DeLendrecie's Department Store
DeLendrecie's Department Store is a property in Fargo, North Dakota, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. It was built in 1894 in Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals and Richardsonian Classical style, was designed by McMillen & Tenbusch and by Andrew J. O'Shea; the listing includes one contributing building on an area of less than 1 acre. The deLendrecie brothers chose to expand the store vertically in 1904; the store closed in 1972, upon relocating the business to West Acres Mall. deLendrecie became Herberger's in 1998
The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company
The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, LLC is an American company that operates the luxury hotel chain known as The Ritz-Carlton. The company has 91 luxury resorts in 30 countries and territories; the current company was founded in 1983, when the previous owners sold the Ritz-Carlton brand name and the Ritz-Carlton hotel in Boston, Massachusetts. The brand was subsequently expanded to other locations; the company is today a subsidiary of Marriott International. The story of The Ritz-Carlton begins with Swiss hotelier César Ritz, well known in the hotel industry as the "king of hoteliers and hotelier to kings" redefined luxury accommodation in Europe with his management of The Ritz in Paris and the Carlton Hotel in London, among others, he and the renowned chef from his hotels, Auguste Escoffier, opened a la carte restaurants known as Ritz-Carlton on board the Hamburg-Amerika Line ocean liners SS Amerika in 1905 and SS Imperator in 1913. The restaurants on those ships ceased operating in 1914 with the outbreak of World War I.
Although Ritz died in 1918, his wife Marie continued the tradition of opening hotels in his name. The Ritz-Carlton Investing Company was established by Albert Keller, who bought and franchised the name in the United States; the first Ritz-Carlton Hotel in the U. S. opened in New York City in 1911. It was located at Madison Avenue. Louis Diat invented Vichyssoise there. In 1911, the Ritz company announced its intention to expand to Atlantic City; the Ritz-Carlton Philadelphia followed in 1913 at Broad & Walnut streets, designed by Horace Trumbauer and Warren & Wetmore. The Ritz-Carlton Montreal opened in 1912, not owned by Keller. Keller's Ritz-Carlton Atlantic City opened in 1921. In the early 1920s, the Ritz-Carlton chain consisted of 15 hotels: Argentina Plaza Hotel Buenos AiresFrance Imperial Hotel, Menton Royal Hotel, Évian-les-Bains Splendide Hotel, Évian-les-BainsItaly Grand Hotel Excelsior, Rome Grand Hotel, Rome Grand Hotel and New Casino, Rapallo Grand Hotel et des Iles Borromees, Lake Maggiore Excelsior Hotel, NaplesSwitzerland Grand Hotel National, LucerneUnited States Ritz-Carlton Hotel, New York City Ritz-Carlton Hotel, Atlantic City In October 1926, 29-year-old Edward N. Wyner bought a third-acre parcel at the corner of Arlington and Newbury streets and formed a partnership called The Ritz-Arlington Trust with his father and business associate, John S. Slater.
The trust sold $5.8 million of bonds to finance the construction of an apartment building to be called the Mayflower. The 18-story, 201-foot brick building, designed by Strickland, Blodget & Law Architects, was far taller than anything else along Newbury Street at the time. Construction had started on the second floor when Wyner was persuaded by then-Mayor James Michael Curley to make the Mayflower a world-class, 300-room Ritz-Carlton Hotel, which opened May 19, 1927. Room rates were $5 to $15 per night. After a hugely successful opening, the stock market crash of 1929 and ensuing Depression brought financial difficulties; the Wyner family funded the hotel’s operating losses during the early 1930s, although the interest on the bonds went unpaid. Still in 1933, when only 30 guests were registered in the hotel, Wyner turned on the lights in every guest room to give the appearance that the hotel was full; the Philadelphia location was converted to an office building after only a few years in operation.
The Atlantic City hotel was sold to Schine Hotels in the late 1940s, Sheraton Hotels in 1959. The New York hotel was demolished in 1951. Edward Wyner died of a heart attack on December 5, 1961, his six sons tried to continue operation of the Boston hotel, but were unable to overcome difficulties, decided to sell. The unpaid interest on the bonds dissuaded many from trying to buy the hotel, but Cabot, Cabot & Forbes principal Gerald F. Blakeley Jr. was interested. After more than a year of legal work and Dorr succeeded at clearing the bond obligations, in October 1964 Blakeley and associates Paul Hellmuth and Charles Spaulding acquired the Ritz-Carlton Boston for $5.8 million. “Out of the 20 years I owned it, it made money three years. The other years it broke but from a public relations standpoint for CC&F, it was a tremendous asset,” said Blakeley, who completed a 19-story Ritz-Carlton luxury condominium complex on land adjacent to the hotel in 1981. In the late 1960s Blakeley obtained the rights to the Ritz-Carlton name in North America.
In June 1978, Blakeley was awarded the rights and privileges of the Ritz-Carlton trademark in the United States and was given a US Service Mark Registration. In the 1970s, the Ritz-Carlton name was licensed to the builders of a new hotel in Chicago; the Ritz-Carlton Chicago opened in 1975 in a tower atop Water Tower Place. It joined the Four Seasons Hotels & Resorts chain in 1977, as there was no Ritz-Carlton chain at the time. Confusingly, it remained part of Four Seasons for decades, marketed as "The Ritz-Carlton Chicago", it had no association with the modern Ritz-Carlton chain, though it used the name and the iconic logo. The property was sold in 2013 and left Four Seasons, joining the modern Ritz-Carlton chain as a franchise on August 1, 2015. In 1982, Blakely licensed the name to hotelier John B. Coleman for two hotels he was renovating, The Fairfax in Washington, D. C. and the Navarro in New York City. Coleman renamed them The Ritz-Carlton Washington D. C. and The Ritz-Carlton New York in April 1982.
Coleman paid Blakely a fee of 1.5 percent of each hotel's annual gross revenue for use of the name. The two hotels joined the modern chain that would be founded a few
D. H. Holmes
D. H. Holmes was a New Orleans department store and a New Orleans-based chain of department stores; the company was founded in 1842 by Daniel Henry Holmes. In 1849 he moved his headquarters to Canal Street, he followed the model of pioneering department stores in Paris and New York City to offer his customers the best products and services. D. H. Holmes's main building on Canal Street was long considered a landmark. By the end of the 19th century, it was the largest department store in the South, with customers being served by more than 700 employees. Meeting under its clock, located on the Canal Street facade, was a popular rendezvous when this part of the city was a major shopping area. In the first scene of the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, A Confederacy of Dunces by John Kennedy Toole, the character Ignatius Reilly agrees to meet his mother at the clock. In 1989 D. H. Holmes was purchased by one of numerous mergers among retail stores; the former main store of D. H. Holmes was opened in 1995 as the Chateau Sonesta Hotel.
It completed a major renovation of all guest rooms, swimming pool and meeting spaces in May 2012, is now the Hyatt French Quarter Hotel, managed by HRI Lodging. Maison Blanche D. H. Holmes lost a Supreme Court case on use tax in 1988 D. H. Holmes toy department, about 1930
J. B. White
J. B. White was a department store chain in the Southeastern United States founded in Augusta, Georgia in 1874 by James Brice White, an Irish immigrant. In the early 1910s, White sold the store to the H. B. Calvin Company, owner of Lord & Taylor; the store's initial offerings included clothing, furniture and community programs. Owned by now-defunct Mercantile Stores for most of its existence, most locations of the chain were in South Carolina, though locations existed in Augusta and Savannah. Most locations became. White locations in overlapping areas became Belk. In Augusta, the original downtown store added two suburban branches, a full-line store at the National Hill's shopping center and a homegoods only location in the Daniel Village shopping center. In 1978, the store left its longtime downtown flagship for a new one at Regency Mall twenty years J. B. White moved to its last flagship location at Augusta Mall in 1998. Shortly before the sale to Dillard's; the Savannah location opened at Savannah Mall in 1990.
The defunct Augusta, Georgia store on Broad Street was purchased in June 2007 to be converted into condominiums
Canal Street, New Orleans
Canal Street is a major thoroughfare in the city of New Orleans. Forming the upriver boundary of the city's oldest neighborhood, the French Quarter or Vieux Carré, it served as the dividing line between the colonial-era city and the newer American Sector, today's Central Business District. Up until the early 1800s, it was the Creoles who lived in the Vieux Carré. After the Louisiana Purchase, a large influx of other cultures began to find their way into the city via the Mississippi River. A number of Americans from Kentucky and other Midwestern states moved into the city and settled uptown. Along the division between these two cultures, a canal was planned; the canal was never built but the street. Furthermore, the median of the street became known as the neutral ground, acknowledging the cultural divide. To this day, all medians of New Orleans streets are called neutral grounds. One end of Canal Street terminates at the Mississippi River. Called "the foot of Canal Street", at the riverfront the Canal Street Ferry offers a connection to the Algiers Point neighborhood, an older, 18th-century portion of the larger Algiers section of New Orleans.
Canal Street's other terminus is in Mid-City at a collection of cemeteries. Offset from the Mid-City end is the beginning of Canal Boulevard, which extends to the shore of Lake Pontchartrain via the Lakeview neighborhood. Throughout its length, which runs east and west, serves as a dividing line for cross streets running north and south; the street has three lanes of traffic in both directions, with a pair of streetcar tracks in the center. Canal Street's downtown segment serves as the hub of the city's public transit system or RTA, with numerous streetcar and bus route terminals. Canal Street is said to be the widest roadway in America to have been called a street, instead of the avenue or boulevard titles more appended to wide urban thoroughfares. For more than a century, Canal Street was the main shopping district of Greater New Orleans. Local or regional department stores Maison Blanche, D. H. Holmes, Godchaux's, Gus Mayer, Labiche's, Kreeger's, Krauss anchored numerous well-known specialty retailers, such as Rubenstein Men's Store, Adler's Jewelry, Koslow's, Rapp's, Werlein's Music, as well as bookstores, Kress, Woolworth's, others.
The department stores began as sellers of fabric and accessories, with extensive floor space and glass windows. As elevators and escalators allowed for multi-floor department stores, the stores were enlarged and made more elegant by incorporating adjoining buildings. Although Canal Street began to lose its primacy as a regional shopping destination in the late 1960s, it retained a robust mix of department stores and specialty shopping into the mid-1980s — somewhat than main-street shopping districts in other U. S. cities — and it received a boost in 1983 with the completion of Canal Place's retail component. However, national trends disfavoring downtown retail caught up with Canal Street — with a key assist from the regional economic depression of the mid-80s. One Canal Place has three lower levels; the mall contains a Saks Fifth Avenue, the Theatres at Canal Place, a food court, 45 high-end retailers including Anthropologie, Brooks Brothers, Michael Kors, Morton's the Steakhouse. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, a fire inflicted heavy damage to the Saks Fifth Avenue store.
The mall reopened in February 2006, a completely-remodeled Saks reopened in November. One Canal Place Office Tower is a Class, it is adjacent to the Westin New Orleans Hotel. The office space is made up of more than 650,000 square feet and includes a parking garage and health club facilities. New Orleans has been a center for opera and concerts. In 1871 the Varieties Theater opened on Canal Street between Burgundy streets; the building was renovated and renamed the Grand Opera House in 1881, which could be used as both a theater and ballroom. Theaters and movie houses were clustered around the intersection with Rampart Street, with the neon marquees of the Saenger, Loews State and Joy casting multi-colored light nightly onto surrounding sidewalks, it is said that the world's first movie theater was "Vitascope Hall", established on Canal Street in 1896. By the 1910s there were several movie theaters on Canal, including the Alamo, the Plaza, the Dreamworld. In 1912 the Trianon, the first "movie palace" in the city opened.
The Tudor followed in 1914 and the Globe in 1918. By the 1950s they had become low-grade theaters, in the 1960s they were closed. Although most of the grand movie theaters have closed over the years, several cinemas on Canal Street operate today. In the 1830s, several hotels on Canal Street near the river were in operation, including the Union Hotel and the Planters Hotel. Although most of the grand 19th-century hotels were located in the French Quarter, the Perry House was on Canal Street. By the 1920s a growth was seen in the number of hotels on Canal Street; these included the LaSalle Hotel, the Hotel New Orleans, the Jung Hotel with its rooftop ballroom. As convention industry began to grow in the 1960s, the Governor House Motor Hotel and the International Hotel were built. A whole block was taken up by the Marriott Hotel which opened in 1972 as the tallest hotel in the city. Canal Street began to accommodate large conv
Hurricane Katrina was an destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that made landfall on Florida and Louisiana the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas, in August 2005, causing catastrophic damage from central Florida to eastern Texas. Subsequent flooding, caused as a result of fatal engineering flaws in the flood protection system known as levees around the city of New Orleans, precipitated most of the loss of lives; the storm was the third major hurricane of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the United States, behind only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane, Hurricane Camille in 1969, Hurricane Michael in 2018. The storm originated over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005, from the merger of a tropical wave and the remnants of Tropical Depression Ten. Early on the following day, the tropical depression intensified into a tropical storm as it headed westward toward Florida, strengthening into a hurricane only two hours before making landfall at Hallandale Beach and Aventura on August 25.
After briefly weakening again to a tropical storm, Katrina emerged into the Gulf of Mexico on August 26 and began to intensify. The storm strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane over the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico but weakened before making its second landfall as a Category 3 hurricane on August 29, over southeast Louisiana and Mississippi; as Katrina made landfall, its front right quadrant, which held the strongest winds, slammed into Gulfport, devastating it. Overall, at least 1,836 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making Katrina the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane. Severe property damage occurred in numerous coastal areas, such as Mississippi beachfront towns where boats and casino barges rammed buildings, pushing cars and houses inland; the total property damage was estimated at $125 billion four times the damage wrought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992, tying Katrina with Hurricane Harvey of 2017 as the costliest Atlantic tropical cyclone on record.
Over fifty breaches in surge protection levees surrounding the city of New Orleans, Louisiana was the cause of the majority of the death and destruction during Katrina. 80% of the city, as well as large tracts of neighboring parishes, became flooded, the floodwaters lingered for weeks. Most of the transportation and communication networks servicing New Orleans were damaged or disabled by the flooding, tens of thousands of people who had not evacuated the city prior to landfall became stranded with little access to food, shelter or basic necessities; the scale of the disaster in New Orleans provoked massive national and international response efforts. Multiple investigations in the aftermath of the storm concluded that the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, which had designed and built the region's levees decades earlier, was responsible for the failure of the flood-control systems, though federal courts ruled that the Corps could not be held financially liable because of sovereign immunity in the Flood Control Act of 1928.
There were widespread criticisms and investigations of the emergency responses from federal and local governments, which resulted in the resignations of Federal Emergency Management Agency director Michael D. Brown and New Orleans Police Department Superintendent Eddie Compass. Many other government officials were criticized for their responses New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin, Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco, President George W. Bush. Several agencies including the United States Coast Guard, National Hurricane Center and National Weather Service were commended for their actions; the NHC was found to have provided accurate hurricane forecasts with sufficient lead time. Hurricane Katrina formed as Tropical Depression Twelve over the southeastern Bahamas on August 23, 2005, as the result of an interaction between a tropical wave and the remnants of Tropical Depression Ten; the storm strengthened into Tropical Storm Katrina on the morning of August 24. The tropical storm moved towards Florida and became a hurricane only two hours before making landfall between Hallandale Beach and Aventura on the morning of August 25.
The storm weakened over land, but it regained hurricane status about one hour after entering the Gulf of Mexico, it continued strengthening over open waters. On August 27, the storm reached Category 3 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale, becoming the third major hurricane of the season. An eyewall replacement cycle disrupted the intensification but caused the storm to nearly double in size; the storm intensified after entering the Gulf, growing from a Category 3 hurricane to a Category 5 hurricane in just nine hours. This rapid growth was due to the storm's movement over the "unusually warm" waters of the Loop Current. Katrina attained Category 5 status on the morning of August 28 and reached its peak strength at 1800 UTC that day, with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph and a minimum central pressure of 902 mbar; the pressure measurement made Katrina the fifth most intense Atlantic hurricane on record at the time, only to be surpassed by Hurricanes Rita and Wilma in the season.
However, this record was broken by Hurricane Rita. The hurricane subsequently weakened due to another eyewall replacement cycle, Katrina made its second landfall at 1110 UTC on August 29, as a Category 3 hu
Loveman's of Alabama
Loveman's of Alabama was a Birmingham, Alabama-based chain of department stores with locations across Alabama. It adopted this name to distinguish it from Loveman's department stores operating in Chattanooga, in Nashville, Tennessee; the store was founded in 1887, as A. B. Loveman's Dry Goods Emporium at 1915 Second Avenue by Adolph Bernard Loveman. Moses V. Joseph of Selma, soon joined the company and it was renamed Loveman & Joseph. In 1889, the company became Joseph & Loeb with the addition of Emil Loeb. Loveman's primary location was built at 200 19th Street on the corner of 3rd Avenue North; the store was expanded in 1899. By 1911, Loveman's was known as the largest, most magnificent department store south of the Ohio River. In 1917, an add-on known as the Loveman's annex was built between the main building and the Alabama Theatre. In 1923, Joseph & Loeb, along with B. Lowenstein, Inc. of Memphis and Maison Blanche Co. of New Orleans, were the first three department stores of the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-based City Stores Company syndicate.
The department store was destroyed in a massive fire on March 10, 1934, although the exterior of the annex survived. The store reopened within a few weeks at a temporary location while a new Loveman's building was built on the site of the fire; the new Loveman's building was completed in 1935. There was a clock on corner of the new building, facing the 19th Street/3rd Avenue intersection, a popular local landmark; the new department store was one of the first in the nation to be air conditioned, the first in Alabama to feature an escalator. Loveman's opened its first suburban branch store in Montgomery's Normandale Shopping Center in 1954. In 1966, a store came inline in Huntsville's The Mall; the first Metro Birmingham branch was dedicated, at Bessemer's West Lake Mall. Branch stores followed at Birmingham's Century Plaza. City Stores filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in July 1979, forcing liquidation of the chain and closing of the flagship downtown store in April 1980; the downtown Loveman's building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 14, 1983.
It now houses the McWane Science Center. The Liebman-Loveman Family, Loveman Merchants Page 1. Loveman's. In BhamWiki, part of the "Project to Document the Birmingham District" Kuhl, Earl D. editor "Illustrated Souvenir: Birmingham's $3,000,000 Fire, March 10, 1934." Birmingham: Birmingham Firemen's Relief Association. - accessed at Birmingham Public Library Archives Digital Collections, February 22, 2007 White, Marjorie Longenecker, ed. Downtown Birmingham: Architectural and Historical Walking Tour Guide, second edition. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society. Birmingham Rewound - Photographs of Loveman's downtown Birmingham store and opening of Century Plaza store. Archiplanet.org National Register of Historic Places entry Loveman and Loeb Department Store.. In Birmingham Public Library Digital Collections. Retrieved Aug 30, 2008