Biblioteca Nacional de España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España is a major public library, the largest in Spain, one of the largest in the world. It is located on the Paseo de Recoletos; the library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library. The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance. At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional. During the 19th century, confiscations and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition. On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers.
In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, the General Reading Room was created to cater for students and general readers. During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until in religious establishments and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.
In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library, the Spanish Bibliographic Institute and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory, making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture; the Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum. The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System; as the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to: Compile and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research and information.
Promote research through the study and reproduction of its bibliographic archive. Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement; the library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, 30,000 manuscripts. The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón and Milagros del Corral as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi and author Rosa Regàs. Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid; the Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services: Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems. Access to its automated catalogue, which contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections. Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms. Interlibrary loans. Archive reproduction. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica, digital library launched in 2008 by the Biblioteca Nacional de España List of libraries in Spain Media related to Biblioteca Nacional de España at Wikimedia Commons Official site Official web catalog
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical and secular music. While a more precise term is used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820, this article is about the broad span of time from before the 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods; the central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, known as the common-practice period. The major time divisions of Western art music are as follows: the ancient music period, before 500 AD the early music period, which includes the Medieval including the ars antiqua the ars nova the ars subtilior the Renaissance eras. Baroque the galant music period the common-practice period, which includes Baroque the galant music period Classical Romantic eras the 20th and 21st centuries which includes: the modern that overlaps from the late-19th century, impressionism that overlaps from the late-19th century neoclassicism, predominantly in the inter-war period the high modern the postmodern eras the experimental contemporary European art music is distinguished from many other non-European classical and some popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 11th century.
Catholic monks developed the first forms of modern European musical notation in order to standardize liturgy throughout the worldwide Church. Western staff notation is used by composers to indicate to the performer the pitches, tempo and rhythms for a piece of music; this can leave less room for practices such as improvisation and ad libitum ornamentation, which are heard in non-European art music and in popular-music styles such as jazz and blues. Another difference is that whereas most popular styles adopt the song form or a derivation of this form, classical music has been noted for its development of sophisticated forms of instrumental music such as the symphony, fugue and mixed vocal and instrumental styles such as opera and mass; the term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to distinctly canonize the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Ludwig van Beethoven as a golden age. The earliest reference to "classical music" recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about 1829.
Given the wide range of styles in European classical music, from Medieval plainchant sung by monks to Classical and Romantic symphonies for orchestra from the 1700s and 1800s to avant-garde atonal compositions for solo piano from the 1900s, it is difficult to list characteristics that can be attributed to all works of that type. However, there are characteristics that classical music contains that few or no other genres of music contain, such as the use of music notation and the performance of complex forms of solo instrumental works. Furthermore, while the symphony did not exist prior to the late 18th century, the symphony ensemble—and the works written for it—have become a defining feature of classical music; the key characteristic of European classical music that distinguishes it from popular music and folk music is that the repertoire tends to be written down in musical notation, creating a musical part or score. This score determines details of rhythm, and, where two or more musicians are involved, how the various parts are coordinated.
The written quality of the music has enabled a high level of complexity within them: fugues, for instance, achieve a remarkable marriage of boldly distinctive melodic lines weaving in counterpoint yet creating a coherent harmonic logic that would be difficult to achieve in the heat of live improvisation. The use of written notation preserves a record of the works and enables Classical musicians to perform music from many centuries ago. Musical notation enables 2000s-era performers to sing a choral work from the 1300s Renaissance era or a 1700s Baroque concerto with many of the features of the music being reproduced; that said, the score does allow the interpreter to make choices on. For example, if the tempo is written with an Italian instruction, it is not known how fast the piece should be played; as well, in the Baroque era, many works that were designed for basso continuo accompaniment do not specify which instruments should play the accompaniment or how the chordal instrument should play the chords, which are not notated in the part.
The performer and the conductor have a range of options for musical expression and interpretation of a scored piece, including the phrasing of melodies, the time taken during fermatas or pauses, the use of effects such as vibrato or glissando. Although Classical music in the 2000s has lost most of its tradition for musical improvisation, from the Baroque era to the Romantic era, there are examples of performers who could improvise in the style of their era. In the Baroque era, organ performers would improvise preludes, keyboard performers playing harpsichord would improvise chords from the figured bass symbols beneath the bass notes of the basso continuo part and b
Mike Moore (New Zealand politician)
Michael Kenneth Moore known as Mike Moore, is a former New Zealand politician and union organiser. In the Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand he served in several portfolios including Minister of Foreign Affairs, became the Prime Minister for 59 days before the October 1990 general election. Following Labour's defeat in that election, Moore served as Leader of the Opposition until the 1993 election, after which Helen Clark challenged him for the Labour Party leadership. Following his retirement from New Zealand politics, Moore was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1999 to 2002, he has held the post of New Zealand Ambassador to the United States from 2010 to 2015. Moore was born in Whakatane, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand in 1949, he was educated at the Bay of Islands College and Dilworth School. After leaving school at 14 he first worked as a labourer and a printer, he at the age of 17 was elected to the Auckland Trades Council. He became the first youth representative on the Labour Party executive and was Vice-president of the International Union of Socialist Youth for two consecutive terms.
He married Yvonne Dereany in 1975. Moore began his parliamentary career when elected as the MP for Eden in 1972, but was defeated for Eden in the 1975 election. After the election, the Moores visited Warren Freer, were insistent that he resign from Mt Albert so that Moore could take his place. Freer said he had no intention of resigning, anyway there was no guarantee that he would be selected to replace Freer. In 1978 Moore moved to Christchurch and was elected MP for the north Christchurch electorate known as Papanui, he held the electorate until 1999: as Papanui until 1984, as Christchurch North until 1996, as Waimakariri thereafter. As a government minister he has held numerous portfolios, becoming best known in his role as Overseas Trade Minister with involvement in the GATT negotiations. In 1987 he became Minister of External Relations and in 1988 Deputy Minister of Finance. In 1990 he became leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister for a few months, convincing the Labour caucus that, while he could not win the election for Labour, he would help save more seats than staying with the incumbent, Geoffrey Palmer.
The Labour government was not returned to power in the next general election. The circumstances of Moore's installment as Prime Minister would be compared to the return of Kevin Rudd as Prime Minister of Australia. However, in the 1990 New Zealand general election, National won a landslide, Labour lost 13%, suffering its worst-ever electoral defeat since it first won power in the 1935 election, he led the Official Opposition until 1993 and was spokesman on Foreign Affairs and Trade until 1999. He was dumped as Labour leader after the 1993 election despite leading the party to a close loss in that election after only one term in opposition after a disastrous defeat. In reality, Labour didn't pick up votes, indeed lost a 0.46% voter share, but National's 12.77% loss went to the new minor parties. As a result of his dumping as Labour leader, he considered forming a break-away party, the New Zealand Democratic Coalition, for the 1996 MMP election but decided against it, he won his seat in the 1996 election, obtaining more than twice as many votes as the next-highest candidate, National's Jim Gerard.
In 1998, he ran for the post of Director-General of the World Trade Organisation and was elected to this position on 22 July 1999. He took up the post on 1 September 1999; the deal with his rival and successor Supachai Panitchpakdi meant that he served only half of the usual six-year term in the post. Opposition Spokesman for Foreign Affairs, 1993–1999 Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, 1990–1993 Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1990 Minister of Overseas Trade and Marketing, 1984–90 Minister of Tourism and Recreation, 1984–87 Chairman, Cabinet Committee, Economic Development and Employment, 1984–90 Minister for the America's Cup, 1988–90 Minister of External Relations and Trade, 1988–90 Deputy Minister of Finance, 1988–90 Member of Parliament for Waimakariri, 1978–1999 Member of Parliament for Eden, 1972–1975. Mike Moore was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1999 to 2002, his term coincided with momentous changes in multilateral trading system. He attempted to restore confidence in the system following the setback of the 1999 WTO ministerial conference held in Seattle.
Ministers at the 2001 ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar regarded him as the driving force behind the decision to launch a new round of multilateral trade negotiations—the ill-fated Doha Development Round. That 2001 meeting saw the successful accession to the WTO of China and Chinese Taipei, which along with Estonia, Georgia, Oman, Croatia and Moldova joined during Mr Moore's term, bringing the majority of the world's population within the rules-based trading system, he gave particular attention to helping poor countries participate in the multilateral trading system. Moore became New Zealand Ambassador to the United States in 2010, he had a heart valve operation in 2014 and was admitted to hospital in Washington DC in April 2015 after a mild stroke. In November 2015, he announced that he would leave his post on 16 December and return to New Zealand due to his deteriorating health. Moore was a supporter of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly. Commissioner, UN Commission of Legal Empowerment of the Po
Order of New Zealand
The Order of New Zealand is the highest honour in New Zealand's honours system, created "to recognise outstanding service to the Crown and people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity". It was instituted by royal warrant of 6 February 1987; the order is modelled on the British Order of Order of the Companions of Honour. The order comprises the Sovereign and ordinary and honorary members; the ordinary membership is limited to 20 living members, at any time there may be fewer than 20. Additional members may be appointed to commemorate important royal, state or national occasions, such appointments were made in 1990 for the 150th anniversary of the Treaty of Waitangi, in 2002 for the Queen’s Golden Jubilee, in 2007 for the 20th anniversary of the institution of the Order, in 2012 for the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. Honorary membership is for citizens of nations. Members are entitled to the post-nominal letters "ONZ". Appointments to the order are made by royal warrant under the monarch's sign manual on the prime minister’s advice.
The order is administered by a Registrar. The insignia is made up of an oval medallion of the Arms of New Zealand in gold and coloured enamel, worn on a white and ochre ribbon around the neck for men or a bow for women on their left shoulder. Sovereign: The Queen of New ZealandOfficers: Secretary and Registrar: Michael L. C. Webster. Buckingham Palace page on the Order of New Zealand Order of New Zealand at New Zealand Defence Force New Zealand Legislation; the statutes of the Order can be found as SR 1987/67 of New Zealand regulations
New Zealand Order of Merit
The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of merit in New Zealand's honours system. It was established by royal warrant on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand, "for those persons who in any field of endeavour, have rendered meritorious service to the Crown and nation or who have become distinguished by their eminence, contributions or other merits", to recognise outstanding service to the Crown and people of New Zealand in a civil or military capacity. In the order of precedence, the New Zealand Order of Merit ranks after the Order of New Zealand. Prior to 1996 New Zealanders received appointments to various British orders, such as the Order of the Bath, the Order of St Michael and St George, the Order of the British Empire, the Order of the Companions of Honour, as well as the distinction of Knight Bachelor; the change came about after the Prime Minister's Honours Advisory Committee was created "to consider and present options and suggestions on the structure of a New Zealand Royal Honours System in New Zealand, designed to recognise meritorious service and bravery and long service".
The monarch of New Zealand is the Sovereign of the order and the Governor-General is its Chancellor. Appointments are made at five levels: Knight or Dame Grand Companion Knight or Dame Companion Companion Officer Member; the number of Knights and Dames Grand Companion is limited to 30 living people. Additionally, new appointments are limited to 15 Knights or Dames Companion, 40 Companions, 80 Officers and 140 Members per year; as well as the five levels, there are three different types of membership. Ordinary membership is limited to citizens of a Commonwealth realm. "Additional" members, appointed on special occasions, are not counted in the numerical limits. People who are not citizens of a Commonwealth realm are given "Honorary" membership. There is a Secretary and Registrar and a Herald of the Order; the Collar, worn only by the Sovereign and Chancellor, comprises "links of the central medallion of the badge" and "S"-shaped Koru, with the Coat of Arms of New Zealand in centre. Hanging from the Coat of Arms is the badge of the Order.
The Star is an eight-pointed star with each arm bearing a representation of a fern frond, with the Order's badge superimposed in the centre. Grand Companions wear Knight Companions wear a silver star; the Badge for the three highest classes is a gold and white enamel cross with curved edges bearing at its centre the coat of arms of New Zealand within a green enamel ring bearing the motto For Merit Tohu Hiranga, topped by a royal crown. The badge for Officers and Members in silver-gilt and silver respectively. Grand Companions wear the badge on a sash over the right shoulder. Officers and Members wear the badge from a bow on the left shoulder; the ribbon and sash are plain red ochre. Knight/Dames Grand Companion and Knight/Dames Companion are entitled to use the style Sir for males and Dame for females; the order's statutes grant heraldic privileges to members of the first and second level, who are entitled to have the Order's circlet surrounding their shield. Grand Companions are entitled to heraldic supporters.
The Chancellor is entitled to supporters and a representation of the Collar of the Order around his/her shield. Sovereign: The Queen Chancellor and Principal Dame Grand Companion: The Governor-General Knights and Dames Grand Companion:Officials:Two positions, were created in the Statutes of the Order with all appointments published in the New Zealand Gazette. Secretary and Registrar: Michael L. C. Webster Herald: Philip O'Shea From 2000 to 2009, the two highest levels of the Order were Principal Companion and Distinguished Companion, without the appellation of "Sir" or "Dame"; the following contains the names of the small number of members of the grades Principal Companion and Distinguished Companion who chose not to convert their appointment to a Knight or Dame Grand Companion, or Knight or Dame Companion, thus not to accept the respective appellation of "Sir" or "Dame". The majority of those affected chose the aforereferenced appellations. A change to non-titular honours was a recommendation contained within the original report of the 1995 honours committee which prompted the creation of the New Zealand Order of Merit.
Titular honours were incorporated into the new system before its implementation in 1996 after the National Party caucus and public debate were split as to whether titles should be retained. There has long been debate in New Zealand regarding the appropriateness of titles; some feel it is no longer appropriate as New Zealand has not been a colony since 1907, to these people titles are out of step with present-day New Zealand. Others feel that titles carry both domestic and international recognition, that awarded on the basis of merit they remain an appropriate recognition of excellence. In April 2000 the new Labour Prime Minister, Helen Clark, announced that knighthoods and damehoods had been abolished and the order's statutes amended. From 2000 to 2009
Hayley Dee Westenra is a New Zealand singer, classical crossover artist, UNICEF Ambassador. Her first internationally released album, reached No. 1 on the UK classical charts in 2003 and has sold more than two million copies worldwide. Pure is the fastest-selling international début classical album to date, having made Westenra an international star at age 16. In August 2006, she joined the Irish group Celtic Woman, was featured on their Celtic Woman: A New Journey CD and DVD, toured with them on their 2007 Spring Tour, was featured on their DVD, The Greatest Journey: Essential Collection, released in 2008. Westenra has produced five New Zealand number one studio albums, holding the title for the most number one records for any New Zealand act, a record shared with alternative rock band Shihad since the release of their 2014 album, FVEY. Across classical music to easy listening and pop style songs, Westenra has performed songs in English, Māori, Welsh, Italian, French, Latin, Standard Mandarin Chinese and Taiwanese Hokkien.
Westenra has performed for dignitaries all over the world. She is the second youngest UNICEF Ambassador to date and has contributed to charities around the globe. Hayley was born in New Zealand, her parents and Jill Westenra, have two other children and Isaac. Hayley's grandmother Shirley Ireland was a singer, her grandfather was a pianist who played the piano accordion, she has Irish and English heritage. She began performing at age six when she was cast in the lead singing role of "Little Star" in the Christmas play at her school, Fendalton Open Air School. After the show, a teacher who had watched the performance approached her parents to tell them that their daughter was "pitch perfect"; the teacher encouraged Hayley to learn. She began voice lessons and discovered a passion for musical theatre. By age 11, she had performed more than 40 times on stage, but was given male parts: "I got boy parts quite often. In ballet, there were not enough boys. So they ended up choosing half. I got chosen to wear the grey suit and the wig, not the pretty dresses.
In A Christmas Carol, I was Tiny Tim. There was a severe lack of singing boys and, at the time, it was quite disappointing." Westenra attended Cobham Intermediate School in 1998 and 1999, where a performing arts building was named in her honour. She won a talent quest in her first year at Burnside High School, which she attended from 2000 to 2003. At 12, Westenra entered a professional recording studio to record Walking in the Air, a demo album created for friends and family. At first, there were 70 copies made, all paid. Soon after, 1,000 more were cut for sale, hand-out, publicity. After finishing her album and her sister Sophie busked in Christchurch, giving away a few of the original 70 albums and selling some of the latter 1000; the pair drew large crowds, one woman asked the girls if they had recorded anything. The woman, a journalist with Canterbury Television, asked Westenra to appear on air. Gray Bartlett, the director of a concert promotion company, saw the show and became interested in working with Westenra.
Shortly after, she was offered a recording deal with Universal Records New Zealand. On that label, who in the meantime was attending Burnside High School, released a self-titled album of show tunes and light classical songs, as well as My Gift to You, a CD of Christmas music. Following the success of her albums, she was offered and received lessons from Dame Malvina Major. Westenra's albums were successful in New Zealand, but she was not well known worldwide until she signed a contract with Decca Records and recorded Pure, a CD of classical, light pop, traditional Māori songs. Decca's British president was impressed with her voice when they signed her to the label, saying that she was "captivated by the beauty and expressiveness of her voice." Pure enjoyed record success: it became the fastest-selling international debut album in the history of the UK classical chart, with 19,068 copies purchased in its first week alone reached No. 1 on the British charts, entered the UK Pop Chart at #8. Over two million copies of Pure have been sold to date.
In New Zealand, Pure has been certified 12 times platinum, making her the best-selling artist, regardless of genre, in the country's history. Pure's success ensured; some of her fame today can be directly attributed to the way. Although the traditional audience of classical crossover music is adult women, they promoted her music to children and teenagers. In 2004 Westenra recorded the end-title song for Disney's movie Mulan II, they featured her in the national Radio Disney music education tour for middle-school students. That year, she was featured in the song "Bridal Ballad" recorded for the movie The Merchant of Venice. Westenra was the 2004 Vodafone New Zealand Music Awards winner of "Highest Selling New Zealand Album" and "International Achievement Award". On 20 February 2004, Prime Minister Helen Clark awarded her for being the first New Zealand artist to receive the tenfold platinum status in the New Zealand market, where she held the number one artist position for 18 weeks, she has won two Japanese Grammies for her work.
Her version of Amazing Grace was used as the theme song for the popular Japanese drama, Shiroi Kyoto (The White T
University of Waikato
The University of Waikato, informally Waikato University, is a comprehensive university in Hamilton, New Zealand. The university was established in 1964, has a satellite campus located in Tauranga; the University of Waikato began in 1956 after Hamilton locals launched a petition for a university to serve the needs of the South Auckland region. The group was led by Douglas Seymour, a barrister, subsequently Anthony "Rufus" Rogers, a Hamilton GP and brother to long-time Mayor of Hamilton, Denis Rogers, their campaign coincided with a shortage of teachers in the 1950s that prompted the New Zealand government to consider plans for a teachers’ college in the region. In 1960, the newly established Hamilton Teachers’ College opened its doors, combined with the fledgling university, began a joint campus on farmland at Hillcrest, on the city's outskirts. In 1964, the two institutions moved to their new home, the following year the University of Waikato was opened by Governor-General Sir Bernard Fergusson.
At this time the university comprised a School of Social Sciences. In 1969 a School of Science.was established. This was followed by the creation of Waikato Management School in 1972, Computer Science and Computing Services in 1973, the establishment of the School, now Faculty, of Law in 1990. From the beginning, it was envisaged that Māori studies should be a key feature of the new university, the Centre for Māori Studies and Research was set up in the School of Social Sciences in 1972. A separate School of Māori and Pacific Development was formally established in 1996. In 1999, the original Schools of Humanities and Social Sciences were merged to form the School of Arts and Social Sciences. In 2010, the tertiary partnership was widened to include Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi in the Eastern Bay of Plenty. In 2014, the university became smoke-free, disallowing smoking on campus and in university-owned vehicles; the Faculty of Law is one of seven faculties that make up the University. The Faculty is located on the southeast side of the Hillcrest Campus in Hamilton, accessible from Hillcrest Road.
The Law Faculty is located at the Tauranga campus. The Law Faculty adopted the principles of professionalism and the study of law in context. One of the key founders of the Waikato Faculty of Law was the 27th Speaker of the House Margaret Wilson who returned to the faculty as a professor in January 2009; the chief executive of the University of Waikato is the vice-chancellor Professor Neil Quigley. The University is governed by a council, headed by the University's Chancellor, former New Zealand prime minister Rt Hon James B Bolger ONZ; the University Council works with Te Rōpū Manukura, made up of representatives of the 16 iwi authorities in the University's catchment area. Te Rōpū Manukura is the Kaitiaki of the Treaty of Waitangi for the University of Waikato, acts to ensure that the University works in partnership with iwi to meet tertiary needs and aspirations of Māori communities; the following list shows the university's chancellors: Denis Rogers J. Bruce McKenzie Henry R. Bennett C. Douglas Arcus The Hon Sir David Lance Tompkins QC Henry R. Bennett Dame Joy Drayton Gerald D.
G. Bailey Caroline Bennett John A. Gallagher John B. Jackman Rt Hon James Bolger ONZ The University of Waikato operates from two campuses and Tauranga. Undergraduate degrees are offered through a satellite location on the campus of Zhejiang University City College in Hangzhou; the main Hamilton campus is spread over 64 hectares of landscaped gardens and lakes, includes extensive sporting and recreational areas. Farmland, the campus was designed by architect John Blake-Kelly in 1964; the open space landscaping contains extensive native plantings, including a fernery, centred around three artificial lakes, created by draining marshy paddocks. The University of Waikato shared two campuses with Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology in Tauranga: Windmere and the Bongard Centre. In 2018, it was announced that the University would be moving all of their Tauranga operations to the Bongard Centre, with Toi Ohomai conversely moving their Bongard students to the Windmere campus. In 2019, construction on a new campus on Durham Street is expected to be completed.
The Student Centre opened in 2011 by Waikato alumnus Governor-General Jerry Mateparae. In the latest 2019 QS rankings, The University of Waikato leapt more than 100 places in five years to 274th place – in the top 1.1 percent of the world's 26,000 universities. Graduate Nathan Cohen is a two-time world champion and Olympic champion in rowing; the university has current prime minister of New Zealand Jacinda Ardern as a notable alumna. The Waikato Students' Union represents all students on campus, publishes the student magazine Nexus. Law students are represented by the University of Waikato Law Students' Association, Te Whakahiapo, the Pacific Law Students' Association. Management students are represented by the Waikato Management School Students' Association, Management Communication Students' Association, Pacific Islands Management Students Association, Te Ranga Ngaku. Waikato University's website