The Makua people known as Makhuwa, are a southeastern African ethnic group predominantly found in north Mozambique and southern border provinces of Tanzania such as the Mtwara Region. They are the largest ethnic group in Mozambique, concentrated in a large region to the north of the Zambezi River, they are studied by sociologists in four geographical and linguistic sub-divisions: the lower or Lolo Makua, the upper or Lomwe Makua, the Maua and the Niassa Makua or Medo. They speak variants of the Makua language called Emakua, this is a Bantu-group language; the total Makua population is estimated to be about 3.5 million of which over 1 million speak the lower dialect and about 2 million the upper version. A mythical legend, in the oral tradition of the Makua people, tells that their ancestor were the first man and woman born of Namuli, their original home, while other living creatures came from nearby mountains. Scholars are uncertain whether their origins are in the mountains, or west of Lake Malawi, or northern lands such as in Tanzania or the south.
However they concur that they have been an established ethnic group in northern Mozambique region by the 1st millennium CE. The Makua people are related to the Animist Maravi people, they have had a history of conflict with the Muslim Yao people in the north involved in slave raids and slave trading. The Makua people have a documented history of metal ore processing and tools manufacturing; the colonial era Portuguese naturalist, Manuel Galvao da Silva for example, described iron mines of the Makua people. The French explorer Eugene de Froberville summarized the indigenous Makua iron manufacturing methods from iron ore, where the Makua people extracted the metal by processing the ore in a wood-burning hearth as a community; the extracted metal was worked into axes, spear and other items. The Makua people have traditionally been dedicated to agriculture and hunting, yet medieval era documents suggest that the Makua people were successful traders that controlled the trade routes between Lake Malawi and the Atlantic coast doing brisk business with the Swahili and Gujarati merchants before the start of the colonial era.
However, prior to the 18th-century, the Makua population was exchanging food, ivory tusks and metal products for textiles and other products, but they were not involved in the trade of ivory or gold. The Portuguese who arrived in Mozambique in early 16th-century describe them for their trading relationships and expertise; the colonial settlers contacted the Makua people in early 16th century. The Makua people were peaceful with the colonial Portuguese in 17th century and through about the mid 18th century. However, with a rise in plantations, dramatic increase in ivory trade which required large scale killing of elephants, slave raids that captured Makua people in the 18th-century, the Makua people retaliated with a war of attrition from 1749 onwards, against the Portuguese and those ethnic groups that supported the colonial interests, against the Sultans on the African coast of Indian Ocean. In early 18th-century, states Edward Alpers, the primary demand for slaves out of Makua people, Mozambique in general, came not from Portugal or its Indian Ocean colonies such as Goa because labor was available in South Asia and Portuguese colonial empire in Asia was small.
The largest demand came from the'Umani Arabs seeking slaves for domestic labor and the French who lacked plantation workers but controlled nearby island colonies such as Comoros, Réunion, Seychelles, Isle de France and others. With the growth of Portuguese interests in Brazil and of plantation owners from other colonial empires in the Caribbean and South America, the demand for slaves grew dramatically; the Makua people were one of the major victims of this demand, slave capture and export that attempted to satisfy this demand. The Makua people became victims of the slave raids and capture from their north; the Yao people targeted them to meet the slave demand of Swahili Arabs centered around Zanzibar. After being victims of the slave raids and devastated communities, the Makua chiefs joined the lucrative trading in the 19th-century by becoming a supplier of slaves and raiding ethnic groups near them, selling the captured people to the same merchants and exporters; the exports of Makua people has led to this ethnic group's presence in many islands of the Indian Ocean such as Madagascar, the Caribbean, the United States and elsewhere.
According to Palmer and Newitt, one of the strategies deployed by Africans and Arab slave raiders and traders was to dehumanize the Makua and Lomwe communities, by publicly stereotyping them as "barbarous and savage tribes", which made slave buyers between 1800 and 1880 feel justified and righteous in "exploiting, civilizing" them from their barbarous ways. In truth, state modern era scholars, the historical evidence and economic success of Makua people suggest that they were peaceful and industrious; the Makua people have predominantly held on to their traditional religion, which reveres ancestors and nature spirits. The exception is the coastal population, where the Makua traders under the influence of their Swahili-Arab customers, converted to Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam. According to 19th-century colonial era records of Portugal that governed the Makua region, there was hardly any Islamic presence among the Makua people beyond the coastal settlements; the Makua people call the coastal Muslim people as the Maka, which may be derived from Mecca states Kroger, but is like
A Festa dos Seus Sonhos is a live video album recorded during the special, one year anniversary concert of Brazilian pop girl group Rouge released on DVD on December 3, 2003. The show was held at the Pacaembu Stadium on September 23, 2003, gathered around 30,000 people; the DVD includes the Rouge girls teaching the choreographies of their most famous songs like Ragatanga, Não Dá pra Resistir, Brilha La Luna, Beijo Molhado, Me Faz Feliz, Vem Cair na Zueira and C'est La Vie. And two video clips of Brilha La Luna and Um Anjo Veio Me Falar; the DVD received two awards, in "Capricho Awards 2004" and "Troféu Universo Musical 2004", in addition to being nominated for "Multishow Brazilian Music Award", all in the category "Best DVD"
"Look Away" is a song by Darude and Sebastian Rejman. The song represented Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 in Israel; the song did not progress to the final. The song was selected to represent Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 after Darude and Sebastian Rejman were selected through Uuden Musiikin Kilpailu 2019, the music competition that selects Finland's entries for the Eurovision Song Contest. On 28 January 2019, a special allocation draw was held which placed each country into one of the two semi-finals, as well as which half of the show they would perform in. Finland was placed into the first semi-final, to be held on 14 May 2019, was scheduled to perform in the first half of the show. Once all the competing songs for the 2019 contest had been released, the running order for the semi-finals was decided by the show's producers rather than through another draw, so that similar songs were not placed next to each other. Finland performed in position 3, it did not qualify for the final
Gertrude Bernard known as Anahareo, was a writer, animal rights activist and conservationist of Algonquin and Mohawk ancestry. Gertrude Bernard was born in Mattawa, Ontario, on June 18, 1906, her mother, Mary Nash Ockiping, was Algonquin. Her father, Matthew Barnard, was Mohawk, she grew up a independent girl and young woman, was described as something of a tomboy. Her friends nicknamed her "Pony"; when Barnard was 19, she met writer and imposter, Grey Owl, born Archibald Stansfeld Belaney, at Camp Wabikon in Temagami, where she was working as a waitress and he was a guide. Twice her age at 37, the English fur trapper claimed to be a half-Apache from America; as they got to know one another, she insisted on accompanying him to his traplines. She did not approve of the way he was living, encouraged him to stop his trapping activities and become an animal rights activist. In Pilgrims of the Wild, Belaney recounts how his young wife, by saving the lives of two beaver kits and raising them, led him to change his way of life and to work for the protection of wildlife.
They considered themselves married, albeit informally, despite the fact he was still married to his first wife Angele Egwuna, an Ojibwe. They had two daughters; the couple split up in 1936. Belaney died in a best-selling author. Shortly after his death, it was publicly revealed that he was not part-Apache as he had claimed, but an Englishman named Archibald Stansfeld Belaney. In 1940 Barnard, using the name Anahareo that Belaney had given her, wrote a book called My Life With Grey Owl with the encouragement of Belaney's publisher, Lovat Dickson, she was dissatisfied in part because her lack of control over the final publication. In 1972, she wrote the best-seller, Devil in Deerskins: My Life With Grey Owl, in which she denied having known Belaney's true origins, she said. In 1939, she married Count Eric Axel Moltke-Huitfeldt, they had Katharine. Over the 50 years following her separation from Belaney, Anahareo, as she is now better known, continued to be active in the conservation and animal rights movement.
In 1979 she was admitted into the Order of Nature of the Paris-based International League of Animal Rights. She was elected a Member of the Order of Canada in 1983. On June 17, 1986, just a day before her 80th birthday, Anahareo died in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada. Kristin Gleeson: Anahareo: A Wilderness Spirit. Fireship Press, Tucson 2012 ISBN 1611792207 Kristin Gleeson: Blazing Her Own Trail: Anahareo's Rejection of Euro-Canadian Stereotypes, in Recollecting: Lives of Aboriginal Women of the Canadian Northwest and Borderlands, edited by Sarah Carter, Patricia McCormack, Athabasca University Press, 2010; the publication has won the Canadian Historical Association's Aboriginal history book prize, 2011 "Anahareo", The Canadian Encyclopedia
Chiaki Kon is a Japanese anime director. She is known for directing the anime adaptations of Higurashi no Naku Koro ni, Higurashi no Naku Koro ni Kai, Umineko no Naku Koro ni, Junjō Romantica, both The World’s Greatest First Love series, she has directed episodes of various notable series, including Nodame Cantabile, Twelve Kingdoms and Hetalia: Axis Powers. She worked the storyboard and dramatization for the anime Midori Days and did the opening animation for Shōnen Onmyōji, she is the director of Golden Time, the third & fourth season of Sailor Moon Crystal, Back Street Girls. Chiaki Kon at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Chiaki Kon on IMDb
Straus Street is a north-south road in north-central Jerusalem. It starts at Jaffa Road and extends to Kikar HaShabbat, which marks the intersection of five streets: Straus Street, Yeshayahu Street, Malkhei Yisrael Street, Yehezkel Street, Mea Shearim Road; the street was named for Nathan Straus, a prominent American merchant and Jewish philanthropist in the early twentieth century. Inaugurated in 1930, Straus Street was named in honor of Nathan Straus, co-owner of Macy’s department store, New York City Parks Commissioner, president of the New York City Board of Health, who gifted two-thirds of his personal fortune to projects benefiting Jews and Arabs in Mandatory Palestine; these include the Nathan and Lina Straus Soup Kitchen in the Old City of Jerusalem and the Nathan and Lina Straus Health Centres in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. The Israeli coastal city of Netanya, founded in 1928, was named in his honor. In 1931 the British Mandatory government renamed the street Chancellor Avenue after Sir John Chancellor, a British High Commissioner during the Mandate era.
The street reverted to its original name following the 1948 War of Independence. Straus Street is situated along a topographical ridge on the country's watershed line. During the British Mandate for Palestine, the street provided a contiguous route from the Bukharim neighborhood in the north to Rehavia in the south, all Jewish-owned areas. After the establishment of the state of Israel, Straus Street became the dividing line between the secular culture of Jaffa Road and points south, the Haredi culture of Mea Shearim and Geula to the north. In the early 1950s, the street was selected as the site for the new Histadrut building in order to block Haredi expansion southward; the original Histadrut building had been located on Histadrut Street in the city center. The imposing, seven-story building was designed by Fritz Shlezinger and completed in 1953. Like other Histadrut buildings around the country, the large, rectangular structure symbolized the power and influence of the Mapai left-wing political party.
Erected at the highest point of the street, its rooftop held a commanding view of Mount Scopus and the Mount of Olives. Besides offices, the Histadrut building housed a movie theater and a hall that became the home court for the Jerusalem Hapoel Basketball Club beginning in the mid-1950s, as it was the only roofed facility in the country. More than 500 fans filled the hall every Friday night for home games. For many years, the presence of the Histadrut building halted Haredi expansion south of Geula and Mea Shearim; the first move toward Orthodoxy south of the Histadrut building was the 1979 opening of the Orthodox Union Israel Center at the corner of Straus and Street of the Prophets. Geared to Anglo students learning in Israel, the Israel Center expanded its services to provide aliyah services, Shabbatons, outings, a newsletter, other programs for Jews of all ages and backgrounds. Rabbi Zev Leff began delivering his popular morning parashah shiur in 1982. In 2000 the Israel Center relocated to its current location on King George Street.
By the end of the twentieth century, the Histadrut building stood out as a secular anomaly amidst the predominantly Haredi occupancy of Straus Street. It, yielded to Haredi occupancy. In the 1990s a Haredi institute for professional training, opened in the basement of the building, it was joined in 2003 by a Haredi fitness center. In 2007 three unused floors of the building were rented out to a Haredi girl’s seminary, a Haredi wedding hall opened on another floor in 2008, using the small parking lot in the back for chuppahs. In 2012, the Premiere School of the Arts, offering dance, voice and auxiliary fitness for religious, English-speaking women and girls, opened in the Histadrut building. Straus Street is home to several medical organizations. At the intersection of Straus Street and Street of the Prophets, on the southeast corner, stands the former German Hospital, built in 1894, which became the Bikur Holim Hospital in 1925. On the southwest corner stands a newer wing of Bikur Holim Hospital constructed between 1918 and 1925.
On the northwest corner stands the former Israel Medical Association building, which today houses the Bikur Holim Hospital dialysis unit. Straus Street is the site of the Nathan and Lina Straus Health Centre. Straus gave $250,000 toward the construction of the center and came to Palestine in March 1927 to lay the cornerstone, he gave the building over to Hadassah Medical Center when it opened in 1929. From 1953 to 1964 the center housed the first dental school in Israel, founded by Hadassah and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Today the center houses clinics for the Maccabi and Leumit health funds, a sleep medicine laboratory associated with Hadassah. There is a private Straus Medical Center at #28 Straus. At the northern end of Straus Street are the headquarters of two important organizations in the Israeli Haredi community. Kikar Zupnick is the headquarters of the Edah HaChareidis religious organization. Constructed in the 1920s, this building includes the organization’s offices, a rabbinical court, a beis medrash, a Talmud Torah, a yeshiva, a mikveh.