Transperth is the brand name of the public transport system serving the city and suburban areas of Perth, the state capital of Western Australia. It is operated by the Public Transport Authority. In August 1958, the Metropolitan Transport Trust commenced operations with the takeover of Beam Transport and Metro Buses by the Government of Western Australia. Subsequently all private bus operators in Perth were acquired. In August 1986, the Metropolitan Transport Trust was rebranded as Transperth. In February 1995 the provision of ferry services was contracted to Captain Cook Cruises. In September 1993, the Government announced Transperth would be corporatised and opened up to competition. In February 1995 in preparation for privatisation, Transperth was restructured with the operation of services transferred to MetroBus, with ownership of the buses retained by Transperth. In September 1994, expressions of interest were sought from organisations for the operation of Transperth bus services in the Armadale South and Joondalup North areas.
MetroBus bid to retain these services. The remaining services were tendered in 1995/96 to Connex, Path Transit, Southern Coast Transit and Swan Transit. Connex sold its operation to Swan Transit in September 2002, before re-entering the market by purchasing Southern Coast Transit. Transperth retained ownership of the buses leasing them to the operators. MetroBus did not win any further tenders and operated its last bus on 4 July 1998; the Metropolitan Transport Trust adopted an olive cream livery. Following the 1986 rebranding as Transperth a green and white livery was introduced, this being replaced in 1999 by a grey/silver and green livery; this livery was inversed in 2010 as part of a refurbishment. Transperth offers bus and train services which serve the Perth Metropolitan Area from the Perth CBD, east to Wundowie, west to Fremantle, south to Mandurah-Pinjarra and north to Two Rocks; these suburbs are divided into nine fare-zones according to distance from the city centre. Bus services in Perth are operated by three private companies with services divided into 11 zones that are re-tendered every 10 years.
As at June 2018 the contracts were held by: Path Transit: Kalamunda & Morley Swan Transit: Canning, Marmion, Southern River & Beenyup Transdev WA: Fremantle, Rockingham & Perth CATTransperth oversees and regulates a bus service throughout the Perth metropolitan area and some fringe rural areas. Routes follow two basic formats: feeder services between residential suburbs and bus stations or bus/train interchanges, routes directly to the CBD. There are some cross-suburban services, most notably the CircleRoute. Additional services are provided for special events. Transperth's most frequent bus routes run from 05:00 until 24:00 with services every 4–15 minutes on weekdays and every 15–30 minutes on evenings and weekends. Most other local routes run about every 10 minutes in peak periods reducing to every 30 minutes during the day in inner Perth with outer feeder services running every 15–20 minutes in peak periods and every 60 minutes during the day, with reduced service on evenings and weekends.
Services to and from railway stations are co-ordinated to connect with every, second or every fourth train. The Perth Central Area Transit bus is a free bus service that serves central areas in Perth city and Joondalup. In the centre of Perth, there are four routes. In Fremantle there are the red cat and blue cat serving tourist destinations. In Joondalup three routes, the red and blue CAT routes, which operate around the Joondalup CBD and Edith Cowan University; the CAT system is responsible for the operation of the Midland Gate Shuttle, Rockingham City Centre Transit System. The main CAT systems are operated by Transdev WA; as of 2018, the fleet consisted of 1,475 buses Volgren bodied Mercedes-Benz and Volvos. Transperth operated large numbers of AEC Regal VIs, Leyland Royal Tiger Worldmasters, Leyland Leopards, Leyland Panthers, Leyland Tiger Cubs, Hino RC520Ps, Mercedes-Benz Citaros, Mercedes-Benz O305s and Mercedes-Benz O405s, Renault PR100.2s, Renault PR180.2s and a Renault PR100.3. As of September 2015, there have been a number of catastrophic fires aboard the fleet's natural gas powered Mercedes-Benz OC 500 LEs.
It was discovered that there were possible faults in the on-board fire suppression system installed in the engine compartment at the rear of the bus. A bus fire at the Elizabeth Quay bus station in July was said to have been caused by a leaking coolant cell. A series of one-off fires have occurred in two of the fleet's Mercedes-Benz O405NH diesel buses, both of which were sparked by frayed fan belts. Nobody was injured in any bus fires as the drivers were quick to respond and evacuate any passengers before the fires became lethal. CircleRoute: The CircleRoute is a cross suburban route that links numerous railway stations, shopping centres, universities and the port city of Fremantle. Services run 5 -- 15 minutes weekdays and 15 -- 30 minutes public holidays. Central Area Transit: Transperth operates CAT bus services around the Perth and Joondalup CBDs. Services run every 10 -- 15 minutes on weekends. Red CAT: Southern East Perth to West Perth Yellow CAT: Northern East Perth to West Perth Blue CAT: North to south Green CAT: Leederville station to Elizabeth Quay bus station Red CAT: Northern Fremantle
Whiteman, Western Australia
Whiteman, Western Australia is a suburb in the north eastern part of the Perth, metropolitan area in Western Australia. It is the location of Whiteman Park, which includes the Caversham Wildlife Park
Bellevue, Western Australia
Bellevue is an eastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia in the local government areas of the City of Swan and the Shire of Mundaring. It is at the foot of the slopes of Greenmount, a landmark on the Darling Scarp, noted in the earliest of travel journals of the early Swan River Colony. Bellevue has been dissected by the Roe Highway and substantial changes in the eastern parts of Midland; the Bellevue Primary School was closed and amalgamated with the Koongamia Primary School to form the new Clayton View Primary School up the hill towards Greenmount. It was the location of the original offices of, it was the location of the Catholic Church that preceded the St Anthony's church in Greenmount. A significant point of contact in the twentieth century for the local community was the Darling Range Hotel. Bellevue is bounded by the Helena River to the south, Great Eastern Highway to the north and Military Road and Cowie Close to the west; the suburb is an mix of residential and parkland. Being at the eastern part of the Swan Coastal Plain, Bellevue is at the foot of the Darling Scarp with Greenmount Hill as the point of access to the region to the east.
Bellevue has changed over the duration of its existence due to a number of factors - the extensive claypits of the early twentieth century,and the industrial locations adjacent to the railway lines. The creation of the standard gauge railway and the removal of the railway station in the mid-1960s removed it from the railway map. Construction of the Roe Highway embankment in the western part removed a section of the suburb; the Midland Military Markets were located in the west of the suburb, but were destroyed by a fire in April 2007. Known as the 24-mile siding in 1896. On 24 May 1897 it became known as Bellevue, it was the railway station at the foot of the hills. First for the line that proceeded east to Greenmount Boya, Darlington and on to Mundaring. For the line through Blackboy Hill, Swan View, the Swan View Tunnel and on to Chidlow; the third and final route of the railway that goes through the Avon Valley passes over the site where the railway station was located. During the First World War the branch line to the Helena Vale Race course was used for transporting troops between Blackboy Hill and Fremantle.
Although the old Mundaring Loop was closed for passenger traffic in 1954, trains were still utilising the line to Boya, where the Mountain Quarries siding was still in use. This operation closed in 1962. Up until the 1960s it was the terminus of the passenger services from Perth. For a brief couple of years a new railway station was made at Koongamia, half-way to the old Greenmount Railway station; the suburban service now terminates at Midland. Elliot, Ian. Mundaring - A History of the Shire. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 0-9592776-0-9. Spillman, Ken. Life was meant to be here: community and local government in the Shire of Mundaring. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3. Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website Bellevue on Geoscience Australia
Hazelmere, Western Australia
Hazelmere is a suburb of Perth, 14 kilometres east of Perth's central business district in the City of Swan local government area. Bordered by Roe Highway to the east, the Great Eastern Highway Bypass to the south, Hazelmere is at the northern edge of Perth Airport land. Hazelmere is part of the Woodbridge land grant given to Captain James Stirling in 1829; when a Guildford auctioneer bought the land in 1883, he subdivided the property into smaller lots, one was named Hazelmere after the English town of Haslemere near Guildford, Surrey. An extensive rural buffer between Midland and the airport it now consists of a mix of residential land at the Guildford end, rural land in the center and industrial land to the East; the former Commonwealth-owned land of the Bushmead rifle range that bordered on the formation of the former Upper Darling Range Railway was sold in 2010 to property developer Cedar Woods Properties Limited - more its subsidy Dunlan Property Pty Ltd The strategic location of the residential lots in Hazelmere is considered by the City of Swan to be appropriate for higher density housing, as a result a number of lots are under consideration for increased zoning.
The rezoning of lots to the upper coding of R25 or R35 is considered appropriate due to the location of the Hazelmere lots that are located between 1 - 1.5 km away from the Woodbridge and East Guildford train stations and are within 2 km of the Strategic Metropolitan Centre of Midland. The location of the lots that are proposed to be rezoned include the area bounded by Bushmead Road, Stirling Crescent, Eric Street and Wingate Avenue. Included are lots on the east side of Wingate Avenue, lots fronting Mary Street and Anthea Street and the freight rail line to the west; the City of Swan have prepared two maps that show the proposed zoning respectively. Helena Valley
Ironstone is a sedimentary rock, either deposited directly as a ferruginous sediment or created by chemical replacement, that contains a substantial proportion of an iron compound from which iron can be smelted commercially. This term is customarily restricted to hard coarsely banded and noncherty sedimentary rocks of post-Precambrian age; the Precambrian deposits, which have a different origin, are known as banded iron formations. The iron minerals comprising ironstones can consist either of oxides, i.e. limonite and magnetite. Freshly cleaved ironstone is grey; the brown external appearance is due to oxidation of its surface. Ironstone, being a sedimentary rock is not always homogeneous, can be found in a red and black banded form called tiger iron, sometimes used for jewelry purposes. Sometimes ironstone hosts opal gems. Ironstone occurs in a variety of forms; the various forms of ironstone include siderite nodules. Ironstone, although widespread, is a limited source of iron. Most of British iron originated from ironstone, but it is now used for this purpose because it is far too limited in quantity to be an economic source of iron ore.
Ironstone's oxide impurities render it useless as a component in ceramics: the "ironstone china" of Staffordshire and American manufacture, a fine white high-fired vitreous semi-porcelain used for heavy-duty dinner services in the 19th century, depends on the whiteness of its body. Its "iron" quality is in its resistance to chipping, not in any ingredient in its manufacture; the stone can be used as a building material. Examples include the parish churches at Kirby Bellars, Eydon Hall and South Croxton in Leicestershire. Iron ore Iron-rich sedimentary rocks Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway
Brigadoon, Western Australia
Brigadoon is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is in the City of Swan local government area, it sits on the edge of the Darling Scarp adjacent to the entrance to the Avon Valley through which the Avon River flows. The Bells Rapids is a popular viewing location for the annual Avon Descent whitewater race. Brigadoon is bordered by the Avon River / Swan River and Jumbuck Hill Park to the north-west and Walyunga National Park in the north; the area of Brigadoon was owned by the wife of Alan Bond, but is now home to the State Equestrian Centre in the south-west and features a growing number of large plot housing estates along its eastern border with the rural town district of Gidgegannup
Gidgegannup, Western Australia
Gidgegannup is a township 40 kilometres northeast of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. The name Gidgegannup comes from a Noongar word meaning "Place where spears are made", was first recorded by passing surveyors in 1852; the townsite is situated on Toodyay Road. The locality is drained by the north flowing Gidgegannup Brooks. Due to low density development, considerable amounts of natural vegetation remain in the area - and the roads to the north of Toodyay road have been designated Wildflower Scenic Drive; the Gidgegannup Agricultural Society has had over 60 shows at the Gidgegannup showgrounds. In the 2016 Australian census, there were 2,743 people in Gidgegannup. 71.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 9.6%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 37.9%, Anglican 20.4% and Catholic 15.9%. Http://gidgegannup.info/