Mamenchisaurus is a sauropod dinosaur genus including several species, known for their remarkably long necks which made up half the total body length. It is known from numerous species which ranged in time from 160 to 145 million years ago, from the Oxfordian age of late Jurassic Period in China; the largest species may have reached 35 m in length and weighed 60-80 tonnes. Mamenchisaurus was first discovered in 1952 on the construction site of the Yitang Highway in Sichuan, China; the partial skeleton fossil was studied, named Mamenchisaurus constructus in 1954, by the renowned Chinese paleontologist Professor C. C. Young; the type specimen had an incomplete neck with 14 vertebrae preserved and none of these were complete. M. constructus has been estimated around 15 m in length. In 1972, a second species was described, named Mamenchisaurus hochuanensis, with a neck that reached up to 9.3 m in length. This species had a complete neck preserved; this was the longest neck known until the description of Supersaurus, based on a single neck vertebra, BYU 9024, with an estimated neck length of about 14 meters.
Another long-necked sauropod exceeding M. hochuanensis was Sauroposeidon, discovered in 1994. Based on the Sauroposeidon holotype, which only preserved 4 neck vertebra, its neck was estimated to be between 11.25 and 12 meters long. In 1993, M. sinocanadorum was described, which consisted of skull material and the first four cervical vertebrae. This species possessed the longest cervical rib of any described sauropod dinosaur; this is longer than the longest Sauroposeidon cervical rib. Additional remains attributed to this species, but not yet formally described, belong to one of the largest dinosaurs known—the restored skeleton measuring 35 metres in length. In 2001, another M. hochuanensis specimen was described. It had skull, pectoral girdle and forelimb material preserved, all of which were missing from the holotype, it was found with four fused tail vertebra, which have expanded neural arches and taller neural spines, that belong at the tip of the tail. It's thought. Other Chinese sauropods and Omeisaurus, are known to have had ’tail clubs’ but they differ in shape to that of M. hochuanensis.
Mamenchisaurus means'Mamenchi lizard', from the Chinese Pinyin mǎ and mén, while chi is a transliteration of xī, combined with the suffix -saurus. It was intended to name the reptile after the place where its fossil was first found—a construction site next to the Mǎmíngxī Ferry Crossing by the Jinsha River, near Yibin in Sichuan Province of China. However, due to an accentual mix-up by Young, the location name Mǎmíngxī was mistaken as Mǎménxī; the fact that the first Mamenchisaurus fossil was found as the result of construction work led to Young's naming the type species as Mamenchisaurus constructus. M. anyuensis He, Cai, Li & Liu, 1996. 21 meters in length. Known from both the Suining Formation and Penglaizhen Formation. Uranium-lead dating places M. anyuensis at 114.4 Ma in age. M. constructus Young, 1954: The holotype specimen, represented by a partial skeleton, 13 m long, from the Hantong Formation. M. hochuanensis 1972: Four partial skeletons. Known from Shaximiao Formation and 22 m in length.
M. jingyanensis Zhang, Li & Zeng, 1998. Known from Shaximiao Formation and estimated between 20 to 26 metres in length. M. sinocanadorum D. Russell & Zheng, 1993: Partial skull, isolated bones, nearly complete skeleton. Known from the upper part of the Shishugou Formation, it may include one of the largest dinosaur specimens known, measuring 35 metres in length. M. youngi Pi, Ouyang & Ye, 1996: Mamenchisaurus youngi was unearthed in Xinmin County, Zigong City in Sichuan Province, China, in 1989. The species was named in honour of Young, it was a complete and articulated specimen preserving all the vertebra from the head up until the 8th tail vertebra. It had 18 neck vertebra. At 16 meters long with a 6.5-meter neck, is small among various species of Mamenchisaurus. The cladogram below shows a possible phylogenetic position: Dinosaur.net.cn
Ryūichi Hiroki is a Japanese film director. He won critical acclaim for 800 Two Lap Runners. Film critic and researcher Alexander Jacoby has described Hiroki as "one of the modern Japanese cinema's most intelligent students of character". Hiroki is one of several Japanese film directors who got their start in the Japanese softcore pornographic film genre of pink film, he said in an interview that in the late 1970s when he wanted to get into directing, he wrote a script for a pink film and brought it to the Ōkura Eiga studio but they told him he needed to start as an assistant director. At this time he met prolific pink film director Genji Nakamura and during the next three years, Hiroki worked as an assistant director and manager for Nakamura's company Yū Pro. Hiroki made his first film as a director with Sexual Abuse! Exposed Woman for Million Film in 1982, his debut met with poor reviews and was "terrible" according to Hiroki and he went back to being an assistant director for a time. Hiroki's next excursion into directing, beginning in November 1983, was more successful, a trio of homoerotic pink films for ENK, a new company with links to Nikkatsu, which specialized in gay pink film.
Our Season, Our Generation and Our Moment were frank depictions of the tribulations of gay couples in 1980s Japan. All three films starred veteran pink film actor Tōru Nakane and Our Season, considered the best of the trio by the pink film historians Thomas and Yuko Weisser, had a screenplay by future director Rokurō Mochizuki; the Weissers dub Hiroki "the prince of youth porn" for his 1984 film produced by Yū Pro and distributed by Nikkatsu, Don't Turn Me On!, once again scripted by Rokurō Mochizuki and featuring Tōru Nakane as the college-age tutor of a high-school girl. His most notorious works for Nakamura's Yū Pro were a series of brutal S&M movies directed under the pseudonym Gō Ijūin, sometimes used by scriptwriter Hitoshi Ishikawa and Nakamura himself. According to Hiroki, using a pseudonym gave him greater freedom to describe S&M relationships in a new way; the Gō Ijūin films directed by Hiroki were the 1984 The SM, distributed by Million Film, The Sexual Abuse from February 1985 and The Sacrifice from February 1986, with the latter two films being released by Nikkatsu.
In 1986, Nikkatsu released Hiroki's creative but bizarrely titled Yū Pro production SM Class: Accidental Urination promoted as "New wave S&M with a sense of humor". In October 1987, Hiroki directed pioneering AV Idol Hitomi Kobayashi in the pink film The True Self of Hitomi Kobayashi released by Million Film and the next year supervised another early AV actress Eri Kikuchi in Eri Kikuchi: Huge Breasts released by Nikkatsu in January 1988. Hiroki ventured into the adult video world, directing for Athena Eizou, a company founded by former pink film director Tadashi Yoyogi, with titles such as the August 1989 Vanana Baby starring Mako Hyuga and the May 1990 video Nyū sekushī meitsu nukenukefinisshu dai kyōran. Although Hiroki left the pink film industry in the late 1980s, he continued to make films dealing with sexuality. Hiroki has said that he never changed his film making, but his movies were aimed at a different audience. In May 1989 Hiroki with fellow directors Masato Ishioka and Tadafumi Tomioka founded their own production company Heaven.
In November 1990, Hiroki directed a romance about modern young couples in Japan, A Love Affair With Sawako for the Shochiku company. This was followed by the erotic horror V-cinema production Sadistic City which took the Japanese Film Section Grand Prize for a video at the Yubari International Fantastic Film Festival. Hiroki's breakthrough into mainstream film, came with his 1994 feature 800 Two Lap Runners which looked at teenage heterosexual and homosexual relationships against a track and field background; the film opened at the Berlin International Film Festival in February 1994 before being released in Japan in July 1994. It placed number 7 on the Kinema Junpo's list of the ten best Japanese movies of 1994. Hiroki returned to his theme of the emotional and sexual lives of young adults in modern urban Japan in his June 1996 film Midori about a high-school girl pretending to be ill in order to see her boyfriend, his 2000 work Tokyo Trash Baby is an understated look at a lonely woman who goes through the garbage of the neighbor she is obsessed with looking for mementos.
His other film in 2000 had a different theme. Hiroki's 2003 film Vibrator, based on the novel by Mari Akasaka and starring Nao Omori and Shinobu Terajima, returned to his theme of alienated women, it was described by Tom Mes as "one of the bravest and most important films of recent years." Vibrator won the Best Film award at the 25th Yokohama Film Festival in 2004 and Hiroki was named Best Director. The film was widely seen overseas. Where it won a number of awards giving Hiroki a measure of international renown, he once again worked with actress Shinobu Terajima on the 2005 film It's Only Talk, returning to his concentration on the problems of modern city life in Japan. The film won Best Film Third Place at the 16th Japanese Professional Movie Awards and Hiroki was given a Special Award. During this period, Hiroki directed two character dramas with sexual themes, L'Amant about a teenaged girl selling herself as a sex slave and M, detailing the experiences of a housewife whose sexual experimentation leads to prostitution.
Høvåg Church is a parish church in Lillesand municipality in Aust-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Høvåg; the church is part of the Høvåg parish in the Vest-Nedenes deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, stone church was built around the year 1100 with designs by an unknown architect. Extensions to the structure were made in 1767 expanding its original size. In 1828-1831, the church was restored and a wing was added on to the north facing wall; the cruciform church now seats about 315 people. The altarpiece is a triptych from about 1620 by an unknown artist, it represents faith and love. The center part of the altarpiece represents love. To the left is the woman Fides, with a cross and a lime in her hands; the woman to the right is Spec, who has a bird in her hand. List of churches in Aust-Agder
Æon Flux is an American avant-garde science fiction animated television series that aired on MTV November 30, 1991, until October 10, 1995, with film, comic book, video game adaptations following thereafter. It premiered on MTV's Liquid Television experimental animation show, as a six-part serial of short films, followed in 1992 by five individual short episodes. In 1995, a season of ten half-hour episodes aired as a stand-alone series. Æon Flux was created by American animator Peter Chung. The live-action movie Æon Flux, loosely based upon the series and starring Charlize Theron, was released in theaters on December 2, 2005, preceded in November of that year by a tie-in video game of the same name based on the movie but containing some elements of the original TV series. Æon Flux is set in the year 7698 in the aftermath of an environmental collapse that killed nearly all of the global population except two border cities located in what used to be Eastern Europe. The title character is a tall, leather-clad secret agent from the nation of Monica, skilled in assassination and acrobatics.
Her mission is to infiltrate the strongholds of the neighboring country of Bregna, led by her sometimes-nemesis and sometimes-lover Trevor Goodchild. Monica represents a dynamic anarchist society, while Bregna embodies a police state—referred to on one occasion as a republic by Goodchild. Although Bregna is shown to be repressive, in the first full-length episode, "Utopia or Deuteranopia?", the president deposed by Goodchild, is described by a questioning journalist as having been democratically elected. In the same episode, an upper house of parliament is mentioned by the character Gildemere; some authors consider the title a reference to the Gnostic notion of an Æon, seeing the influence in the use of a demiurge in one episode, that the relationship between the main characters parallels the Valentinian notion of a syzygy. Peter Chung, the creator, says the main character's name "started out just being the name of the cartoon and eventually it stuck, so that's her name." The character Æon Flux was not meant to be part of the series, but MTV pushed to keep her in it, despite Æon dying at the end of the first batch of shorts.
Chung intended the cartoon to be a reaction to heroic Hollywood action films, not as a spoof, but rather as a way to make the audience wonder about the wider context of these action heroes and evoke thought. Æon Flux is therefore notable as one of the few American adult animated series to be a drama rather than a comedy, as well as one of the only such series to air for more than one season. One peculiarity of the early shorts is the violent death of Æon Flux, which occurs in each installment. According to the commentary by Peter Chung in the 2005 DVD release, she dies in every short episode after the initial six-part pilot because he never intended to make more episodes and felt the best solution was to have her keep dying, her death is caused by fate, while other times she dies due to her own incompetence. One of the half-hour episodes, "A Last Time for Everything", ends with the original Æon being killed and replaced by an identical clone. Chung describes the style of the show as "academic": "I was interested in experimenting with visual narrative, telling a story without dialogue and trying to create a style of telling a story with animation that wasn't influenced by the usual kinds of things that you see."
Graphic violence and sexuality, including fetishism and domination, are depicted in Æon Flux. In the featurette Investigation: The History of Æon Flux, Peter Chung says the visual style was influenced by the animated series Rugrats. With the exceptions of the exclamation "No!" in the pilot and the single word "plop" in the episode "Leisure", all of the short episodes are devoid of intelligible speech. Instead, the sound track employs a variety of sound effects, including sounds such as laughter and sighs, it would not be until the beginning of Season 3. The music and sound design for the original television series was created by Drew Neumann, who created music for Aaahh!!! Real Monsters and The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy. Peter Stone served as assistant sound editor for the original MTV series; the music was compiled on the album Eye Spy, Ears Only Confidential. The initials "AF" were used on song titles and in the credits to replace the words "Æon Flux" due to the lack of licensing permissions from MTV.
The album includes two discs worth of material from the series and from the defunct original PC and PlayStation video-game project. A CD, Æon Flux: Music from the Animated Series, was included as a bonus with certain editions of the 2005 series compilation DVD that included 11 songs from the show with dialogue snippets featuring Æon and Trevor in-between the songs as standalone tracks; the extended remastered soundtrack Eye Spy: Declassified, Freedom of Information Act was re-released in 2010 as high-quality MP3s with new artwork by Peter Chung and a unreleased third volume of music. A soundtrack is available for the 2005 live-action film, composed by Graeme Revell. MTV was the exclusive broadcaster of the series in the United States. In Canada, the shorts aired on MuchMusic and the third season aired a year or so on the
Bharatgad Fort is a fort located 18km from Malvan, in Sindhudurg district, of Maharashtra. This fort is located on the southern bank of Gad Kalaval creek; the fort is covered with mango orchard. Shivaji Maharaj visited this place in 1670 but due to less availability of water on the Masure hill, he abandoned the site for building the fort. In 1680 the Wadikar Phonda Sawant decided to built the fort; the fort was completed in 1701. In 1748 Tulaji Angre, the son of Kanhoji Angre tried to captured the fort. In 1818, Captain Hutchinson captured this fort and found that the well on the fort was devoid of water; the nearest town is Malvan, 526 km from Mumbai. The base village of the fort is Masure; the Bharatgad and Bhadwantgad forts can be visited in a single day. There are good hotels at Malvan, now tea and snacks are available in small hotels on the way to Masure; the gates and bastion are in good state. This fort is a private property; this fort has 9 bastions. The entire fort is protected by 20feet 10feet deep moat.
The balekilla is in the center of the fort. It is protected by four strong bastions. There is a well, a gunpowder storeroom, grain store room and a Mahapurush temple inside the balekilla. There is a cave and hidden door inside the fort, it takes about an hour to visit all places on the fort. List of forts in Maharashtra List of forts in India Sawantwadi State Marathi People Maratha Navy List of Maratha dynasties and states Maratha War of Independence Battles involving the Maratha Empire Maratha Army Maratha titles Military history of India List of people involved in the Maratha Empire
The Maya class of guided missile destroyers is Japan's latest AEGIS-equipped guided missile destroyers set to enter service in 2020. In August 2015, a new subclass of the Atago-class destroyer, dubbed the 27DDG Destroyer, was announced. With an empty displacement of 8,200 tons, the new class is intended to be equipped with the Aegis combat system and be equipped with Cooperative Engagement Capability equipment, equivalent to that used on the United States Navy's Arleigh Burke-class Flight 2A:Restart guided missile destroyers which are capable of launching SM-3 block II anti-ballistic missiles; the ships propulsion system has been changed from COGAG from Atago-class to a COGLAG to improve fuel economy. The first two ships of the new class are expected to enter service in 2021 respectively. Future armaments for the ships is slated to include locally built railgun and laser point-defense system. Being an improved subclass of the Atago-class destroyer, the Maya-class is similar to its parent class but with several differences and improvements.
While it shares the same design characteristics as the Atago-class, the Maya-class possesses a larger hull. The enlarged hull is believed to allow future naval weapons to be accommodated, most notably railguns and laser point-defense systems; the ships will be powered by a COGLAG propulsion system to improve the management and distribution of power in light of its future weapon accommodation. The Maya-class features the newer Aegis Baseline 9 system; the Atago-class uses the Aegis Baseline 7 system. The Maya-class is the first JMSDF Aegis vessel to be ready for ballistic missile defense from the time of its commissioning; the Atago-class and the older Kongō-class destroyer underwent modifications to be able to conduct BMD. The Maya-class is equipped with the Cooperative Engagement Capability system; this will allow the ship to share surveillance or targeting information between other CEC equipped assets, whether that be from ships from the American or Australian Navy or from American or Japanese E-2 Hawkeye.
The ships are equipped with SM-6 missiles. The SM-3 Block IIA is the latest variant of the SM-3 missiles and is joint developed between the U. S. and Japan. The SM-6 missiles can be networked to the CEC system and thus allow it to receive targeting information from other CEC equipped sources. While the primary role of the SM-6 is to intercept enemy aircraft and cruise missiles, the SM-6 is capable of intercepting medium-range ballistic missile and can double as an anti-ship missile; this gives the Maya-class more flexibility in handling threats than its predecessors. The ship will use a Type 17 Ship-to-Ship Missile; the Type 17 missile is ship mounted version of the Type 12 Surface-to-Ship Missile and the Type 12 missile is an upgraded Type 88 Surface-to-Ship Missile, which in turn developed the Type 90 Ship-to-Ship Missile that the Atago-class uses. Maya shares her name with the World War II era Japanese Takao-class heavy cruiser Maya, while Haguro shares her name with Myoko-class heavy cruiser Haguro