Richard O. Fleischer was an American film director known for such movies as The Narrow Margin, Fantastic Voyage and Soylent Green. Richard Fleischer was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, the son of Essie and animator/producer Max Fleischer, a native of Kraków, Poland. After graduating from Brown University, he went to Yale School of Drama, where he met his future wife, Mary Dickson, his film career began in 1942 at the RKO studio, directing shorts and compilations of forgotten silent features, which he called "Flicker Flashbacks". He won an Academy Award as producer of the 1947 documentary Design for Death, co-written by Theodor Geisel, which examined the cultural forces that led to Japan's imperial expansion through World War II. Fleischer moved to Los Angeles and was assigned his first feature, Child of Divorce, a vehicle for Sharyn Moffett, it was successful so Fleischer was assigned to another Moffett vehicle, a disaster. RKO agreed to loan him out to Stanley Kramer and Carl Foreman, who had admired Child of Divorce, to make So This Is New York for the Kramer Company at Columbia.
Back at RKO Fleischer made a thriller based on a story by The Clay Pigeon. His other early films were taut film noir thrillers such as Bodyguard, Follow Me Quietly, Armored Car Robbery, The Narrow Margin. Fleischer said he tried to graduate to A pictures during this time; when Norman Krasna and Jerry Wald set up at RKO, they asked Fleischer to see if he could make a film out of any of the film shot for It's All True but he was unable to. Another project that did not come to fruition was a film starring Al Jolson. RKO's owner, Howard Hughes, was impressed by The Narrow Margin and hired Fleischer to re-shoot portions of His Kind of Woman. Hughes was pleased with the results and agreed to loan out Fleischer to Stanley Kramer to make The Happy Time. Fleischer was put under contract to the Kramer Company; the Happy Time was successful and Fleischer was meant to follow it with another for Kramer and Foreman, Full of Life. However the film was never made because the partnership between Kramer ended, he accepted an offer from MGM to make a rodeo-themed story starring Gig Young and Jean Hagen.
In 1954, he was chosen by Walt Disney – his father's former rival as a cartoon producer – to direct 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea starring Kirk Douglas. While doing post-production for the film, Fleischer received an offer from Dore Schary at MGM to direct Bad Day at Black Rock, but had to turn it down because of the work still required on Leagues, he was able to accept an offer to direct a thriller for Buddy Adler at 20th Century Fox, Violent Saturday. This was successful and Fox signed Fleischer to a long term contract, he would work for that studio for the next fifteen years. Fleischer's first film under his new contract with Fox was The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing, he made Bandido, a Western with Robert Mitchum. Kirk Douglas hired Fleischer to make The Vikings, another big hit. Back at Fox, Fleischer made Compulsion, a crime drama with Orson Welles for producer Richard D. Zanuck, it earned Fleischer a Directors Guild Award nomination. Fox offered him a movie with John Wayne, North to Alaska which Fleischer agreed to do, but pulled out of when he was unhappy with the script.
He moved to Paris where Darryl F. Zanuck asked him to make The Ballad of Red Rocks, a vehicle for Zanuck's then-girlfriend Juliette Greco; the film was not made but Fleischer instead directed two other stories for Zanuck starring Greco, Crack in the Mirror and The Big Gamble. Fleischer signed a contract with Dino de Laurentiis to make Barabbas. After that, he and de Laurentiis announced a series of projects, including Lanny Budd, Don Camillo, Salvatore Guliano, Dark Angel and Sacco and Vanzetti, but none were made, he accepted an offer from Samuel Bronston and Philip Yordan to make The Nightrunners of Bengal in Spain but that project fell apart when Bronston's empire collapsed. Back in Hollywood, Richard Zanuck had become head of production at Fox and offered Fleischer Fantastic Voyage, it resurrected his Hollywood career. He was entrusted with Fox's big "roadshow" musical of Doctor Dolittle, with Rex Harrison, it failed to recoup its enormous cost. Most acclaimed was The Boston Strangler, with Tony Curtis.
Che!, a biopic of Che Guevera that starred Omar Sharif, was an expensive flop, as was an account of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Tora! Tora! Tora!. This was his last film for 20th Century Fox. Fleischer travelled to England, where he directed the acclaimed true-crime dramatization, 10 Rillington Place starring Richard Attenborough, he replaced John Huston, who had fallen out with star George C Scott, on The Last Run. The thriller See No Evil with Mia Farrow followed. Returning to Hollywood, he made The New Centurions from the novel by Joseph Wambaugh, again starring George C. Scott. At MGM, he made a science-fiction film, Soylent Green, with Charlton Heston, that has retained its popularity 40 years later. Three action films followed: The Don Is Dead, with Anthony Quinn, plus two for Walter Mirisch: The Spikes Gang, with Lee Marvin, Mr. Majestyk, with Charles Bronson, written by Elmore Leonard. Fleischer was reunited with De Laurentiis for the successful though controversial Mandingo; the Incredible Sarah, a British biopic of Sarah Bernhardt with Glenda Jackson, came next.
The Prince and the Pauper was
Charlton Heston was an American actor and political activist. As a Hollywood star, he appeared in 100 films over the course of 60 years, he played Moses in the epic film The Ten Commandments, for which he received his first nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama. He starred in Touch of Evil with Orson Welles, Ben-Hur, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, El Cid, Planet of the Apes, The Greatest Show on Earth, Secret of the Incas, The Big Country and The Greatest Story Ever Told. A supporter of Democratic politicians and civil rights in the 1960s, Heston became a Republican, founding a conservative political action committee and supporting Ronald Reagan. Heston was the five-term president of the National Rifle Association, from 1998 to 2003. After announcing he had Alzheimer's disease in 2002, he retired from both acting and the NRA presidency. Charlton Heston was born John Charles Carter on October 4, 1923, to Lilla and Russell Whitford Carter, a sawmill operator.
Many sources indicate he was born in Illinois. Heston's autobiography stated otherwise. Heston said in a 1995 interview that he was not good at remembering addresses or his early childhood. Heston was of Scottish descent, including from the Clan Fraser, but the majority of his ancestry was English, his earliest immigrant ancestors arrived in America from England in the 1600s. His maternal great-grandparents, namesakes, were Englishman William Charlton from Sunderland and Scotswoman Mary Drysdale Charlton, they emigrated to Canada, where his grandmother, Marian Emily Charlton, was born in 1872. In his autobiography, Heston refers to his father participating in his family's construction business; when Heston was an infant, his father's work moved the family to Michigan. It was a rural forested part of the state, Heston lived an isolated yet idyllic existence, spending much time hunting and fishing in the backwoods of the area; when Heston was 10 years old, his parents divorced after having three children.
Shortly thereafter, his mother remarried and Charlton and his younger sister Lilla and brother Alan moved back to Wilmette. Heston attended New Trier High School, he recalled living there:All kids play pretend games, but I did it more than most. When we moved to Chicago, I was more or less a loner. We lived in a North Shore suburb, where I was a skinny hick from the woods, all the other kids seemed to be rich and know about girls. Contradictions on paper and in an interview surround; the 1930 United States Census record for Richfield, Michigan, in Roscommon County, shows his name as being Charlton J. Carter at age six. Accounts and movie studio biographies say he was born John Charles Carter; when Russell Carter died in 1966, Charlton's brother and sister changed their legal surname to Heston the following year. Charlton was his maternal grandmother Marian's maiden name, not his mother Lilla's; this is contrary to what Heston said. When Heston's maternal grandmother and his true maternal grandfather Charles Baines separated or divorced in the early 1900s, Marian Baines married William Henry Lawton in 1907.
Charlton Heston's mother and her sister May were adopted by their grandfather, changed their last name to Charlton in order to distance themselves from their biological father, Mr. Baines, an undesirable father figure; the Carters divorced in Lilla Carter married Chester Heston. The newly married Mrs. Heston preferred, it was thus as Charlton Heston that he appeared in his first film with younger brother Alan Carter, an adaptation of Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt. His nickname was always Chuck. Heston was an Episcopalian, has been described as "a spiritual man" with an "earthy flair", who "respected religious traditions" and "particularly enjoyed the historical aspects of the Christian faith". Heston recounted that while growing up in northern Michigan in a sparsely populated area, he wandered in the forest, "acting" out characters from books he had read. In high school, he enrolled in New Trier's drama program, playing the lead role in the amateur silent 16 mm film adaptation of Peer Gynt, from the Ibsen play, by future film activist David Bradley released in 1941.
From the Winnetka Community Theatre in which he was active, he earned a drama scholarship to Northwestern University. Several years Heston teamed up with Bradley to produce the first sound version of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, in which Heston played Mark Antony. In 1944, Heston enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces, he served for two years as a radio operator and aerial gunner aboard a B-25 Mitchell medium bomber stationed in the Alaskan Aleutian Islands with the 77th Bombardment Squadron of the Eleventh Air Force. He reached the rank of staff sergeant. In March 1944 Heston married Northwestern University student Lydia Marie Clarke at Grace Methodist Church in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina; that same year, he joined the military. After his rise to fame, Heston narrated for classified military and Department of Energy instructional films relating to nuclear weapons, "for six years Heston the nation's highest security clearance" or Q clearance; the Q clearance is similar to a DIA clearance of top secret.
After the war, the Hestons lived in Hell's
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone is an American actor, director and producer. He is well known for his Hollywood action roles, including boxer Rocky Balboa in the Rocky series, soldier John Rambo in the five Rambo films, mercenary Barney Ross in the three The Expendables films and structural engineer Ray Breslin in the three Escape Plan films, he wrote or co-wrote most of the 16 films in the first three popular franchises and directed many of them. Stallone's film Rocky was inducted into the National Film Registry, had its props placed in the Smithsonian Museum, his use of the front entrance to the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the Rocky series led the area to be nicknamed the Rocky Steps, Philadelphia has a statue of his Rocky character placed permanently near the museum. It was announced on December 7, 2010, that he was voted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in the non-participant category. In 1977, Stallone was nominated for two Academy Awards for Rocky, for Best Original Screenplay and Best Actor.
He became the third man in history to receive these two nominations for the same film, after Charlie Chaplin and Orson Welles. He received positive reviews, as well as his first Golden Globe Award win and a third Academy Award nomination, for reprising the role of Rocky Balboa in Ryan Coogler's 2015 film Creed. Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone was born in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan, New York, on July 6, 1946, the elder son of Francesco "Frank" Stallone Sr. a hairdresser and beautician, Jacqueline "Jackie" Stallone, an astrologer and promoter of women's wrestling. His Italian father was born in Gioia del Colle and moved to the U. S. in the 1930s, while his American mother is of French and Ukrainian-Jewish descent. His younger brother is musician Frank Stallone. Complications suffered by Stallone's mother during labor forced her obstetricians to use two pairs of forceps during his birth; as a result, the lower left side of his face is paralyzed, an accident which gave him his signature snarling look and slurred speech.
He was baptized Catholic. His father moved the family to Washington, D. C. in the early 1950s to open a beauty school. In 1954, his mother opened a women's gym called Barbella's. Stallone attended Notre Dame Academy and Lincoln High School in Philadelphia, as well as Charlotte Hall Military Academy, prior to attending Miami Dade College and the University of Miami. While Stallone was in Switzerland, he played a restaurant patron, in a scene with Robert Redford and Camilla Sparv, in the sports drama, Downhill Racer. Stallone had his first starring role in the softcore pornography feature film The Party at Kitty and Stud's, he was paid US$200 for two days' work. Stallone explained that he had done the film out of desperation after being evicted from his apartment and finding himself homeless for several days, he has said that he slept three weeks in the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City prior to seeing a casting notice for the film. In the actor's words, "it was either do that movie or rob someone, because I was at the end – the end – of my rope".
The film was released several years as Italian Stallion, in order to cash in on Stallone's newfound fame. Stallone starred in the erotic off-Broadway stage play Score which ran for 23 performances at the Martinique Theatre from October 28 to November 15, 1971, was made into the 1974 film Score by Radley Metzger. In 1972, Stallone appeared in the film No Place to Hide, re-cut and retitled Rebel, the second version featuring Stallone as its star. After the style of Woody Allen's What's Up, Tiger Lily?, this film, in 1990, was re-edited from outtakes from the original movie and newly shot matching footage redubbed into an award-winning parody of itself titled A Man Called... Rainbo. Stallone's other first few film roles were minor, included brief uncredited appearances in Pigeons as a party guest, Woody Allen's Bananas as a subway thug, in the psychological thriller Klute as an extra dancing in a club, in the Jack Lemmon film The Prisoner of Second Avenue as a youth. In the Lemmon film, Jack Lemmon's character chases and mugs Stallone, thinking that Stallone's character is a pickpocket.
According to actor Elliott Gould, Stallone confessed to being in MASH as an extra. He had his second starring role in The Lords of Flatbush, in 1974. In 1975, he played supporting roles in Farewell, My Lovely, he made guest appearances on the TV series Police Kojak. Stallone gained worldwide fame with his starring role in the smash hit Rocky. On March 24, 1975, Stallone saw the Muhammad Ali–Chuck Wepner fight; that night Stallone went home, after three days and 20 straight hours, he had written the script, but Stallone subsequently denied that Wepner provided any inspiration for it. Other possible inspirations for the film may have included Rocky Graziano's autobiography Somebody Up There Likes Me, the movie of the same name. Wepner filed a lawsuit, settled with Stallone for an undisclosed amount. Stallone attempted to sell the script to multiple studios, with the intention of playing the lead role himself. Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff became interested and offered Stallone US$350,000 for the rights, but had their own casting ideas for the lead role, including Robert Redford and Burt Reynolds.
Stallone refused to sell unless he played the le
James Neville Mason was an English actor. Mason achieved considerable success in British cinema before becoming one of Hollywood's biggest stars, he was the top box office attraction in the UK in 1944 and 1945, with notable films including The Seventh Veil and The Wicked Lady. He starred in the first recipient of the BAFTA Award for Best British Film, he starred in a number of successful British and American films from the 1950s to the early 1980s, including The Desert Fox, A Star Is Born, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, North by Northwest, The Prisoner of Zenda, Journey to the Centre of the Earth, A Touch of Larceny, Bigger Than Life, Julius Caesar, Georgy Girl, The Deadly Affair, Age of Consent, Heaven Can Wait, The Boys from Brazil, The Verdict, Murder by Decree and Salem's Lot. Mason was nominated for three Academy Awards, three Golden Globes and two BAFTA Awards throughout his career. Following his death in 1984, his ashes were interred near the tomb of his close friend, fellow English actor Sir Charlie Chaplin.
Mason was born in the West Riding of Yorkshire, to Mabel Hattersley and John Mason. His father was a wealthy textile merchant, he was educated at Marlborough College, earned a first in Architecture at Peterhouse, where he became involved in stock theatre companies in his spare time. Mason had no formal training in acting and embarked upon it for fun. After Cambridge, Mason made his stage debut in Aldershot in The Rascal in 1931, he joined the Old Vic theatre in London under the guidance of Tyrone Guthrie. While there he appeared in productions of The Cherry Orchard, Henry VIII, Measure for Measure, The Importance of Being Earnest, Love for Love, The Tempest, Twelfth Night, MacBeth. Featuring in many of these were Charles Laughton and Elsa Lanchester). In 1933 Alexander Korda gave Mason a small role in The Private Life of Don Juan but sacked him three days into shooting. From 1935 to 1938, he starred in many British quota quickies, starting with his first film Late Extra, in which he played the lead.
Albert Parker directed. Mason went on to appear in Twice Branded. Mason had a key support role in Korda's Fire Over England with Vivien Leigh, he was in another "A", The High Command directed by Thorold Dickinson went back to quickies, starring in Catch As Catch Can, directed by Roy Kellino. Korda used him again as the villain in The Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel. Mason began appearing in some televised productions of plays, made in the early days of television: Cyrano de Bergerac, The Moon in the Yellow River, Bees on the Boat-Deck, Square Pegs, L'avare, The Circle, he returned to features with I Met a Murderer based on a story by Mason and Pamela Kellino, who starred with Mason and who he would marry. Her then-husband Roy Kellino directed, he registered as a conscientious objector during the Second World War, but his tribunal exempted him only on the requirement to do non-combatant military service, which he refused. In 1941-42 he returned to the stage to appear in Jupiter Laughs by A. J. Cronin.
He established himself as a leading man in Britain in a series of films: The Patient Vanishes. Mason became hugely popular for his brooding anti-heroes in the Gainsborough series of melodramas of the 1940s, starting with The Man in Grey; the film was a huge hit and launched him and co-stars Lockwood, Stewart Granger and Phyllis Calvert, to top level stars. Mason starred in two war time dramas, They Met in the Dark and Candlelight in Algeria returned to Gainbsorough melodrama with Fanny By Gaslight with Granger and Calvert. Mason starred in Hotel Reserve, a thriller did a ghost story for Gainsborough with Lockwood, A Place of One's Own. Far more popular was a melodrama, They Were Sisters. Sydney Box cast Mason in the lead of The Seventh Veil alongside Ann Todd, it was a huge success in Britain and the US and demand for Mason was at a fever pitch. Exhibitors voted him the most popular star in Britain in each year between 1944 and 1947, they thought he was the most popular international star in 1946.
He was the most popular male star in Canada in 1948. Mason had a minor role in The Wicked Lady with Lockwood, a big hit. Mason received his best reviews to date playing a mortally wounded IRA bank robber on the run in Carol Reed's Odd Man Out. Mason was able to turn producer on a film with Box, written by his wife and starring Mason, The Upturned Glass, it was not a noted success. Neither was Bathsheba, a play he and his wife did on Broadway. Mason went to Hollywood, he played Gustave Flaubert in MGM's Madame Bovary. Mason did another with Ophuls, The Reckless Moment did East Side, West Side with Barbara Stanwyck at MGM and One Way Street at Universal, he made Pandora and the Flying Dutchman with Ava Gardn
Showgirls is a 1995 erotic drama film written by Joe Eszterhas and directed by Paul Verhoeven. It stars former teen actress Elizabeth Berkley, Kyle MacLachlan, Gina Gershon; the film centers on a "street-smart" drifter who ventures to Las Vegas and climbs the seedy hierarchy from stripper to showgirl. Produced on a then-sizable budget of $45 million, significant controversy and hype surrounding the film's amounts of sex and nudity preceded its theatrical release. In the United States, the film was rated NC-17 for "nudity and erotic sexuality throughout, some graphic language, sexual violence." Showgirls was the first NC-17 rated film to be given a wide release in mainstream theaters. Distributor United Artists dispatched several hundred staffers to theaters across North America playing Showgirls to ensure that patrons would not sneak into the theater from other films, to make sure film-goers were over the age of 17. Audience restriction due to the NC-17 rating coupled with poor reviews resulted in the film becoming a box office bomb, grossing just $37 million.
Despite a negative theatrical and critical consensus, Showgirls enjoyed success on the home video market, generating more than $100 million from video rentals, allowing the film to turn a profit and become one of MGM's top 20 all-time bestsellers. For its video premiere, Verhoeven prepared an R-rated cut for rental outlets that would not carry NC-17 films; this edited version deletes some of the more graphic footage. Despite being ranked as one of the worst films made, Showgirls has become regarded as a cult classic, was released on Blu-ray in June 2010 and has been subject to critical re-evaluation, with some notable directors and critics declaring it a serious satire worthy of praise. An unofficial spin-off sequel entitled Showgirls 2: Penny's from Heaven, focused on the minor character Penny, played by Rena Riffel, was written, produced and directed by Riffel, it was released at midnight film showings, art house theaters, film festivals, charity non-profit organizations, was direct-to-video.
Nomi Malone is a young drifter. After being robbed by her driver, Nomi meets Molly Abrams, a costume designer who becomes her roommate. Molly invites Nomi backstage at Goddess, the Stardust Casino show where she works, to meet Cristal Connors, the diva star of the topless dance revue; when Nomi tells Cristal she dances at Cheetah's Topless Club, Cristal derisively tells her that what she does is akin to prostitution. When Nomi is too upset to go to work that night, Molly takes her dancing at The Crave Club. Nomi is arrested after causing a fight involving a bouncer at the club. James bails Nomi out of jail. Cristal and her boyfriend Zack Carey, the entertainment director at the Stardust, visit Cheetah's and request a lap dance from Nomi. Although the bisexual Cristal is attracted to Nomi, her request is based more on her desire to humiliate Nomi by proving she engages in sex work. Nomi reluctantly performs the lap dance after Cristal offers her $500. James happens to witnesses the lap dance, he visits Nomi's trailer the next morning and, like Cristal, tells Nomi that what she is doing is no different from prostitution.
Nomi and James have a brief fling. Cristal arranges for Nomi to audition for the chorus line of Goddess. Tony Moss, the show's director, humiliates Nomi by asking her to put ice on her nipples to make them hard while Cristal eagerly watches offstage. Furious, Nomi abruptly leaves the audition after scattering ice everywhere in a fit. Despite her outburst, Nomi quits Cheetah's. Cristal further humiliates Nomi by suggesting she make a "goodwill appearance" at a boat trade show which turns out to be a thinly disguised form of prostitution. Undeterred, Nomi claim her mantle, she seduces Zack. Nomi wins the role, but when Cristal threatens legal action against the Stardust, the offer is rescinded. After Cristal gloats and taunts her, Nomi pushes her down a flight of stairs. Unable to perform, Cristal is replaced by Nomi as the show's lead. Although Nomi has secured the fame she sought, she alienates Molly, who realizes she pushed Cristal down the stairs. Molly relents and attends Nomi's opening night celebration at a posh hotel, where she meets her idol, musician Andrew Carver.
Carver lures Molly to a room where he helps one of his bodyguards rape her. Molly is hospitalized after the assault. Nomi wants to report the assault to the police, but Zack tells her the Stardust will bribe Molly with hush money to protect their celebrity performer, Carver. Zack confronts Nomi about her sordid past: her real name is Polly, she became a runaway and prostitute after her parents' murder-suicide, she has been arrested several times for drug possession and assault with a deadly weapon. Zack blackmails Nomi by vowing to keep her past quiet if she will not tell the police about the assault. Unable to obtain justice for Molly without exposing her past, Nomi decides to take justice into her own hands, she beats him bloody. Nomi pays two hospital visits: one to Molly to let her know that Carver's actions did not go unpunished, another to Cristal to apologize for injuring her. Cristal admits; because her lawyers secure her a large cash settlement, Cristal forgives Nomi, th
Kenneth Howard Norton Sr. was an American professional boxer who competed from 1967 to 1981, held the WBC heavyweight title in 1978. He is best known for his trilogy with Muhammad Ali, in which Norton won the first fight by split decision, controversially lost the latter two fights by split and unanimous decision, respectively. Norton fought a slugfest with Larry Holmes in 1978, narrowly losing a split decision. Having retired from boxing in 1981, Norton was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1992. Norton was an outstanding athlete at Jacksonville High School, he was selected to the all-state team football team on defense as a senior in 1960. His track coach entered him in eight events, Norton placed first in seven of them; as a result, the "Ken Norton Rule", which limits participation of an athlete to a maximum of four track and field events, was instituted in Illinois high school sports. After graduating from high school, Norton went to Northeast Missouri State University on a football scholarship and studied elementary education.
In an interview with ESPN Fitness Magazine in 1985, Norton said that he would have become a teacher or a policeman if he had not taken up boxing. Norton went into the Marines after he leaving school. Norton started boxing when he was in the United States Marine Corps from 1963 to 1967, compiling a 24–2 record en route to three All-Marine Heavyweight titles. In time, he became the best boxer to fight for the Marines, was awarded the North Carolina AAU Golden Gloves, International AAU and Pan American titles. Following the National AAU finals in 1967, he turned professional. Norton built up a steady string of wins, some against journeyman fighters and others over fringe contenders like the giant Jack O'Halloran, he was improving. But he suffered a surprise defeat just after The Ring magazine had profiled him as a prospect, at the hands of heavy hitting Venezuelan boxer Jose Luis Garcia in 1970, it was justifiably Garcia's career peak. But Garcia was overpowered, both as rated contenders, in their rematch five years later.
Norton was given the motivational book Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill, which, as he states in his autobiography, Going the Distance, changed his life. Shortly before he died, Norton stated "Think and Grow Rich changed my life dramatically. I was going to fight Muhammad Ali. I was a green fighter, but yet I won, all through reading this book." Upon reading Think and Grow Rich, he went on a 14-fight winning streak, including the shocking victory noted above over Muhammad Ali in 1973 to win the North American Boxing Federation heavyweight champion title. To quote Norton from his autobiography noted above, "These words were the final inspiration in my victory over Ali: Life's battles don't always go to the stronger or faster man, but sooner or the man who wins is the man who thinks he can." Norton took a complete course by Napoleon Hill on gaining wealth and peace of mind. "It can be related to anybody, to be the best in a career, to think positive", said Norton. An article which appeared in The Southeast Missourian discussed that Norton credited Napoleon Hill's philosophy for his success.
To quote from the article, "Norton says he's a believer in Napoleon Hill's philosophy, that a person can do anything he puts his mind to.'So I train for my fights,' he says,'mentally as well as physically. One thing I do is only watch films of the fights in which I've done well or in which my opponent has done poorly.'" Norton once said, "In boxing, in all of life, nobody should stop learning!"'Name' opponents were elusive in Norton's early career. His first big break came with a clear win over respected contender Henry Clark; this helped get him. Joe Frazier, who'd sparred with Norton, presciently said of Ali, "He'll have plenty of trouble!" Though both were top boxers in the mid 1970s, Norton and Frazier never fought each other, in part because they shared the same trainer, Eddie Futch, because they were friends. For the first match, on March 31, 1973, Muhammad Ali entered the ring at the San Diego Sports Arena wearing a robe given to him by Elvis Presley as a 5–1 favorite versus Ken Norton rated a number 6 world contender in a bout televised by ABC's Wide World of Sports.
Norton won a 12-round split decision over Ali in his adopted hometown of San Diego to win the NABF heavyweight title. In this bout, Norton broke Ali's jaw, leading to only the second defeat for "The Greatest" in his career. Six months at The Forum in Inglewood, California, on September 10, 1973, Ali avenged the Norton loss but only after he got the return by a split decision. Norton weighed in at 205 lbs and some boxing writers suggested that his preparation was too intense and that he had overtrained. There were some furious exchanges in this hard-fought battle. From Ali's point of view, a loss here would have dented his claim of being "The Greatest." During the ABC broadcast of the fight, broadcaster Howard Cosell told viewers a dancing and jabbing Ali was dominating the action despite Norton's constant offense and Ali's inability to penetrate Norton's awkward defensive style. The close and controversial scoring was in stark contrast to Cosell's fight-long insistence that Ali had matters well in hand.
In 1974, Norton fought George Foreman for the world heav
Quentin Jerome Tarantino is an American filmmaker and actor. His films are characterized by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter, an aestheticization of violence, extended scenes of dialogue, ensemble casts consisting of established and lesser-known performers, references to popular culture and a wide variety of other films, soundtracks containing songs and score pieces from the 1960s to the 1980s, features of neo-noir film, his career began in the late 1980s when he wrote and directed My Best Friend's Birthday, the screenplay of which formed the basis for True Romance. In the early 1990s, he began his career as an independent filmmaker with the release of Reservoir Dogs in 1992, funded by money from the sale of his script Natural Born Killers to Oliver Stone. Empire deemed Reservoir Dogs the "Greatest Independent Film of All Time", its popularity was boosted by his second film, Pulp Fiction, a black comedy crime film, a major success both among critics and audiences. For his next effort, Tarantino paid homage to the blaxploitation films of the 1970s with Jackie Brown, an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel Rum Punch.
Kill Bill, a stylized "revenge flick" in the cinematic traditions of Kung fu films, Japanese martial arts, Spaghetti Westerns and Italian horror, followed six years and was released as two films: Volume 1 in 2003 and Volume 2 in 2004. Tarantino next directed Death Proof in 2007, as part of a double feature with Robert Rodriguez, under the collective title Grindhouse, his long-postponed Inglourious Basterds, which tells an alternate history of Nazi Germany, was released in 2009 to positive reviews. After that came critically acclaimed Django Unchained, a Western film set in the Antebellum South, his eighth film, The Hateful Eight, was released in its roadshow version in 70 mm film format, with opening "overture" and halfway-point intermission. His ninth film, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, is scheduled to be released in 2019; the film, set in Los Angeles in 1969, is his first based on true events. Tarantino's films have garnered both commercial success, he has received many industry awards, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two BAFTA Awards and the Palme d'Or, has been nominated for an Emmy and a Grammy.
In 2005, he was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. Filmmaker and historian Peter Bogdanovich has called him "the single most influential director of his generation". In December 2015, Tarantino received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the film industry. Tarantino was born on March 27, 1963, in Knoxville, the only child of Connie McHugh and Tony Tarantino, an actor and producer, his father is of Italian descent, his mother has Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Quentin was named for Burt Reynolds' character in the CBS series Gunsmoke. Tarantino's mother met his father during a trip to Los Angeles, where Tony was a law student and would-be entertainer, she married him soon after, to gain independence from her parents. After the divorce, Connie Tarantino left Los Angeles and moved to Knoxville, where her parents lived. In 1966, Tarantino and his mother moved back to Los Angeles. Tarantino's mother married musician Curtis Zastoupil soon after arriving in Los Angeles, the family moved to Torrance, a city in Los Angeles County's South Bay area.
Zastoupil encouraged Tarantino's love of movies, accompanied him to numerous film screenings. Tarantino's mother allowed him to see movies with adult content, such as Carnal Knowledge and Deliverance. After his mother divorced Zastoupil in 1973, received a misdiagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma, Tarantino was sent to live with his grandparents in Tennessee, he remained there less than a year before returning to California. At 14 years old, Tarantino wrote one of his earliest works, a screenplay called Captain Peachfuzz and the Anchovy Bandit, based on Hal Needham's 1977 film Smokey and the Bandit starring Burt Reynolds; the summer after his 15th birthday, Tarantino was grounded by his mother for shoplifting Elmore Leonard's novel The Switch from Kmart. He was allowed to leave only to attend the Torrance Community Theater, where he participated in such plays as Two Plus Two Makes Sex and Romeo and Juliet. At about 15, Tarantino dropped out of Narbonne High School in Los Angeles, he worked as an usher at a porn theater in Torrance, called the Pussycat Theatre.
Tarantino attended acting classes at the James Best Theatre Company, where he met several of his eventual collaborators. While at James Best, Tarantino met Craig Hamann, with whom he collaborated to produce My Best Friend's Birthday. Throughout the 1980s, Tarantino worked a number of jobs, he spent time as a recruiter in the aerospace industry, for five years, he worked at Video Archives, a video store in Manhattan Beach, California. Former Buffy the Vampire Slayer actor Danny Strong described Tarantino as "such a movie buff, he had so much knowledge of films that he would try to get people to watch cool movies."After Tarantino met Lawrence Bender at a Hollywood party, Bender encouraged him to write a screenplay. His first attempted script, which he described as a "straight 70s exploitation action movie" was never published and was abandoned soon after. Tarantino co-wrote and directed his first movie, My Best Friend's Birthday, in 1987; the final reel of the film was completely destroyed in a lab fire that occurred during editing, but its screenplay formed the basis for True Romance.
In 1986, Tarantino got his first Hollywood job, working with Roger Avary as production assistants on Dolph Lundgren's exercise video, Maximum Potentia