U.S. Route 224
U. S. Route 224 is a spur of US 24 that runs through the states of Indiana and Pennsylvania, it runs for 289 miles from Huntington, Indiana. At US 24 to New Castle, Pennsylvania, at US 422 Business and Pennsylvania Route 18, it goes through the cities of Canfield, Akron and Findlay, Ohio. In Northeast Ohio, US 224 is located a short distance north of the Western Reserve's southern boundary. From the western terminus US 224 heads southeast concurrent with State Road 5. US 224 and SR 5 heads through downtown Huntington as one-way streets, with eastbound on Cherry Street and State Street and westbound on Warren Street. From downtown US 224 and SR 5 head southeast outside of downtown SR 5 heads due south and US 224 heads east. US 224 passes through Markle where US 224 has an interchange with Interstate 69 and intersections with both State Road 116 and State Road 3. US 224 heads east towards Decatur passing through intersections with State Road 301 and State Road 1. In Decatur US 224 has a short concurrency with U.
S. Route 27 and U. S. Route 33. US 224 heads east from Decatur towards Ohio passing through a short concurrency with State Road 101; the only section of U. S. Route 224 in Indiana, included in the National Highway System is the part concurrent with US 27 and US 33. Traffic reports from the Indiana Department of Transportation in 2010 showed that the lowest traffic levels were the 2,420 vehicles and 670 commercial vehicles using the highway daily near the Ohio state line. West of its concurrency with US 42 near Lodi, US 224 is a rural arterial highway two lanes, across western Ohio, it runs parallel to the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from its westerly US 42 junction to Tiffin, a city around which it sweeps to the south with intersections at various state highways that radiate out from downtown. US 224 passes through a commercial strip on the south side of Willard, goes through downtown Findlay and Ottawa, but it otherwise specializes in small towns along its course across northwest Ohio.
It crosses US 250 east of Greenwich. It crosses the Ashland Railway just east of Willard, the Norfolk Southern Railway at Attica, CSX Transportation near US 23, in Findlay, in Ottawa, the Chicago, Fort Wayne and Eastern Railroad west of Van Wert. East of Lodi, US 224 meets the western terminus of I-76. Less than a mile both routes intersect with I-71. US 224 continues along with I-76 to Akron. Here, I-76 heads north. Continuing on US 224, the route runs concurrently with I-277, a short auxiliary highway running through southern Akron. I-277 ends, leaving US 224 to continue into a wooded area; the highway intersects with SR 43, SR 44, SR 169, SR 225, SR 24, SR 45 and SR 46. Shortly after crossing over SR 11, US 224 enters Boardman Township in Mahoning County; this stretch of US 224, through Canfield and Poland, is known for its chronic congestion. The original routing of US 224 through the village of Poland turned southeast on Main Street to Riverside Drive north on Riverside Drive to the current alignment.
In 1954 a bridge was built across Yellow Creek and a new road was constructed from Main Street to Riverside Drive, including an intersection with Water Street. As US 224 leaves the village of Poland it continues through rural terrain as it heads towards Pennsylvania. US 224 crosses into Mahoning Township in Lawrence County and becomes West State Street, a two-lane undivided road; the road heads through wooded areas with some homes and commercial establishments, heading to the east-southeast. The route curves to the northeast in Peanut and passes over Norfolk Southern's Youngstown Line, coming to an intersection with PA 551. Here, PA 551 turns northeast to form a concurrency with US 224; the road heads through wooded areas and crosses the Mahoning River and CSX's New Castle Subdivision railroad line. PA 551 splits from US 224 by heading north on North Edinburg Road, with US 224 continuing into wooded areas with some farm fields; the road enters Union Township. The route continues through wooded areas with some farmland and homes, passing to the south of New Castle Municipal Airport and heading through the community of Parkstown.
US 224 heads into businesses areas, gaining a second lane westbound before widening into a six-lane divided highway as it comes to an interchange with I-376/US 422. Past this interchange, the road becomes a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane and passes through a mix of residences and businesses, running through the community of Oakwood; the route heads into New Castle and passes through wooded areas of development, gaining a second westbound lane and coming to an intersection with US 422 Business. At this point, US 422 Business turns east to join US 224 on four-lane divided West Falls Street, passing more development and crossing over a New Castle Industrial Railroad line and the Shenango River; the road continues through commercial areas. US 224 ends at an intersection with PA 18, at which point US 422 Business turns south to join that route; when US 224 was commissioned in Indiana in 1934, it replaced State Road 16, from Huntington to the Ohio state line. Although US 224 is only in Pennsylvania for 10 miles, the eastern terminus has changed several times sinc
The Ohio Turnpike the James W. Shocknessy Ohio Turnpike, is a 241.26-mile-long, limited-access toll highway in the U. S. state of Ohio, serving as a primary corridor to Pittsburgh. The road runs east–west in the northern section of the state, with the western end at the Indiana–Ohio border near Bryan where it meets the Indiana Toll Road, the eastern end at the Ohio–Pennsylvania border near Petersburg, where it meets the Pennsylvania Turnpike; the road is owned and maintained by the Ohio Turnpike and Infrastructure Commission, headquartered in Berea. Built from 1949 to 1955, construction for the roadway was completed a year prior to the Interstate Highway System; the modern Ohio Turnpike is signed as three interstate numbers: I-76, I-80, I-90. The entire length of the Ohio Turnpike is 241.3 miles, from the western terminus in Northwest Township near Edon, where it meets the Indiana Toll Road at the Ohio–Indiana border, to the eastern terminus in Springfield Township near Petersburg where it meets the Pennsylvania Turnpike at the Ohio–Pennsylvania border.
Most of the turnpike, 218.7 miles between the Indiana border and an interchange with Interstate 76 near Youngstown, is signed as part of I-80, while the eastern 22.6 miles, between the I-80/I-76 interchange and the Pennsylvania border, is signed as part of I-76. For 142.8 miles, between the Indiana border and Elyria, I-90 is cosigned with I-80 as part of the turnpike. The Ohio Turnpike does not pass directly into any major city, but does provide access to the four major metro areas in northern Ohio through connected routes. Two auxiliary Interstate highways, I-271 near Cleveland and I-475 near Toledo, cross the turnpike, but do not have direct connections. In Northwest Ohio, the turnpike passes through the southern part of the Toledo metropolitan area, with direct access to Toledo through I-75 and I-280. In Northeast Ohio, the turnpike passes through the southern suburbs of Greater Cleveland and the northern edge of the Akron metro area, with direct access to Cleveland via I-71, I-77, I-480.
Akron is connected to the turnpike via State Route 8 in the north and I-76 on the east. The turnpike is located on the western and southern edges of the Mahoning Valley, with direct access to Youngstown through the remaining portion of I-80 east of the Turnpike, I-680. In North Jackson, I-80 and I-76 swap each other's right-of-way. In Petersburg, the concurrent routes cross the state lines into Pennsylvania, automatically becoming the Pennsylvania Turnpike. In 1947 a bill was introduced in the Ohio General Assembly authorizing a financed roadway. Consisting of a system of five highways, the turnpike was reduced to one when the other four were made redundant by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956. Construction for the road cost $326 million and was recorded the biggest project in state history, with 10,000 employees, more than 2,300 bulldozers, graders and other machines over a 38-month period. On December 1, 1954, the first 22-mile stretch opened near the present-day exit 218 for I-76 and I-80.
Several motorists attended a dedication ceremony, with over 1,000 people joining a caravan, following a snow plow and a patrol cruiser, to become the first to drive the turnpike. The remaining section from exit 218 west to Indiana opened on October 1, 1955. A connecting ramp near the Indiana state line closed on August 16, 1956, the day before the Indiana Toll Road was opened; the turnpike was named after the first chairman of the commission, James W. Shocknessy, in 1976; the turnpike offered 18 access points. Additional access points have since been provided, bringing the total number, including the Westgate and Eastgate toll barriers, to 31. Not included in this count is the unnumbered interchange at SR 49, which opened on December 29, 1992. There are no ramp tolls at this interchange. In 1996, the turnpike began a project to add one lane in each direction from Toledo to Youngstown; the project, using financing from increased tolls, was projected to be finished in 2005, but was not completed until the end of the 2014 construction season.
In 1998, the Ohio Turnpike Commission began phasing in distance-based exit numbers. In 2009, the Ohio Turnpike Commission began accepting E-ZPass for toll payment at all plazas, added gates to toll lanes to prevent motorists from evading tolls. Ken Blackwell, the defeated candidate in the 2006 Ohio governor's race, had announced a plan for privatizing the turnpike, similar to plans enacted in Illinois and Indiana. In 2010 and 2011, Governor John Kasich stated that he would consider a turnpike lease, but only during a prosperous economic period. In August 2011, Kasich stated his intention to create a task force to produce a leasing plan and considered the option of reassigning the maintenance of the highway to the Ohio Department of Transportation, he decided against both, instead proposing to issue more debt under the renamed Ohio Turnpike and Infrastructure Commission, with cash tolls raised annually over a ten-year period to compensate. The Ohio Turnpike opened on October 1, 1955, with a 65 mph limit for cars and 55 mph limit for trucks.
The automobile speed limit was increased on September 30, 1963, in concert with other Ohio rural Interstates to 70 mph. Due to th
Stark County, Ohio
Stark County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,586, its county seat is Canton. The county was organized the next year, it is named for an officer in the American Revolutionary War. Stark County is included in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area. Stark County was named in honor of American Revolutionary War General John Stark. John Stark was a general who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, he became known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777. During the early 20th century, Stark County was an important location in the early development of professional football; the rivalry between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs helped bring the Ohio League to prominence in the mid-1900s and again in the late 1910s. The Bulldogs ended up a charter member of the National Football League, where it played for several years.
Two large football stadiums, Fawcett Stadium in Canton and Paul Brown Tiger Stadium in Massillon, are still in use, with Fawcett Stadium hosting the NFL's annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game each year. In the 20th century, Stark County's voting record swung from one party to another tracking the winner of the U. S. Presidential election. Within the swing state of Ohio, Stark County is regarded as a quintessential bellwether, thus presidential candidates have made multiple visits to the region. Major media outlets pay close attention to the election results in the county; the New York Times in particular has covered the county's citizens and their voting concerns in a series of features each election cycle for over a decade. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles, of which 575 square miles is land and 5.3 square miles is water. First Ladies National Historic Site As of the census of 2000, there were 378,098 people, 148,316 households, 102,782 families residing in the county.
The population density was 656 people per square mile. There were 157,024 housing units at an average density of 272 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.28% White, 7.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 1.43% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 148,316 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.70% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,824, the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $37,065 versus $23,875 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,417. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 375,586 people, 151,089 households, 100,417 families residing in the county; the population density was 652.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 165,215 housing units at an average density of 287.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88.7% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.6% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 10.1% were Italian, 7.7% were American.
Of the 151,089 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,941 and the median income for a family was $55,976. Males had a median income of $44,238 versus $31,896 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,015. About 9.5% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Stark county used to be Republican, but since 1992 it has become a swing county that tilts Democratic. In 2016, Donald Trump won the county by the largest margin of any presidential candidate since Ronald Reagan in 1984. Commissioners: Janet Weir Creighton, Bill Smith, Richard Regula Auditor: Alan Harold Clerk of Courts: Louis P. Giavasis Judges of the Court of Common Pleas: Hon. Kristin Farmer, Hon. John G. Haas, Hon. Taryn L. Heath, Hon. Francis G. Forchione, Hon Chryssa Hartnett Coroner: P.
S. Murthy M. D. Engineer: Keith Bennett Family Court: Hon. Rosemarie Hall, Hon Jim D. James, Hon
Ohio's 6th congressional district
Ohio's 6th congressional district is represented by Representative Bill Johnson. This district runs along the southeast side of the state, bordering Kentucky, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, it stretches from rural Lucasville through Athens and several older Ohio River industrial towns all the way to the Youngstown city limits. When Robert McEwen was first elected in 1980, the Sixth District of Ohio consisted of Adams, Clinton, Highland, Pike and Ross Counties plus Clermont County outside the city of Loveland, Harrison Township in Vinton County and the Warren County townships of Clearcreek, Hamilton, Massie and Wayne. At that time, The Washington Post described the Sixth as "a fail-safe Republican district."The Ohio General Assembly redrew the Sixth District following the results of the 1980 Census. The boundaries from 1983 to 1987 included all of Adams, Fayette, Hocking, Pike, Scioto and Warren Counties, plus Waterloo and York Townships in Athens County. Beginning with the 100th Congress in 1987, adjustments were made by the legislature to the boundaries.
A small part of the Montgomery County territory was detached, as were parts of Fayette County in Washington Court House in Union Township and the townships of Jasper and Marion. Part of Brown County was added and Eagle Townships; these were the boundaries for the rest of McEwen's service in Congress. The district was rural and agricultural with no large cities. One of the major industries was the United States Department of Energy's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant at Piketon, which manufactured uranium for nuclear weapons; the district was 97 per cent white with a median household income of $21,761. In 1992, the district was altered to accommodate Ohio's loss of two House seats in redistricting; the state legislature anticipated that Clarence Miller of the neighboring Tenth District would retire, thus combined the southern end of his district with most of the area represented by McEwen. Although the district did not include Miller's hometown of Lancaster, Miller decided not to retire and instead challenged McEwen in the Sixth District primary in 1992.
The campaign was bitter, McEwen eked out only a narrow victory. In November, McEwen was upset by a prison psychologist. Strickland himself was defeated in 1994 by Republican Frank Cremeans, but won the seat back in 1996. For 2002 the district was shifted eastward to make the seat friendlier for Strickland. At the same time, it ended the career of James Traficant in the neighboring 17th District by placing his hometown of Poland into the 6th. Traficant lost; the district includes all of Belmont, Columbiana, Guernsey, Jefferson, Meigs, Monroe and Washington counties, portions of Athens, Muskingum and Tuscarawas counties. In 2010, Republican Bill Johnson defeated incumbent Democrat Charles Wilson, returning the seat Republican for the first time since 1997. Following the 2010 United States Census, the bounds of the sixth district were changed again as Ohio lost two seats in Congress. In recent years and like much of coal country, the district has swung decidedly toward the Republican Party at local and national levels.
Going from what was once a dead heat in presidential elections, such as in 2000 or 2004, to a 42-point win for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton in 2016. The following chart shows historic election results. Election results from presidential races: Ohio's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Ohio State Route 7
State Route 7 known as Inter-county Highway 7 until 1921 and State Highway 7 in 1922, is a north–south state highway in the southern and eastern portions of the U. S. state of Ohio. At just over 337 miles in length, it is the longest state route in Ohio, its southern terminus is an interchange with U. S. Route 52 just west of Chesapeake, its northern terminus serves as the eastern terminus of SR 531 in Conneaut. The path of SR 7 stays within five miles of the Ohio River for the southern portion, with the river being visible from much of the route; the road remains within 10 miles of the Pennsylvania state line for the northern portion. SR 7 runs along the Ohio River for about 235 miles; this portion of the highway encounters routes like US 35, US 33, US 50, I-77. It passes through many Ohio River towns like Marietta and Steubenville. Once it reaches the Pennsylvania border it heads north along SR 11 & US 30 from East Liverpool to Rogers. After it exits State Route 11 in Rogers the route heads up to Youngstown.
The highway heads east overlapped with US 62. After that shared alignment, the highway heads north again in Hubbard through many small towns to its northern terminus with SR 531 in Conneaut. In 1912, Intercounty Highway 7 ran along the Ohio River, from Elizabethtown to the Pennsylvania state line in East Liverpool. In 1923, the route was at its greatest extent, the northern terminus of the route was extended from East Liverpool to Conneaut. In 1927, the southern segment running from Chesapeake to the Indiana state line near Elizabethtown was deleted to make way for US 52 and a small segment of US 50A tunnel was constructed north of Stratton in 1982; the $27 million project was necessitated for the expansion of the W. H. Sammis Power Plant; the Chesapeake bypass was first proposed in 1953. In 1961, the US 52 expressway opened from Chesapeake westward towards Sheridan; the original eastern terminus of the four-lane divided highway was at the current Chesapeake northbound-only exit ramp east of Tallow Ridge Road.
US 52 crossed at the present-day Robert C. Byrd Bridge that connects Chesapeake to Huntington, West Virginia. In 1979, the US 52 designation moved to the Nick Joe Rahall II Bridge as tolls on that span were removed that year. Ten years the four-lane expressway was extended eastward to an incomplete trumpet interchange just east of Big Branch Road. A four-lane connector route from the complete interchange to the foot of the Robert C. Byrd Bridge at SR 527 was completed. At the same time, the two-lane Chesapeake interchange ramp just east of Tallow Ridge Road was converted to a northbound-only exit ramp; the abrupt terminus at Chesapeake was envisioned to connect to Proctorville. On May 31, 2002, ground was broken for Phase 1-A of the Proctorville bypass. Phase 1-A entailed a two-lane connector road from the East Huntington Bridge to Irene Road, with the original loop ramp from the bridge to State Route 7 being modified into an access road. Phase 1-B was designated from Irene Road to State Route 7 near Fairland East Elementary in Rome.
Phase 2 was envisioned from Irene Road west to Chesapeake. The total cost was estimated to be at $165 million. On April 27, 2003, Phase 1-A of the Proctorville bypass opened to traffic; the $6.5 million, one-mile section of three-lane roadway was opened from the foot of the East Huntington Bridge to Irene Road and signed as SR 607. On June 3, 2003, bids were opened for Phase 1-B from Irene Road to SR 7 near Fairland East Elementary; the projected cost of the 4.5-mile segment was $27 million, when the bids were let, the cost had decreased to $24.3 million. The lowest bid, accepted, came in at $22.1 million. The road was designed as a two-lane limited-access facility on a four-lane right-of-way. Construction began on August 4, with an original estimated completion date of June 30, 2005. An unusual amount of rain, blamed on two hurricanes, caused major delays. More than one-dozen major slips along Phase 1-B required an additional $30 million in repairs and the purchase of additional land for highwall excavations.
Another change was the design of the roadway. During the repair of the slips, a terraced roadway was constructed to separate the future southbound lanes from the northbound by a highwall when the roadway is expanded to four lanes. Other cost overruns had pushed the cost of construction to $62 million total, which included Phases 1-A and 1-B, up from the original estimates of $32 million; the primary cause was increasing land values and "unchecked zoning" along the project's projected right-of-way along with geo-technical problems with rocky soil. Property values along the projected route, for instance, increased 91.5% from 1992 to 2001 alone. In October 2006, a small 1⁄2-mile segment of the Phase 1-B bypass opened to traffic between SR 607 and Irene Road intersection to SR 775; the remainder, east to SR 7 near Fairland East Elementary, opened on December 8, 2006. It includes intersections with SR 775, Kinley Avenue, SR 7. Upon completion, phases 1-A and 1-B were signed as SR 7. Phase 2 of the bypass, from the Chesapeake bypass to Irene Road at Proctorville, has not been funded.
Funding, promised by the Ohio Department of Transportation was de
Interstate 80 in Ohio
Interstate 80 in the U. S. state of Ohio runs across the northern part of the state. Most of the route is part of the Ohio Turnpike; that stretch of road is the feeder route to the Keystone Shortway, a shortcut through northern Pennsylvania that provides access to New York City. In Ohio, I-80 enters with I-90 from the Indiana Toll Road and becomes the "James W. Shocknessy Ohio Turnpike", more referred to as the Ohio Turnpike; the two Interstates cross rural northwest Ohio and run just south of the metropolitan area of Toledo. In Rossford, Ohio the turnpike intersects with I-75 in an area known as the Crossroads of America; this intersection is one of the largest intersections of three Interstate Highways in the United States. In Elyria Township, just west of Cleveland, I-90 splits from I-80. I-80 runs east-southeast through the southern suburbs of Cleveland and retains the Ohio Turnpike designation. Just northwest of Youngstown, the Ohio Turnpike continues southeast onto I-76, while I-80 exits the turnpike and runs east to the north of Youngstown, entering Pennsylvania south of Sharon, Pennsylvania.
Interstate 80 was constructed as part of the Ohio Turnpike, the origins of which predate the establishment of the Interstate Highway System in 1956. The Ohio state legislature created the Ohio Turnpike Commission in 1949, the first step in designing and constructing the east-west freeway. Construction began on October 27, 1952, the freeway was completed on October 1, 1955. Although I-80 presently uses the Ohio Turnpike across most of the state, it was once planned to split between Norwalk and Edinburg, with Interstate 80N passing through Cleveland and Interstate 80S passing through Akron