New Jersey Route 18
Route 18 is a 42.8-mile-long state highway in the US state of New Jersey. It begins at an intersection with Route 138 in Wall Township and ends at Interstate 287 in Piscataway. Much of the route is a limited-access freeway, including the entire portion in Monmouth County and much of the northern end through New Brunswick and Piscataway; the remainder of the route is a multi-lane divided highway. Route 18 was designated as Route S28, a prefixed spur of State Highway Route 28 through Middlesex and Monmouth counties; the designation, assigned in the 1927 renumbering, remained until a second renumbering in 1953. At that point, Route 18 was designated onto the alignment; the route ended at Route 27 at the border between Highland Park and New Brunswick, but was extended northward to then-County Route 514 Spur, now CR 622, in 1983. The freeway through New Brunswick was constructed during the 1980s over the Delaware and Raritan Canal. Route 18 was further extended to Hoes Lane in Piscataway in 2004 and presently ends at I-287 in Piscataway.
The route south of exit 6A in Wall Township was originally intended to extend to the Brielle Circle and terminate at Route 34, Route 35, Route 70 but there are no plans to do so currently. Route 18 begins at a partial-cloverleaf interchange with New Jersey Route 138 in Wall Township. At the southern end of the interchange, the right-of-way and unused pavement for the southern extension is visible along with the former on-ramp from Route 138 to Route 18 northbound; the highway heads northward as a four-lane freeway, crossing under Route 138. Route 18 interchanges with Route 138 westbound and Monmouth Boulevard, a local road in New Bedford. Route 18 crosses under Monmouth Boulevard and County Route 18 in the community of Glendola; the route continues through Glendola, interchanges with Brighton Avenue. The freeway continues south of the Shark River Golf Course, through Neptune, paralleling Brighton Avenue, interchanges with Route 33 and County Route 17 at exit 8. Although signed as exit 8 northbound, the interchange is divided into exits 8A and 8B heading southbound.
The roadway crosses into Ocean Township and crosses under County Route 17. In Ocean Township, there are exits for Route 66 and Asbury Avenue, Deal Road, West Park Avenue. Farther north, the highway enters Eatontown. A large interchange near the Naval Weapons Station Earle serves Industrial Way West, County Route 547, New Jersey Route 36, Hope Road, the Garden State Parkway, the Tinton Falls interchange, County Route 38; the route continues northwestward into Colts Neck. The freeway continues to the northwest through wooded land for several miles, crossing over Normandy Road and to the south of the Pebble Creek Golf Club. Exits along this stretch include New Jersey Route 34, County Route 537, New Jersey Route 79, County Route 520, County Route 3, which connects to Freehold Borough and Marlboro Township. After entering Middlesex County, Route 18 continues north as a freeway, entering Old Bridge Township. After interchanging with U. S. Route 9, the freeway ends, the route becomes an arterial highway through a wooded commercial stretch of Old Bridge Township.
The route crosses several roads in this area. It passes under County Route 516 and County Route 527, but has no northbound interchange to connect with them. On the southbound side, motorists can use Englishtown Road. Route 18 enters East Brunswick interchanging with Middlesex County Route 615, which connects to County Route 527. Route 18 continues through the developed commercial corridor of East Brunswick, intersecting with County Route 617 and passing near Brunswick Square Mall. After the interchanges with County Routes 535 and County Route 606, Route 18 intersects West Ferris Street, West Prospect Street, Tices Lane, meets County Route 527 at Edgeboro Road. An intersection and partial interchange with Eggers Street and JFK Boulevard is followed by crossing over the New Jersey Turnpike at exit 9 of the turnpike; the road intersects Tower Center Boulevard before crossing into New Brunswick at Lawrence Brook. The U. S. Route 1 interchange is followed by an intersection at Paulus Boulevard before separating into a local/express configuration and paralleling the Raritan River, passing the former New Brunswick city docks.
Local exits include New Jersey Route 172, the Rutgers University boathouse and Elmer B. Boyd Park, Commercial Avenue, New Street, New Jersey Route 27, after which the express and local lanes merge back together and cross under the Raritan River Bridge carrying Amtrak's Northeast Corridor; the freeway continues with exits for George Street and Easton Avenue before exiting New Brunswick on the John A. Lynch, Sr. Memorial Bridge over the Raritan River; the highway interchanges with County Route 622, Campus Road, Metlars Lane, where the route curves to the west and becomes Hoes Lane, a surface arterial. As Hoes Lane, Route 18 passes Resurrection Cemetery of the Diocese of Metuchen, as well as the post office and township hall of the Township of Piscataway, before reaching an intersection with Centennial Avenue. Route 18 turns on Centennial Avenue and continues for about 0.35 miles to a traffic signal for P
Manalapan Township, New Jersey
Manalapan Township is a township in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 38,872, representing an increase of 5,449 from the 33,423 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,707 from the 26,716 counted in the 1990 Census; the name "Manalapan" is derived from a word in the Lenape language that would mean either "land of good bread", "good land to settle upon", "good bread" or "covered swamp with edible roots". The Battle of Monmouth was fought in 1778 on land, now part of Manalapan and Freehold townships. Monmouth Battlefield State Park occupies 2,928 acres in the two townships. Manalapan Township was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 9, 1848, from portions of Freehold Township. Englishtown was formed as a borough from portions of Manalapan on January 4, 1888, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 30.839 square miles, including 30.607 square miles of land and 0.232 square miles of water.
The township has an elevation of 82 feet. The township surrounds Englishtown, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality surrounds another; the township borders Freehold Township, Millstone Township, Marlboro Township in Monmouth County, Old Bridge Township and Monroe Township in Middlesex County. Yorketown is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Manalapan Township. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Cahills Corners, Clarks Mills, Gordons Corner, Lafayette Mills, Monmouth Heights, Oakland Mills, Taylors Mills, Tracey, Whittier Oaks and Woodville; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,872 people, 13,263 households, 10,663.452 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,270.0 per square mile. There were 13,735 housing units at an average density of 448.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 88.55% White, 2.38% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American, 6.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.66% of the population. There were 13,263 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.6% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.32. In the township, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.9 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $103,970 and the median family income was $115,292. Males had a median income of $85,086 versus $51,695 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $41,049.
About 2.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over. As the 2000 United States Census there were 33,423 people, 10,781 households, 9,002 families residing in the township; the population density was 1,084.6 people per square mile. There were 11,066 housing units at an average density of 359.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 91.81% White, 1.99% African American, 0.03% Native American, 4.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population. Manalapan has large Jewish communities. There were 10,781 households out of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.9% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.5% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.45. In the township the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males. The median income for a household in the township was $83,575, the median income for a family was $94,112. Males had a median income of $72,198 versus $39,921 for females; the per capita income for the township was $32,142. About 3.2% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. Manalapan's Recreation Center covers 162 acres, offering two handball courts, nine softball/baseball fields, a fitness trail, two football fields, nine football/soccer fields, two street hockey courts, three tot lots, six basketball courts, six tennis courts, two bocce courts, two sand volleyball courts, a nine-hole disc golf course, a small water park
Monmouth County, New Jersey
Monmouth County is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 626,351, making it the state's fifth-most populous county, representing a decrease of 0.6% from the 2010 Census, when the population was enumerated at 630,380, in turn an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 Census. As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County, its county seat is Freehold Borough. The most populous place was Middletown Township, with 66,522 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Howell Township covered 61.21 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality. In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $69,410, the fifth-highest in New Jersey and ranked 74th of 3,113 counties in the United States. Monmouth County ranked 38th among the highest-income counties in the United States as of 2011, placing it among the top 1.2% of counties by wealth.
As of 2009, it was ranked 56th in the United States by personal per-capita income. In 1609, the English navigator, Henry Hudson, his crew aboard the Dutch vessel Half Moon spotted land in what is now Monmouth County, most off Sandy Hook. Among the first European settlers and majority landowners in the area were Richard and Penelope Stout. Penelope miraculously survived her wounds from a native attack in Sandy Hook and further lived to the age of 110. Additionally, a group of Quaker families from Long Island settled the Monmouth Tract, an early land grant from Richard Nicolls issued in 1665, they were followed by a group of Scottish settlers who inhabited Freehold Township in about 1682–85, followed several years by Dutch settlers. As they arrived in this area, they were greeted by Lenape Native Americans, who lived in scattered small family bands and developed a amicable relationship with the new arrivals. Enslaved Africans were present in the area from at least 1680, by 1726 made up 9% of the total population of the county.
Monmouth County was established on March 1683, while part of the province of East Jersey. On October 31, 1693, the county was partitioned into the townships of Freehold and Shrewsbury, its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris that the county should be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership. In 1714, the first county government was established. At the June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold Township, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War, it was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale. At independence, Monmouth's population included 1,640 slaves, as well as an undetermined number of free African Americans.
The number of enslaved persons fell steeply after 1820, though a small number remained until at least 1850. Monmouth's free African American population climbed from 353 in 1790 to 2,658 in 1860. Ocean County was carved out of Monmouth County in 1850. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 665.32 square miles, including 468.79 square miles of land and 196.53 square miles of water. Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point, variously listed at 380 to 391 feet above sea level; the top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories. The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust section of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are very hilly; the lowest point is sea level. Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of fishing.
Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow from the Raritan Bayshore into Raritan Bay and Lower New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway, which attracts as many as 1,600 boats each weekend during the peak season; the county adjoins: Middlesex County, New Jersey – northwest Ocean County, New Jersey – south Mercer County, New Jersey – west Burlington County, New Jersey – southwest Richmond County, New York - north Gateway National Recreation Area As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 630,380 people, 233,983 households, 163,320.134 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,344.7 per square mile. There were 258,410 housing units at an average density of 551.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 82.60% White, 7.37% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 4.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, 1.96% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.67% of the population. There were 233,983 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with n
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together refers to the joining of tributaries; the opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream. Distributaries are most found in river deltas. "Right tributary" and "left tributary" are terms stating the orientation of the tributary relative to the flow of the main stem river. These terms are defined from the perspective of looking downstream. In the United States, where tributaries sometimes have the same name as the river into which they feed, they are called forks; these are designated by compass direction. For example, the American River receives flow from its North and South forks.
The Chicago River's North Branch has the East and Middle Fork. Forks are sometimes left. Here, the "handedness" is from the point of view of an observer facing upstream. For instance, Steer Creek has a left tributary, called Right Fork Steer Creek. Tributaries are sometimes listed starting with those nearest to the source of the river and ending with those nearest to the mouth of the river; the Strahler Stream Order examines the arrangement of tributaries in a hierarchy of first, second and higher orders, with the first-order tributary being the least in size. For example, a second-order tributary would be the result of two or more first-order tributaries combining to form the second-order tributary. Another method is to list tributaries from mouth to source, in the form of a tree structure, stored as a tree data structure. A gallery of major river basins with tributaries Estuary
Monmouth Battlefield State Park
Monmouth Battlefield State Park is a 1,818-acre New Jersey state park located on the border of Manalapan and Freehold Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. This park preserves the historical battlefield on which the American Revolutionary War's Battle of Monmouth was waged. Monmouth Battlefield State Park preserves a rural, eighteenth century landscape of orchards, fields and wetlands encompassing miles of trails for hiking and horseback riding; the park's visitor center rests atop Combs Hill, a hill once commanded by the Continental Army artillery. Within the park's visitor's center one may observe an array of excavated artifacts from the notable eighteenth century battle. On December 5, 2011, the Monmouth Battlefield Visitor Center was closed for renovations through Spring 2013; the renovated Visitors Center was reopened on June 13, 2013. During the final weekend in June, an annual reenactment of the 1778 American Revolutionary War battle is performed; the battlefield is traversed by the rights-of-way used by the Farmingdale and Squan Village Railroad/Freehold and Jamesburg Agricultural Railroad and is under consideration for use as part of the Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line.
On June 28, 1778, as Sir Henry Clinton and his troops departed from the Monmouth Court House, George Washington and his Continental Army troops plotted an ambush on the rear column of Clinton's British Army soldiers. It became one of the largest battles of the American Revolution, it took place in the fields and forests that now make up Monmouth Battlefield State Park, though the battle soon ended in a standoff. The Battle of Monmouth is notable for creating the American legend of Molly Pitcher, a housewife who boldly took her husband's place at the cannon only moments after his death. In honor of Pitcher, an aging white cenotaph was erected near the property of the battlefield. Official Site Photo gallery
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
South River (Raritan River tributary)
The South River is a tributary of the Raritan River in central New Jersey in the United States. The South River, formed by the confluence of Matchaponix Brook and Manalapan Brook, becomes tidal downstream of the Duhernal Lake dam and joins the Raritan River midway between New Brunswick and Perth Amboy; the South River has two mouths. It used to loop inefficiently to its confluence with the Raritan River, so a shortcut called Washington Canal was created; the river lends its name to the borough of South River. Deep Run Duck Creek Manalapan Brook Matchaponix Brook Pond Creek Tennents Brook List of rivers of New Jersey