Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 547,627 as of 2018. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.9 million, second-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation; the local authority for the city is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell, it is a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century.
Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. Manchester achieved city status in 1853; the Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west. Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. Following successful redevelopment after the IRA bombing, Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Manchester is the third most visited city in the UK, after Edinburgh, it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester is a city of notable firsts; the city has excelled in scientific advancement, as it was at The University of Manchester in 1917 that scientist Ernest Rutherford first split the atom, in 1948 Frederic C.
Williams, Tom Kilburn, Geoff Tootill developed and built the world's first stored-program computer, in 2004 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov isolated and characterised the first graphene. The name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunio and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians; these names are thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name. The accepted etymology of this name is that it comes from Brittonic *mamm-. However, more recent work suggests. Both usages are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh; the suffix -chester is from Old English ceaster. The Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in, their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Stretford. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix and Eboracum were protected from the Brigantes.
Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield; the Roman habitation of Manchester ended around the 3rd century. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North. In the doomsday book Manchester is recorded as within the hundred of Salford and held as tenant in chief by a Norman named Roger of Poitou being held by the family of De Gresle, lord of the manor and residents of Manchester Castle until 1215 before a Manor House was built. By 1421 Thomas de la Warre founded and constructed a collegiate church for the parish, now Manchester Cathedral; the library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom.
Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. Around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the region's textile industry. Manchester became an important centre for the manufacture and trade of woollens and linen, by about 1540, had expanded to become, in John Leland's words, "The fairest, best builded and most populous town of all Lancashire." The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. During the English Civil War Manchester favoured the Parliamentary interest. Although not long-lasting, Cromwell granted it the right to elect its own MP. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was appointed Major General for Lancashire and Staffordsh
The Marconi National Historic Site and the Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site are two National Historic Sites of Canada located on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. Both sites commemorate the efforts of Guglielmo Marconi to transmit transatlantic radio signals between North America and Europe in the first decade of the 20th century; the two sites are located within 8 kilometres of one another, are connected by the Marconi Trail. Signal Hill in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador is another National Historic Site related to Marconi's work in Canada. Signal Hill was designated, in part, to commemorate Marconi's first transmission tests in 1901; the Marconi National Historic Site of Canada, located at Table Head in Glace Bay, is the site of Guglielmo Marconi's first transatlantic wireless station, callsign VAS, the first wireless message sent from North America to Europe on December 15, 1902. The site features the remnants of Marconi's transmission towers, a modern amateur radio station, plus a museum chronicling Marconi's achievements.
Marconi chose this site for its elevated flat expanse and unobstructed view out over the Atlantic Ocean. Some of the concrete footings for the massive towers can still be seen on the grounds. In 1901, the first west to east wireless message was sent across the Atlantic Ocean to England from this site. A spark gap transmitter with 75 kilowatts of power fed four tall antennas on the 2-hectare site overlooking the ocean. In December 1902 Marconi transmitted the first complete messages to Poldhu from stations at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. Marconi's facilities were dismantled and moved to a larger site to the southwest in 1905, known today as the Marconi Wireless Station National Historic Site; the site was designated a National Historic Site in 1939. The site is operated by Parks Canada, the museum at the Marconi National Historic Site is affiliated with CMA, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. Communications between Glace Bay and England proved to be unreliable, only possible after dark, so Marconi had larger stations constructed on both sides of the Atlantic between 1905 and 1907.
These stations were at Clifden, a 350-hectare site just south of Glace Bay, near Port Morien. The two stations were at the time the most powerful radio stations in the world; the Marconi Wireless Station in Cape Breton ceased operations in 1946. The property was bought by Russell Cunningham, a local resident, it is still owned by his heirs. All that remains of the station today is the foundations of the aerial towers as well as three abandoned buildings in varying degrees of repair; the site was designated a National Historic Site in 1983. Marconi National Historic Site - Parks Canada official site Cape Breton Wireless Heritage Society
The Germany men's national volleyball team is governed by the DVV and takes part in international volleyball competitions. Germany won the gold medal at the 1970 World Championship as East Germany and the bronze medal in the 2014 World Championships. After German reunification, West Germany was renamed Germany and they absorbed East Germany with the records. Germany failed to qualify for the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the European qualifiers at home in Berlin, they have appeared at the Olympic Games on two occasions, finishing in ninth place at Beijing 2008 and fifth place finish at London 2012. However, Germany have enjoyed some recent success on the continental stage, winning European Championship silver last year. Before reunification, East Germany finished fourth at Mexico City 1968, before winning the silver medal at Munich 1972. East Germany were crowned FIVB World Champions in 1969 and clinched the FIVB World Cup a year later. 1st - Gold medalists 2st - Silver medalists 3rd - Bronze medalists 4th - 4th place 2008 Beijing — 9th place 2012 London — 5th place 2006 Japan — 12th place 2010 Italy — 8th place 2014 Poland — Bronze medal 1992 Genoa — 11th place 1993 São Paulo — 8th place 1994 Milan — 10th place 2001 Katowice — 16th place 2002 Belo Horizonte — 9th place 2003 Madrid — 10th place 2010 Córdoba — 9th place 2011 Gdańsk — 11th place 2012 Sofia — 5th place 2013 Mar del Plata — 7th place 2014 Florence — 16th place 2016 Kraków — 26th place 2017 Curitiba — 27th place 2018 Lille — 9th place 2019 Chicago — 14th place 2015 Baku — Gold medal 1991 — 4th place 1993 — 4th place 1995 — 8th place 1997 — 9th place 2001 — 9th place 2003 — 7th place 2007 — 5th place 2009 — 6th place 2011 — 15th place 2013 — 6th place 2015 — 8th place 2017 — Silver medal 2019 — 8th place 2004 — 4th place 2005 — 5th place 2006 — 5th place 2007 — 6th place 2008 — 4th place 2009 — Gold medal The following is the German roster in the 2017 Men's European Volleyball Championship.
The table below shows the history of kit providers for the Germany national volleyball team. Primary sponsors include: main sponsors like Comdirect Bank other sponsors: ERGO Group, German Sports Aid Foundation and Deutsche Energie. Official website FIVB profile