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Opstand Havana 1.JPG
Protesters in the streets
Date August 5, 1994
Location Havana, Cuba
Parties to the civil conflict

The August 1994 uprising or Maleconazo uprising was a protest against government policies in Cuba. It occurred on August 5, 1994.[1]



Cuba had fallen into an economic crisis because of the recent dissolution of the Soviet Union and old American embargo. Many citizens began to try to leave the country, some had even begun to steal boats to flee. The clash began as police began securing boats to prevent theft.[2]


Protesters' rage caused by the Special Period was vented into vandalism and violence, a few even began shooting. Many hotels were damaged, the police and communist party members were called into disperse the crowd.[3] Hundreds of protesters took to streets in Havana, some chanting "Libertad!" (Spanish for "freedom!"). The police eventually dispersed them all.[4]


After the protests many Cubans attempted to flee the island. More than 35000 left, many using rafts to float off the island to the United States, the U.S. president Bill Clinton enacted the wet foot dry foot policy as a reaction to the exodus. Castro came to support the exodus, viewing those who left as counterrevolutionaries.[5]


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