Manchester City Council

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Manchester City Council
Third of council elected three years out of four
Coat of arms or logo
Coat of arms
Type
Type
HousesUnicameral
Term limits
None
History
Founded1 April 1974
Preceded byManchester Corporation
Leadership
Cllr Abid Latif Chohan, Labour
since 15 May 2019
Leader of the Council
Leader of the Opposition
Cllr John Leech, Liberal Democrats
since April 2017
Chief executive
Structure
Seats96 councillors
Manchester City Council composition
Political groups
Administration
     Labour (92)
Opposition
     Liberal Democrats (3)
Other
     Independent (1)
Joint committees
Greater Manchester Combined Authority
Greater Manchester Police and Crime Panel
Elections
First past the post
Last election
2019 (one third of councillors)
2018 (all councillors due to boundary changes)
2016 (one third of councillors)
Next election
2020 (one third of councillors)
2022 (one third of councillors)
2023 (one third of councillors)
Motto
Concilio et Labore
Meeting place
Manchester town hall.jpg
Manchester Town Hall, Albert Square, Manchester
Website
http://www.manchester.gov.uk

Manchester City Council is the local government authority for Manchester, a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. It is composed of 96 councillors, three for each of the 32 electoral wards of Manchester; the council is controlled by the Labour Party and led by Sir Richard Leese. The opposition is formed by the Liberal Democrats and led by former Manchester Withington MP John Leech. Joanne Roney is the chief executive. Many of the council's staff are based at Manchester Town Hall.

History[edit]

Manchester was incorporated in 1838 under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 as the Corporation of Manchester or Manchester Corporation, it achieved city status in 1853, only the second such grant since the Reformation. The area included in the city has been increased many times, in 1885 (Bradford, Harpurhey and Rusholme), 1890 (Blackley, Crumpsall, part of Droylsden, Kirkmanshulme, Moston, Newton Heath, Openshaw, and West Gorton), 1903 (Heaton), 1904 (Burnage, Chorlton cum Hardy, Didsbury, and Moss Side), 1909 (Gorton, and Levenshulme), 1931 (Wythenshawe: Baguley, Northenden, and Northen Etchells), and Ringway in 1974. A new Town Hall was opened in 1877 (by Alderman Abel Heywood) and the Mayor of Manchester was granted the title of Lord Mayor in 1893.[1]

Under the Local Government Act 1972 the council was reconstituted as a metropolitan borough council in 1974, and since then it has been controlled by the Labour Party. In 1980, Manchester was the first council to declare itself a nuclear-free zone. In 1984 it formed an equal opportunities unit as part of its opposition to Section 28.[2]

Political make-up[edit]

Elections are usually by thirds (a third of the seats elected, three years in every four), although the 2018 and 2004 elections saw all seats contested due to substantial boundary changes. Labour has controlled a majority of seats in every election since the council was reconstituted. Between 2014 and 2016 Labour occupied every seat with no opposition.[3] In the local elections held on 5 May 2016, former Manchester Withington MP, John Leech, was elected with 53% of the vote signifying the first gain for any party other than Labour for the first time in six years in Manchester and providing an opposition for the first time in two years.[4] On 7 March 2017, it was reported that City Centre Councillor Kevin Peel had been suspended from the Manchester Labour group after reports of bullying, he sat as an independent, still taking the Labour Group whip until he rejoined Labour.[5] On 24 July 2019 it was reported that Majid Dar (Ancoats and Beswick) had been suspended by the Labour party.[6]

Year Labour Lib Dems Green Conservative Independent
Current 92 3 0 0 1
2019 93 3 0 0 0
2018 94 2 0 0 0
2016 95 1 0 0 0
2015 96 0 0 0 0
2014 96 0 0 0 0
2012 86 9 0 0 1
2011 75 20 0 0 1
2010 62 31 0 1 2
2008 61 34 0 1 0
2007 61 34 1 0 0
2006 62 33 1 0 0
2004 57 38 1 0 0
2003 71 27 1 0 0
2002 76 22 0 0 1
2000 78 21 0 0 0
1999 82 17 0 0 0
1998 84 15 0 0 0
1996 84 15 0 0 0
1995 83 14 0 2 0
1994 79 15 0 4 1
1992 80 12 0 2 2
1991 85 9 0 5 0
1990 78 9 0 12 0
1987 77 9 0 13 0

Coat of arms[edit]

Gules, three bendlets enhanced Or; a chief argent, thereon on waves of the sea a ship under sail proper. On a wreath of colours, a terrestrial globe semée of bees volant, all proper. On the dexter side a heraldic antelope argent, attired, and chain reflexed over the back Or, and on the sinister side a lion guardant Or, murally crowned Gules; each charged on the shoulder with a rose of the last. Motto: "Concilio et Labore"

A coat of arms was granted to the Manchester Corporation in 1842, passing on to Manchester City Council when the borough of Manchester was granted the title of city in 1853.[7]

  • The Shield: red (Gules) with three gold (Or) bands drawn diagonally across to the right hand side.
  • The Chief (the white (Argent) top segment): shows a ship at sea in full sail. This is a reference to the city's trading base.
  • The Crest: On a multicoloured wreath stands a terrestrial globe, signifying Manchester's world trade, and covered by a swarm of flying bees. The bee was adopted in the 19th century as a symbol of industrial Manchester being the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.
  • The Supporters: On the left, a heraldic antelope with a chain attached to a gold (Or) collar, representing engineering industries, and hanging at the shoulder, the red rose of Lancashire, reflecting Manchester's historic position in Lancashire. On the right, a golden lion stands guardant (facing us), crowned with a red (Gules) castle (a reference to the Roman fort at Castlefield from which the city originated); the lion also wears the Red Rose of Lancashire.
  • Motto: Concilio et Labore, loosely translated "By wisdom and effort" (or "By counsel and hard work").

In 1954 the Manchester Corporation successfully took the Manchester Palace of Varieties to court for improperly using the Corporation's arms in its internal decoration and its company seal; the case of Manchester Corporation v Manchester Palace of Varieties Ltd;[8] was the first sitting of the Court of Chivalry for two hundred years, and it has not sat since.[9]

In April 2013, Manchester City Council threatened to take legal action against The Manchester Gazette, for its use of the City's coat of arms on their website; the News Outlet claimed it already gained permission and continued to use it for a further 8 months in spite of the warnings. Withington MP John Leech said the town hall's latest move a ‘massive over-reaction and waste of money’, adding: "Have the council’s legal department got nothing better to do?"[10][11]

Controversy[edit]

On 29 March 2001, a Labour councillor resigned after allegations of housing benefit fraud; the Manchester Evening News reported that Andy Harland, who represented Beswick and Clayton for over three years and served on the city's "executive committee, quit" after failing "to declare a portion of income that relates to a housing benefit claim."[12] A by-election was held later that year. Harland was elected in 2018 to represent Clayton and Openshaw.

On 14 April 2010 the BBC reported that council leader Richard Leese had stood down temporarily from his post as leader of Manchester City Council after having been arrested on suspicion of the common assault of his 16-year-old stepdaughter, he was released after accepting a police caution and admitting striking his stepdaughter across the face.[13][14]

On 7 March 2017, it was reported that City Centre Councillor Kevin Peel had been suspended from the Manchester Labour group after reports of bullying, he sat as an independent, still taking the Labour Group whip until he rejoined Labour.[15] He did not stand in the following election.[16]

On 9 April 2018, it was reported that the Labour Party had received formal complaints about Chris Paul, Labour councillor for Withington since 2011. There were social media comments describing women as "cows", "slobs" and "bitches", and inciting violence against women.[17] Greater Manchester Police, The Labour Party and Manchester City Council all launched investigations and Paul eventually apologised. Paul was re-elected in Withington ward with a reduced majority, beating Lib Dem candidate April Preston.[18][19] Manchester Council bosses banned elected opposition members from asking questions about Paul and on 18 July 2018, more than three months after initial reports surfaced, The Sun newspaper reported that Paul was still under investigation, it also revealed that Manchester Withington MP Jeff Smith posted a selfie photograph with the councillor on Twitter which was met negatively by some locals.[20]

On 12 February 2019, an 'enormous political row' [21] erupted after Manchester Council announced it was consulting the public on a new Public Spare Protection Order which, among other things, targeted ‘aggressive’ begging and rough sleepers who pitch tents or sleep in doorways;[22] the council's opposition leader, and former Lib Dem MP, John Leech, sparked further controversy when he tweeted that the potential council policy which was still out for public consultation was "absolute crap".[23] When asked to clarify his comments by local media, Leech refused to apologise and instead went on to describe the policy as "social cleansing", promising his party would "oppose it until the end of time." [24] Twitter users dubbed the controversy #CrapGate.[25] Labour Deputy Council Leader and City Centre councillor Sam Wheeler both defended the policy claiming the intention is only to target those caught 'aggressively begging'.

On 8 March 2019, at a routine council budget meeting, an extraordinary row erupted before proceedings began;[26] the argument was prompted by a sign put up by Labour above the Lord Mayor's chair at the front of the council chamber, reading ‘10 Years of Tory And Lib Dem Cuts’. When the Lib Dem leader John Leech entered the chamber, he took down the message – prompting senior Labour Councillor Pat Karney to ‘thunder’ across the chamber,[27] he began ‘screaming’ and ‘shouting’ and Leech and told him to hand over the laminated A4 pieces of paper at least 11 times.[28] Reports claim Leech remained quiet in his seat whilst Karney ‘aggressively shouted’ at him whilst ‘standing intimidatingly over him’. A statement from the Lib Dems after said they had reported the events and didn't tolerate bullying, intimidation or abuse.[29]

On 15 April 2019, The Times uncovered a number of offensive tweets from Fallowfield Labour councillor Jade Doswell.[30] Doswell had tweeted that she was a "little bit sick in my mouth" at the sight of an Israeli flag and claimed the flag was 'offensive' and provocative’,[31] she apologised on a private Facebook post.[32]

On 25 July 2019, it was reported that councillor Majid Dar had shared Facebook comparing justifications made by the Nazis for the slaughter of Jews during the Holocaust with those made by Israel's army for its actions in Gaza. Another post stated that Zionism ‘keeps changing direction like a snake’, whilst replies to one of his other comments included ‘Kill all the Jews PERIOD’ and ‘Israel needs to stop existing’.[33][34]

On 2 October 2019, during a full council meeting, Liberal Democrat opposition councillor Richard Kilpatrick was questioning council leader Richard Leese on the council's preparations for schools and hospitals in the event of a no-deal Brexit. In his first response to the questioning, Leese said that the Liberal Democrats were deliberately trying to stop Brexit, referencing their new 'Revoke and Remain' policy; this prompted Kilpatrick's followup question to admit this was the case and said Leese should "bite the bullet and vote Lib Dem at the next election". Leese responded: “I’d need a bullet in the brain to do that! Come on!” The comments immediately attracted criticism. Former Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron MP told Politics Home he thought the comments were “unhelpful and divisive.” A spokesperson for the Liberal Democrats claimed his comments “trivialised gun violence” and questioned his position as council leader. [35]

Prominent individuals[edit]

Leaders[edit]

Year Leader Party
1982-1984 Bill Egerton Labour
1984-1996 Graham Stringer Labour
1996- Sir Richard Leese Labour

Leaders of the Opposition[edit]

Year Leader Party Notes
1973-1990 Harold Tucker Conservative Tucker was Lord Mayor of Manchester from 1984-1985.
1991-1997 James Ashley Liberal Democrat James Ashley was Lord Mayor of Manchester from 17 May 2006 to 12 August 2006. He died in office at age 66.
1997-2011 Simon Ashley Liberal Democrat
2011-2014 Simon Wheale Liberal Democrat
2014-2018 Vacant N/A Labour held 96/96 seats 2014-2016, John Leech was the sole opposition member from 2016-18.
2018- John Leech Liberal Democrat John Leech was Deputy Leader of the Opposition 1998-2005, MP for Manchester Withington 2005-15.

City treasurer[edit]

  • Carol Culley (2015-)[36]

Town clerk[edit]

Chief executive[edit]

Wards[edit]

Wards within Manchester City Council
Blackley and Broughton Manchester Gorton Wythenshawe and Sale East
Manchester Central Manchester Withington

Councillors[edit]

Each ward is represented by three councillors.[39]

Parliamentary constituency Ward Councillor Party Term of office
Blackley and Broughton
constituency
Charlestown Basil Curley Labour 2019-23
Hannah Priest Labour 2018-20
Veronica Kirkpatrick Labour 2018-22
Cheetham Shazia Butt Labour 2019-23
Shaukat Ali Labour 2018-20
Naeem-Ul Hassam Labour 2018-22
Crumpsall Fiaz Riasat Labour 2019-23
Nasrin Ali Labour 2018-20
Richard Leese Labour 2018-22
Harpurhey Pat Karney Labour 2019-23
Joanne Green Labour 2018-20
Sandra Collins Labour 2018-22
Higher Blackley Paula Sadler Labour 2019-23
Shelley Lanchbury Labour 2018-20
John Farrell Labour 2018-22
Manchester Central
constituency
Ancoats and Beswick Mohammed Majid Dar Independent 2019-23
Emma Taylor Labour 2018-20
Rosa Battle Labour 2018-22
Ardwick Amna Abdullatif Labour 2019-23
Bernard Priest Labour 2018-20
Tina Hewitson Labour 2018-22
Clayton and Openshaw Sean McHale Labour 2019-23
Donna Ludford Labour 2018-20
Andy Harland Labour 2018-22
Deansgate William Jeavons Labour 2019-23
Marcus Johns Labour 2018-20
Joan Davies Labour 2018-22
Hulme Annette Wright Labour 2019-23
Nigel Murphy Labour 2018-20
Lee-Ann Igbon Labour 2018-22
Miles Platting and Newton Heath John Flanagan Labour 2019-23
June Hitchin Labour 2018-20
Carmine Grimshaw Labour 2018-22
Moss Side Mahadi Hussein Sharif Mahamed Labour 2019-23
Emily Rowles Labour 2018-20
Sameen Ali Labour 2018-22
Moston Yasmine Dar Labour 2019-23
Carl Ollerhead Labour 2018-20
Paula Appleby Labour 2018-22
Piccadilly Sam Wheeler Labour 2019-23
Jon-Connor Lyons Labour 2018-20
Adele Douglas Labour 2018-22
Manchester Gorton
constituency
Fallowfield Jade Doswell Labour 2019-23
Zahra Alijah Labour 2018-20
Ali R. Ilyas Labour 2019-22
Gorton and Abbey Hey Afia Kamal Labour 2019-23
Julie Reid Labour 2018-20
Louis Hughes Labour 2018-22
Levenshulme Basat Sheikh Labour 2019-23
Bernard Stone Labour 2018-20
Dzidra Noor Labour 2018-22
Longsight Suzanne Richards Labour 2019-23
Luthfur Rahman Labour 2018-20
Abid Chohan Labour 2018-22
Rusholme Ahmed Ali Labour 2019-23
Jill Lovecy Labour 2018-20
Rabnawaz Akbar Labour 2018-22
Whalley Range Angeliki Stogia Labour Co-op 2019-23
Mary Watson Labour 2018-20
Aftab Razaq Labour 2018-22
Manchester Withington
constituency
Burnage Azra Ali Labour 2019-23
Bev Craig Labour 2018-20
Ben Clay Labour 2018-22
Chorlton Matt Strong Labour 2019-23
Eve Holt Labour 2018-20
John Hacking Labour 2018-22
Chorlton Park Dave Rawson Labour 2019-23
Mandie Shilton-Goodwin Labour 2018-20
Joanna Midgley Labour 2018-22
Didsbury East James Wilson Labour Co-op 2019-23
Kelly Simcock Labour 2018-20
Andrew Simcock Labour 2018-22
Didsbury West Greg Stanton Liberal Democrat 2019-23
Richard Kilpatrick Liberal Democrat 2018-20
John Leech Liberal Democrat 2018-22
Old Moat Garry Bridges Labour 2019-23
Gavin White Labour 2018-20
Suzannah Reeves Labour 2018-22
Withington Becky Chambers Labour 2019-23
Chris Wills Labour Co-op 2018-20
Rebecca Moore Labour 2018-22
Wythenshawe and Sale East
constituency
Baguley Luke Raikes Labour 2019-23
Tracy Rawlins Labour Co-op 2018-20
Paul Andrews Labour Co-op 2018-22
Brooklands Sue Murphy Labour 2019-23
Glynn Evans Labour 2018-20
Sue Cooley Labour 2018-22
Northenden Sarah Russell Labour 2019-23
Sam Lynch Labour 2018-20
Mary Monaghan Labour 2018-22
Sharston Tim Whiston Labour Co-op 2019-23
Maddy Monaghan Labour 2018-20
Tommy Judge Labour Co-op 2018-22
Woodhouse Park Edward Newman Labour 2019-23
Brian O'Neil Labour 2018-20
Sarah Judge Labour 2018-22

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Frangopulo, Nicholas J. (1969). Rich inheritance: a guide to the history of Manchester. Wakefield: S.R. Publishers. pp. 59–72. ISBN 9780854095506. Reprinted by Manchester Education Committee (1962).
  2. ^ Citations:
  3. ^ Staff writer (8 May 2015). "Election 2015: Labour gains total control of Manchester City Council". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  4. ^ Fitzgerald, Todd (6 May 2016). "Manchester local election results 2016: John Leech ends Labour's total grip on the town hall". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  5. ^ Staff writer (7 March 2017). "Councillor kevin Peel suspended from Manchester Council's Labour group". Manchester Gazette. Archived from the original on 8 March 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  6. ^ Williams, Jennifer (24 July 2019). "Manchester councillor suspended amid anti-semitism investigation". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  7. ^ Frangopulo, Nicholas J. (1969). Rich inheritance: a guide to the history of Manchester. Wakefield: S.R. Publishers. p. 59. ISBN 9780854095506. p. II (note by W. H. Shercliff) Reprinted by Manchester Education Committee (1962).
  8. ^ Manchester Corporation v Manchester Palace of Varieties Ltd, P 133; [1955] 1 All ER 387
  9. ^ Squibb, G. D. (1997) [1959]. The High Court of Chivalry: a study of the civil law in England. Oxford New York: Clarendon Press Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198251408.
  10. ^ Williams, Jennifer (30 April 2013). "Manchester council threat to sue website over coat of arms". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  11. ^ News Desk (17 October 2013). "New website header". Manchester Gazette. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  12. ^ "Taxi Driver Online • View topic - Councillor Damien O'connor another corrupt reprobate". www.taxi-driver.co.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Manchester City Council leader steps down after assault". BBC News. 14 April 2010.
  14. ^ Carter, Helen (14 April 2010). "Manchester council leader Richard Leese cautioned over stepdaughter assault". The Guardian. London.
  15. ^ "Councillor Kevin Peel suspended from Manchester Labour Group - WriteYou - the Social Newspaper". www.writeyou.co.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  16. ^ "We need to talk about Kevin (Peel). | Shamballa By Sara". shamballabysara.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  17. ^ Williams, Jennifer (9 April 2018). "Labour councillor seeking re-election apologises for sweary and abusive posts on Twitter". men. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  18. ^ Williams, Jennifer (9 April 2018). "Labour councillor seeking re-election apologises for sweary and abusive posts on Twitter". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  19. ^ News Desk (9 April 2018). "Calls for disgraced Labour councillor to stand down amid flurry of online abuse". Manchester Gazette. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Labour politician refuses to quit despite calling women 'b***h', 'cow' and 'c***' in misogynistic hate campaign online". The Sun. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  21. ^ "Manchester launches Housing First scheme as rough sleeping row erupts". The Big Issue. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  22. ^ Williams, Jennifer (12 February 2019). "'Aggressive' begging and public urination could soon be punished with £100 fines". men. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  23. ^ Leech, John (12 February 2019). "I want to be absolutely crystal clear; Liberal Democrat councillors in Manchester will oppose this crap until the end of time". twitter.com. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Council policy branded "crap" by Manchester Lib Dem leader". manchestergazette.co.uk. 12 February 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  25. ^ Premier (14 February 2019). "Controversy over fines on rough sleepers in Manchester". Premier. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  26. ^ Williams, Jennifer (8 March 2019). "Manchester council meeting kicks off with blazing row over 'Lib Dem cuts' poster". men. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  27. ^ "Jennifer Williams (@JenWilliamsMEN) - Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  28. ^ Barlow, Nigel (8 March 2019). "Karnage at the council budget meeting". aboutmanchester.co.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Senior Manchester councillor branded a 'bully' after tumultuous council meeting". manchestergazette.co.uk. 8 March 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  30. ^ Henry Zeffman, Kate Devlin (15 April 2019). "Labour antisemitism: Israeli flag made party candidate 'feel sick'". Retrieved 19 April 2019 – via www.thetimes.co.uk.
  31. ^ Reporter, Jewish News. "Labour candidate 'sorry' for saying sight of Israeli flag made her 'feel sick'". jewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  32. ^ https://www.thejc.com/news/uk-news/labour-candidate-jade-doswell-apologises-for-comments-saying-israeli-flag-made-her-feel-sick-1.483052
  33. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-49113927
  34. ^ https://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/manchester-councillor-suspended-amid-anti-16639467
  35. ^ https://manchestergazette.co.uk/labour-leader-id-need-a-bullet-in-the-brain-before-i-vote-lib-dem
  36. ^ Editor (21 June 2012). "Richard Paver on cuts, borrowing and derivatives". Room 151 – Local Government Treasury, Technical & Strategic Finance. Longview Productions Ltd. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  37. ^ Asa Briggs, Victorian Cities, University of California Press, 1965, p. 238
  38. ^ "Dingle, Sir Philip (Burrington)". Oxford Biography Index.
  39. ^ "All councillors". Manchester City Council. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 6 January 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • McKechnie, H. M. (ed.) (1915) Manchester in Nineteen Hundred and Fifteen. Manchester U. P.; "Undertakings of the City Council; Social Amelioration in Manchester; Elementary Education in Manchester; Secondary Schools in Manchester; The Evening School System of Manchester", by E. D. Simon, et al.
  • Manchester City Council. "Concilio et Labore" Series. No. 1-11. (Each pamphlet describes part of the council's work, e.g. no. 4: the City Treasurer.
  • Redford, Arthur (1939) The History of City Government in Manchester; Vol. 2 & 3: Borough and City; The Last Half Century.
  • Simon, Ernest D. (1926) A City Council from Within. London: Longmans, Green
  • Simon, Shena D. (1938) A Century of City Government: Manchester 1838–1938. London: G. Allen & Unwin
  • Tomlinson, H. E. (1943) "The Heraldry of Manchester" in: Bulletin of the John Rylands Library; vol. XXVIII, pp. 207–27

External links[edit]