Malá Strana

Malá Strana or more formally Menší Město pražské is a district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic, one of its most historic neighbourhoods. In the Middle Ages, it was a dominant center of the ethnic German citizens of Prague, it housed many noble palaces while the right-bank towns were comparatively more bourgeois and more Bohemian Czech. The name Malá Strana translated into English means "Little Side", though it is referred to as "Lesser Town", "Lesser Quarter", or "Lesser Side"; this name derives from its position on the left bank of the river Vltava, on the slopes just below the Prague Castle, in opposition to the larger towns of Prague on the right bank, to which it is conjoined by the Charles Bridge. The town was called the New Town beneath the Prague Castle after 1257 when it was founded. After Charles IV founded the New Town of Prague in 1348, the town was renamed the Lesser Town of Prague. In the 17th century the unofficial name Little Quarter was first used. Malá Strana was founded by the King Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1257.

As a royal town it got many privileges. It was created by amalgamating a number of settlements beneath the Prague Castle into a single administrative unit; the original residents were expelled and German craftsmen and merchants were invited by the king. Though the city was royal, the king did not master the city as a whole. In the second half of the 14th century the Lesser Town of Prague was extended by the King and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV who built a new defensive wall called Hunger Wall. In 1419-1420 the Lesser Town was burnt down by Hussites. In 1541 the town was damaged again by a fire which killed fifty people. After this fire the town was rebuilt in the Renaissance style and many palaces of nobility were built there; the market place, now known as Malostranské náměstí, was the center of the town. This square is divided into lower parts with the St. Nicholas Church in the middle. Baroque architecture predominates in Malá Strana, but the history of the district dates back to far before the Baroque era.

Baroque architecture dominated when the style was implanted on Malá Strana after the destructive fires in 1541. The most extensive building of the Baroque Era on Malá Strana is the Wallenstein Palace. Albrecht von Wallenstein was a military general-in-chief of Emperor Ferdinand II. Under his order 26 new houses and old gates were built on the freed place; the extensive palace complex with five courtyards and the garden, set as a French Park. The churches are the most interesting developments on Malá Strana; the finest one and the most prominent is the St. Nicholas Church; this is a masterpiece of Christoph and Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer and son. The finest painting in the church is an apotheosis of St. Nicholas, the defender of children and wayfollowers; this painting is set in the dome. It depicts an apotheosis of Saint Trinity; the famous statue of the Holy Infant Jesus of Prague is in the Church of Our Lady Victorious in Malá Strana. The devotion and the church drew millions of Roman Catholic faithful to Malá Strana throughout the years.

In 1989, the Prague Embassy of West Germany, in the Palais Lobkowicz, was the site of a drama involving thousands of East German refugees. Their cars were left behind in the quarter; the famous Czech novelist Jan Neruda lived in and wrote about Malá Strana. The Petřín lookout tower is located in Malá Strana; the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinu lived in an apartment near Kampa Island in the Malá Strana while a conservatory student, a plaque now commemorates his stay. Prague, the wayguide. By ARTFOTO printing house, Russian Language Edition

Portadown News

The Portadown News was a satirical web-based newspaper dealing with Northern Irish politics and culture. It was written by journalist and political commentator Newton Emerson, raised in Portadown in County Armagh, its format and style were similar to The Onion. The site was updated fortnightly, with the first issue appearing in March 2001. In November 2001 Freeserve dropped the site after receiving complaints. In April 2001, the following month, Emerson was forced to leave his job with a Belfast telecommunications company after Robin Livingstone, the editor of the nationalist-republican Belfast newspaper Andersonstown News, named him as the website's editor. Livingstone accused Emerson of pro-unionist bias. Emerson had written anonymously out of fear of reprisals but suffered no consequences from being outed beyond receiving occasional email threats; the website resulted in a weekend spin-off newspaper column in the Sunday World, a bestselling book. Emerson has written for The Irish Times, The Irish News and the Irish edition of The Daily Mirror.

In 2005, Emerson stopped writing the Portadown News in order to write a column for The Mirror, but the site remained online. As of 13 March 2017, the site is not available

Elizabeth Turnbull

Elizabeth Turnbull known as Bessie Turnbull, was a New Zealand woollen mill worker and centenarian. She was the head of her section in the hosier department at Mosgiel Woollen Mill. Turnbull was born in Mosgiel, Otago, on 2 May 1885 to Catherine Armstrong, a milliner, Sydney Turnbull, a baker, her parents emigrated from Scotland in 1864. Turnbull was the youngest of eleven children, she attended East Taieri School from the age of 6 to 14. Turnbull had aspirations to become a teacher but her family could not afford to keep her in school, her family attended the East Taieri Presbyterian Church. Turnbull began working as a domestic servant at the age of 14, she earned three shillings a week. In 1900, she joined the hosiery department at Mosgiel Woollen Mill. At the mill, women earned lower wages than men for completing the same work, she earned 24 shillings a fortnight. She was speaking on behalf of others when she saw injustice, she disliked unions and resisted joining until she was given an ultimatum of being fired or paying union fees.

She became head of her section in the hosier department. Turnbull was forced to retire in 1957. Turnbull's father died in 1903, she never married, lived with her mother. When her mother died in 1927, Turnbull moved to a house on Gordon Road in Mosgiel, she cared for her hens and vegetables. She became a local celebrity. Turnbull was the guest of honour at the 130th anniversary of the East Taieri School and participated in Mosgiel's centenary celebrations, she died on 4 June 1988 at the Ross Home in Dunedin, was buried at East Taieri Cemetery