Manchester is a city in southern New Hampshire, United States. It is the most populous city in northern New England; as of the 2010 census the city had a population of 109,565, in 2018 the population was estimated to be 112,525. Manchester is, along with Nashua, one of two seats of New Hampshire's most populous county, Hillsborough County. Manchester lies near the northern end of the Northeast megalopolis and straddles the banks of the Merrimack River, it was first named by the merchant and inventor Samuel Blodgett, namesake of Samuel Blodget Park and Blodget Street in the city's North End. His vision was to create a great industrial center similar to that of the original Manchester in England, the world's first industrialized city. Manchester appears favorably in lists ranking the affordability and livability of U. S. cities, placing high in small business climate, upward mobility, education level. Native Pennacook Indians called Amoskeag Falls on the Merrimack River—the area that became the heart of Manchester—Namaoskeag, meaning "good fishing place".
In 1722, John Goffe III settled beside Cohas Brook building a dam and sawmill at what was dubbed "Old Harry's Town". It was granted by Massachusetts in 1727 as "Tyngstown" to veterans of Queen Anne's War who served in 1703 under Captain William Tyng, but at New Hampshire's 1741 separation from Massachusetts, the grant was ruled invalid and substituted with Wilton, resulting in a 1751 rechartering by Governor Benning Wentworth as "Derryfield"—a name that lives on in Derryfield Park, Derryfield Country Club, the private Derryfield School. In 1807, Samuel Blodget opened a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the falls, part of a network developing to link the area with Boston, he envisioned a great industrial center arising, "the Manchester of America", in reference to Manchester, England at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution. In 1809, Benjamin Prichard and others built a water-powered cotton spinning mill on the western bank of the Merrimack. Following Blodgett's suggestion, Derryfield was renamed "Manchester" in 1810, the year the mill was incorporated as the Amoskeag Cotton & Woolen Manufacturing Company.
It would be purchased in 1825 by entrepreneurs from Massachusetts, expanded to three mills in 1826, incorporated in 1831 as the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company. Amoskeag engineers and architects planned a model company town on the eastern bank, founded in 1838 with Elm Street as its main thoroughfare. Incorporation as a city followed for Manchester in 1846, soon home to the largest cotton mill in the world—Mill No. 11, stretching 900 feet long by 103 feet wide, containing 4,000 looms. Other products made in the community included shoes and paper; the Amoskeag foundry made rifles, sewing machines, textile machinery, fire engines, locomotives in a division called the Amoskeag Locomotive Works. The rapid growth of the mills demanded a large influx of workers, resulting in a flood of immigrants French Canadians. Many residents descend from these workers; the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company went out of business in 1935, although its red brick mills have been renovated for other uses. Indeed, the mill town's 19th-century affluence left behind some of the finest Victorian commercial and residential architecture in the state.
Manchester is in south-central New Hampshire, 18 miles south of Concord, the state capital, the same distance north of Nashua, the second-largest city in the state. Manchester is 51 miles north-northwest of the largest city in New England. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.0 square miles, of which 33.1 square miles are land and 1.9 square miles are water, comprising 5.33% of the city. Manchester is drained by the Merrimack River and its tributaries the Piscataquog River and Cohas Brook. Massabesic Lake is on the eastern border; the highest point in Manchester is atop Wellington Hill, where the elevation reaches 570 feet above sea level. The Manchester Planning Board, in its 2010 Master Plan, defines 25 neighborhoods within the city. LivableMHT has drawn maps of the neighborhoods and neighborhood village centers as defined by the city. Recognition of particular neighborhoods varies, with some having neighborhood associations, but none have any legal or political authority.
The major neighborhoods include Amoskeag, Rimmon Heights, Notre Dame/McGregorville and Piscataquog/Granite Square known as "Piscat" on the West Side. In 2007, the city began a Neighborhood Initiatives program to "insure that our neighborhoods are vibrant, livable areas since these are the portions of the city where most of the residents spend their time living, playing and going to school." The purpose of this initiative is to foster vibrancy and redevelopment in the neighborhoods, to restore the sense of neighborhood communities, overlooked in the city for some time. The city began the program with street-scape and infrastructure improvements in the Rimmon Heights neighborhood of the West Side, which has spurred growth and investment in and by the community. Despite the success of the program in Rimmon Heights, it was unclear in recent years how the city planned to implement similar programs throughout the city; the city announced plans for extending the Neighborhood Initiatives program to the Hollow neighborhood in February 2012.
The urban core of Manchester extends beyond its city
Brian Filipi was an Albanian football midfielder/striker who spent his short professional career with Ravenna. Born in Lezhë, Brian Filipi made his first team debut with Ravenna in the 2008–09 season, being protagonist of the club's successful season which ended in promotion to Serie B from Lega Pro Prima Divisione, despite the Albanian's young age. Before his professional debut with Ravenna, Filipi had played at youth international level with his native country of Albania, receiving his first call-up for the Under-19 team in 2007, he became part of the Under-21 team as well. On January 2009, following his impressive performances with Ravenna, he was optioned by Serie A club Palermo. Filipi was part of Albania under-21 squad in the last three qualifying matches of 2009 UEFA European Under-21 Championship, he made his debut on 20 August 2008 in the match against Greece, entering in the 55th minute as the match finished 1–1. He went on to make another appearance as substitute versus Azerbaijan, as Albania finished Group 1 at 4th position with 12 points.
Filipi continued to be part of under-21 side in the opening two matches of next qualifying campaign. He played as substitute in the opening matchday against Scotland as Albania lost 0–1 at Ruzhdi Bizhuta Stadium. On 19 September 2009, at around 23:00 CET, Brian Filipi was hit by a car while he was walking in a street in Cervia together with teammate Stefano Scappini, who suffered a minor strike on his arm in the accident; the car was driven by a 52-year-old woman who sustained minor injuries in the event. She travelled further to hit a number of parked vehicles in the same street. Filipi was rushed to hospital, but died soon after due to the severe injuries he had sustained in the accident. Following the events, Ravenna handed a request to delay the game scheduled for the next day to Foggia, accepted by the League committee
An archaeology museum is a museum that specializes in the display of archaeological artifacts. Many archaeology museum are in the open air, such as the Ancient Agora of Athens and the Roman Forum. Others display artifacts inside buildings, such as National Museum of Beirut and Cairo's Museum of Egyptian Antiquities. Still others, display artifacts both outside and inside, such as the Tibes Indigenous Ceremonial Center; some archaeology museums, such as the Western Australian Museum, may exhibit maritime archaeological materials. These appear in a wing of the Maritime Museum; this last museum has developed a'museum-without-walls' through a series of underwater wreck trails. Among the better-documented archaeology museums are: Durrës Archaeological Museum, Albania Archaeological Museum, India Archaeological Museum, Italy Open-air museum International Council of Museums International Museum Day List of museums.museum Museum education Museum fatigue Museum label Types of museum
The Latham 47, or Latham R3B4 in Naval service was a French twin-engine flying boat designed and built by Société Latham & Cie for the French Navy. The aircraft achieved notoriety in 1928 when aircraft number 47.02 disappeared with the explorer Roald Amundsen on a rescue mission for the Italian explorer Umberto Nobile. The Latham 47 was designed to meet a French Navy requirement for a long-range flying boat with a transatlantic capability; the prototype appeared in 1928. The Type 47 was a large biplane powered by two Farman 12We engines mounted in tandem below the upper wing; the pilot and co-pilot sat side by side in an open cockpit, two further machine-gun equipped cockpits were located in the nose and amidships. Twelve production aircraft were delivered to the Navy. Two further aircraft were built as the Latham 47P as civilian mail carriers with Hispano-Suiza 12Y engines; the 47Ps were used on Mediterranean routes until 1932. Type 47.01 First Latham 47 prototype. Type 47.02 Second Latham 47 prototype.
Type 47 Two prototypes and twelve production military aircraft, designated R3B4 in service, indicating three seat reconnaissance or four seat bomber. Type 47P Civilian mail carriers, two built. FranceFrench Navy Escadrille 3E1 Escadrille 4R1 On 6 June 1928 the Latham 47.02 was tasked to help search for the airship Italia which earlier on 25 May 1928 had crashed on pack ice in the Arctic Ocean just north of Spitsbergen. The aircraft, piloted by Norwegian Leif Dietrichson and Frenchman René Guilbaud, picked up the explorer Roald Amundsen and a colleague at Bergen. On 18 June the aircraft left Norway to fly across the Barents Sea. Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. Orbis Publishing. Pp. 2296–7. General characteristics Crew: 4 Wingspan: 25.20 m Gross weight: 6886 kg Powerplant: 2 × Farman 12We, 373 kW eachPerformance Maximum speed: 170 km/h Range: 900 km Armament 2 x twin 7.7 mm machine-guns 600kg bombs Related lists List of Interwar military aircraft List of seaplanes and amphibious aircraft Taylor, Michael J. H..
Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. P. 568. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. Orbis Publishing. Pp. 2296–7
Pemberton Township School District is a comprehensive community public school district headquartered in Pemberton Township, New Jersey, United States, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority; the school district serves the Pemberton Township communities of Browns Mills, Country Lake Estates, Pemberton Heights and Presidential Lakes Estates, Pemberton Borough and the Pemberton Township portion of Fort Dix. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its 10 schools had an enrollment of 5,437 students and 440.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "B", the second lowest of eight groupings.
District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J. Pemberton High School was awarded AP District Honor Roll for achieving increases in access to Advanced Placement courses for a broader number of students and maintaining or improved rate at which the school's AP students earned scores of 3 or higher on an AP Exam. In the 2016-2017 school year, Helen Fort Newcomb Middle School, Howard Emmons School and Alexander Denbo School were recognized as State Schools of Character by the New Jersey Alliance for Social and Character Development. In the 2017-2018 school year, Samuel Busansky, Fort Dix, Harker-Wylie and Joseph Stackhouse elementary schools, along with Pemberton Early Childhood Education Center were recognized as State Schools of Character by the NEW Jersey Alliance for Social and Character Development. Schools in the district are: PreschoolPemberton Early Childhood Education Center Elementary schoolsSamuel T. Busansky Elementary School Isaiah Haines Elementary School Alexander Denbo Elementary School Howard L. Emmons Elementary School Fort Dix Elementary School Harker-Wylie Elementary School Joseph S. Stackhouse Elementary School Middle schoolsHelen A.
Fort Middle School Marcus Newcomb Middle School High schoolPemberton Township High School Core members of the district's administration are: Tony Trongone, Superintendent Paul Whitman, interim Business Administrator / Board Secretary Adelina Giannetti, Asst. Superintendent. Superintendent.
The American Association of Teachers of French is a professional organisation for teachers of French in the United States founded in 1927. Teachers may be involved in secondary, or university education. Additionally and student teachers are welcome. There are about 10,000 members; as the interest in French has declined in the United States since 1980's, the organisation has held annual convention to bring together a cross-section of teachers and educators to find ways to promote French in traditional curriculum and other methods. The AATF's official publication is called The French Review, which has the largest circulation of any scholarly journal on the French language. John Kneller, the fifth President of Brooklyn College, was editor in chief; the National French Contest was established in 1936 by the Executive Council of AATF to help determine the relative student achievement in the learning of French in the United States. The contest was called Le Grand Concours National de Français but was shortened to Le Grand Concours.
The annual contest has around 100,000 participants from elementary schools to high schools in all chapters nationwide. There are seven levels; the first level called. Levels 01, 1 to 5 are for grades 7 to 12. In each level, there are divisions A to E to separate students based on prior exposure to French. About 0.1% of all participants receive gold medals for National Rank 1. About 0.7% receive silver medals for National Ranks 2 to 3. About 8% receive bronze medals for National Ranks 4 to 10. American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages American Association of Teachers of German Official website