A man page is a form of software documentation found on a Unix or Unix-like operating system. Topics covered include computer programs, formal standards and conventions, abstract concepts. A user may invoke a man page by issuing the man command. By default, man uses a terminal pager program such as more or less to display its output; because man pages are distributed together with the software they document, they are a more favourable means of documenting software compared to out-of-band documentation like web pages, as there is a higher likelihood for a match between the actual features of the software to the documented ones. It is for this reason that man-pages are referred to as an on-line or online form of software documentation though the man command does not require internet access, dating back to the times when printed out-of-band manuals were the norm. In the first two years of the history of Unix, no documentation existed; the Unix Programmer's Manual was first published on November 3, 1971.
The first actual man pages were written by Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson at the insistence of their manager Doug McIlroy in 1971. Aside from the man pages, the Programmer's Manual accumulated a set of short papers, some of them tutorials, others more detailed descriptions of operating system features; the printed version of the manual fit into a single binder, but as of PWB/UNIX and the 7th Edition of Research Unix, it was split into two volumes with the printed man pages forming Volume 1. Versions of the documentation imitated the first man pages' terseness. Ritchie added a "How to get started" section to the Third Edition introduction, Lorinda Cherry provided the "Purple Card" pocket reference for the Sixth and Seventh Editions. Versions of the software were named after the revision of the manual. For the Fourth Edition the man pages were formatted using the troff typesetting package and its set of -man macros. At the time, the availability of online documentation through the manual page system was regarded as a great advance.
To this day every Unix command line application comes with a man page, many Unix users perceive a program's lack of man pages as a sign of low quality. The modern descendants of 4.4BSD distribute man pages as one of the primary forms of system documentation. Few alternatives to man have enjoyed much popularity, with the possible exception of GNU Project's "info" system, an early and simple hypertext system. In addition, some Unix GUI applications now provide end-user documentation in HTML and include embedded HTML viewers such as yelp for reading the help within the application. Man pages are written in English, but translations into other languages may be available on the system; the default format of the man pages is troff, with either mdoc. This makes it possible to typeset a man page into PostScript, PDF, various other formats for viewing or printing. Most Unix systems have a package for the man2html command, which enables users to browse their man pages using an HTML browser. In 2010, OpenBSD deprecated troff for formatting manpages in favour of mandoc, a specialised compiler/formatter for manpages with native support for output in PostScript, HTML, XHTML, the terminal.
In February 2013, the BSD community saw a new open source mdoc.su service launched, which unified and shortened access to the man.cgi scripts of the major modern BSD projects through a unique nginx-based deterministic URL shortening service for the *BSD man pages. There was a hidden easter egg in the man-db version of the man command that would cause the command to return "gimme gimme gimme" when run at 00:30 (a reference to the ABBA song Gimme! Gimme! Gimme!. It was introduced in 2011 but first restricted and removed in 2017 after being found. To read a manual page for a Unix command, a user can type: Pages are traditionally referred to using the notation "name": for example, ftp; the section refers to different ways the topic might be referenced - for example, as a system call, or a shell command or package, or a package's configuration file, or as a coding construct / header. The same page name may appear in more than one section of the manual, such as when the names of system calls, user commands, or macro packages coincide.
Examples are exit and exit. The syntax for accessing the non-default manual section varies between different man implementations. On Solaris and illumos, for example, the syntax for reading printf is: On Linux and BSD derivatives the same invocation would be: which searches for printf in section 3 of the man pages; the manual is split into eight numbered sections, organized as follows: Unix System V uses a similar numbering scheme, except in a different order: On some systems some of the following sections are available: Some sections are further subdivided by means of a suffix. A conse
Pointe-aux-Anglais is a community in the city of Port-Cartier, Canada, located halfway between Sept-Îles and Baie-Comeau, some 80 kilometres from the town centre of Port-Cartier itself. The "Stations of the cross" in the village church were sculpted by Médard Bourgault, an artist from Saint-Jean-Port-Joli. In 1711, a large fleet commanded by Admiral Walker was sent from England to take Quebec. Due to fog on the St. Lawrence, eight ships grounded on the lle-aux-Oeuf reefs and went down with more than 900 men in one of the worst naval disasters in British history; the point of land just across from the reefs was named Pointe-aux-Anglais to commemorate the ill-fated expedition. It comprises the sectors of Rivière-Pentecôte. An ecomuseum in Pointe-aux-Anglais explains how the English failed in their attempt to attack Quebec
George Jones Sings Bob Wills is an album by American country music artist George Jones. It was released in 1962 on the United Artists Records. George Jones Sings Bob Wills was Jones first album with United Artists after leaving Mercury Records. 1962 was a coming out of sorts for the singer. A Texas native himself, Jones was well aware of the music Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys which, in the early 1960s, ranked alongside of Hank Williams in popularity and its ability to be reinterpreted in continuously fresh fashions; the album was produced by H. W. "Pappy" Daily, guiding Jones's career since his start in 1954. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic gives George Jones Sings Bob Wills a glowing review, noting "Where some Wills tributes are faithful to a fault, Jones, as produced by Pappy Daily, plays these songs as hardcore honky tonk informed by Western swing, but only as a coloring device, he is singing these songs in his signature pure country style, the results are pretty terrific, not only because this is the hardest country he cut at United Artists, fueled by a crackerjack band playing at its peak, but because these are tremendous songs that are open to such a sly reinterpretation as given to them by Jones and Daily."
In his 1994 article "The Devil in George Jones", Nick Tosches singled out Jones's singing on "Warm Red Wine" for particular praise, "the pure, stark sincerity with which he delivered the lament'I'm a prisoner of drink who will never escape', uncommonly disquieting. It was more than a testimony to the power of his singing. "Bubbles in My Beer" - 2:20 "Faded Love" - 2:39 "Roly Poly" - 1:52 "Trouble in Mind" - 2:06 "Take Me Back to Tulsa" - 1:56 "The Warm Red Wine" - 2:53 "Time Changes Everything" - 2:54 "Worried Mind" - 2:19 "Silver Dew on the Bluegrass Tonight" - 2:23 "San Antonio Rose" - 2:47 "Steel Guitar Rag" - 2:22 "Big Beaver" - 2:36 George Jones' Official Website Record Label
Igor Moiseyevich Irtenyev is a Russian poet. He is a member of PEN Russia. In 2011, he emigrated to Israel because, as he said "I just can't bear the idea of watching Putin on television every day for the next 12 years". However, he returned to Russia after spending two years in Israel. Media related to Igor Irtenyev at Wikimedia Commons Игорь Иртеньев на сайте «Грани-ТВ» Кристина Витц. Ирония как основной прием Игоря Иртеньева
The Borough of Manhattan Community College is a public community college in New York City. It is one of the seven two-year colleges within the City University of New York system. Founded in 1963, BMCC offered business-oriented and Liberal Arts degrees for those intending to enter the business world or transfer to a four-year college, its original campus was scattered all over midtown Manhattan, utilizing office spaces, hotel conference rooms, various spaces throughout Manhattan. In the mid-1970s CUNY began scouting for suitable property on which to erect a new campus of its own; the current campus has been in use since 1983. With an enrollment of over 27,000 students, BMCC grants associate degrees in a wide variety of vocational, health, science and continuing education fields; the BMCC student body is nearly two-thirds female and has a median age of 24, with attending students hailing from over 100 different countries. The Center for Continuing Education and Workforce Development at BMCC serves more than 11,000 students who complete non-credit bearing and certificate programs in allied health, information technology and media arts, career training and personal development, English as a Second Language and other areas.
Another 10,000 students are enrolled in distance education programs. BMCC has a faculty of nearly 1,000 adjunct professors. Martin B. Dworkis was BMCC's first president. Classes were held in part of the ground floor, the entire second floor, part of the third floor of an office building at 131 West 50th Street in midtown Manhattan. BMCC renovated the office space into classrooms and administrative areas, it created its own entrance at 134 West 51st Street. Fred Kelly, a graphic designer living in of Kew Gardens, designed BMCC's official seal. BMCC's first classes were held in fall 1964. During its first school year, 42 percent of its students were African American. Plans were announced for BMCC to have its own buildings to hold its classes in 1968. In 1974, the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools determined that BMCC's physical facilities were "so inadequate as to defy description", it said it would suspended BMCC's accreditation unless improvements were made quickly; the City University of New York's central administration evaluated BMCC the same year, it found that student grades were inflated to such an extent that they were meaningless.
There was a ground-breaking ceremony on a new building for BMCC the same year. Because of the 1975 New York City fiscal crisis, construction was suspended the next year. In 1977, BMCC's president, Edgar D. Draper, was fired after he improperly persuaded a college association evaluation team to alter its report to show the college administration more favorably. By 1980, BMCC's passing rates on nursing certification exams had improved, BMCC no longer had a financial deficit. BMCC's new campus building opened in January 1983. A 15-story building at 30 West Broadway was donated to BMCC in 1993 by Shirley Fiterman. On the morning of September 11, 2001, BMCC's students and staff members heard explosions coming from the direction of the World Trade Center, located just a few blocks away. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey used the gymnasium at BMCC's main building to triage survivors, BMCC donated medical supplies from BMCC's Nursing Department to treat victims; the Port Authority set up generators at BMCC's main building, the building became its command center.
That afternoon, 7 World Trade Center, across the street from BMCC's Fiterman Hall and the building fell onto Fiterman Hall, causing the hall to become uninhabitable. BMCC's staff worked to restore Fiterman Hall and, on October 1, the building reopened for classes; the hall was demolished and a new building opened in September 2012. Borough of Manhattan Community College's four main campuses are in the Tribeca, Civic Center, Financial District neighborhood of Lower Manhattan. BMCC hosts the Tribeca Film Festival's ceremonies and films. 199 Chambers Street, New York, NY 10008 – Main Campus 245 Greenwich Street, 81 Barclay Street. It had been the original location of King's College, before it was renamed Columbia University and moved to Morningside Heights. Fiterman Hall was donated to BMCC in 1993 by Miles and Shirley Fiterman, for whom the building was subsequently named; the building had been used as a bank, CUNY had wanted to rent the building from the Fitermans, but they decided to donate the building to CUNY instead.
It was the largest gift of a building to a community college in the United States, it was the largest donation to CUNY. The building was renamed Shirley Fiterman Hall. In 2000, the State of New York Dormitory Authority, which owned the building, began a massive renovation to better adapt the building for classroom use. During the September 11 attacks, the building's structure was compromised by debris from the collapse of 7 World Trade Center, the renovation was never completed; the building became unsafe to occupy because of exposed mold growth. Since traditional demolition would result in an unacceptable environmental impact, the building was scheduled for deconstruction and decontamination as a part of the Lower Manhattan redevelopment project. Fiterman Hall was to be replaced by a new building designed by the architectural firm Pei Cobb
A Taste of Honey is the debut album by the American rhythm and blues group A Taste of Honey. It was produced by Fonce Mizell & Larry Mizell for Sky High Productions and included the number one pop and disco classic "Boogie Oogie Oogie". Reviewing in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies, Robert Christgau wrote: "Those who cite'Boogie Oogie Oogie' as definitive disco dumbness should reread the lyrics of'Tutti Frutti' and think about the great tradition of the left-field girl-group novelty—'Mr. Lee,"Iko Iko,"Shame, Shame.' But though a couple of other songs here, notably'Distant,' indicate that their pan may flash again, late converts are advised to seek out the single and wish they could buy the disco disc." "Boogie Oogie Oogie" 5:37 "This Love of Ours" 3:20 "Distant" 4:38 "World Spin" 3:42 "Disco Dancin'" 3:29 "You" 3:20 "If We Loved" 4:24 "Sky High" 5:04 "You're in Good Hands" 3:52 Hazel P. Payne – Guitar, Lead Vocals Janice M. Johnson – Bass, Lead Vocals Perry L. Kibble – Keyboards Donald R. Johnson – Drums Wade Marcus - string arrangements Larkin Arnold - executive producer A Taste Of Honey-A Taste Of Honey at Discogs A Taste Of Honey-Billboard Albums at AllMusic A Taste Of Honey-Billboard Singles at AllMusic