Malabo is the capital of Equatorial Guinea and the province of Bioko Norte. It is located on the north coast of the island of Bioko known by the Bubis, its indigenous inhabitants, as Etulá, as Fernando Pó by the Europeans. In 2018, the city had a population of 297,000 inhabitants. Spanish of the country as well. Spanish is the most-spoken language and the only one used, except some French and Portuguese. Malabo is the oldest city in Equatorial Guinea. Ciudad de la Paz is a planned city under construction in mainland Equatorial Guinea, designed to replace Malabo as the capital; the institutions of governance of Equatorial Guinea began the process of locating to Ciudad de la Paz in February 2017. In 1472, in an attempt to find a new route to India, the Portuguese navigator Fernão do Pó, encountered the island of Bioko, which he called "Formosa"; the island was named after its discoverer, Fernando Pó. At the beginning of the 16th century in 1507, the Portuguese Ramos de Esquivel made a first attempt at colonization on the island of Fernando Pó.
He developed plantations of sugarcane. With the treaties of San Ildefonso in 1777 and El Pardo in 1778, during the reign of the Spanish King Carlos III the Portuguese gave to the Spanish island of Fernando Pó, Annobón and the right to conduct trade in the mainland, an area of influence of 800 000 km2 in Africa, in exchange for the Colonia del Sacramento in the River Plate and the Santa Catalina Island off the Brazilian coast; the area stretching from the Niger Delta to the mouth of Ogüé River — in the current Gabon — and included, besides the islands of Fernando Pó and Annobon, the islets of Corisco and Elobeyes. Having failed its various unsuccessful attempts to colonize these lands because they had vast colonies in other parts of the world, Spain lost interest in Spanish Guinea in 1827 and authorized the British use the island as a base for the work of suppression of the slave trade. In 1821, the British captain Nelly approached the island of Fernando Pó, he found it abandoned and founded the establishments of Melville Bay and "San Carlos".
Some years another British captain, William Fitzwilliam Owen, decided to colonize the island and in the north of it -on the site of the present capital- erected a base for British ships hunting European dealers in slaves. Thus arose, on 25 December 1827, Port Clarence on the ruins of a previous Portuguese settlement; the name was chosen in honor of the Duke of Clarence, who became King William IV. The Bubis indigenous to the island called it "Ripotó"; the population of the capital was increased by the arrival of slaves freed by the British. These freedmen were settled in Port Clarence before the establishment of Sierra Leone as a colony for freed slaves; the descendants of these freed slaves remained on the island. They joined other migrants who arrived as free workers from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Benin and Cameroon, became the population group called Creole or fernandinos, whose language was a Pidgin Bantu-English with some Spanish elements. During the British period, the British consul automatically became the governor of the colony, including Governor John Beecroft, a British mulatto sailor who modernized the capital, whose work was recognized by Spain with a monument in Punta Fernanda.
In 1844, when Queen Isabel II of Spain ruled after the regency of her mother Maria Cristina and Baldomero Espartero, in an attempt to modernize Spain and rescue its heritage, Spain let the UK know its desire to regain control of the colony and thus the island. It took another decade to implement this direct control; the capital had more dynamic and Protestant religious missions which were successful. Both factors helped to change the attitude of Spain, in addition to internal reasons alluded. Spain again took control of the island in 1855 and the capital, Port Clarence, was renamed Santa Isabel, in honor of Queen Isabel II; the capital of the island of Fernando Pó became the capital of Equatorial Guinea. Its present name was given to the town in 1973 as part of the campaign of President Macías Nguema to replace place names of European origin with African names, in this case honoring Malabo Lopelo Melaka, the last Bubi king. Malabo, the son of King Moka, surrendered to the Spaniards, his uncle Sas Ebuera, head of the Bubi warriors, claimed to represent legitimate Bubi rule and continued resisting, confronting the Spanish in 1898.
After the Spanish killed Sas Ebuera, Malabo did with no authority. Bubi clans and settlements were slow to accept Spanish sovereignty over the island, the full conquest and pacification of the island was not achieved until 1912. During the so-called Reign of Terror of Macías Nguema, the dictator suppressed much of the intelligentsia of the country, initiating the process of taking over the positions of the public administration by part of the natives of Mongomo and clan Esangui. Many city residents had to leave. In the last years of his mandate a fifth of the population fled. At that time, Equatorial Guinea received money from the Soviet Union in return for, inter alia, affording port facilities for Soviet naval craft submarines; the infamous Black Beach Prison known as Blay Beach prison sits at the mouth of the Cónsul River, beside the black beach and behind the Governor's Palace and barracks. Several people have been jailed there in the over the 35 years of dictatorship. Among tho
Jagodina City Stadium, locally known as Stadion pod Đurđevim brdom, is a multi-use all-seated stadium in Jagodina, Serbia. It is used for football matches and is the home ground of FK Jagodina; the stadium has a seating capacity for 10,000 people. The stadium is located in the south of Jagodina and is part of the sports and leisure complex Đurđevo brdo. In the immediate vicinity of the stadium are another football pitch, a modern water park and the Zoo Park Jagodina, a tennis court complex and a sports hall, as well as a kart racing track, a hotel and nature park, it was built in 1958 and had a capacity of up to 20,000 spectators, but has been renovated from 2007 to 2008, which reduced the capacity. New seats were installed, except the south stand, a roof was constructed in the west stand along with VIP rooms, while the roof of the north stand was completed 2009. In the north stand is a smaller hotel located. In 2009, the field was renovated and a new sports turf laid; this process costs more than 200,000 Euro.
In 2012, a small restaurant was opened in the stadium named Blue Café. The stadium has a professional gym. In the same year, FK Jagodina installed floodlights with strength of 1,500 lux, its installation cost was about 400,000 Euro. In 2013, the southern stand was equipped with seats, so the stadium is owned by four seat grandstands. At the stadium are planned more renovations or projects, such as the construction of living rooms under the north stand, which are intended for the club players, as well as the completion of the west stand. Other future projects include a new blue tartan track, the main color of the club, as well as further reconstruction on the east and south stand, including its roofing. List of stadiums in Serbia FK Jagodina Serbian SuperLiga
Mpu Tantular Museum is a State Museum located in Buduran, East Java, a province of Indonesia. The Stedelijk Historisch Museum Soerabaia, the museum began as a society established by Godfried Hariowald von Faber in 1933. Today, the museum was the State Museum of the Province of East Java "Mpu Tantular"; the history of Mpu Tantular Museum began with the establishment of the society known as the Stedelijk Historisch Museum Soerabaia by Godfried Hariowald von Faber in 1933, a German-born Surabayan. Von Faber had a hobby of collecting photos about life in Surabaya which he collected since 1922. Von Faber established his museum first at the Town Hall of Surabaya, his museum, the Stedelijk Historisch Museum Soerabaia was inaugurated by the colonial government on July 25, 1937. The museum moved to a building at Jalan Taman Mayangkara 6, Surabaya; the effort to expand the museum was accomplished by acquiring a new building at Jalan Simpang 3. After the expansion, the museum had an exhibition room, a library, a museum office, an auditorium.
The museum was known as Museum von Faber During the Japanese occupation period, the museum was closed for nine months. When von Faber died on September 30, 1955, the management of the museum became neglected. Many of the collections were looted; the museum was managed by the Yayasan Pendidikan Umum dan Kebudayaan. In 1964, Prof. Dr. M. Soetopo donated some money to the Yayasan Pendidikan Umum untuk Kebudayaan for the maintenance of the museum. Following the formation of the Directory of Museum in the National Department of Education and Culture, the national government began to look into the museum more seriously. On May 23, 1972, the museum was opened under the new name Museum Jawa Timur. Following the official opening of the museum, there was an initiative to hand over the museum to the government of the East Java province. On February 13, 1974, a new regulation was issued which determine the status of the East Java Museum as the provincial "State Museum"; the inauguration of the museum as a State Museum of East Java was held on November 1, 1974.
During the inauguration, the head of the Yayasan Pendidikan Umum untuk Kebudayaan, R. Banu Iskandar handed over the management of the museum to the General Director of Culture Ida Bagus Mantra at Jalan Pemuda 3, Surabaya; as a state museum, the museum receive a name "Mpu Tantular", after the 14th-century Javanese poet from the times of the Majapahit. In mid 1975, the museum was relocated to a larger building in a new location at Jalan Taman Mayangkara 6, Surabaya; the new location was inaugurated on August 1977, by Governor of East Java Sunandar Priyosudarmo. On May 14, 2004 the museum was relocated again at Sidoarjo. List of museums and cultural institutions in Indonesia #5