click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mali War

The Mali War, Northern Mali Conflict or Mali Civil War is a series of armed conflicts that started from January 2012 between the northern and southern parts of Mali in Africa. On 16 January 2012, several insurgent groups began fighting a campaign against the Malian government for independence or greater autonomy for northern Mali, an area of northern Mali they called Azawad; the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad, an organization fighting to make this area of Mali an independent homeland for the Tuareg people, had taken control of the region by April 2012. On 22 March 2012, President Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d'état over his handling of the crisis, a month before a presidential election was to have taken place. Mutinous soldiers, calling themselves the National Committee for the Restoration of Democracy and State, took control and suspended the constitution of Mali; as a consequence of the instability following the coup, Mali's three largest northern cities—Kidal and Timbuktu—were overrun by the rebels on three consecutive days.

On 5 April 2012, after the capture of Douentza, the MNLA said that it had accomplished its goals and called off its offensive. The following day, it proclaimed the independence of northern Mali from the rest of the country, renaming it Azawad; the MNLA were backed by the Islamist group Ansar Dine. After the Malian military was driven from northern Mali, Ansar Dine and a number of smaller Islamist groups began imposing strict Sharia law; the MNLA and Islamists struggled to reconcile their conflicting visions for an intended new state. Afterwards, the MNLA began fighting against Ansar Dine and other Islamist groups, including Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa, a splinter group of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. By 17 July 2012, the MNLA had lost control of most of northern Mali's cities to the Islamists; the government of Mali asked for foreign military help to re-take the north. On 11 January 2013, the French military began operations against the Islamists. Forces from other African Union states were deployed shortly after.

By 8 February, the Islamist-held territory had been re-taken by the Malian military, with help from the international coalition. Tuareg separatists have continued to fight the Islamists as well, although the MNLA has been accused of carrying out attacks against the Malian military. A peace deal between the government and Tuareg rebels was signed on 18 June 2013, however on 26 September 2013 the rebels pulled out of the peace agreement and claimed that the government had not respected its commitments to the truce. Fighting is still ongoing though French forces are scheduled for withdrawal. A ceasefire agreement was signed on 19 February 2015 in Algiers, but sporadic terrorist attacks still occur. Despite the signing of a peace accord in the capital on 15 April 2015, low-level fighting continues. In the early 1990s Tuareg and Arab nomads formed the Mouvement Populaire de l'Azaouad/Azawad People's Movement and declared war for independence of the northern part of Mali. Despite peace agreements with the government of Mali in 1991 and 1995 a growing dissatisfaction among the former Tuareg fighters, integrated into the Military of Mali, led to new fighting in 2007.

Despite having difficulty maintaining alliances between secular and Islamist factions the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad allied itself with the Islamist groups Ansar Dine and Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and began the 2012 Northern Mali conflict. The MNLA was an offshoot of a political movement known as the National Movement for Azawad prior to the insurgency. After the end of the Libyan Civil War, an influx of weaponry led to the arming of the Tuareg in their demand for independence; the strength of this uprising and the use of heavy weapons, which were not present in the previous conflicts, were said to have "surprised" Malian officials and observers. Though dominated by Tuaregs, the MNLA claimed that they represented other ethnic groups as well, were joined by some Arab leaders; the MNLA's leader Bilal Ag Acherif said that the onus was on Mali to either give the Saharan peoples their self-determination or they would take it themselves. Another Tuareg-dominated group, the Islamist Ansar Dine fought alongside the MNLA against the government.

Unlike the MNLA, it did not seek independence but rather the imposition of Islamic law across Mali. The movement's leader Iyad Ag Ghaly was part of the early 1990s rebellion and has been reported to be linked to an offshoot of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, led by his cousin Hamada Ag Hama as well as Algeria's Département du Renseignement et de la Sécurité. Mali was going through several crises at once that favored the rise of the conflict: State crisis: the establishment of a Tuareg state has been a long-term goal of the MNLA, since it began a rebellion in 1962. Thereafter, Mali has been in a constant struggle to maintain its territory. Food crisis: Mali's economy has an extreme dependence on outside assistance, which has led Economic Community of West African States to blockade, to subdue the military junta. Political crisis: The mutiny led to the fall of the president; the first attacks of the rebellion took place in Ménaka, a small town in far eastern Mali, on 16 and 17 January 2012. On 17 January, attacks in Tessalit were reported.

The Mali government claimed to have regained control of all three towns the next day. On 24 January, the rebels retook Aguelhok; the next day the Mali government once again recaptured the city. Mali launched air and land counter operations to take back the seized territory, amid protests in Bamako and Kati. Malian president A

Luis D'Elía

Luis D'Elía is an Argentine activist and politician who served in the government of Néstor Kirchner. He is the founder and head of the Federation of Land and Habitat, described as a "violent wing" of the Confederation of Argentine Workers. A longtime leader of protests by union members and others on the Argentinian left, D'Elía is referred to in the media by the epithet "the picketer" or "the picket leader", he has been called an "ultra-Kirchnerist". He led a group that occupied a Buenos Aires police station in 1994, his argument that the bombing that same year of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires was the work not of Iranian terrorists but of Jews, his friendly contacts with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, have caused him to be described as "the unofficial spokesman of the Iranian government in Argentina" and as a "hit man for Iran". Luis D'Elía was born on 27 January 1957 at the Clínica Modelo de Morón, Buenos Aires, into a family belonging to the working middle class, his father, Luis Omar D'Elía, was of Sicilian ancestry, worked for the national electricity firm SEGBA, was a member of the power and light union.

Both of D'Elías parents had been fervent Peronists, attending "all the events" hosted by Juan and Eva Perón at the Plaza de Mayo and receiving their first house as part of the Plan Eva Perón. "I adored Evita", Ofelia said. She admired Scioli, Sergio Massa, the Kirchners, despised Menem, Rodríguez Saá, De la Sota and Duhalde. D'Elía's father died of lung cancer on 9 October 1990. In Spain, Ofelia's father had been a Republican, her mother a socialist. D'Elía grew up in the parish of Don Bosco in Villa Luzuriaga, a section of the Buenos Aires district of La Matanza, had two siblings and Mabel; the Church of Don Bosco was the family's "political cradle", D'Elía's mentor, with whom he would remain close throughout his adult life, was the "progressive" Salesian priest Fr. Enrique Lapadula, an activist leader in La Matanza and believed in a "church of the poor". D'Elía played on a soccer team coached by his father. Interviewed in 2008 as "the mother of the most polemical of the picketers", D'Elía's mother recalled that when he was a child, he had been an "impeccable" student and she had expected him to become a priest.

He had been affected by the deaths of his father and of his brother-in-law, the latter from an aneurysm. Asked whether she had told her son he was wrong about anything, she replied that she had done so on occasion, in anger, but unfairly, because "he is always right". In his youth, D'Elía became active in El Sindicato Unificado de Trabajadores de la Educación de Buenos Aires, a teachers' union in Buenos Aires. On 16 March 1981, D'Elía started working as a teacher, beginning with a job as substitute teacher at School #50 in La Matanza. From until February 28, 1988, he was employed as a substitute teacher in various schools, teaching "intermittently for 4 years, 8 months and 28 days" and serving most at School #172, in Isidro Casanova; the last day he taught was February 28, 1988. Meanwhile, D'Elía pursued studies for a degree as a secondary-school teacher at the Instituto de Profesorado Manuel Dorrego de Morón, from which he graduated in 1985, he combined his work and studies with activity in grassroots Christian militancy and the Christian Democratic Party.

In 1985, for instance, D'Elía joined thousands of homeless people who occupied several acres of public land in El Tambo, setting up hundreds of tents and calling on the government to build housing on the lands. The campaign went through a difficult period, with infighting, poor living conditions, a food-supply crisis, at one point D'Elía, feeling demoralized, left his tent and returned to his ranch with his wife; that night one of the other activist leaders, a mulatto mother of 12 children, came to his home, slapped him, calling him a "chickenshit asshole", told him, "you're the only one who can lead this". He returned to El Tambo, where the next day the mulatto women died from a gunshot wound in a police crackdown. D'Elía organized the homeless people into a cooperative called Solidaridad y Organización. Despite clashes with police, he and his people ended up developing El Tambo into the new neighborhood of Isidro Casanova. In April 1988, Antonio Salviolo, leader of the Christian Democrats and director of schools for the province of Buenos Aires under the presidency of Antonio Cafiero, appointed D'Elía as administrative undersecretary.

That same year, the Senate of the province of Buenos Aires appointed him schools advisor, a title he held until 1992. In 1992, D'Elía was appointed head teacher at School # 188 in La Matanza, but while retaining the title and collecting a salary, he never took up the position in practice. Instead he was active in the Justicialist Party, a Peronist group, led more actions involving housing for the homeless. In 1995, Carlos Chacho Alvarez, leader of Frente por un País Solidario, a new party, formed in 1994, invited him to join its list of candidates for city councilors in La Matanza. In 1997, FREPASO prevailed in the elections in the Province of Buenos Aires, in 1999 it was part of the coalition whose c

Stoke Climsland

Stoke Climsland is a village in the valley of the River Tamar, England, United Kingdom within the civil parish of Stokeclimsland. The population of the parish including Luckett at the 2011 census was 1,703. An electoral ward in the same name exists. At the same census the population was 3,703; the manor of Climsland was one of the seventeen Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall. The manor was recorded in the Domesday Book as Climson. One hide was held by the lord and 30 villeins and 30 smallholders had 17 ploughs and 4 hides of land. There were 3 acres of meadow, 16 square leagues of pasture and 3 square leagues of woodland; the income from the manor was £6 sterling. In the 12th century, Climsland became part of a 250 hectares Royal Deer Park called Kerrybullock, until it was disparked by Henry VIII in the 16th century; the present church building is 15th century, with north and south a west tower. The tower is of granite and the wagon roofs are medieval. At Horse Bridge on the road to Tavistock is a fine bridge of seven arches.

At Whiteford Sir John Call built a Georgian mansion in 1775 but it no longer exists: the stables and a garden temple remain and a few fragments have been reused in a house nearby. The post office, opened in 1839, is the oldest sub-Post Office in the UK; the village is home to a football team, Stoke Climsland champions of duchy league 2 17/18 Cornwall Duchy league. William Pratt Call and High Sheriff of Cornwall.

Valiente (1992 TV series)

Valiente is a Philippine television drama series broadcast by ABS-CBN and GMA Network. Directed by Herman Escueta and Jose Rowel Icamen, it stars Michael de Mesa and Tirso Cruz III, it premiered on February 10, 1992 on ABS-CBN replacing Agila and aired its final episode on the network on January 27, 1995. The series premiered on GMA Network on January 30, 1995; the series concluded on September 12, 1997. A remake aired in 2012 on TV5. Lead castMichael de Mesa as Gardo Valiente Tirso Cruz III as Theo Braganza Glenda Garcia as Leona Braganza Mariz Ricketts as Maila Braganza-ValienteSupporting castOdette Khan as Trinidad "Trini" Braganza Jean Garcia as Elaine Velasquez-Braganza Ruben Rustia as Damian Valiente Renato del Prado as Pepito "Peping" Ramirez Aris Cuevas as Badong Jose Manalo Nognog Various as Armando Braganza Marissa Sanchez as Vivian Val Victa as Fidel Dioquino Eugene Domingo as Dolores Alma Lerma as Adeling Marlon Mance as Dino Lucita Soriano as Nena Richard Arellano as Crisanto Simon Serrano as Bugoy Rustom Padilla as Albert Rosales Liza Ranillo as Cita Jeniffer Mendoza as Celia Patricia Ann Roque as Lea / Melissa B.

Valiente Karina "Kara" Cruz as Chona John Arcilla as Froilan / Benjie Robert Arevalo as Cenon Maggie Dela Riva Tet Antiquiera Rochelle Barrameda Romy Mallari as Lea's adoptive father Jean Saburit as Lea's adoptive mother Matutina Berting LabraGuest castSunshine Cruz as young Leona Atong Redillas as young Theo Valiente on IMDb

Devil Dogs of the Air

Devil Dogs of the Air is a 1935 Warner Bros. film, directed by Lloyd Bacon and starring James Cagney and Pat O'Brien, reprising their earlier roles as buddies after making their debut as a "buddy team" in Here Comes the Navy. Devil Dogs of the Air was the second of nine features that Pat O'Brien and James Cagney made together; the film's storyline was adapted from a novel by John Monk Saunders. Lieut. Bill Brannigan learns friend and hotshot pilot Thomas Jefferson "Tommy" O'Toole, the self-styled "world's greatest aviator", is joining the USMC Reserve Aviator training program. O'Toole arrives at San Diego and promptly starts to move in on Brannigan's love interest, Betty Roberts, the daughter of the owner of the nearby Happy Landings Cafe. In typical cocky fashion, O'Toole antagonizes nearly everyone else. Although not temperamentally suited for the military, Tommy completes primary training and after surviving an accident he caused by running out of fuel realizes that he is willing to change.

Bill is assigned as his instructor, on the first flight together, when Tommy begins to do some stunt flying, the aircraft has to be abandoned when it catches on fire. Bill bales out. Tommy performs his first solo flight and browbeats Betty into attending the solo flight party with him. Bill is not amused. After a competition in the air with his friend Brannigan flying together, a midair emergency takes place, but it is Bill who saves the aircraft. Tommy makes a good landing, finds Betty waiting for him. Although their friendship is restored, Bill realizes that Tommy has won Betty and arranges a transfer to another base. Principal photography starting on October 1, 1934, was based at the US Naval Base San Diego. Paul Mantz did the aerial stunts for Cagney. One of the featured squadrons stationed there, Marine Attack Squadron 231 after returning to San Diego in 1928, had traded in its World War I-era O2B-1s for new Curtiss F8C-1s and F8C-3s, which were soon redesignated OC-1s and OC-2s. Equipped with Vought O3U-6 Corsairs, the squadron continued to operate from San Diego and participated in the annual Fleet Problems, operating from the carriers USS Langley, USS Ranger, USS Saratoga at different times.

Shortly after receiving the F8C/OCs, the squadron, along with VO-10M took part in the filming of the 1929 movie Flight and prominently appeared in the Devil Dogs of the Air. The rare U. S. Marine Corps Curtiss RC-1 air ambulance, A-8864, made an appearance in the film. Other unusual types that appear in the film include: Loening OL-8 two-seat amphibian biplane Travel Air D-4000 civilian stunt biplane Vought O2U Corsair two-seat scout biplane Boeing F4B single-seat pursuit biplane Ford Trimotor multi-passenger transport Douglas DolphinManeuvers by the United States Navy and the USMC are the actual "stars" of the movie. In the film, the USN represented the BLUE Force. Released in an era of patriotic films with overt propaganda themes that set the scene for war preparations, Devil Dogs of the Air received a mildly appreciative public acceptance. Although it had a major release in 1935, the film was re-released in 1941, just before America's entry into World War II, again finding a receptive audience.

Critic Leonard Maltin described it as a "tiresome potboiler with Marine Air Corps rivalry between Cagney and O'Brien. Their personalities and good stunt-flying scenes are the only saving grace." Considered hackneyed, it was best considered an aviation film and today, represents an authentic look at the period. According to Warner Bros records, Devil Dogs of the Air earned $1,185,000 domestically and $504,000 foreign. Devil Dogs of the Air on IMDb Turner Classic Movies: Devil Dogs of the Air Devil Dogs of the Air at AllMovie

Let Her Go (disambiguation)

"Let Her Go" is a 2012 song by Passenger. Let Her Go may refer to: "Let Her Go", 1991 Let Her Go, 2014 EP by Glen Templeton "Let Her Go", by Miss Li from God Put a Rainbow in the Sky, 2007 "Let Her Go", by The Lodger, 2006 "Let Her Go", by Lulu on Take Me to Your Heart Again, 1982 "Let Her Go", by Steve Alaimo from Steve Alaimo Sings and Swings, 1964 "Let Her Go", by Strawberry Switchblade from the album Strawberry Switchblade, 1985 "Let Her Go", by David Cassidy on Old Trick New Dog, 1998 "Let Her Go", by Blu Cantrell from Bittersweet, 2003 "Let Her Go", by Gil Grand from Somebody's Someone, 2006 "Let Her Go", by Point Blank from On a Roll, 1982 "Let Her Go", by South Korean rock band F. T. Island from Five Treasure Box, 2012 "Let Her Go", by jazz flautist Hubert Laws from Flute By-Laws, 1966 "Let Her Go", by Craig David from The Story Goes... 2005 "Let Her Go", by Less Than Jake from In with the Out Crowd, 2006 "Let Her Go", by Cheap Trick from Woke Up with a Monster, 1994 "Let Her Go", by Dan Fogelberg from Windows and Walls, 1984 "Let Her Go", by Mac Demarco from Salad Days, 2014 "Let Her Go", an episode of Life "Let Her Go", an episode of Chicago Fire "Let Her Go", an episode of The Vampire Diaries "Don't Cry, Joe", 1949 song by Johnny Desmond Let It Go Let Me Go