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Managua

Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, the center of an eponymous department. Located on the southwestern shore of Lake Managua and inside the Managua Department, it has an estimated population 1,042,641 in 2016 within the city's administrative limits and a population of 1,401,687 in the metropolitan area, which additionally includes the municipalities of Ciudad Sandino, El Crucero, Nindirí, Ticuantepe and Tipitapa; the city was declared the national capital in 1852. The capital alternated between the cities of León and Granada; the 1972 Nicaragua earthquake and years of civil war in the 1980s disrupted and stunted Managua's growth. It was not until the mid-1990s. Managua's population is composed predominantly of mestizos and whites who are of Spanish descent, with a minority being of French, Jewish Nicaraguan, German Nicaraguan, Russian and Turkish descent. There are two possible origins for the name "Managua", it may have originated from the term Mana-ahuac, which in the indigenous Nahuatl language translates to "adjacent to the water" or site "surrounded by water".

Or, it may have come from the Mangue language, where the word managua was said to mean "place of the big man" or "chief". Residents of the city are called managüenses, or capitalinos. Nicaragua was inhabited by Paleo-Americans as far back as 12,000 BC; the ancient footprints of Acahualinca are 2,100-year-old fossils discovered along the shores of Lake Managua. Other archaeological evidence in the form of ceramics and statues made of volcanic stone, like the ones found on the island of Zapatera, petroglyphs found on Ometepe island, contribute to the increasing knowledge of Nicaragua's ancient history. Founded as a pre-Columbian fishing town, the city was incorporated in 1819 and given the name Leal Villa de Santiago de Managua. Efforts to make Managua the capital of Nicaragua began in 1824, after the Central American nations formally attained their independence from Spain. Nicaragua became an independent nation in 1838. Managua's location between the rival cities of León and Granada made it a logical compromise site.

Hence, Managua was selected as the nation's capital in 1852. Between 1852 and 1930, Managua underwent extensive urbanization, becoming a base of governance and services; the city was hampered by major floods in 1876 and 1885. A disastrous earthquake in 1931 and large fire in 1936 destroyed much of the city. Under the rule of Anastasio Somoza García and his family, the city was rebuilt and began to grow rapidly. New government buildings were erected, industry developed, universities were established; the city's development caught the attention of Irving Fields and Albert Gamse, who composed a musical piece about the city that became popular in the 1940s through the performances of Freddy Martin, Guy Lombardo and Kay Kyser. Managua had become Central America's most developed city. Today's references differentiate the pre-1970s Managua by labeling it as La Antigua Ciudad, which in English translates to "The Ancient City" or "The Old City". Managua's progress came to a sudden halt after it suffered a second major earthquake on December 23, 1972, which destroyed 90% of the city's downtown and killed more than 19,120 people.

Infrastructure was damaged and rehabilitation or restoration of buildings was nearly impossible. At the time, Managua's limited resources had to be directed to other disaster relief purposes. Managua's ability to cope with the disaster was limited. Surviving fire squadrons and ambulance companies were not able to handle the skyrocketing demand for their services; some buildings burned to the ground, while the foundations of others gave way. Not able to rebuild the city directed emergency workers to clear away much of the city's ruins while burying the deceased in mass graves. Residences, government buildings and entire avenues were demolished. Escaping the city center, earthquake victims found refuge in the outskirts of the city. To add insult to injury, corruption within the Somoza regime which allocated part of the relief funds hindered the reconstruction of the city's center which remains somewhat isolated from the rest of the capital; the Nicaraguan Revolution of 1979 to overthrow the Somoza regime and the 11-year-long Contra War of the 1980s further devastated the city and its economy.

To make matters worse, a series of natural disasters, including Hurricane Mitch in 1998, made economic recovery more difficult. After winning the presidential election in 1990, the National Opposition Union began the reconstruction of Managua began in earnest. More than 300,000 Nicaraguans needed capital. Businesses mushroomed, new housing projects and schools were constructed, the airport was expanded and modernized, streets were widened, older malls were repaired and new ones were built, buildings were cleaned up. In 2006, after the Sandinista National Liberation Front came back into power, literacy and reconstruction programs were expanded. New governmental buildings, museums, apartment buildings, promenades, boat tours on Lake Managua, nighttime entertainment, broad avenues have resurrected part of downtown Managua's former vitality. Commercial activity, remains low. Residential and commercial buildings have been constructed on the outskirts of the city, in the same locales that were once used as refuge camps for those who were homeless after the earthquake.

These booming locales have been of concern to the government because of their close proximity to Lake Managua. The construction of a new sewer system and the redirecting of waste water to a new water t

The Last Voyage

The Last Voyage is a 1960 Metrocolor American disaster film written and directed by Andrew L. Stone, it stars Robert Stack, Dorothy Malone, George Sanders and Edmond O'Brien, features Tammy Marihugh. The film centers on the sinking of an aged ocean liner in the Pacific Ocean following an explosion in the boiler room. There are some plot similarities to the disaster involving the Italian liner SS Andrea Doria, which sank after a collision four years earlier; the SS Claridon is an old ship, scheduled to be scrapped after just a few more voyages. Cliff and Laurie Henderson and their daughter, are relocating to Tokyo and decide to sail there on board the ship. A fire in the boiler room is extinguished. Before Chief Engineer Pringle can manually open a steam relief valve, a huge explosion rips through the boiler room and the many decks situated above it, killing him and some of the passengers and trapping Laurie under a steel beam in their state room, in addition to opening a huge hole in the side of the ship.

Cliff can't get Laurie out alone. He finds Jill trapped on the other side of the room, he tries to use a shattered piece of the bed to get to the other side, but it falls through the huge hole made by the explosion. Third Officer Osborne believes that the crew should start loading the passengers into the lifeboats, but Captain Robert Adams is reluctant, as he never lost a ship. Cliff rescues Jill by using a board to have her crawl across the hole on. Down in the boiler room, Second Engineer Walsh reports to Captain Adams that a seam to the bulkhead has broken away. Cliff tries to to no avail. A passenger states that he overheard his conversation, wants to help. Osborne reports; the ship begins to transmit an SOS, on orders of Captain Adams. Cliff and a few other men return to his state room to try to help free Laurie, but find that they need a torch; the carpenter reports to the crew. Captain Adams makes an announcement to the passengers to put on their life jackets, they begin loading and launching the lifeboats.

Cliff finds a torch and tries to rush back to Laurie with the help of crewman Hank Lawson, but they still need an acetylene fuel tank. On instruction from Cliff, Lawson puts Jill in a lifeboat and asks him to return with an acetylene tank; the boiler room floods, causing the ship to sink lower. On top of that, a second explosion occurs on the boat deck. Captain Adams is looking at his promotion letter to commodore of the line while Laurie holds a piece of a shattered mirror in her hand, contemplating suicide to free Cliff from risking his life to save her, she chooses not to tosses it away. When Cliff and Lawson are in the dining room, it floods, causing water to burst through the large windows. Captain Adams returns to his office to retrieve the ship's logbook and papers but is killed when the forward smokestack falls on him. Meanwhile, Cliff gets Laurie out from under the steel beam with the help of Walsh, they get up to the boat deck along with Walsh. As they proceed to the stern where a lifeboat is standing by, Walsh jumps off the ship and swims away from it.

Cliff, Osborne and Lawson jump into the water and find a lifeboat just as the ship sinks. Cliff helps Lawson aboard, in thanks for his devotion to assisting Laurie's rescue, the narrator concludes with, "This was the death of the steamship Claridon; this was her last voyage." Cast notes: The Last Voyage was child actress Tammy Marihugh's screen debut. She had appeared on television in The Bob Cummings Show. Stuart Whitman was announced for the male lead, Sidney Poitier for the role of Hank Lawson; the film was scheduled to be shot in CinemaScope off the coast of England, but instead it was filmed entirely in the Sea of Japan off the coast of Osaka. The ship used in it was the French luxury liner SS Ile de France, in service from 1927 until 1959, when it was sold to a Japanese scrapyard, her former owners attempted to block Stone's rental of the ship, but withdrew their opposition when MGM agreed not to identify the vessel by its original name when publicizing the film. The ship was towed to shallow waters, where jets of water shot onto the ship from fire boats flooded forward compartments and made it appear that she was sinking by the bow.

Her forward funnel was sent crashing into the deckhouse and her Art Deco interiors were destroyed by explosives and/or flooded. Because there were too many poisonous jellyfish in the Sea of Japan, the final lifeboat scene was filmed in Santa Monica, California. In his autobiography Straight Shooting, Robert Stack recalled, thus began a film called The Last Voyage, which...for yours very nearly lived up to its title." According to William H. Miller, American maritime historian, The French Line thereafter forbade any use of the ships they sold for scrap to be used for anything other than scrapping; the film marked the final pairing of Stack and Dorothy Malone. They had co-starred in the Douglas Sirk films Written on the Wind and The Tarnished Angels. According to MGM records the film earned $1,060,000 in the US and Canada and $1 million elsewhere resulting in a $551,000 loss. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called the film "exciting" and noted "the tension is held unrelentingly until the end."

He added, "Well the end. Let's be h

Katherine District Hospital

Katherine District Hospital is a district public hospital servicing the Katherine Region in the Northern Territory, Australia. It is located 3 km from the centre of town on the banks of the Katherine River, overlooking Knott's Crossing, it services an area of 336,674 km2. Around 85% percent of its patients are Aboriginal people, many from some of the most remote communities in Australia, it is operated by the Northern Territory Government Department of Health. The hospital has twice been evacuated due to water inundation during the floods in 1998 and 2006, leading to pressure from the Katherine Town Council on the Territory Government to relocate the hospital to higher ground, at an estimated cost of $50 million; the hospital provides a 24-hour emergency department as well as general medical and surgical wards, an operating theatre, a maternity ward, 18 bed children's ward, pathology laboratory, a radiography department equipped to perform basic x-ray, ultrasound, CT scans and a renal unit. Pharmacy and specialized outpatient services are accessible.

The renal dialysis unit open in May 2000, providing an option for ongoing treatment for kidney disease. The facility accommodates the local Jawoyn people by providing local care, only available in Darwin, forcing patients to relocate; the hospital employs Aboriginal liaison and support officers and is visit by specialists from Darwin. The Northern Territory Aeromedical Service offers patient retrieval and transfer to Royal Darwin Hospital, the region's tertiary referral hospital from a base in Katherine; the hospital maintains a small academic library. In the 2011-2012 financial year, Katherine District Hospital conducted 440 elective surgeries and handled 14,311 Emergency Department presentations. Waiting times in the emergency department were varied from the national average, with shorter waits for urgent treatments according to the Australian Government's My Hospital website with 69% of patients treated with 30 minutes. Elective surgeries were not compared, but the median waiting time for urgent cases was 15 days