Kid Auto Races at Venice
Kid Auto Races at Venice is a 1914 American film starring Charles Chaplin in which his Little Tramp character makes his first appearance in a film exhibited before the public. The first film to be produced that featured the character was actually Mabels Strange Predicament, it was shot a few days before Kid Auto Races but released two days after it. Made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman, the movie portrays Chaplin as a spectator at a race in Venice. The spectator keeps getting in the way of the camera and interferes with the race, causing great frustration to the public, the film was shot during the Junior Vanderbilt Cup, an actual race with Chaplin and Lehrman improvising gags in front of real-life spectators. Unusually the camera breaks the wall to show a second camera filming. At this stage Chaplin only gets in the way of the camera on screen. In so doing it takes on a viewpoint and becomes one of the first public films to show a film camera. Charlie Chaplin – The Tramp Henry Lehrman – Film Director Frank D, the city decided to sponsor a junior version of the event, apparently with several classes of engines and with age limits for the drivers.
Some classes had no engines and used a ramp to accelerate the cars in a similar to soap box derby races. Chaplins movie includes one scene shot at the bottom of the used for the engineless races. There is no evidence that Junior Vanderbilt Cups were held either before or after the 1914 event
Araminta Estelle Minta Durfee was an American silent film actress from Los Angeles, possibly best known for her role in Mickey. She met Roscoe Arbuckle when he was attempting to get started in theater, Durfee entered show business in local companies as a chorus girl at the age of seventeen. She was the first leading lady of Charlie Chaplin and Arbuckle separated in 1921, just prior to a scandal involving the death of starlet Virginia Rappe. There were three trials and finally Arbuckle was acquitted and his career was destroyed and he received few job offers. Durfee and Arbuckle were divorced in 1925, Durfee was quoted in her years as saying Arbuckle was the most generous human being Ive ever met, and if I had to do it all over again, Id still marry the same man. Durfee was a defender of her close friend Mabel Normand throughout Normands many public scandals. A regular performer on television, Durfee appeared on shows as Noahs Ark. She had minor roles in motion pictures like How Green Was My Valley, Naughty Marietta, Rose-Marie, Its A Mad, Mad, Mad World, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, and Savage Intruder.
In life, Durfee gave lectures on silent film and held retrospectives on her and her husbands pictures and she was surprised and excited by the renewed interest in silent film and did her best to help. Minta Durfee died in Woodland Hills, California, at the Motion Picture Country Home in 1975 and she suffered from a heart ailment. Minta Durfee at the Internet Movie Database Minta Durfee at Find a Grave
Slapstick is a style of humor involving exaggerated physical activity which exceeds the boundaries of normal physical comedy. The term arises from a device developed during the broad, physical comedy style known as Commedia dellarte in 16th Century Italy, the physical slap stick remains a key component of the plot in the traditional and popular Punch and Judy puppet show. The name slapstick originates from the Italian language word batacchio or bataccio — called the stick in English — a club-like object composed of two wooden slats used in commedia dellarte. When struck, the batacchio produces a loud smacking noise, though little force transfers from the object to the person being struck, actors may thus hit one another repeatedly with great audible effect while causing very little actual physical damage. Along with the bladder, it was among the earliest special effects. Slapstick comedys history is measured in centuries, shakespeare incorporated many chase scenes and beatings into his comedies, such as in his play The Comedy of Errors.
In Punch and Judy shows, a large slapstick is wielded by Punch against the other characters, british comedians who honed their skills at pantomime and music hall sketches include Charlie Chaplin, Stan Laurel, George Formby and Dan Leno. American producer Hal Roach described Fred Karno as not only a genius and we in Hollywood owe much to him. Slapstick is common in Disneys Goofy shorts, MGMs Tom and Jerry, silent slapstick comedy was popular in early French films and included films by Max Linder and Charles Prince. In England, slapstick was an element of the Monty Python comedy troupe and in television series such as Fawlty Towers. Slapstick has remained an art form to the present day. Laughter List of slapstick comedy topics Slapstick film Comedy film Physical comedy Stage combat Schadenfreude
Mack Sennett was a Canadian-born American director and actor and was known as an innovator of slapstick comedy in film. During his lifetime he was known at times as the King of Comedy and his short Wrestling Swordfish was awarded the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film in 1932 and he earned an Academy Honorary Award in 1937. Born Michael Sinnott in Richmond Ste-Bibiane Parish, Canada, he was the son of Irish Catholic John Sinnott and Catherine Foy, the newlyweds moved the same year to Richmond, where John Sinnott was hired as a laborer. By 1883, when Michaels brother George was born, John Sinnott was working in Richmond as an innkeeper, John Sinnott and Catherine Foy had all their children and raised their family in Richmond, a small Eastern Townships village. At that time, Michaels grandparents were living in Danville, Québec, Michael Sinnott moved to Connecticut when he was 17 years old. He lived for a while in Northampton, where, according to his autobiography and he claimed that the most respected lawyer in town, Northampton mayor Calvin Coolidge, as well as Sennetts own mother, tried to talk him out of his musical ambitions.
In New York City, Sennett became an actor, dancer, set designer, a major distinction in his acting career, often overlooked, is the fact that Sennett played Sherlock Holmes eleven times, albeit as a parody, between 1911 and 1913. With financial backing from Adam Kessel and Charles O. Bauman of the New York Motion Picture Company, Michael Mack Sennett founded Keystone Studios in Edendale, the original main building which was the first totally enclosed film stage and studio ever constructed, is still there today. Mack Sennetts slapstick comedies were noted for their wild car chases, Sennetts first female comedian was Mabel Normand, who became a major star under his direction and with whom he embarked on a tumultuous romantic relationship. Sennett developed the Kid Comedies, a forerunner of the Our Gang films, two of those often named as Bathing Beauties do not belong on the list, Mabel Normand and Gloria Swanson. Mabel Normand was a player, and her 1912 8-minute film The Water Nymph may have been the direct inspiration for the Bathing Beauties.
Although Gloria Swanson worked for Sennett in 1916 and was photographed in a suit, she was a star. Not individually featured or named, many of young women ascended to significant careers of their own. They included Juanita Hansen, Claire Anderson, Marie Prevost, Phyllis Haver, in the 1920s Sennetts Bathing Beauties remained popular enough to provoke imitators like the Christie Studios Bathing Beauties and Fox Film Corporations Sunshine Girls. The Sennett Bathing Beauties would continue to appear through 1928, in 1917, Sennett gave up the Keystone trademark and organized his own company, Mack Sennett Comedies Corporation. Sennett went on to more ambitious comedy short films and a few feature-length films. During the 1920s, his subjects were in much demand, featuring stars like Billy Bevan, Andy Clyde, Harry Gribbon, Vernon Dent, Alice Day, Ralph Graves, Charlie Murray. He produced several features with his brightest stars such as Ben Turpin, many of Sennetts films of the early 1920s were inherited by Warner Bros
Mutual Film Corporation was an early American motion picture conglomerate best remembered today as the producers of some of Charlie Chaplins greatest comedies. Founded in 1912, it was absorbed by Film Booking Offices of America, Mutual Film Corporation was formed in 1912 by a group American businessmen including Harry E. Aitken. The releasing and distribution company had numerous subsidiary production units, including Keystone, Mutual is celebrated for signing Charlie Chaplin in 1916, he produced some of his best comedies while working for the company. Mutual originated with the partnership behind Western Film Exchange, founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in July 1906 by Harry and Roy Aitken and John R. Freuler. In 1910, Freuler would form a partnership with Chicago film distributor Samuel S. Hutchinson, as 1912 progressed, the company included auxiliary units such as Keystone Studios Comedies, the Majestic Studios, and the New York Motion Picture Company. In 1915, the workers of Keystone Studios, Kay Bee Studios and Reliance-Majestic Studio left Mutual, along with the Aitken brothers and they were Signal Film Corporation, Vogue Films, Inc.
Lone Star Film Company and American Film Company, Vogue Films, Inc. operated a studio at Santa Monica Boulevard and Gower street in Los Angeles producing two-reel comedy films exclusively. Among the other subsidiaries of the New York Motion Picture Company were, 101-Bison Company, Broncho Film Company, shortly after this decision, cities began to pass ordinances banning the public exhibition of immoral films, concerning the major studios that state or federal regulations would soon follow. This ruling remained in effect until Joseph Burstyn, Inc v. Wilson in 1952 which declared that film was an artistic medium with free speech protections. In 1916, Charlie Chaplin became the highest paid entertainer in the world when he signed a contract with Mutual for a salary of $670,000 per year. Mutual built Chaplin his very own studio and allowed him freedom to make twelve two-reel films during this fruitful twelve-month period. During 1916 and 1917, the Lone Star Film Company had Charlie Chaplin working at their studio at 1025 Lillian Way, Charlie Chaplin moved on to found United Artists in 1919 with Mary Pickford, D. W.
Griffith, and Douglas Fairbanks. In 1918, Mutual Film Corporation ceased production, like many other companies established at this time, Mutual was eventually absorbed by larger corporations, in this case Film Booking Offices of America and RKO Radio Pictures. With the exception of the Chaplin films, most of the Mutual shorts and feature dramas are lost to time, treason Her Husbands Honor Who Loved Him Best
Alice Davenport was an American film actress. She appeared in 140 films between 1911 and 1930 and she was born Alice Shepphard in New York, New York, and died in Los Angeles, California. She made her debut at age five. She married silent actor and talkie character actor Harry Davenport, Alice Davenport at the Internet Movie Database
Henry Lehrman was an American actor, screenwriter and producer. W. He gained the nickname Pathé, reportedly because he told Biograph he had sent there from Europe to have a job by Frances Pathé Frères. A few years Lehrman was an actor and would make his directorial debut. When Sennett left to create his own Keystone Studios, Henry Lehrman would join him, working as an actor, a screenwriter, in 1915, Lehrman established his own film company called the L-KO Kompany to make two-reel comedies for Universal Studios. Lahue noted that bit players and extras actually refused calls from L-KO, in 1916 Lehrman gave up acting to devote himself fully to directing and producing. In 1917 Lehrman left the L-KO Kompany and moved to Fox Film Corporation as producer of their Sunshine Comedies unit, in 1920 Lehrman met a young actress named Virginia Rappe and a personal relationship ensued that resulted in their engagement. However, in September 1921, Rappe,26, died after attending a party hosted by Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle at a hotel in San Francisco.
Arbuckle would be accused of raping her and was charged with her murder, eventually Arbuckle was found not guilty. For the two following his fiancées death, Henry Lehrman was virtually inactive in the film business. He went through a marriage in 1922 to Jocelyn Leigh. In 1924 he accepted an offer from the Fox Film Corporation to return to directing their Sunshine Comedies unit, Lehrman continued as a successful director until the introduction of talkies at the end of the 1920s. He directed two films for Fox in 1929, one a short comedy, the other a feature-length production titled New Years Eve starring Mary Astor. The films demonstrated Lehrmans difficulty adapting to directing with sound and he was dropped by Fox, two years he made his final attempt at sound films and directing a comedy short for Universal Studios. Henry Lehrman died of an attack in Hollywood in 1946 and was interred in the Hollywood Memorial Park Cemetery next to Virginia Rappe. Henry Lehrman at the Internet Movie Database
Sir Charles Spencer Charlie Chaplin, KBE was an English comic actor and composer who rose to fame during the era of silent film. Chaplin became an icon through his screen persona the Tramp and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, Chaplins childhood in London was one of poverty and hardship. As his father was absent and his mother struggled financially, he was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine, when he was 14, his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Chaplin began performing at an age, touring music halls and working as a stage actor. At 19 he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karno company, Chaplin was scouted for the film industry, and began appearing in 1914 for Keystone Studios. He soon developed the Tramp persona and formed a fan base. Chaplin directed his own films from a stage, and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the Essanay, Mutual.
By 1918, he was one of the best known figures in the world, in 1919, Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists, which gave him complete control over his films. His first feature-length was The Kid, followed by A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush and he refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights and Modern Times without dialogue. Chaplin became increasingly political, and his film, The Great Dictator. The 1940s were a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, and he was accused of communist sympathies, while his involvement in a paternity suit and marriages to much younger women caused scandal. An FBI investigation was opened, and Chaplin was forced to leave the United States and he abandoned the Tramp in his films, which include Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight, A King in New York, and A Countess from Hong Kong. Chaplin wrote, produced, starred in and he was a perfectionist, and his financial independence enabled him to spend years on the development and production of a picture.
His films are characterised by slapstick combined with pathos, typified in the Tramps struggles against adversity, many contain social and political themes, as well as autobiographical elements. In 1972, as part of an appreciation for his work. He continues to be held in regard, with The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times. Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889 to Hannah Chaplin, there is no official record of his birth, although Chaplin believed he was born at East Street, Walworth, in South London
Fremont Hotel, Los Angeles
The Fremont Hotel was a hotel in the Bunker Hill suburb of Downtown Los Angeles, California. Situated at 401 South Olive Street on the southwest corner of Fourth and Olive streets, the hotel was demolished in 1955. The hotel, located in the Bunker Hill suburb, was built and designed by the architect John C. Austin, the plans for building the hotel were developed in November 1901 and initially faced resistance from the next door Olive Street School establishment. It was designed by the architect in the Mission style, and had some 100 rooms and it opened on September 9,1902 and was named after John C. When newly built it was billed as the newest and most elegantly appointed family hotel in Los Angeles. ”The hotel held dinners in tribute to Frémont, frémonts widow, was the first registered guest. She designed and executed the hotels crest, frémonts motto, Eternal vigilance is the price of safety was adopted as the hotels motto of the hotel, paraphrased into Eternal vigilance is the price of success in the hotel business.
On 21 January 1903, the hotel was the venue of banquet organized in honour of John Freemont, in 1913, under the hotels owner Colonel Richard A von Falkenberg it was running under loss, and he was reported missing probably to avoid debtors. Also reported from the hotel were several thefts and embezzlements, on 13 February 1913, Mary Jauch, owner of the hotel, had jewelry stolen worth $8,300. The hotel briefly appeared in the background near the end of Charlie Chaplins debut film, george F. Fellows was arrested in his room in March 1927 for broadcasting on the radio. Though it billed itself as he newest and most elegantly appointed family hotel in Los Angeles, by 1948, the hotel was demolished by 1955 by the Community Redevelopment Agency, and what remained was only the retaining wall next to the Olive Public School. The six-storied Mission style structure was constructed of brick, steel lath and cement, the large, square windows to the west had ocean and garden views, while those the north and south sides had city and mountain views.
Because of its topographic eminence on Bunker Hill, it was the hotel in the city where every room faced the Sun. Wide halls were fitted with windows and fire escapes. Room options included singles or suites, and they were outfitted with a bath, electric lights, gas. The ground floor contained the management office, billiard room, the dining room featured windows on each side. A ladies parlor and receptions rooms were situated on the first floor, media related to Fremont Hotel at Wikimedia Commons
The Moving Picture World
The Moving Picture World was an influential early trade journal for the American film industry, from 1907 to 1927. An industry powerhouse at its height, Moving Picture World frequently reiterated its independence from the film studios, in 1911, the magazine bought out Views and Film Index. Its reviews illustrate the standards and tastes of film in its infancy, by 1914, it had a reported circulation of approximately 15,000. The publication was founded by James Petrie Chalmers, Jr. who began publishing in March 1907 as The Moving Picture World and View Photographer. In December 1927, it was announced that the publication was merging with the Exhibitors Herald, in 1931, a subsequent merger with the Motion Picture News occurred, creating the Motion Picture Herald. The Moving Picture World, archived issues at Media History Digital Library at archive. org Volume 3 Volume 17, Issues 1-6 Volume 25, Issues 4-6
The Keystone Cops were fictional incompetent policemen, featured in silent film comedies in the early 20th century. The movies were produced by Mack Sennett for his Keystone Film Company between 1912 and 1917, the idea for the Keystone Cops came from Hank Mann, who played police chief Tehiezel in the first film before being replaced by Ford Sterling. Their first film was Hoffmeyers Legacy but their popularity stemmed from the 1913 short The Bangville Police starring Mabel Normand, as early as 1914, Sennet shifted the Keystone Cops from starring roles to background ensemble, in support of comedians like Charlie Chaplin and Fatty Arbuckle. John, and Wished on Mabel with Arbuckle and Normand, among others, comedian/actors Chester Conklin, Jimmy Finlayson, Ford Sterling and director Del Lord were Keystone Cops. In 2010, the previously lost short A Thief Catcher was rediscovered at a sale in Michigan. The short, filmed in 1914, stars Ford Sterling, Mack Swain, Edgar Kennedy, bag o Rags, the Keystone Kops unofficial theme music, was composed in 1912 by William Mac McKanless, an African-American orchestra leader and songwriter.
The original Keystone Cops numbered only seven, George Jeske, Bobby Dunn, Mack Riley, Charles Avery, Slim Summerville, Edgar Kennedy, Mack Sennett continued to use the Keystone Cops intermittently through the 1920s. By the time sound arrived, the Keystone Cops popularity had waned. This footage has been used countless times in productions purporting to use silent-era material, the Staub version of the Keystone Cops became a template for re-creations. 20th Century Foxs 1939 feature Hollywood Cavalcade had Buster Keaton in a Keystone chase scene, during his own silent film career, the nearest Keaton had appeared in a police comedy was The Goat and Cops. Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops included a lengthy chase scene, mel Brooks directed a car chase scene in the Keystone Cops style in his comedy film Silent Movie. By the 1950s surviving silent movie comedians could be pressed into service as Keystone Cops regardless of whether they appeared with the troupe authentically, in the This Is Your Life TV tribute to Mack Sennett, several Sennett alumni ran on stage dressed as Keystone Cops.
The name has since used to criticize any group for its mistakes, particularly if the mistakes happened after a great deal of energy and activity. For example, the June 2004 election campaign of the Liberal Party of Canada was compared with the Keystone Kops running around by one of its parliamentary members, Carolyn Parrish. A2012 U. S. National Transportation Safety Board report investigating Canadian energy company Enbridges handling of a July 2010 pipeline spill in the Kalamazoo River compared it to the Keystone Cops. In sport, the term has come into usage by television commentators, particularly in the United Kingdom. The rugby commentator Liam Toland uses the term to describe a teams incompetent performance on the pitch, the phrase Keystone cops defending has become a favorite catchphrase for describing a situation in an English football match where a defensive error or a series of defensive errors leads to a goal. According to Dave Filoni, supervising director of the television series Star Wars, The Clone Wars