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Mallorca

Mallorca or Majorca is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean. The native language, as on the rest of the Balearic Islands, is Catalan, co-official with Spanish; the capital of the island, Palma, is the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983. There are two small islands off the coast of Mallorca: Dragonera; the anthem of Mallorca is "La Balanguera". Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca and Formentera, the island is an popular holiday destination for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom; the international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain. The name derives from Classical Latin insula maior, "larger island". In Medieval Latin, this became Maiorica, "the larger one", in comparison to Menorca, "the smaller one". Little is recorded of the earliest inhabitants of the island. Burial chambers and traces of habitation from the Neolithic period have been discovered the prehistoric settlements called talaiots, or talayots.

They raised Bronze Age megaliths as part of their Talaiotic culture. A non-exhaustive list is the following: Capocorb Vell Necròpoli de Son Real Novetiforme Alemany Poblat Talaiòtic de S'Illot Poblat Talaiòtic de Son Fornés Sa Canova de Morell Ses Païsses Ses Talaies de Can Jordi S'Hospitalet Vell The Phoenicians, a seafaring people from the Levant, arrived around the eighth century BC and established numerous colonies; the island came under the control of Carthage in North Africa, which had become the principal Phoenician city. After the Second Punic War, Carthage lost all of its overseas possessions and the Romans took over; the island was occupied by the Romans in 123 BC under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia, Palmaria were founded. In addition, the northern town of Bocchoris, dating back to pre-Roman times, was a federated city to Rome; the local economy was driven by olive cultivation and salt mining. Mallorcan soldiers were valued within the Roman legions for their skill with the sling.

In 427, Gunderic and the Vandals captured the island. Geiseric, son of Gunderic, governed Mallorca and used it as his base to loot and plunder settlements around the Mediterranean, until Roman rule was restored in 465. In 534, Mallorca was recaptured by the Eastern Roman Empire, led by Apollinarius. Under Roman rule, Christianity thrived and numerous churches were built. From 707, the island was attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa. Recurrent invasions led the islanders to ask Charlemagne for help. In 902, Issam al-Khawlani conquered the Balearic Islands, ushering in a new period of prosperity under the Emirate of Córdoba; the town of Palma was reshaped and expanded, became known as Medina Mayurqa. On, with the Caliphate of Córdoba at its height, the Moors improved agriculture with irrigation and developed local industries; the caliphate was dismembered in 1015. Mallorca came under rule by the Taifa of Dénia, from 1087 to 1114, was an independent Taifa. During that period, the island was visited by Ibn Hazm.

However, an expedition of Pisans and Catalans in 1114–15, led by Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona, overran the island, laying siege to Palma for eight months. After the city fell, the invaders retreated due to problems in their own lands, they were replaced by the Almoravides from North Africa, who ruled until 1176. The Almoravides were replaced by the Almohad dynasty until 1229. Abú Yahya was the last Moorish leader of Mallorca. In the ensuing confusion and unrest, King James I of Aragon known as James the Conqueror, launched an invasion which landed at Santa Ponça, Mallorca, on 8–9 September 1229 with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses, his forces entered the city of Medina Mayurqa on 31 December 1229. In 1230 he annexed the island to his Crown of Aragon under the name Regnum Maioricae. From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was in dynastic union with that of Castile; the Barbary corsairs of North Africa attacked the Balearic Islands, in response, the people built coastal watchtowers and fortified churches.

In 1570, King Philip II of Spain and his advisors were considering complete evacuation of the Balearic islands. In the early 18th century, the War of the Spanish Succession resulted in the replacement of that dynastic union with a unified Spanish monarchy under the rule of the new Bourbon Dynasty; the last episode of the War of Spanish Succession was the conquest of the island of Mallorca. It took place on 2 July 1715. In 1716, the Nueva Planta decrees made Mallorca part of the Spanish province of Baleares the same to present-day Illes Balears province and autonomous community. A Nationalist stronghold at the start of the Spanish Civil War, Mallorca was subjected to an amphibious landing, on 16 August 1936, aimed at driving the Nationalists from Mallorca and reclaiming the island for the Republic. Although the Republicans outnumbered their opponents and managed to push 12 km inland, superior Nationalist ai

Nazaré (TV series)

Nazaré is a Portuguese telenovela which began airing on SIC in 9 September 2019 and end in May 2020. Nazaré is a force of nature. Young, determined and willing to do anything to save her mother's life, which depends on an expensive surgery. At the fisherman's village, blessed with the big waves, where Nazaré lives, she does some hard work to save up some money. Boyfriend and childhood sweetheart Toni is always there to back her up. Wood industry mogul and owner of Atlantida, António Blanco, will discover his brother and business partner Félix is stealing money from the company. From confidence to complete distrust, António will order his brother to move out of his home and leave the business, but Félix and wife Verónica have a plan: they order a forest fire. One love is forged by fire and one death will change everything. Toni knows, he was hired to set it. He knows that the Blanco's house will be empty so he convinces Nazaré to come along with him to loot whatever they can, she ends up being caught by surveillance cameras...

During the robbery, in the middle of the fire, Nazare ends up saving Duarte's life, the spoiled playboy of the family, whom Felix wanted to kill along with his father, once he would inherit the company's presidency. The closeness between Nazaré and Duarte will become the perfect motto for Felix to make Nazaré an offer she can't refuse: to befriend Duarte in exchange for her mother's treatments. Nazaré on IMDb

Kamigyō-ku

Kamigyō-ku is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Located in the center of the present-day city of Kyoto, Japan it occupied the northern region of the ancient capital of Kyoto; the Kamo River flows on the eastern border of the ward. The area was a district of residences for the royalty and upper classes in the old capital; the ward is home to the Kyoto Imperial Palace, the Kitano Tenmangu Shinto shrine, the Seimei Shrine, Nishijin-ori textiles, the headquarters of the Omotesenke and Urasenke schools of Japanese tea ceremony. As of 2016, Kamigyō-ku had a population of 85,146 people. Doshisha University Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine Heian Jogakuin University Imadegawa Campus of Doshisha Women's College of Liberal ArtsThe Lycée Français de Kyoto, the French international school in Kansai, was in this ward. Kyoto International School is in this ward. Media related to Kamigyō-ku, Kyoto at Wikimedia Commons Official website Kamigyo Ward mascot character, Kamigyukun