Mammoth Cave National Park
Mammoth Cave National Park is a U. S. national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world. Since the 1972 unification of Mammoth Cave with the system under Flint Ridge to the north. The park was established as a park on July 1,1941. It became a World Heritage Site on October 27,1981, the parks 52,830 acres are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart County and Barren County. It is centered on the Green River, with a tributary, with 405 miles of surveyed passageways Mammoth Cave is by far the worlds longest known cave system, being over twice as long as the second-longest cave system, Mexicos Sac Actun underwater cave. Mammoth Cave developed in thick Mississippian-aged limestone strata capped by a layer of sandstone and it is known to include more than 390 miles of passageway, new discoveries and connections add several miles to this figure each year. Mammoth Cave National Park was established to preserve the cave system, the epikarstic zone concentrates local flows of runoff into high-elevation springs which emerge at the edges of ridges.
It is in underlying massive limestone layers that the human-explorable caves of the region have naturally developed. The limestone layers of the column beneath the Big Clifty, in increasing order of depth below the ridgetops, are the Girkin Formation. Genevieve Limestone, and the St. Louis Limestone, for example, the large Main Cave passage seen on the Historic Tour is located at the bottom of the Girkin and the top of the Ste. Each of the layers of limestone is divided further into named geological units and subunits. One area of research involves correlating the stratigraphy with the cave survey produced by explorers. This makes it possible to produce approximate three-dimensional maps of the contours of the layer boundaries without the necessity for test wells. The upper sandstone caprock is relatively hard for water to penetrate, the sandstone caprock layer has been dissolved and eroded at many locations within the park, such as the Frozen Niagara room. At one valley bottom in the region of the park.
Known as Cedar Sink, the features a small river entering one side. Mammoth Cave is home to the endangered Kentucky cave shrimp, a sightless albino shrimp, the National Park Service offers several cave tours to visitors. Some notable features of the cave, such as Grand Avenue, Frozen Niagara, two tours, lit only by visitor-carried paraffin lamps, are popular alternatives to the electric-lit routes
Horse Cave, Kentucky
Horse Cave is a home rule-class city in Hart County, United States. Randall Curry currently serves as Mayor of the city and is assisted by a City Council that is composed of six members, according to Census data, the population of Horse Cave was 2,311 in 2010. The town was settled by Maj. Albert Anderson in the 1840s, the landowner donated land for an L&N station in 1858 on the provision that it be named after nearby Horse Cave. The community around the station developed quickly, so that a post office was erected in 1860, the cave for which the city is named is located on the south side of Main Street. Various explanations are given for its unusual name, the cave has been known as Hidden River Cave, for an underground stream located inside. That stream was used to power a dynamo and, for a while in the late 19th century, Horse Cave was the city in Kentucky apart from Louisville. Around World War I, the only air-conditioned tennis courts in the world were located near the entrance of the cave, the stream provided the towns water supply but mistaken development caused raw sewage to seep into the water and forced the closure of the cave for fifty years.
The stench was so bad in the 1960s that pedestrians typically crossed to the side of Main Street rather than walk near the entrance. The problem has largely solved in recent years. The town changed its name to Caverna in 1869 but the inability to change the name of the station prompted the community to reconsider. Owing to its rail connection, Horse Cave was a major center of agricultural commerce for Hart, Green. Tobacco warehouses provided the majority of the income, since the 1970s, some factories have relocated to the area including, Dart Container Corporation, T Marzetti Company, and Sister Schuberts Bakery. Tourist attractions include Kentucky Down Under/Kentucky Caverns, Hidden River Cave/American Cave Museum, civil War Days are an annual tourist event, during which time parades down Main Street and reenactments of the Battle of Rowletts Station between Horse Cave and Munfordville are staged. A local theatre formerly known as the Horse Cave Theatre and/or the Kentucky Repertory Theatre once operated in Horse Cave but is no longer in business.
Horse Cave was the birthplace of Jack Robert Thompson, the father of noted author and journalist Hunter S. Thompson, Horse Cave is located at 37°10′34″N 85°54′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 3.0 square miles. A large bamboo research station is north of Horse Cave on U. S. Route 31W in Bonnieville and it is said to contain the largest collection of bamboos in the state of Kentucky. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,252 people,977 households, the population density was 758.0 people per square mile
Bowling Green, Kentucky
Bowling Green is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Warren County, United States. Founded by pioneers in 1798, Bowling Green was the capital of Confederate Kentucky during the American Civil War. The city was the inspiration for the 1967 Everly Brothers song Bowling Green and it is the home of numerous manufacturers, including General Motors and Fruit of the Loom. The Bowling Green Assembly Plant has been the source of all Chevrolet Corvettes built since 1981, Bowling Green is home to the states second-largest public university, Western Kentucky University. In 2014, Forbes magazine listed Bowling Green as one of the Top 25 Best Places to Retire in the United States, the first Europeans known to have reached the area carved their names on beech trees near the river around 1775. By 1778, settlers established McFaddens Station on the bank of the Barren River. Present-day Bowling Green grew out of homesteads erected by Robert and George Moore and General Elijah Covington, the Moore brothers arrived from Virginia circa 1794.
In 1798, only two years after Warren County had been formed, Robert Moore donated 2 acres of land to county trustees for the purpose of constructing public buildings, soon after, he donated an additional 30 to 40 acres surrounding the original plot. The city of Bowling Green was officially incorporated by the Commonwealth of Kentucky on March 6,1798, some controversy exists over the source of the towns name. Some historians dispute this and credit Bowling Green, early records indicate that the city name was spelled Bowlingreen. By 1810, Bowling Green had 154 residents, growth in steamboat commerce and the proximity of the Barren River increased Bowling Greens importance. Canal locks and dams on the Barren River made it more navigable. In 1832, the first portage railway connected the river to the location of the current county courthouse, mules pulled freight and passengers to and from the city on the tracks. Despite rapid urbanization of the Bowling Green area in the 1830s, Bowling Green declared itself neutral in an attempt to escape the Civil War.
Because of its location and resources, both the Union and Confederacy sought control of the city. The majority of its residents rejected both the Confederacy and the Lincoln administration, on September 18,1861, around 1300 Confederate soldiers arrived from Tennessee to occupy the city, placed under command of Kentucky native General Simon Bolivar Buckner. The citys pro-Union feelings surprised the Confederate occupiers, surrounding hills were fortified to secure possible military approaches to the valuable river and railroad assets. In November 1861, the provisional Confederate government of Kentucky chose Bowling Green as its capital and they destroyed bridges across the Barren River, the railroad depot, and other important buildings that could be used by the enemy
A parking lot, known as a car lot, is a cleared area that is intended for parking vehicles. Usually, the term refers to an area that has been provided with a durable or semi-durable surface. In most countries where cars are the dominant mode of transportation, parking lots are a feature of every city, shopping malls, sports stadiums and similar venues often feature parking lots of immense area. Parking lots tend to be sources of pollution because of their extensive impervious surfaces. Most existing lots have limited or no facilities to control runoff, many areas today require minimum landscaping in parking lots, which means that their paved surfaces contribute to heat islands. Many municipalities require a number of parking spaces, depending on the floor area in a store or the number of bedrooms in an apartment complex. In the United States, each states Department of Transportation sets the proper ratio for disabled spaces for private business, various forms of technology are used to charge motorists for the use of a parking lot.
Modern parking lots use a variety of technologies to help motorists find unoccupied parking spaces, retrieve their vehicles, parking lots tend to be sources of water pollution because of their extensive impervious surfaces. Virtually all of the rain that falls becomes urban runoff, to avoid flooding and unsafe driving conditions, the lots are built to effectively channel and collect runoff. Parking lots, along roads, are often the principal source of water pollution in urban areas. Motor vehicles are a constant source of pollutants, the most significant being gasoline, motor oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many parking lots are significant sources of trash which ends up in waterways. Treatment of pollution, the runoff has been shunted directly into storm sewers, however, most larger municipalities now require construction of stormwater management facilities for new lots. Typical facilities include retention basins, infiltration basins and percolation trenches, some newer designs include bioretention systems, which use plants more extensively to absorb and filter pollutants.
However, most existing lots have limited or no facilities to control runoff, alternative paving materials, An alternative solution today is to use permeable paving surfaces, such as brick, pervious concrete, special paving blocks, or tire-tread woven mats. These materials allow rain to soak into the ground through the spaces inherent in the parking lot surface. The ground may become contaminated in the surface of the parking lot park, but this tends to stay in a area of ground. This can however create problems if contaminants seep into groundwater, especially there is groundwater abstraction downstream for potable water supply. Many areas today require minimum landscaping in parking lots and this usually principally means the planting of trees to provide shade
Barren County, Kentucky
Barren County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,173, the county was founded on December 20,1798, from parts of Warren and Green Counties. It was named for the Barrens, meadow lands that cover the northern third, Barren County is part of the Glasgow, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Bowling Green-Glasgow, KY Combined Statistical Area. In 2007 Barren County was named the Best Place to Live in Rural America by Progressive Farmer Magazine, Barren County was established in 1798 from land given by Green County and Warren County. Six courthouses have served the county throughout its history, the first built of logs, Barren County, like most of south central Kentucky, was settled by the Scots-Irish, and still bears many cultural aspects that trace back to that heritage. Barren was a prohibition or dry county, until voters overturned the status in September 2016. Before the vote, there were two exceptions to laws against alcohol sales, Cave City, which voted in 2005 to become moist, and voted in 2014 to approve full package sales.
Glasgow, which approved liquor by the drink under the restrictions on November 6,2007. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 500 square miles. Barren River Lake is located in the part of the county. Barren River Lake State Resort Park is located primarily within Barren County, the population density was 78 per square mile. There were 17,095 housing units at a density of 35 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94. 30% White,4. 09% Black or African American,0. 15% Native American,0. 41% Asian,0. 03% Pacific Islander,0. 38% from other races, and 0. 65% from two or more races. 0. 93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,25. 60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the family size was 2.91. The age distribution was 24. 20% under the age of 18,8. 20% from 18 to 24,28. 80% from 25 to 44,23. 80% from 45 to 64, the median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 92.70 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, males had a median income of $29,860 versus $21,208 for females
Interstate 265 is an Interstate Highway ringing the Louisville, metropolitan area, which includes Southern Indiana. In Kentucky, it travels through Jefferson County, from I-65 in the part of Louisville to I-71. In Indiana, the highway continues west temporarily signed as SR265, until reaching I-65, where the road continues west to I-64 as I-265, the entire Kentucky stretch of the road is co-signed with Kentucky Route 841. The highway is named the Gene Snyder Freeway, after the former congressman and it is considered part of Louisvilles beltline. Interstate 265 in the U. S. state of Indiana presently runs 6.94 miles from I-64 at the edge of New Albany to I-65 in Clarksville. INDOT lists the length of I-265 as slightly longer —0.21 miles — than the distance the FWHA records. Indiana State Road 265 is a four-lane, Interstate standard divided freeway that runs 6.17 miles west-to-east from I-65 at I-265 to the Lewis and it runs concurrent with SR62 for half its length. In various discussions for over 30 years, the Lewis and Clark Bridge is part of a new 6.
5-mile highway that connects State Road 265 in Indiana to KY841 in Kentucky. The completion of the bridge connected the two disjointed highways to form a beltway around the Louisville, metro area. The bridge was opened to traffic on December 18,2016, the new stretch of highway is not yet signed as I-265. There are currently no plans to construct a bridge on the west end of I-265, Kentucky Route 841 is a 38. 8-mile-long state highway in the suburbs of Louisville. The route is a beltway, encircling Louisville on its southern and eastern sides. The western terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 31W and US60 in the southwest Louisville community of Valley Station, the eastern terminus is at the Lewis and Clark Bridge. KY841 and I-265 overlap for 24.477 miles between I-65 exit 125 and I-71 exit 9, the Gene Snyder Freeway, from I-65 to I-71 has seen an increase in serious accidents. The primary factors stem from its low-level grass median which offers little to no protection for crossover incidents, driver inattention and increased traffic and congestion has led to a decline in the overall level-of-service.
In 2006, cable barriers were installed in the median for 10 miles between I-71 and I-64, with further possible in the near future. Construction started in the early 1980s and was finished that decade, the road is signed I-265 from the I-65 interchange to the I-71 interchange. From I-65 west to US 31W and I-71 north/west to the Lewis and Clark Bridge, is signed as KY841 due to American Association of State Highway, KY841 is signed throughout the entire designation of I-265
Nokia Corporation, stylised as NOKIA, is a Finnish multinational communications and information technology company, founded in 1865. Nokia is headquartered in Espoo, Uusimaa, in the greater Helsinki metropolitan area, in 2014, Nokia employed 61,656 people across 120 countries, did business in more than 150 countries and reported annual revenues of around €12.73 billion. Nokia is a limited company listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange. It is the worlds 274th-largest company measured by 2013 revenues according to the Fortune Global 500 and is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, the company has had various industries in its 151-year history. It was founded as a mill, and now focuses on large-scale telecommunications infrastructures. Nokias dominance extended into the industry through its Symbian platform. Nokia eventually entered into a pact with Microsoft in 2011 to exclusively use Microsofts Windows Phone platform on future smartphones and its mobile phone business was eventually bought by Microsoft in an overall deal totaling $7.17 billion.
Stephen Elop, Nokias former CEO, and several other joined the new Microsoft Mobile subsidiary of Microsoft as part of the deal. Nokia has a history, dating back to 1865 when Fredrik Idestam. A second pulp mill was created in 1868 near the town of Nokia, in 1871, Idestam together with friend Leo Mechelin formed a shared company and called it Nokia, after the town of the second pulp mill. For the next 90 years, Nokia on its own would be a forest and power industry company, in 1922, Nokia was jointly-owned with a trio partnership with Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber Works. Nokia Corporation now boasted many industries including rubber, cable, electricity, in the 1970s, the newly formed conglomerate started entering the networking and radio industry. Nokia started making military equipment for Finlands defence forces, such as the Sanomalaite M/90 communicator in 1983, in 1979, Nokia went into a joint venture with television maker Salora, to create Mobira, which would lay out the foundation of Nokias future mobile phone division.
In 1981, Mobira launched the Nordic Mobile Telephone service, the worlds first international cellular network, in 1982, Mobira launched the Mobira Senator car phone, which can be considered as Nokias first mobile phone. At that time, Nokia had no interest at all in mobile phones and it is only due to the Salo, Finland-based Salora-Mobira that the idea was pushed through. In 1987, Finnish Cable Works discontinued production of cables at its Helsinki factory, nokian Tyres, a tyre producer that was originally formed as a division of Finnish Rubber Works in 1932, split away from Nokia Corporation in 1988. Two years in 1990, Finnish Rubber Works followed suit and this allowed Nokia Corporation to solely focus on communications. Jorma Ollila became CEO in 1992, Nokias first fully portable mobile phone was the Mobira Cityman 900 in 1987
Cave City, Kentucky
Cave City is a home rule-class city in Barren County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 2,240 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Glasgow Micropolitan Statistical Area. Cave City is located in northern Barren County at 37°8′14″N 85°57′25″W, U. S. Route 31W passes through the center of the city, and Interstate 65 passes to the west of downtown, with access from Exit 53. Elizabethtown is 44 miles to the north, and Louisville is 85 miles north via I-65, bowling Green is 31 miles to the southwest, and Nashville, Tennessee, is 91 miles to the southwest via I-65. The center of Mammoth Cave National Park is 10 miles to the west via Kentucky Route 70. According to the United States Census Bureau, Cave City has an area of 4.4 square miles, of which 0.019 square miles. The site upon which Cave City stands was acquired in October 1853 by the Knob City Land Company, Quigly and Hopson, all of whom were from Louisville and envisioned the place as a resort town due to its proximity to Mammoth Cave.
The town was incorporated in 1866, originally,200 acres of what would become the town site was acquired by James Perry in a 1798 land grant. In 1811, Henry Roundtree sold the land to John Owens for $190, Owens added 142.5 acres to the tract. After his death, his executor sold his 342½ acres to Thomas T, duke, in turn, sold the entire tract to the Knob City Land Company. Duke received $6,850.00 for the land, or $20 per acre—a record amount for a sale in Barren County at that time. The first train arrived at Cave City in 1859, the town took its name from a cave within the town limits, not nearby Mammoth Cave. A small creek ran through the cave which the L&N Railroad used as a source of water, the creek was called Sink Hole Spring and was the only water supply for the town at the time. The Cave City post office was established in January 1860 and Beverly Daniel Curd appointed the first post-master and he moved the post office established in 1850 at Woodland to Cave City. The first business in Cave City was built and operated by postmaster Curd and his brother and their store was located at the corner of First and Kirtley streets.
The second person to open a business in Cave City and to build the first residence was Judge C, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,880 people,844 households, and 544 families residing in the city. The population density was 435.2 people per square mile, there were 914 housing units at an average density of 211.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90. 74% White,7. 13% African American,0. 16% Native American,1. 12% Asian,0. 05% Pacific Islander,0. 05% from other races, and 0. 74% from two or more races
Mammoth Cave Railroad
Mammoth Cave Railroad was a short rail line with a small train off the Louisville and Nashville Railroad that went to Mammoth Caves in Kentucky. The tiny 9-mile railroad from Glasgow Junction to Mammoth Caves was started in 1886, the complete Dinkey Train consisted only of a dummy 0-4-2T type steam locomotive and a wooden coach to carry passengers and their luggage. Among the many stops on the way to Mammoth Caves were Diamond Caverns, Grand Avenue Cave, Procter Cave and Hotel, Chaumont Post Office, Union City, Sloans Crossing, the Dinkey Train could obtain speeds of 25–35 miles per hour on the lightweight rails. Colonel Larkin J. Procter owned and operated this line that began at Bells Tavern. Procter owned the Mammoth Cave Hotel and estate, the Mammoth Cave Railroad was not built by the L&N, although it owned the railroad rights to Mammoth Caves. A contract was entered into two companies whereby the L&N would lease its rights. In 1874 Procter chartered the Mammoth Cave Railroad with his brother George and they leased the railroad rights to Mammoth Cave from the L&N Railroad.
The new railroad acquired four used steam engine locomotives and they were Baldwin dummy steam engines formally used on street railways in Memphis and Nashville, Tennessee. They acquired two wooden passenger coaches and two wooden combination coaches and baggage cars, usually at any one time there were two sets of Dinkey Trains operating. The coach cars had open vestibules and were heated with a coal stove, before the actual construction work began the L&N agreed to lease the railroad rights to Mammoth Caves for 25 years from the completion of the spur railroad. The actual work on the railroad did not begin until 1880 when the first short part went to Diamond Cave, construction stopped again until July 1886 when Jim McDaniel and Henry Chapman resumed work on the roadbed. The railroad officially opened for business in November 1886 under this 25-year lease from the L&N and it cost $3 per ticket when it first started running as is recorded in the Mammoth Cave Hotel register on November 8,1886.
The first passenger was a W. F. Richardson, the hotel register reads The cost of the entire Mammoth Cave excursion in 1913, including roundtrip railway fare, cave fees and meals was $11.75. Also at this time there were services that included a side trip to Colossal Cavern for $1.50. The Mammoth Cave Railroad with the Dinkey Train ran successfully from 1886 until the mid-1890s, the stockholders reformed the company under the same name and assumed full control from the L&N in 1903. In 1904 an Indianapolis judge drove the first car to the caves which represented the doom of the railroad line, the establishment of the Mammoth Cave National Park in 1926 put the final nails into the coffin. The Dinkey Train discontinued service February 28,1929 and it was replaced temporarily by a railcar for mail service until 1931 when it finally shut down permanently. On the first of August 1931 the railroad ceased operations, the Mammoth Cave museum collection at the Mammoth Cave National Park contains Baldwin steam engine number 4 and passenger coach number 2 located at the lines terminus
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall
Brownsville is a home rule-class city in Edmonson County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 836 at the time of the 2010 census and it is included in the Bowling Green metropolitan area. It is just outside Mammoth Cave National Park, Brownsville is located near the center of Edmonson County at 37°11′28″N 86°15′40″W. The city limits border the edge of Mammoth Cave National Park. State Routes 70 and 259 pass through the city together as Main Street. KY70 leads east 20 miles to Cave City and west 27 miles to U. S. Route 231 at Aberdeen, while KY259 leads southeast 12 miles to U. S. Route 31W and north 25 miles to Leitchfield. According to the United States Census Bureau, Brownsville has an area of 2.6 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles. The city is located on the Green River, a tributary of the Ohio River, as of the census of 2000, there were 921 people,387 households, and 229 families residing in the city. The population density was 581.0 people per square mile, there were 421 housing units at an average density of 265.6 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 98. 37% White,0. 11% African American,0. 43% Native American,0. 11% Asian,0. 11% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 76% of the population. 37. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city, the population was out with 20. 3% under the age of 18,8. 6% from 18 to 24,22. 8% from 25 to 44,24. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 43 years, for every 100 females there were 72.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males, the median income for a household in the city was $15,370, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had an income of $26,125 versus $14,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,711, about 30. 8% of families and 32. 6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45. 2% of those under age 18 and 24. 5% of those age 65 or over.
There is a Plain and buggy community with about 40 to 50 people in Peace Valley, the community is affiliated with the Caneyville Christian Community. Brownsville is served by the Edmonson County Schools
Kentucky Transportation Cabinet
The Transportation Cabinet is led by the Kentucky Secretary of Transportation, who is appointed by the governor of Kentucky. The current Secretary is Mike Hancock, who was appointed by Democratic Governor Steve Beshear, as of October 2012, KYTC maintains 27,562.975 miles of roadways in the state. The Transportation Cabinet is composed of four operating Departments, headed by Commissioners and those units are subdivided into Divisions headed by Directors