koch immigrated as a toddler with his family to the United States, his architectural career began at the age of 16 when he worked for early Milwaukee architect, G. W. Mygatt, he enlisted in the Civil War with the 24th Wisconsin Infantry as a private becoming a draftsman on General Philip Sheridan's staff. After the war Koch returned to Milwaukee, where he formed a partnership with Mygatt until 1870, when he started his own firm. One of Koch's most significant works was the 1895 Milwaukee City Hall. Koch designed buildings for the University of Wisconsin, he designed more than 120 schools. He married and had two sons and Armand D. Koch; the latter became an architect, joining his father's firm in the 1890s and helping with the design of the Milwaukee City Hall. Calvary Presbyterian Church, Wisconsin, 1870 Turner Hall, Milwaukee, 1882 Stutsman County Courthouse and Sheriff's Residence/Jail, North Dakota, 1883 David W. and Jane Curtis House, Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, 1885 Mahaska County Courthouse, Iowa, 1886 Science Hall, on the campus of the University of Wisconsin, 1888 Golda Meir School, Milwaukee, 1890 The Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, 1890–93 Montgomery County Courthouse, Red Oak, Iowa, 1891 Jefferson County Courthouse, Iowa, 1893 Gesu Church, Milwaukee, 1894 Milwaukee City Hall, Milwaukee, 1895 Webster County Courthouse, Fort Dodge, Iowa, 1902 The Roosevelt New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1908 Emporis page The restoration of Milwaukee City Hall, Traditional Building Portfolio
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Poweshiek County, Iowa
Poweshiek County is a county in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,914; the county seat is Montezuma. The county is named for the chief of the Fox tribe, it lies along Interstate 80 between Iowa City. Poweshiek County's biggest city is Grinnell. Poweshiek County was formed in 1843, it was named for a chief of the Fox Indian people. The Poweshiek County Courthouse, completed in 1859, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. County business is overseen by three elected county supervisors; the county website provides names and contact information for the current supervisors. Poweshiek County is served by Grinnell Regional Medical Center, an acute care hospital licensed for 81 beds. GRMC was established in 1967 after the merger of two hospitals. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 585 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water. It is drained by the north fork of Skunk River, which crosses the southwest corner, by English River and other streams.
Interstate 80 U. S. Highway 6 U. S. Highway 63 Iowa Highway 21 Iowa Highway 85 Iowa Highway 146 Tama County Iowa County Keokuk County Mahaska County Jasper County The 2010 census recorded a population of 18,914 in the county, with a population density of 32.3300/sq mi. There were 8,949 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 18,815 people, 7,398 households, 4,882 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 8,556 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.74% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,398 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.0% were non-families.
29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,836, the median income for a family was $46,599. Males had a median income of $32,781 versus $22,465 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,629. About 6.2% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Poweshiek County is served by three community school districts: Poweshiek County is home to Grinnell College, a small liberal arts college founded in 1846.
There is one private school in Central Iowa Christian School, in Grinnell. Holiday Lake Ewart The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Poweshiek County.† county seat Poweshiek County Courthouse National Register of Historic Places listings in Poweshiek County, Iowa Poweshiek County Official County website
Oskaloosa is a city in, the county seat of, Mahaska County, United States. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, Oskaloosa was a national center of bituminous coal mining; the population was 11,463 in the 2010 U. S. Census, an increase from 10,938 in 2000. Oskaloosa derives its name from Ouscaloosa who, according to town lore, was a Creek princess who married Seminole chief Osceola. A local tradition was that her name meant "last of the beautiful.". The first European-American settlers arrived in 1835, led by Nathan Boone, youngest son of frontiersman Daniel Boone. Acting on instructions from Stephen W. Kearny, he selected this as the first site of Fort Des Moines, located on a high ridge between the Skunk and Des Moines rivers; the ridge was called the Narrows. The town was formally platted in 1844 when William Canfield moved his trading post from the Des Moines River to Oskaloosa; the town was designated by the legislature as the county seat in the same year. On January 6, 1882, most of the buildings in the north half of Oskaloosa were damaged and most of the plate glass windows in the area were broken by an explosion.
Three boys were killed in the explosion. The boys had been seen shooting at the A. L. Spencer gunpowder magazine half a mile north of the town center. In the 1880s, more than one million tons of bituminous coal was mined in the area from 38 mines; the first mine in the area was opened shortly after 1853 by Robert Seevers, who drove a drift into a 4-foot coalbed in an exposed creek bank east of town. Coal was mined for local consumption, but with the arrival of the railroads, coal from the region was shipped widely. By 1887, the report of the state mine inspector listed 11 coal mines around Oskaloosa. By 1895 the coal output of Mahaska County surpassed that of all other Iowa counties, production had reached more than one million tons per year. In 1911, coal mining was reported to be the primary industry in the region. In 1914, the Carbon Block Coal Company of Centerville produced more than 100,000 tons of coal, ranking among the top 24 coal producers in the state. Several major coal-mining camps were located in the Oskaloosa area.
Muchakinock was about 5 miles south on the banks of the Muchakinock Creek. Lost Creek was a mining camp about 8 miles southeast of town. On January 24, 1902, there was a mine explosion in the Lost Creek No. 2 mine. This was one of only two major mine disasters in Iowa between 1888 and 1913. A miner setting shots to blast coal from the coal face re-used a hole left over from a previous failed shot, the result was a coal dust explosion that detonated barrels of gunpowder stored in the mine. 20 men died on the site and 14 more were badly injured. The explosion sparked a statewide miner's strike; as a result, in April 1903, the legislature enacted a law to regulate blasting in coal mines. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.45 square miles, of which 7.43 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 11,463 people, 4,715 households, 2,842 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,542.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 5,144 housing units at an average density of 692.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 2.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. There were 4,715 households of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.7% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,938 people, 4,603 households, 2,863 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,593.8 people per square mile. There were 4,945 housing units at an average density of 720.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.86% White, 1.16% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population. There were 4,603 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.8% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89. Population spread: 24.1% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 mal
Mahaska (Native American leader)
Mahaska, or White Cloud, was a chief of the Native American Iowa tribe. His son named Mahaska, was better known as Francis White Cloud. Mahaska was born into the Iowa tribe, he became chief at an early age after killing several enemy Sioux to avenge his father's death by them. Mahaska killed a French trader in an argument. After he escaped, he led a raid against the Osage. Afterward, he decided that his father's death was avenged. Mahaska lay down his arms and adopted the lifestyle of the European-American settlers, building a log home and farming, he refused to let his braves avenge the death of an Iowa chief named Crane at the hands of Omaha Indians in 1833. When several Iowa killed six Omaha warriors, Mahaska assisted in their arrest; the next year one of the Iowa escaped from Fort Leavenworth and killed Mahaska by shooting him in the back as he sat by his campfire. He was buried along the Nodaway River in Cass County, Iowa. Mahaska became a symbol to settlers of the virtues of his native lifestyle, of the possibility of peace between natives and settlers.
Mahaska County, Iowa was named for him. USS Mahaska was named in his honor. Sculptor Sherry Edmundson Fry's earliest public commission was a bronze statue of Mahaska. Restored, it still stands on its pedestal in the courthouse square of Oskaloosa, the governmental seat of Mahaska County, Iowa, in the southeastern section of the state. At the right of the base is the artist's signature "S. E. Fry, 1907"; when he accepted the Mahaska commission in 1906, Fry was living in Paris. He returned to Iowa the following summer to make preparatory drawings of Meskwaki at the nearby Settlement at Tama, to collect Indian artifacts and other reference materials. Returning to Paris, he began on a clay scale model, which he first showed at the Paris Salon in 1907. A year he exhibited the final full-sized sculpture, for which he was awarded the Rome Prize. Soon after, it was shipped to the U. S. and arrived in Oskaloosa by railroad. The formal dedication of the statue, attended by "a crowd of 12,000 rain-soaked spectators", was held on May 12, 1909.