The Manchester Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1958. The regiment was created during the 1881 Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 63rd Regiment of Foot and the 96th Regiment of Foot as the 1st and 2nd battalions. After distinguished service in both World War I and World War II, the Manchester Regiment was amalgamated with the King's Regiment in 1958, to form the King's Regiment, which was, in 2006, amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. Between the 1860s and 1880s, the British Army underwent a period of reform implemented by Edward Cardwell and Hugh Childers. Single-battalion regiments were amalgamated and regiments were affiliated with a geographical area; the Manchester Regiment came into being on 1 July 1881 by the union of the 63rd and 96th Regiments of Foot. They had been linked in 1873 by their allocation to the 16th Sub-district Brigade Depot in Ashton-under-Lyne, near to Manchester.
The 2nd Battalion, as the 96th Foot, had been raised in the town of Manchester in 1824. Eight additional battalions were gained through the incorporation of the 6th Royal Lancashire Militia and rifle corps units from Lancashire; the 1st Battalion was deployed to Egypt to take part in the Anglo-Egyptian War in 1882 and was deployed to Gibraltar in 1897. The 2nd Battalion was based in India from 1882 to 1897 and saw action on the North-West Frontier before departing for Aden. Amidst growing tension between Boers and the British in the Transvaal, the 1st Manchester shipped to South Africa in September 1899; the battalion arrived in Durban, Natal Colony in early October, was soon afterwards moved to Ladysmith. The war began on 11 October with a Boer invasion of the colony. After Boer forces captured Elandslaagte railway station, the Manchesters had four companies sent by armoured train to Modderspruit. While disembarking there, the Manchesters and accompanying Imperial Light Horse came under ineffectual artillery fire.
The 1st Manchesters, along with the Gordon Highlanders and the Imperial Light Horse, took part in the subsequent assault. The fighting was heavy, with the Boers pouring accurate fire into the advancing British troops. Under heavy fire, the battalion halted its advance; the Manchester became the main vanguard of the frontal assault, having been tasked with a left-flank attack on the Boer hills. Once the battalion closed in, the Boers withdrew to their main line of defence. On 2 November, Boer forces isolated the town of Ladysmith, beginning a 118-day siege. On 6 January 1900, a contingent of 16 soldiers of the 1st Manchesters came under attack at Wagon Hill, near to Caeser's Camp. Against superior numbers, the detachment held its position for 15 hours. Only two survived, Privates Pitts and Scott, who had continued to hold out for many hours when the others had been killed. Both received the Victoria Cross for their actions. By 28 February, Ladysmith had been relieved by a force under the command of General Redvers Buller.
In April, the 2nd Manchesters arrived in Natal as reinforcements. Both battalions participated in the offensive that followed the relieving of Ladysmith and Mafeking. After the fall of Bloemfontein and Pretoria, the Boer commandos transitioned to guerrilla warfare; the 2nd Manchesters operated in the Orange Free State, searching farms and burning those suspected of housing commandos. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging in May 1902; the 2nd battalion stayed in South Africa throughout the war. Four months 340 officers and men of the battalion left Cape Town on the SS Michigan in late September 1902, arriving at Southampton in late October, when they were posted to Aldershot; when the war in South Africa proved more resilient than predicted, a number of regiments containing large centres of population formed additional regular battalions. The Manchester Regiment formed the 3rd and 4th regular Battalions in February 1900, at which time the militia battalions were relabeled as the 5th and 6th battalions.
The 3rd Battalion was stationed in Saint Helena and South Africa from August 1902, while the 4th Battalion was stationed in Cork. In 1906, the 3rd and 4th battalions both returned to the United Kingdom; the 5th battalion was embodied in May 1900, disembodied in October that year, re-embodied in May 1901 for service in South Africa, for which it embarked the following month. More than 800 officers and men returned to Southampton following the end of the war; the 6th battalion was embodied in May 1900, disembodied in October that year, re-embodied for service in South Africa. More than 640 officers and men returned to Southampton by the SS Guelph in October 1902, following the end of the war, was disbanded at the Ashton barracks. In 1908, the Volunteers and Militia were reorganised nationally, with the former becoming the Territorial Force and the latter the Special Reserve. On the outbreak of war, the 1st battalion was part of the 8th Brigade of the 3rd Indian Division, while the 2nd battalion was part of the 14th Brigade, 5th Division.
Terry L. Fields is a Democratic politician who served as a member of the Florida House of Representatives from 2000 to 2008, representing the 14th District, which included parts of downtown Jacksonville in western Duval County, he is a candidate for the Florida House in 2016. Fields was born in Jacksonville and attended Florida A&M University, graduating with his bachelor's degree in education in 1981, completing graduate work at Florida State University. While working as an executive assistant for the International Longshoreman's Association Local 1408, he was elected to the Jacksonville Civil Service Board in 1983, served until 1991. In 1991, Fields ran for the Jacksonville City Council in the 7th District, joining pharmacist Phillip Brown in challenging incumbent City Councilwoman Sandra Darling in the Democratic primary. Fields defeated Darling in the first primary election, winning 54% of the vote to her 42% and Brown's 4%, he was elected unopposed in the general election, he ran for re-election in 1995.
In 2000, incumbent State Representative Tony Hill was unable to seek re-election due to term limits. Fields ran to succeed him in the 14th District, faced attorney Al Barlow in the Democratic primary, he campaigned on his political experience, noting that, due to term limits, the Jacksonville area would no longer have experienced legislators in Tallahassee. During the campaign and Barlow agreed on the necessity to improve public education and to make prescription drugs affordable. Fields ended up defeating Barlow by a wide margin, receiving 56% of the vote to Barlow's 44%, he was re-elected without opposition in 2002 and 2004. Fields was challenged in the Democratic primary in 2006 by Reginald Brown, the Director of Project Reach, a local community group that provided parenting and tutoring workshops. Brown campaigned on improving living conditions within the district, argued that Fields might not be "the people's choice" because he was unopposed for the preceding two elections. Fields, campaigned on his legislative record of fighting for workers rights, expanding health insurance, improving economic development.
Fields defeated Brown in a landslide, winning 66% of the vote to Brown's 34%, advanced to the general election, where he faced Republican nominee Donald Foy, an anti-crime activist. Foy attacked Fields for not spending enough time in the district, though Fields noted that spending time in the legislature benefited the district by forcing the legislature to keep their interests in mind. Owing to the liberal nature of the district, Fields overwhelmingly defeated Foy, receiving 67% of the vote to Foy's 33%. Following Alvin Brown's successful 2011 campaign for Mayor of Jacksonville, State Senator Tony Hill resigned from the legislature to serve in Brown's administration, prompting a special election. Fields ran to succeed Hill in the 1st District, which stretched from Jacksonville to Daytona Beach, including parts of Duval, Putnam, St. Johns, Volusia Counties. In the Democratic primary, Fields faced fellow former State Representative Audrey Gibson, Ramon Day, Leandrew Mills. During the election, Fields campaigned on his support for increased school choice and improving water quality in St. Augustine.
Fields was attacked by a third-party group supporting Gibson for having an improper property tax exemption, accusing him of supporting a "double standard for politicians." As the campaign came to a close, Fields was endorsed by the Florida Police Benevolent Association, while Gibson was endorsed by former Florida Chief Financial Officer Alex Sink, the 2010 Democratic nominee for Governor. Gibson was endorsed by the Florida Times-Union, which praised her for experience, wisdom, "ability to work across the aisle to build alliances," while criticizing Fields, that "his list of accomplishments is less than stellar for so many years of service." Despite the contentious nature of the election, Gibson defeated Fields by a wide margin, winning 62% of the vote to his 32%, Day's 4%, Mills' 3%. When incumbent City Councilwoman Denise Lee was unable to seek re-election due to term limits, Fields ran to succeed her in the 8th District, he faced Katrina Brown, former City Councilwoman Pat Lockett-Felder, Lynn Sherman, James M. Breaker in the primary election.
Fields campaigned on his support for creating public-private partnerships to provide residents with job training and employment opportunities, for continuing the district's blight reduction program, for the passage of a citywide human rights ordinance to prevent discrimination against members of the LGBT community. Fields was endorsed by the Jacksonville Association of Firefighters, the Northeast Florida LGBT Leadership PAC, the Northeast Florida Association of Relators, he was supported by Equality Florida for his endorsement of the human rights ordinance. Despite his fundraising lead over his opponents, Fields narrowly lost the chance to make it to a runoff election, receiving 24% of the vote to Brown's 30% and Lockett-Felder's 25%. In 2015, Fields announced that he would run for the Florida House of Representatives in the 14th District in 2016, which includes much of the district that Fields represented in the legislature, he will face former Florida Elections Commissioner Leslie Jean-Bart and former Jacksonville City Councilwoman Kim Daniels in the Democratic primary.
Florida House of Representatives - Terry L. Fields
The Coeur d'Alene War of 1858 known as the Spokane-Coeur d'Alene-Pend d'oreille-Paloos War, was the second phase of the Yakima War, involving a series of encounters between the allied Native American tribes of the Skitswish, Spokane and Northern Paiute against United States Army forces in Washington and Idaho. In May 1858 a combined force of about 1,000 Skitswish and Palouse attacked and defeated a force of 164 American troops under Colonel Edward Steptoe at the Battle of Pine Creek. A larger force of 601 men under Colonel George Wright was sent to subdue the tribes. On September 1, 1858 Wright's troops defeated the allied tribes at the Battle of Four Lakes and four days he defeated another Indian force, in the meanwhile joined by the Kalispell too, in the Battle of Spokane Plains. After the Four Lakes battle, the army hanged seventeen Palouse along Latah Creek, called Hangman Creek as a result, though the name has reverted to Latah Creek in the State of Washington. In Idaho, the stream is still named Hangman Creek.
Among the hanged was a chief named Qualchan of the Yakima. Isaac Stevens, who became the Governor of Washington Territory in 1853, promoted the idea of a transcontinental railroad to the Pacific Northwest to transport the raw materials found in the region to the East. In 1851, Stevens had negotiated a series of treaties with many of the tribes in the area, with the aim of moving the Native Americans to reservations so that settlers could begin moving into the Northwest and begin railway and road building; the treaties promised the Indian tribes annuities in return and guaranteed that the US would prevent whites from trespassing on their allotted lands. The Skitswish Indians, attempted to stay out of negotiations with Stevens, hoping they could retain their ancestral lands and not be moved; the discovery of gold on the upper Columbia River drainage in the summer of 1855 brought a large influx of miners into the area, trespassing on the land, promised to many of the tribes in the area, including the Yakima.
This violation angered the tribes who felt that the promises, made to them by the United States government were not being honored. This led to a retaliation through the murder of the Indian agent for that area, thereby inciting the Yakima War; the local tribes were defeated, Stevens held a peace council at Fort Walla Walla in September 1856 that brought an end to the Yakima War. In 1857, Isaac Stevens was elected as the Washington territorial delegate to Congress, causing him to leave the territory, his departure angered the tribes. The Skitwish, seeing that white settlement in the area was inevitable, feared that without a treaty, they would lose the rights to their ancestral lands and therefore have no protection against the encroaching white settlers; when the settlers did begin moving onto tribal lands, there were strong tensions between the white miners and the tribes, which caused small skirmishes that raised the tribes' fears of United States military intervention. A Yakima Chief, disgruntled following the loss of the Yakima War to the U.
S. Army, gathered the Colville, the Skitswish, the Columbia River, the Kalispel tribes at a council in order to convince the tribes that the white man was encroaching on their lands and that they needed to defend them; the Skitswish and other tribes subsequently held a council discussing their concerns that the army would invade their territory as a result of the growing tensions. A line was drawn at the Snake River, agreeing that if the army crossed it, they would have crossed into the Indians' territory, this would be considered a hostile action; the Skitswish tribe was split in their feelings toward war, while the Kalispell allies, old war-chief Big Canoe and younger war-chief Spotted Coyote, were ready but not longing to fight anyway. The Skitswish tribal leaders did not want war if not necessary to defend their people against an attack, fearing that the consequences to their people would be devastating, while the younger warriors, led by Melkapsi, were angry and wanted to fight. Due to a miner's a death in Colville, committed by unknown Indians in early 1858, Colonel Edward Steptoe received orders to lead an expedition to the area to show the strength of the U.
S. Army to convince the Indians to turn in those, he left Fort Walla Walla in May 1858 to head for the Colville area and planned to cut through the Skitswish and Spokane territories. However, the troops that Steptoe brought numbered only 159, they were poorly armed. Steptoe expected cooperation from the Nez Perce and Spokanes since in the past they had given him boats and men at the Snake River, the main barrier to reaching Colville. Therefore, in their attempts to reach Colville, Steptoe crossed the Snake River, unaided however, the assigned line of hostility, sparking the tribes' belief that the army was going to engage them; the Skitswish, the Palouse led by chief Tilcoax, the Spokane, some of the Yakima gathered in preparation of a fight. Chief Vincent of the Skitswish demanded Steptoe's reason for his trespass, he responded that they were on their way to Colville. Vincent returned to his camp to try and calm down the young warriors who were intent on fighting, while Steptoe attempted to return to Fort Walla Walla.
Steptoe's journey, was interrupted by the Indian leaders, who asked him to return to meet with them. The meeting ended with a handshake and
José Gómez-Sicre was a noted Cuban lawyer, art critic and author. Dr. Gómez-Sicre graduated from the University of Havana in 1941 with degrees in Consular Law and Politics, took courses in art history at New York University and Columbia University. Although he was a lawyer by trade, his professional career was spent working promoting Latin American artists and their art for 50 years. Gómez-Sicre was a critic and writer, publishing numerous reports and articles on Latin American artists. Most Gómez-Sicre provided Latin American artists with an introduction to the audience in the United States and the world. José Gómez-Sicre's involvement in the world of art began early. In the 1940s, he was responsible for organizing exhibitions of Cuban art that traveled to various Latin American countries in his position as Director of Exhibits of the Institución Hispanocubana de Cultura. In 1944, he served as an advisor to Alfred H. Barr, Jr. of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, putting together an exhibition of Cuban paintings that traveled across the United States for the next two years.
Gómez-Sicre began his influential work for the Pan-American Union's Visual Arts Unit in 1946 as a Specialist (the Pan-American Union became the Organization of American States, OAS, in 1948. In 1948, Gómez-Sicre was promoted to the position of Chief in the Visual Arts Unit and remained in that post until 1976. Under his leadership, the Visual Arts Unit began to collect works of Latin American art beginning in 1957 with financial support of O. A. S. instead of relying on donations. Gómez-Sicre served as editor for Boletin de Artes Visuales, an illustrated documentation of exhibitions throughout North America, which published from 1957-1973; the Art Museum of the Americas was established in 1976 by the O. A. S. Permanent Council and Gómez-Sicre served as its director. José Gómez-Sicre published many books, both for O. A. S. and on his own, some which include: Mario Carreño, Cuban Painting Today, Spanish Master Drawings XV to XVIII Centuries, Four Artists of the Americas, Guide to Public Collections in Latin America, Leonardo Nierman, Jose Luis Cuevas: Self-Portrait with Model.
He wrote and co-directed the scripts of more than twelve films on art in Latin America for the O. A. S. Articles he wrote appeared in publications like Norte, Art News, Art in America, Art International, Le Connoiseur, Social Education, L’oeil, Boulletin of the Dade, Lampara, Hombre de Mundo, Miami Replicas. Dr. Gómez-Sicre was the son of Guillermina Sicre, his mother was a significant presence in his life, living with him in Washington D. C. until she died in 1974. In 1951, he married Lucila Ballerin, but divorced her in 1955, his nephew is a lawyer and writer and a collector of art, Clemente Guillermo Gomez-Rodriguez. His personal and professional papers repository is at the Benson Latin American Collection, at the University of Texas at Austin. University of Texas at Austin
John Wilkinson is an English independent scientist specialising in organic chemistry, phytochemistry and synergism in botanical medicines, botanical foods and ecological biochemistry, who led the first European degree course for herbal medicine, at Middlesex University in the United Kingdom in 1994. Wilkinson was born in Croydon, Surrey, UK, from a working-class background. By the time he was 12 years old he still does to this day, he was inspired and encouraged by Dr Phillips, a gifted science teacher at Stanley Technical High School, to pursue his dream of becoming a chemist when he demonstrated that he knew the answers to "A level" chemistry exams and above despite being only 14 years of age. He was inspired by a chemistry teacher, Mr Neil Miller at Croydon College, went on to study Chemistry – by – thesis at Sussex University where he undertook a three-year research programme, remarkably as an undergraduate, on the chemistry of bioluminescence under the supervision of Professor Frank McCapra.
From 1985 to 1987, Wilkinson worked for Wellcome Research Laboratories and Beecham in the area of drug discovery. He was one of the first graduate scientists to be given 20% of his work time to develop his own research ideas. Wilkinson was awarded a Science and Engineering Research Council Instant award, later funded by ICI and obtained his PhD from Imperial College London working with Professor William Motherwell. Wilkinson was awarded the prestigious SERC-NATO post-doctoral fellowship to work with the Nobel Prize–winning Professor George Olah in Los Angeles, where he worked on, among other things, natural products chemistry, organic chemistry and Buckminsterfullerenes. Following his post-doctoral work in the United States, Wilkinson returned to the UK and became a visiting Research Fellow in Phytochemistry at the University of Exeter in 1993, with Professor Stan Roberts, was a visiting lecturer at The School of Phytotherapy in East Sussex with the eminent medical herbalist and scientist, Hein Zeylstra.
He was an academic as senior lecturer in phytochemistry and pharmacognosy from 1994 - 2004 developing a new academic discipline and evolving over that time to become an independent scientist. He continues to do research and act as an adviser on an international basis to universities and companies around the World. In 1994, Wilkinson programme led the first herbal medicine degree course in Europe, from its beginnings in 1994 at Middlesex University, he was appointed as a senior lecturer in phytochemistry and pharmacognosy, where he remained until 2004. During his tenure at Middlesex University, Wilkinson founded the Herbal Research Laboratories in 1996, he became Head of the Phytochemistry Discovery Group and led a team of 10 post-doctoral scientists, research assistants and other staff members. He was a guest lecturer at Oxford University Medical School where he taught medical undergraduates the scientific aspects of herbal medicines, he began a natural product research and regulatory consultancy company in 2001.
Despite leaving Middlesex University in 2004, he ran the company until 2012, while undertaking research as an independent scientist. He established "Dr John Wilkinson Consultancy" as a business and a vehicle for conducting and funding research as an independent scientist, his research funded by individuals and through "crowd funding" focuses on several areas: Research on molecular synergy effects in botanical extracts, herbal medicines and essential oils: Biochemical ecology - synergism in nature. Dr Wilkinson obtained the first novel food approval in the European Union for a nutraceutical based on a safe history of use rather than conventional toxicological studies; this approval broke the trade barriers and opened the European Union to new fruits and nutraceuticals from developing countries. Dr Wilkinson continues to work in the area of regulatory approval for health claims on food labels, novel foods, herbal medicines and food supplements in the EU, the US and elsewhere. Wilkinson has been approached by TV, radio and newspapers for interviews and opinions concerning these types of food and medicinal based products.
Wilkinson has published a number of articles during his academic career presented at conferences and trade shows related to natural products. He has published material for inclusion in a number of books
The women's basketball rivalry between the University of Tennessee Lady Volunteers and the University of Connecticut Huskies is one of the fiercest rivalries in college basketball, the only one to reach national consciousness out of the women's game. The matchup features two long-tenured and media savvy coaches acknowledged among the top five in their sport, over two dozen players who went on to play in the WNBA, two programs that have combined for 19 national championships, their head-to-head matchups were the top-rated games in the college women's field. Until the 2006-07 season, the two programs met annually in winter at one or both of the schools, but the rivalry is unique for having a third of its games occurring in the women's NCAA tournament. Four times, the national championship has been on the line; the schools started playing each other in 1995. At the end of 2016, UConn led the series 13-9, including 5-2 in the tournament and 4-0 for the title. However, the Lady Vols won the last three against UConn.
On the day of every meeting during the rivalry series, both schools were ranked in the top 15 in the Associated Press rankings. In AP Poll history, Tennessee and UConn have the two longest appearance streaks in women's college basketball. Tennessee had a 565-week run spanning 32 years and UConn has a more than 500-week run covering 30 years. In addition, UConn has the most No. 1 appearances with 247 with Tennessee in second at 112. The two schools discontinued the regular-season series after the 2006-2007 season, have not played each other since; the next season, both teams made the 2008 Final Four. Tennessee won the championship. In 2018, a home and home series was announced with the next meeting scheduled at UConn on January 23, 2020. Thirteen years after the series ended, UConn beat Tennessee in the rivalry rematch, 60-45. In its heyday, the rivalry was notable among team sports in that it unerringly focused on the sidelines rather than the floor; the two coaches were far and away the best known and best paid in their sport, with both being in the Basketball Hall of Fame and Women's Basketball Hall of Fame.
Between them, they account for over 2,000 wins. On the Tennessee side was Pat Summitt, the all-time winningest NCAA Division I college basketball coach, male or female. Summitt won, she was the acknowledged dean of women's college basketball in the modern era. She was the Naismith College Coach of the Year six times. On the UConn side is Geno Auriemma, who has won eleven of the last twenty-four NCAA women's tournaments, four at the expense of Summitt in the finals. A media firebrand in the heart of ESPN country, Auriemma has become the most accomplished coach in the last decade, which included a record-breaking 111-game winning streak which began in the fall of 2014 and ended during the Final Four of 2017 NCAA women's tournament, he has seven Naismith awards to Summitt's six. The two poured gasoline on the fire in press conferences, with Auriemma at one point calling Tennessee the "Evil Empire"; the two mended fences after some sparring, as Auriemma noted in his autobiography, Geno. The two schools first met on January 1995, when televised women's basketball was a rarity.
At this high point, with dominant players such as Rebecca Lobo, Kara Wolters and Jennifer Rizzotti, UConn's program was on the rise, beating Tennessee during the regular season and again for the title and an undefeated regular season. They would win another rivalry game in 1996; the next three years belonged to Summitt, as the Lady Vols won four of the next five meetings with the Huskies en route to three straight national championships. The "Meeks"—Chamique Holdsclaw, Semeka Randall, Tamika Catchings—and point guard Michelle Marciniak powered Tennessee past all rivals, including UConn. On the horizon, were Auriemma's most dominant classes yet, the strongest lineup in the women's game; the starting five of Sue Bird, Asjha Jones, Swin Cash, Tamika Williams, Diana Taurasi gave UConn four of the next five national championships. In that run of 2000 to 2004, UConn crushed Tennessee in the rivalry, winning nine of the next eleven meetings, including the 2000, 2003, 2004 championship games. In the three seasons after Taurasi went to the WNBA, Summitt rebounded with strong new players like Candace Parker, won each meeting.
UConn's program lacked a dominant scorer like Taurasi, Tennessee made the most of this vulnerability. With these results, the rivalry continues to be top-of-mind in the women's game years after its discontinuation. A matchup in the 2002 Final Four at the Alamodome in San Antonio was in front of the largest crowd in women's history; the 2006 regular-season game at Thompson–Boling Arena in Knoxville drew the largest crowd for a regular-season women's game. After the 2007 game, Auriemma noted that the rivalry, while still intense, lost some of its edge because of increasing parity in the women's game; as an illustration, 2006 was the first time since 1999 that neither UConn nor Tennessee had made the Final Four. He remarked, "In a small sense, it's still the Red Sox and the Yankees, it still is. But there's still a lot more good things going on in college basketball now. That's just the reality of it." Thirteen years after the series ended, the rivalry resumed. With both programs in a rebuild—UConn ranked #3 and Tennessee ranked #23—the two met in Hartford in 2020 where UConn won 60-45.
The two will meet again in Knoxville during the 2020-2021 season. The rivalry has now begun to spread into other sports as the two schools have agreed to play each other in other matchups in the future. On September 4, 2008, UConn