Christophe Béchu is a French politician, President of the General Council of the Maine-et-Loire department since 2004 and Member of the European Parliament elected in the 2009 European election to 2011 for the West France constituency. A former member of DL, he was a member of the leading centre-right Union for a Popular Movement The Republicans, until leaving the party in early December 2017, he has represented the Canton of Angers-Nord-Ouest since 2001, was re-elected there during the French cantonal elections, 2008. However, he was narrowly defeated by the incumbent PS mayor of Angers, Jean-Claude Antonini, in the 2008 municipal elections. In 2009, the UMP selected him to lead the UMP list in the West constituency ahead of the 2009 European elections, he was elected to the European Parliament as a result. His list won 27.16 % of three MEPs. He resigned in January 2011, he lost the regional election of 2010 to become President of Pays-de-la-Loire region, but was elected as a regional councillor.
In September 2011, he was elected as a Senator of Maine-et-Loire, thereafter resigned from regional council of Pays-de-Loire. During the French municipal elections, 2014, he competed against Frédéric Béatse and became the new mayor of Angers on April 30, 2014
Deux-Sèvres is a French department. Deux-Sèvres means "two Sèvres": the Sèvre Nantaise and the Sèvre Niortaise are two rivers which have their sources in the department. Deux-Sèvres was one of the 83 original départements created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. Departmental borders were changed in 1973 when the inhabitants of the little commune of Puy-Saint-Bonnet became formally associated with the growing adjacent commune of Cholet. Cholet is in the neighbouring department of Maine-et-Loire. In order to avoid the associated communes being administered in separate departments, Puy-Saint-Bonnet was transferred into Maine-et-Loire; the climate is mild, the annual temperature averaging 11 degrees Celsius. The département remains rural: three-quarters of the area consists of arable land. Wheat and oats are the main products grown, as well as potatoes and walnuts. Niort is the center for angelica; some beetroot is grown in the district of Melle. Vineyards are numerous in the north, there are some in the south.
The département is well known for the breeding of cattle and horses. The Parthenais breed of cattle is named after the town of Parthenay in the north of the département. Dairy products are produced in significant quantities; some quarries are in operation, as well as lime extraction operations. Textiles, leather-tanning, flour milling were the traditional industries of Niort, the capital and major city. Nowadays, with 60,000 inhabitants, is an important commercial and administrative center. In particular it is one of the main financial centers in France. Niort is the national headquarters of some of the major insurance companies in France and regional headquarters of others such as Groupama; the regional headquarters of several national banks, including Banque Populaire and Crédit Agricole, are located there. The services sector is heavily represented in Niort, in consulting, accounting and software. Chemistry and aeronautics are the main industries. Textiles and shoe making, mechanics, chemistry, food industry and food packaging are the major industries outside of the capital.
The unemployment rate in the département is low in the north-west, where many small and medium companies are developing rapidly. The south-west of the département attracts tourists with the Marais Poitevin natural area. Niort in the south of the département is connected to Paris and Bordeaux by the A10 motorway, with Nantes by the A83, with La Rochelle and Poitiers by the N11. Another important road in the north of the département is the Route nationale 149, which runs east–west from Mortagne-sur-Sèvre to Poitiers, passing through Bressuire and Parthenay; the RN149 forms part of the European route E62 from Nantes to Genoa. In Autumn 2008, the Route nationale 249 running from Nantes to Cholet, was extended, continuing towards Bressuire and on to Poitiers; this will become part of the E62 and bypass the current RN149. The north and south of the département are connected by minor roads, with the D743 and D748 linking Niort to Parthenay and Bressuire whilst the D938 connects to Thouars; the département has two railway stations on the TGV route between Paris and La Rochelle, with a journey from Niort to Paris taking 2h15.
It is served by several TER Nouvelle-Aquitaine regional railway routes, including a route from Poitiers via Niort to La Rochelle, a route from Niort to Saintes, a route from Tours to Thouars and Bressuire. A railway bus service operated as part of the TER Nouvelle-Aquitaine network follows the RN149 from Poitiers to Nantes, calling at Parthenay and Bressuire. Additionally the département provides the Réseau des Deux-Sèvres, an inter-urban bus service that connects the towns and villages of the département. There are no airports with scheduled airline service within the département, although Niort-Souche Airport is used for private movements; the nearest commercial airports are at La Rochelle and Nantes. Famous births in the département: Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV Jacques de Liniers Louis-Marcelin, marquis de Fontanes and politician Henri-Georges Clouzot, film director Laurent Cantet, Palme d'Or at the Festival de Cannes 2008, for the movie Entre les murs Catherine Breillat, film maker and novelist Jean-Hugues Anglade, actor René Caillié explorer, the first European to return alive from the town of TimbuktuFamous people related to the département: Jean-Baptiste Baujault, French sculptor Ségolène Royal, former candidate for the 2007 French presidential election, former representative of the department at the National Assembly, former President of the Poitou-Charentes region and Minister of Ecology since 2014.
Anjou wine Arrondissements of the Deux-Sèvres department Cantons of the Deux-Sèvres department Communes of the Deux-Sèvres department Prefectures website
The Vendée is a department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west-central France, on the Atlantic Ocean. The name Vendée is taken from the Vendée river which runs through the southeastern part of the department; the area today called the Vendée was known as the Bas-Poitou and is part of the former province of Poitou. In the southeast corner, the village of Nieul-sur-l'Autise is believed to be the birthplace of Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eleanor's son, Richard I of England had his base in Talmont; the Hundred Years' War turned much of the Vendée into a battleground. Since the Vendée held a considerable number of influential Protestants, including control by Jeanne d'Albret mother of Henry IV of France, the region was affected by the French Wars of Religion which broke out in 1562 and continued until 1598. In April of that year King Henri IV issued; the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 caused many Huguenots to flee from the Vendée. In the void, the region became rigorously Catholic due to the influence of a preacher and Marian missionary Louis de Montfort who radically changed the spirituality of the region.
Many attribute the affect of his preaching to prepare the Vendeans for their revolt against the French Revolution. The Vendeans revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793, which opened with a massacre at Machecoul in March, they resented the harsh conditions imposed on the Roman Catholic Church by the provisions of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy act and broke into open revolt after the Revolutionary government's imposition of military conscription. A guerrilla war, known as the Revolt in the Vendée, led at the outset by peasants who were chosen in each locale, cost more than 240,000 lives before it ended in 1796; the Revolt in the Vendée must not be confused with the revolt of the Chouans, which took place at the same time in Maine and Brittany. In 1804, Napoleon I chose La Roche-sur-Yon to be the capital of the department. At the time, most of La Roche had been eradicated in the Vendée Revolt. Napoléonville was designed to accommodate 15,000 people. In 1815, when Napoleon escaped exile on Elba for his Hundred Days, the Vendée refused to recognise him and stayed loyal to King Louis XVIII.
General Lamarque led 10,000 men into the Vendée to pacify the region. A failed rebellion in the Vendée in 1832 in support of Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, duchess de Berry, the former King Charles X's widowed daughter-in-law, was an unsuccessful attempt to restore the Legitimist Bourbon dynasty during the reign of the Orléanist monarch, King Louis Philippe of the French. In 1850, English author Anthony Trollope published his book La Vendée, detailing the history of the region and the war. In the preface he pays tribute to Madame de la Rochejaquelein, on whose memoirs of the war he based his story. Vendée's highest point is Puy-Crapaud; the department is crossed by four rivers: the Sèvre Nantaise, the Vendée, the Lay and the Sèvre Niortaise. Vendée's inhabitants are referred to as Vendeans; the main University of this department is the Catholic Institute of Higher Studies - ICES in La Roche-sur-Yon. The main goal of this institute is to achieve academic excellence through an enhancement of the Christian and human dimension in seven areas of study.
Founded in 1989, Catholic Institute of Higher Studies - ICES has pioneered a new concept in higher education, that of the “University School”: halfway between the French Grande École and the traditional state university. The primary drivers of the Vendéen economy are: Tourism Agriculture Food Processing Light/Medium Industry; the Vendée has been cited as the most economically dynamic department in France by L'Express magazine in a 2006 survey. Its economy is characterised by a low rate of unemployment and a high proportion of small and medium-sized businesses; the coast of the Vendée extends over 200 kilometres of sandy beaches. Tourists from overseas and locally frequent them; some resorts include La Tranche-sur-Mer and Saint-Jean-de-Monts. Some beaches are certified for the FEE Blue Flag for cleanliness. With more than 160 kilometres of sandy beaches edged with dunes and pine woods. There is a nude beach just south of La Faute sur Mer on the Pointe d'Arçay; the department has churches and abbeys, and—for nature lovers—thousands of marked footpaths, a signposted bicycle route running along the coastal mudflats, marshes that attract unusual birds.
There is fishing in the Vendée's lakes. Inland, the chief attractions include the Marais Poitevin, the forested area around the village of Mervent and the rolling countryside of the Bocage. In the north of the department, the historical theme park Puy du Fou attracts more than 1.45 million of visitors per year. Agriculture remains a significant source of employment in the Vendée. Among departments, it has the second highest level of revenue from agriculture in France; the major arable crops grown are maize, colza and sunflowers. Meat and dairy production feature, as does the offshore farming
The Loire Valley, spanning 280 kilometres, is located in the middle stretch of the Loire River in central France, in both the administrative regions Pays de la Loire and Centre-Val de Loire. The area of the Loire Valley comprises about 800 square kilometres, it is referred to as the Cradle of the French and the Garden of France due to the abundance of vineyards, fruit orchards, artichoke, asparagus fields, which line the banks of the river. Notable for its historic towns and wines, the valley has been inhabited since the Middle Palaeolithic period. In 2000, UNESCO added the central part of the Loire River valley to its list of World Heritage Sites; the valley includes historic towns such as Amboise, Blois, Montsoreau, Orléans and Tours. The climate is favorable most of the year, the river acting as a line of demarcation in France's weather between the northern climate and the southern; the river has a significant effect on the mesoclimate of the region, adding a few degrees of temperature. The climate can be cool with springtime frost.
Summers are hot. Temperature and average sunshine time in Angers: The Loire Valley wine region is one of the world's most well-known areas of wine production and includes several French wine regions situated along the river from the Muscadet region on the Atlantic coast to the regions of Sancerre and Pouilly-Fumé just southeast of the city of Orléans in north central France. Loire wines tend to exhibit a characteristic fruitiness with crisp flavors. On December 2, 2000, UNESCO added the central part of the river valley, between Chalonnes-sur-Loire and Sully-sur-Loire, to its list of World Heritage Sites. In choosing this area that includes the French départements of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire, the committee said that the Loire Valley is: "an exceptional cultural landscape, of great beauty, comprised of historic cities and villages, great architectural monuments - the châteaux - and lands that have been cultivated and shaped by centuries of interaction between local populations and their physical environment, in particular the Loire itself."
The Loire Valley chansonniers are a related group of songbooks attributed to the composers of the Loire Valley and are the earliest surviving examples of a new genre which offered a combination of words and illuminations. A new Contemporary Art offer is developing all along the Loire River from Montsoreau to Orléans with such places as Château de Montsoreau-Contemporary Art Museum, CCCOD Tours, the Domaine Régional de Chaumont sur Loire and the Frac Centre Orléans, they are a rare association of Renaissance architecture with contemporary art. The architectural heritage in the valley's historic towns is notable its châteaux, such as the Château de Montsoreau, Château d'Amboise, Château d'Azay-le-Rideau, Château de Chambord, Château de Chinon, Château du Rivau, Château d'Ussé, Château de Villandry and Chenonceau; the châteaux, numbering more than three hundred, represent a nation of builders starting with the necessary castle fortifications in the 10th century to the splendour of those built half a millennium later.
When the French kings began constructing their huge châteaux here, the nobility, not wanting or daring to be far from the seat of power, followed suit. Their presence in the lush, fertile valley began attracting the best landscape designers. In addition to its many châteaux, the cultural monuments illustrate to an exceptional degree the ideals of the Renaissance and the Age of the Enlightenment on western European thought and design. Many of the châteaux were designed to be built on the top of hills, one example of this is the Château d'Amboise. Many of the châteaux had detailed and expensive churches on the grounds, or within the actual château itself; the Château de Montsoreau is the only château to have been built in the Loire riverbed, it is the only one to be dedicated to contemporary art. Loire Valley portal Loire Valley world heritage site Loire Valley Chateau du Rivau Chinon Fortress Chateau de Montsoreau-Contemporary Art Museum Western France Tourist Board
The Maine is a river, a tributary of the Loire, 11.5 km long, in the Maine-et-Loire département in France. It is formed by the confluence of the Sarthe rivers north of Angers, it joins the Loire south-west of Angers. The river's name is derived from the ancient Meodena, is unrelated to Maine, the province. Http://www.geoportail.fr
The Loir is a 317 km long river in western France. It is a left tributary of the Sarthe, its source is in the Eure-et-Loir department, north of Illiers-Combray. It joins the river Sarthe in Briollay, north of the city of Angers, it is indirectly a tributary of the Loire, runs parallel to it and north of it for much of its length, so might be regarded as a Yazoo type river. Eure-et-Loir: Illiers-Combray, Bonneval, Châteaudun, Cloyes-sur-le-Loir Loir-et-Cher: Morée, Vendôme, Montoire-sur-le-Loir Sarthe: La Chartre-sur-le-Loir, Château-du-Loir, Le Lude, La Flèche Maine-et-Loire: Durtal, Lézigné, Seiches-sur-le-Loir Ozanne Yerre Braye Aigre Conie The homepage of www.geoportail.gouv.fr
Matthieu Orphelin is a French politician, member of the French National Assembly representing Maine-et-Loire. Orphelin is an engineer at the École centrale de Nantes, an environmental specialty, a doctor of energy at the Ecole des Mines de Paris, he is a specialist in energy policies and the fight against climate change and has been involved in politics, where he is involved in education and solidarity issues. Orphelin spent most of his career at the Environment and Energy Management Agency, where he was chief of the economy and observation department and director of research and development. Prospective, he acted as adviser to Michèle Pappalardo as chief of staff to Chantal Jouanno and Philippe Van de Maele. From 2007 to 2010, he is part of the representatives of the State College in the groups of Grenelle de l'environnement and works in particular on the building plan and on the tax measures whose contribution energy climate, he led work on energy poverty, the ecological transformation of the economy and training for the jobs of tomorrow.
Top of Europe Ecology – The Greens for the 2010 regional elections in Maine-et-Loire, he is elected and appointed Vice President of the Regional council of Pays de la Loire, Chairman of the Education and Learning Commission. During the 2011 Ecology Party presidential primary, for a presidential election 2012, he worked in Nicolas Hulot's campaign team. Orphelin was elected to the French National Assembly on 18 June 2017, representing the 1st constituency of Maine-et-Loire. In the National Assembly, He sits on the Sustainable Development and Regional Planning Committee, he is a member of Joint information mission on plant protection products. He is a President of France-Vanuatu Friendship Group and, Secretary of France-India Friendship Group. In September 2018, he supported Barbara Pompili's candidacy for the presidency of the National Assembly; the following month, he launched a collective called "Accelerating the Ecological and Solidarity Transition!", Which brings together more than 120 MPs from six of the seven parliamentary groups of the Assembly.
Mathieu Orphelin leaves the group La République en marche on 6 February 2019, explaining having "done everything possible to carry high the ecology", without success, invoking in particular insufficient progress on the "climatic and criticizing "certain choices" of the government. He is close to the former Minister of Ecological and Solidary Transition Nicolas Hulot, who resigned in 2018 for the same reasons. French legislative election, 2017